When Power Makes Others Speechless: the Negative Impact of Leader Power on Team Performance Leigh Plunkett Tost University of Michigan Francesca Gino Harvard University Richard P. Larrick Duke University

In: Business and Management

Submitted By juanesguerra7
Words 424
Pages 2
WHEN POWER MAKES OTHERS SPEECHLESS: THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF LEADER POWER ON TEAM PERFORMANCE LEIGH PLUNKETT TOST University of Michigan FRANCESCA GINO Harvard University RICHARD P. LARRICK Duke UniversityEn el articulo publicado por la Academy of management journal sus autores quieren demostrar el efecto psicológico en los lideres de organizaciones formales que afectan el trabajo en equipo ya que las organizaciones usan mas frecuentemente el trabajo en equipo para el desarrollo de proyectos que cualquier otra practica.

Por esta razón , una de las preguntas modernas mas frecuentes dentro de estas organizaciones, es como asegurar altos niveles de trabajo y eficiencia en estos grupos de trabajo. A través de los últimos tiempos distintos estudios han arrojado resultados innovadores en este campo (Edmonson(2003)) por ejemplo, sostiene que las diferencias de poder son asociados negativamente con el aprendizaje de grupo teoría, parecida a la de Eisenhardt y Bourgeius los cuales basados en un caso de estudio plantean que la inequidad en el poder incrementa problemas políticos dentro de la organización y disminuyen el deseo de trabajo en equipo . Estos estudios contrastan con estudios anteriores en los cuales el trabajo con jerarquía suponía un incremento en la coordinación y la integración de trabajo en equipo.

Durante el desarrollo de este articulo poder , liderazgo y autoridad son los principales focos de análisis.Segun el texto y los conceptos vistos en el libro y en la clase ,el poder se refiere a una habilidad para controlar a otros de acuerdo a sus resultados , experiencias o actitudes. (Keltner, Gruenfeld, & Anderson, 2003; Thibaut & Kelley, 1959). Liderazgo hace referencia al proceso de influenciar a otros para alcanzar metas (Bass, 2008; Hogg, 2001; Stogdill, 1950) y la autoridad formal se refiere a desarrollar un rol especifico asociado con una jerarquía…...

Similar Documents

University

... The company’s main purpose is “Working together to create brands people love" capture the spirit of what we are trying to achieve as a business. We collaborate and work as team to convert products into brand. Simply, “we spread happiness”! Currently Cadbury India operates in three sectors viz. Chocolate Confectionery, Milk Food Drinks and in the Candy category. In the Chocolate Confectionery business, Cadbury has maintained its undisputed leadership over the years. Some of the key brands are Cadbury Dairy Milk, 5 Star, Perk, Éclairs and Celebrations. Cadbury enjoys a value market share of over 70% - the highest Cadbury brand share in the world! Cadbury is the "gold standard" for chocolates in India. The pure taste of CDM defines the chocolate taste for the Indian consumer. 1.1 In the Milk Food drinks segment our main product is Bourn vita - the leading Malted Food Drink (MFD) in the country. Similarly in the medicated candy category Halls is the undisputed leader. The Cadbury India Brand Strategy has received consistent support through simple but imaginative extensions to product categories and distribution. A good example of this is the development of Bytes. Crispy wafers filled with coca cream in the form of a bagged snack, Bytes is positioned as "The new concept of sweet snacking". It......

