Unit 24 - P1

In: Business and Management

Submitted By BenPrice96
Words 3175
Pages 13
Unit 24 - Assignment 1
Introduction
For this assignment I will be describing the elements of a crime which are Mens Rea and Actus Reus. Mens Rea is Latin for 'guilty mind' and it is the mental thinking behind the crime which has been committed, it refers to the intentions of the person who committed the crime. For example, when someone commits theft their intention is to permanently deprive the owner/s of the object. Actus Reus is Latin for 'guilty act' and it can either be an act or a failure to act. For example, when someone commits theft they must've physically taken something. The three C's of Actus Reus must be taken into account when investigating a crime they are: * Conduct - this is the act of damaging or destroying something/someone. * Circumstances - this is the fact that the property must belong to another. * Consent - this is the resulting damage or destruction of the act.
Causation
Causation, also known as result crimes is when a consequence has come about as a result of the Actus Reus being committed. When establishing causation the first step is to ask 'was the defendant's act a cause in the fact of the specified consequence?' This can be answered by asking 'But for what the defendant did would the consequence have occurred?' If the answer is YES then the result wouldn't have occurred if not for the defendant's acts and, therefore causation is established.
A case which shows the chain of causation is the case of R v White (1910) the defendant put cyanide into his mother's lemonade, however she died of a heart failure before she drank the poison. The answer to the question 'But for what the defendant did would she have died' is NO she would've died anyway. The defendant had the Actus Reus as he had put the cyanide in his mothers drink and he also had the Mens Rea as he knew that by doing this he would kill her. He was found guilty of…...

Similar Documents

P1- Btec Unit 1

...Unit 1 – The Business Environment P1 – Describe the type of business, purpose and ownership of two contrasting businesses Done by Fatima Shafique 12 G2 * Emaar (Profit orientated business) Emaar is a real-estate company which is based in the United Arab Emirates. It is currently the Persian Gulf region's largest land and real estate developer. With over 60 companies, Emaar's activities include property investment and development, property management services, education, healthcare, retail and hospitality sectors, as well as investing in financial service providers. Type of ownership: Public Joint Stock Company (public limited) Liability: Limited liability Size: Emaar is extending its expertise in developing master-planned communities internationally, and has a significant presence in several key global markets with established operations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Morocco, India, Pakistan, Turkey, USA and Canada. It employs over 10,000 people and has over 60 companies. Revenue: $3.307 billion (2010) Sector: Secondary sector Purpose: to transform Emaar into a one-stop, global solution provider for lifestyle, including homes, work, play, leisure, retail, health, education, finance, industry and more. * Dubai Autism Centre (Nonprofit organization) Since November 18th2001 The Dubai Autism Center began the creation of its various services targeted towards......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Unit 1 - P1 P2

...P UNIT 1: BUSINESS ENVIROMENT p1&p2 | | | | | | P1 – a brief introduction of two contrasting businesses Tesco PLC (Public Limited Company) is a British multinational grocery general merchandise retailer. Tesco is the third-largest retailed in the world measured by its revenue. It is also the second largest measured by profits. Tesco has stores in 14 countries across Asia, North America and is the grocery market leader in the United Kingdom. Tesco have many aims and objectives they wish to fulfill, for example to be an outstanding international retailer in stores and online and to be strong in everything they sell because they are in food. Tesco is a Public Limited Company this means that they are able to advertise the sale of shares and sell them to the members of the public through stock exchange and also the company has a legal existence separate from management and its members. Tesco and Lewisham College are completely different because Lewisham College doesn’t offer products it offers services that are entitled to the public. Lewisham College has 16,000 student enrolments and 36,000 courses. The college is a member of the 157 group of high performing schools. Lewisham College work with many diverse partners, including: schools, universities, trade unions, businesses and a range of public sector organizations. Lewisham College is a public college and do not particularly exist to make a profit but to provide a service for people who want to learn. ...

