Wordsworth Wordpainter

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lisaholweg
Words 826
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Lisa Holweg, 389431
Geschiedenis van kunst en cultuur
CC1001, van Poecke
24-09-13

William Wordsworth: Taal als voertuig van intense ervaringen

Voor mij ligt een boek, het ruikt nostalgisch muf als ik er doorheen blader. Zwarte letters dansen op beige papier. Uit de bladspiegel kan ik opmaken dat het om een gedichtenbundel gaat. De gedichten hebben geen strofen en het boek leest als één lange, aaneengesloten toespraak. De schrijver laat zijn regels niet per se rijmen, vaak maakt hij gebruik van een voortstuwend ritme met vijf jamben per regel. Deze vorm van enjambement is ook terug te zien bij een andere epische dichter, genaamd John Milton.
De totale prelude van William Wordsworth bestaat uit maar liefst 13 boeken, hierin wordt het ontstaat van een dichter beschreven. The Prelude begint in Wordsworth’s jeugd en eindigt in 1798 wanneer hij vindt dat de vormende jaren zijn verstreken. De boeken zijn postuum, in 1805 uitgegeven.
Het werk is autobiografisch. De centrale held in het verhaal is Wordsworth zelf. Dit centrale figuur zorgt voor eenheid binnen de dertien boeken. Ook de thema’s, het taalgebruik en de beeldspraak blijven opvallend constant door de boeken heen.
The prelude behoort tot de romantiek omdat Wordsworth in de gedichten nadruk legt op gevoel, instinct en genot in plaats van formaliteit en het ratio. Hiermee gaat hij recht tegen het verlichtingsdenken in volgens het lesboek Arts and Cultures. Ondanks het feit dat hij dus een vooruitstrevende en vernieuwende dichter is, is Wordsworth in veel van zijn werken bezig met de verloren glorie van het verleden. Niet alleen de dromen uit zijn kindertijd, maar ook het (geromantiseerde) historische verleden komt aan bod, bijvoorbeeld in het gedicht “London, 1802”, welke een ode is aan John Milton. Deze retrospectieve levenshouding is een kenmerk van de Romantiek. (DiYanni, R., Rebold Benton, J., 2012,…...

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