Words: 1767 - Pages: 8

Universities

...Business School (DENMARK) • Corvinus University of Budapest (HUNGARY) • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (NETHERLANDS) • HEC School of Management, París (FRANCE) • Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration (FINLAND) • Koç University (TURKEY) • London School of Economics and Political Sciences (UNITED KINGDOM) • Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen (NORWAY) • Prague University of Economics (CZECH REPUBLIC) • Reykjavik University (ICELAND) • St. Petersburg State University, Graduate School of Management (RUSSIA) • Stockholm School of Economics (SWEDEN) • Universidade Católica Portuguesa – FCEE (PORTUGAL) • Universidade Nova de Lisboa (PORTUGAL) • University College Dublin- Michael Smurfit Graduate School of Business (IRELAND) • Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milan, (ITALY) • Universität St. Gallen (SWITZERLAND) • Universität zu Köln (GERMANY) • Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve (BELGIUM) • University of Edinburgh (UNITED KINGDOM) • The University of Manchester, Manchester Business School (UNITED KINGDOM) • The University of Warwick, Warwick Business School (UNITED KINGDOM) • Warsaw school of economics (POLAND) • Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien (AUSTRIA) AUSTRALIA • University of Melbourne, Melbourne Business School (MELBOURNE) • University of New South Wales, Australian School of Business (SYDNEY) • University of Sydney (SYDNEY) • University of Otago, School of Business (NEW......

Words: 504 - Pages: 3

University

...Negotiations Concept Worksheet Your Name Goes Here University of Phoenix *Negotiations Concepts* Worksheet References [Triple click anywhere in this sentence to enterProblem Solution: Global Communications In each company there is some good and bad within the company. There are many obstacles that each company encounters. Global Communication is a telecommunication company that is having a few problems. Their stock prices are going down and they are trying to restructure their current financial situation. They are trying to increase their level of service for their current and potential customers. The telecommunication field is so diverse and changes fast daily. Global Communication has to make some quick decisions to reverse their current financial trend. This will enable the company to stay in business so that it will avoid potential harmful effects of a failing business. The stockholders need to be reassured that the company is trying to repair their current financial situation and turn the current trend around to a positive trend for the company. Competition with other companies will force Global communication to implement new ideas and improved services to increase their level of customer service. This will allow the current customer to continue to do business with the company and attract new customers. We will explore what type of solution may best help Global Communication improve their situation. There are some opportunities that we can try that may help......

Words: 2905 - Pages: 12

The University of Dissension

...The University of Dissension Labor unions can help their members by negotiating collectively for wages and benefits that are often better than individuals could negotiate on their own. A worker would have little chance of success in going to an employer as asking for a pay raise simply because he couldn’t make ends meet. He would likely be fired on the spot, especially in the 19th century, for making such a demand and cutting into the employer’s profits. Unions, however, can make the same requests and have the benefit of representing the entire workforce, with a greater chance of success.   There are times when wages need to be raised to be equitable, but the power of the unions is that they can sometimes raise wages and benefits to unrealistically high levels. That is why, unions can guarantee neither the economic needs of wage and hour increases nor job satisfaction. Why even consider the possibility of unionization? When lower-level employees start to feel the weight of the rising economy demands, the lack of wages, hours, and job satisfaction – other options become more desirable. Unionization sounds like a great idea to the minimum wage employees who feel dissatisfied with perhaps taking on the responsibilities of employees who have left the company for better opportunities. However there are many reasons why a company should avoid joining a union. Unions present a great idea, but here are a few examples of why not to unionize: Unions cannot guarantee the economic......

Words: 1988 - Pages: 8

Harvard University

...reasoning. From the stand point of ethical egoism students acted on their best benefit by cheating on the final exam. But in a long term perspective, students failed themselves by not obtaining required knowledge for their future successful life. In other hand, according to ethical egoism Institution and teaching assistant are at fault. Compare to Penn State Child abuse example giving in the textbook, in the case of Harvard University the parties that haven’t acted on their short term benefits were teaching assistant by whistleblowing and Institution by taking the actions. The short term damage that Harvard University leaders faced was bad publicity, but actions of the students were unacceptable according to the President of Harvard University Drew Faust: “These allegations, if proven, represent totally unacceptable behavior that betrays the trust upon which intellectual inquiry at Harvard depends” (CNN News). Even though his action wasn’t justified by the egoistic approach, it was the right thing to do according to the enlightened egoism. Assistant professor failed in a long run by misleading students on what was acceptable and what was considered as an academic misconduct. According to Dorothy L.R. Jones. Norfolk State University: “Academic integrity is a learned skill that faculty members can teach and model.” (Academic Dishonesty: Are More Students Cheating). In the long run by his actions he attracted students who assumed that cheating and not physically attending......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Leadership Research Paper