Words: 1028 - Pages: 5

Unit 1 P1

...Unit 1 H&M P1 Is an international company in 53 different countries, in the hands of private owners It is for profit, and active in the tertiary sector because they also sell those clothes. Their purpose is to sell fast fashion to a wide variety of customers and satisfy their needs for clothes. The owners are the shareholders, so it is public limited liability. Stakeholders P2 Customers H&M is a customer-focused company. Understanding and meeting their needs is at the core of everything they do they engage them by: * In-store customer interactions * Customer service organization * Social media (for example, 18 million facebook fans) * Market research Consumer media * Consumer organisations They simply influence H&M by buying their products without they the company simply cannot exist the company’s products are also influenced by the customer’s needs and wishes. Colleagues We want our employees to be advocates for H&M brands. Motivated and satisfied employees means better customer interactions and a better and more productive workplace. They engage them by: * We have an open-door policy,encouraging constant feedback * Store or union representation in many markets * European Works Council (EWC) * Meetings facilitated through our global framework agreement with Union Network International (UNI) * Regular individual performance reviews * Employee surveys in some markets Good and motivated employees get more......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Unit 19- P1

...Unit 19- P1 Introduction to Unit 19- P1 In this assignment, I am going to be describing the different types of teams in an organisation and the benefits of using a team for an organisation. What are the different types of team in an business environment? There are 2 different types of team that organisations use: A formal team- an ordered team that is built to meet a specific purpose. All members in the team will have a distinct role while also the group having an appointed team leader who may set the distinct roles for the team. An informal team- a team built without purpose which allows every member of a team to be regarded equally important. What are the benefits of using a team for an organisation? There are many benefits for an organisation when they use teams, for example: Reduction of alienation- Creates a sense of involvement for a worker in the organisation through being involved in decision-making and having human contact with other employees which workers react positively too. Fosters innovation- Working as a team encourages innovation because it allows a variety of information, initiative and imagination from several people to come together and create new innovative ideas. Sharing expertise- A team allows a group of people to come together who have a variety of different skills and knowledge. Implementing change- Working in a team allows an organisation to enforce a new plan or system because of the overall technical capabilities that a whole......

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Unit 24 P1

...Unit 24 - Assignment 1 Introduction For this assignment I will be describing the elements of a crime which are Mens Rea and Actus Reus. Mens Rea is Latin for 'guilty mind' and it is the mental thinking behind the crime which has been committed, it refers to the intentions of the person who committed the crime. For example, when someone commits theft their intention is to permanently deprive the owner/s of the object. Actus Reus is Latin for 'guilty act' and it can either be an act or a failure to act. For example, when someone commits theft they must've physically taken something. The three C's of Actus Reus must be taken into account when investigating a crime they are: • Conduct - this is the act of damaging or destroying something/someone. • Circumstances - this is the fact that the property must belong to another. • Consent - this is the resulting damage or destruction of the act. Causation Causation, also known as result crimes is when a consequence has come about as a result of the Actus Reus being committed. When establishing causation the first step is to ask 'was the defendant's act a cause in the fact of the specified consequence?' This can be answered by asking 'But for what the defendant did would the consequence have occurred?' If the answer is YES then the result wouldn't have occurred if not for the defendant's acts and, therefore causation is established. A case which shows the chain of causation is the case of R v White (1910) the defendant put......

Words: 3175 - Pages: 13

P1 Unit 1

...P1. Describe the type of business and ownership of two contrasting businesses Introduction: In this unit I will be investigating two businesses which are Debenhams and McDonalds. I will be highlighting the similarities and differences of how these two businesses operate as well as what these companies are trying to achieve. Background information:Debenhams is a leading international, multi-channel brand with a proud British heritage. Debenhams gives its customers around the world a unique, differentiated and exclusive mix of own brands, international brands and concessions.In the UK, Debenhams has a top four market share in womenswear and menswear it also has a top 10 share in childrenswear. It leads the market in premium health and beauty. Size of business:Debenhams is available online in 70 countries and is the 11th biggest UK online retailer by traffic volume. It also trades out of 240 stores across 28 countries. It currently has 29,000 employees across all its stores. Business Sector: Debenhams comes under the tertiary sector as they sell customers manufactured goods such as designer clothing, stationary, toys and all other sorts of goods. This company may not directly make their own products although they may have a link to the producers in order to sell these products at their stores. They come under the tertiary sector as they provide a service of deliveries. Main goals & purpose: Debenhams’ strategy is underpinned by three Aims: 1.......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Unit 7 P1

