In: Historical Events

Submitted By kylekapanek
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Wilsonianism or Wilsonian are words used to describe a certain type of ideological perspectives on foreign policy. The term comes from the ideology of United States President Woodrow Wilson and his famous Fourteen Points that he believed would help create world peace if implemented. A quote shows the basic effort of the Wilsonian movement “The first (and for some the only) defining element of Wilsonianism is the conviction that a leading priority of U.S. foreign policy should be the promotion of democratic government the world around—"national self-determination," as Wilson put it (Wilson, 2000). This means in its most basic definition, the ability of a community to choose its political destiny. Woodrow Wilson also believed that any legitimate government should be derived from the consent of the people it governs. Besides the literal definitions of Wilsonianism, there is much more meaning and context when it comes to the wilsonian movement that the ideology seemed to spark. The fourteen points were the original introduction of the wilsonian ideals, and were brought upon by fear of worsening global relationships, especially with European countries such as Great Britain. The fourteen points speech was given after the U.S. joined the allied powers and joined the World War. After remaining neutral for quite some time, the U.S. was essentially forced into joining the cause and listed out the fourteen points so as to not worsen relations after the war would be complete. The fourteen points were an outline of how postwar peace amongst the world could be achieved, and how Woodrow Wilson planned to kick-start this effort. Wilsonianism could also be loosely defined as a time in which foreign policy was viewed as a top priority, not only by internal views in the U.S. but worldwide, as nations attempted to come together to resolve any further or residing conflicts and work…...

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