...article that I examined was titled, “When Power Makes Others Speechless: The Negative Impact of Leader Power on Team Performance”, written by Leigh Plunkett Tost, Francesca Gino, and Richard P. Larrick. The main question this article addressed was whether a leader’s heightened power within a group dynamic led the leader to dominating discussions within meetings within groups. This is a particularly interesting subject since organizations make extensive use of teams on a daily basis. In order for a team to function correctly, the dynamic between the leader and the rest of the team must be positive, or else the team will not function correctly. If leaders and teams do not function correctly this will make the business less efficient resulting in lower profits for the firm. It is for this bottom line reason that organizations must make effective teams. The article lists several hypothesis regarding team dynamics and power of leaders. I have chosen a select hypothesis to highlight that which most closely relates to the theme of the article. The first hypothesis states, “Formal leaders with a high subjective sense of power spend more time talking in a meeting then formal leaders with a neutral sense of power”. What this means is that leaders who feel extremely powerful and important are more likely to dominate discussion within a team than leaders who do not feel a significant sense of power. This seems to be mainly an issue with ego. If the leader has a big ego he/she may......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Duke University Children's Hopsital Case Study

...Duke University's Children's Hospital (DCH) is a pediatric hospital that is located on Duke University Hospital’s fifth floor. DCH is a 134-bed facility with 800 employees who care for patients in neonatal ICU, pediatric ICU, pediatric emergency room, intermediate care unit, bone-marrow transplant unit, subspecialty clinic, and outreach clinic (Meliones, 2000). The annual operating loss of DCH grew from a high $4 million in 1992 to a staggering $11 million in 1996, forcing hospital administrators to cut-down resources. This move made some caregivers feel that the clinical care quality at DCH had deteriorated. Complaints from parents were on the rise, dissatisfied doctors considered sending their patients to other hospitals, and some frustrated staff members eventually quit. As important as DCH’s institutional mission was to promote the community’s health, so important it was to not lose focus from the big picture during a difficult time. The specific goal of clinicians is to restore the health of their patients; however, cost is not something that they want on their minds. Hospital administrators on the other hand have their specific goal to control the rapidly growing healthcare costs. Cost-cutting in such testing conditions traumatized patients, frustrated clinicians, and crippled the mission of DCH. The decision to remove a respirator therapist who worked in the night shift, for instance, affected not only the patient and her parents, but also the insurance company,...

Words: 1513 - Pages: 7

Mercer V. Duke University

...Mercer v. Duke University The case of Mercer v. Duke University deals with the issue of women being allowed to play on contact sports teams. This case also raises issues of discrimination and whether or not federally funded institutions are prohibited from discrimination under Title IX. This is a very good case because it deals with a high-profile university and whether or not discrimination was an issue of one of the university’s college athletics. The Mercer v. Duke University case was about a student named Heather Mercer who attended Duke University and tried out for the Duke Football team as a walk-on placekicker in the fall of 1994. Mercer was an all-state kicker at her former high school Yorktown Heights and she was the only woman to try out for the Duke Football team at the time. Mercer failed to make the team, but she served as a manager of the football team during the 1994 season. The thing Mercer did other than manage was attend the practices during the 1994 fall and participate in conditioning drills in the spring of 2005. The highlight of Mercers college career was when she was nominated to play in an intrasquad scrimmage game, where she ended up kicking the game winning field goal. A little time after the game, Goldsmith who was the Duke Football coach told the media that Mercer had made the Duke Football team. The kicking coach of Duke also told Mercer herself that she had made the team. The following year during the 1995 season, Mercer did not participate......

Words: 1705 - Pages: 7

Bmod

...2011.0180 WHEN POWER MAKES OTHERS SPEECHLESS: THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF LEADER POWER ON TEAM PERFORMANCE LEIGH PLUNKETT TOST University of Michigan FRANCESCA GINO Harvard University RICHARD P. LARRICK Duke University We examine the impact of the subjective experience of power on leadership dynamics and team performance and find that the psychological effect of power on formal leaders spills over to affect team performance. We argue that a formal leader’s experience of heightened power produces verbal dominance, which reduces team communication and consequently diminishes performance. Importantly, because these dynamics rely on the acquiescence of other team members to the leader’s dominant behavior, the effects only emerge when the leader holds a formal leadership position. Three studies offer consistent support for this argument. The implications for theory and practice are discussed. Organizations make extensive use of teams when structuring and allocating work projects. Given the increasing prevalence of teams in modern organizations and the complexities involved in group dynamics, questions about how to ensure high levels of collective learning and effective decision making, along with other key determinants of team performance, have captured extensive attention from researchers and practitioners alike (Martin & Bal, 2006). One important area of inquiry into team effectiveness is the issue of how the degree of hierarchy within a team can affect team performance. This......

Words: 15430 - Pages: 62

College Application to the University of Michigan

...From the time I was able to realize what a university was, all I heard from my mother's side of the family was about the University of Michigan and the great heritage it has. Many a Saturday afternoon my grandfather would devote to me, by sitting me down in front of the television and reminiscing about the University of Michigan while halftime occurred during a Michigan Wolverines football game. Later, as I grew older and universities took on greater meaning, my mother and uncle, both alumni of the University of Michigan, took me to see their old stamping grounds. From first sight, the university looked frightening because of its size, but with such a large school comes diversity of people and of academic and non-academic events. In Springfield High School, non-academic clubs such as the Future Physicians and the Pylon, both of which I have belonged to for two years, give me an opportunity to see both the business world and the medical world. These two clubs have given me a greater sense of what these careers may be like. In Future Physicians, I participated in field trips to children's hospitals and also participated in two blood banks. Currently I hold a job at Maas Brothers. This lets me interact with people outside my own immediate environment. I meet different kinds of people, in diffrent moods, with different attitudes, and with different values. This job teaches me to be patient with people, to have responsibility, and to appreciate people for what they......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Many University Students Engage in Paid Employment. Discuss the Impact of This on Their Academic Performance and Their Overall Experience at University

...STATEMENT OF RESEARCH TOPIC Many university students engage in paid employment. Discuss the impact of this on their academic performance and their overall experience at university. ABSTRACT Many university engage in paid employment for various reasons such as earning extra income, work experiences. Working while studying provides a stronger basis of working experience for later professional graduate employment and also earns a considerate amount of income that supports the basis of living against the rising inflation and cost of tuition fee. However it is possible that this has detrimental effects on a higher GPA. Not that students lack of intellectual value but rather this is a choice to emphasize on working more rather on studying. Studies have found that there is a direct correlation between increasing working hours and decreasing performance in studying. In this report, it will analyze the relevant data from primary sources and other secondary sources to identify how those reasons and other differentiating factors such as gender, language background, attendance and hours of work would affect their academic performances as well as social experience. BACKGROUND and LITERATURE REVIEW Craig Zimitat, 2003, The first year experiences, Griffith University. The report mainly focuses on the impact of employment within the timeframe of first year student. The data is collected via Griffith survey in large distribution and organized in three groups. The first group......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

University of Michigan

...From the time I was able to realize what a university was, all I heard from my mother's side of the family was about the University of Michigan and the great heritage it has. Many a Saturday afternoon my grandfather would devote to me, by sitting me down in front of the television and reminiscing about the University of Michigan while halftime occurred during a Michigan Wolverines football game. Later, as I grew older and universities took on greater meaning, my mother and uncle, both alumni of the University of Michigan, took me to see their old stamping grounds. From first sight, the university looked frightening because of its size, but with such a large school comes diversity of people and of academic and non-academic events. In Springfield High School, non-academic clubs such as the Future Physicians and the Pylon, both of which I have belonged to for two years, give me an opportunity to see both the business world and the medical world. These two clubs have given me a greater sense of what these careers may be like. In Future Physicians, I participated in field trips to children's hospitals and also participated in two blood banks. Currently I hold a job at Maas Brothers. This lets me interact with people outside my own immediate environment. I meet different kinds of people, in diffrent moods, with different attitudes, and with different values. This job teaches me to be patient with people, to have responsibility, and to appreciate people for what they......

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Power Structures in Indian Universities

...D-Q University: Group study on leadership analysis Group members: Sam Cade, Tim Gula, Leon Manto, Lesley Mumford, Rich Randolph National University LED 603 March 26, 2012 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze power structures, leadership, systems, organizational culture, and ethics issues that contributed to D-Q University’s leadership failures. With the goal of re-establishing a more viable tribal college, the group will also identify leadership intervention approaches that will address these issues which are both highly interactive and, because of their magnitude, gravely complex. Power Structures Power Structures In Indian Universities The power structures of American Universities vary greatly depending on the type of students they serve, the schools’ history and the culture of the community they assist. Some colleges have large boards of trustees while others have no recognizable power structure. Whatever the power structures, there has to be some semblance of fiscal responsibility, ethics, curriculum planning and oversight that will enhance the institutions’ longevity. The role of the Board of Trustees The primary role of the leadership structure in all universities is to provide the best educational program possible for the students. University trustees make all final decisions regarding school district priorities, personnel, textbooks, expenditures and growth management. Trustees adopt a budget that is necessary to......

Words: 2868 - Pages: 12

Rganizational Design of Internet University

...Organizational design of Internet University 1. introduction This project is to create an organization of Internet University without central back office and describe the contents in designing the organization. Chapter 1 will provide the definition of the organization, moreover briefly illustrate the type of this organization and growing challenges, plus the reasonable solutions. The organizational strategy and structure will be mentioned concisely as well, but details of them will be respectively analyzed afterwards. Analysis of environments included external and internal factors, and illustrated effectiveness model of organization will be provided in chapter 2. Two organizational structures will be compared with each other in terms of vertical (efficiency) and horizontal (learning) in chapter 3. Certain approaches of organization steering will be proposed and analyzed in chapter 4. The effects of innovation and change to organization will be described in chapter 5 and finally the transaction cost will be evaluated in the last chapter. 2. organizational definition As mentioned this internet university will be constructed without the central back office, which means the processes such as recruiting, enrolling, teaching, hiring, paying, administrating, managing are all available on the internet. To design this organization and implement the idea, personally I suggest to start it as an small example, in this case the investment and cost could be effectively...

Words: 3850 - Pages: 16

University

...We all face dilemmas at the one time or other and my major dilemma has been choosing the correct academic program. For the last two years, l has been upgrading my high school marks in order got to the best university. Now I have to make the correct choice for my university. In my case, my dilemma is to either apply to Sauder School of business or go to an American university. I have thought a lot about this and weighted the pros and cons. American universities are more famous in many people’s mind. But I think I will get a better education. I understand that it is a major decision to pursue a career in business and I have put a lot of thought into it. First of all, I love people I feel that the key to all business is the good relationship between people. Secondly, I am a serious and organized person. I always return my calls, texts and so on and so forth as soon as I get them. Thirdly, I am a pleasant, adaptable and amiable person. I like to talk to people; I have a sunny disposition and love to interact socially. Finally, I have a strong will and passion to succeed. I want to do well in business grow a strong company and make a lot of money for my family. I think the real key to success is to understand these things, to keep a good attitude, and to have a perfect time management. For these reasons, I feel I will be an excellent candidate for the Sauder School of Business. I have been very fortunate to participate in many activities in my time in Canada. The most......

Words: 460 - Pages: 2