...14-11-2104 14-11-2104 yorisha sanstra ROC Amstelland 297245 yorisha sanstra ROC Amstelland 297245 Unit 7 finacial m P1 Unit 7 finacial m P1 A) Describe different methods an organization can use to calculate a cost price Cost-plus pricing - Set the price at your production cost, including both cost of goods and fixed costs at your current volume, plus a certain profit margin. For example, your widgets cost €40 in raw materials and production costs, and at sales volume, your fixed costs come to €40 per unit. Your total cost is €80 per unit. You decide that you want to operate at a 20% markup, so you add €20 to the cost and come up with a price of $80 per unit. So long as you have your costs calculated correctly and have predicted your sales volume, you will always be prepared for any possible outcome and will always gain a profit.   Fair pricing - Sometimes it simply doesn't matter what the value of the product is, even if you don't have any competition. There is simply a limit to what consumers perceive as "fair". If it's that your product cost €30 to make, even if it is only calculated €10,- in value, you'd have a hard time charging twenty or thirty euro’s for it. Your customers would just feel like they were being pay off. A little market research will help you determine the maximum price consumers are willing to pay   Direct costs Direct costs are cost that are directly linked to the product being made. A manufacture has to buy raw material to......

Words: 1511 - Pages: 7

Unit 24 P4&P5

...Unit 24: P4 & P5 P4 - Describe the importance of referral to other organisations. P5 - Describe potential boundary issues that could occur in a helping relationship. The referral to other organisations means to see whether the patient needs counselling at all or needs another professional for their problems, such as a psychologist, doctor, hypnotist or doctor etc. It is important to refer the client to other organisations because they may need help from different medical service sectors, for example the client may have an eating disorder therefor they are obese and they end up seeing a counsellor about their problem, which doesn’t make much sense, this is why the referral system is crucial so instead of the client going to the wrong service, they can go to a physiotherapist and help them overcome their obesity. There are many protocols assessed before giving a client a referral, they make sure the urgency of referral is determined by several factors such as; level of risk involved, wishes of client, immediate nature of the demands for the service and wishes of clients family, friends guardians etc. They also have to make sure that the certain type of service they refer the client to will benefit them and help them rehabilitate themselves to get over their problems. In conclusion it is important that the client gets referred to the proper professional to help them with their dilemma, however the client is entitled to know what kind of professional they are being......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Unit 24: Brewing Science

...UNIT 24: BREWING SCIENCE Get assignment help for this unit at assignmenthelpuk@yahoo.com LO1 Understand fermentation systems Microbial groupings: microbial range and form Unicellular fungi: importance to the fermentation process especially Saccharomyces species History of fermentation advances: metabolic pathways of respiration; dynamics of anaerobic respiration/fermentation; methods of controlling fermentation (top and bottom); principal steps in the brewing process LO2 Understand the biochemistry of malting, mashing and conversions in the copper Barley physiology: choice of cereal; biochemical changes affected by the malting process Wort composition: biochemical/biophysical conversions Malting process: the enhancement of diastatic power; control of N2-content; development of colour Mashing process: the ionic balance of the liquor (Burtonization); factors affecting extraction and enzymatic conversion in the grist; importance of temperature and time controls; monitoring ‘run-off’ from the mash tun for turbidity and specific gravity Hop variety: varieties of hops available (including brief histories and geographical location); characteristic properties of each variety; hop additions to brews (biochemistry of action); hop quality (appearance, feel and aroma) Hop biochemistry: the ratio of α and β-acids; oxidative conversions to humulones and hulupones; the effect of seed content on hop property and the principle contributors to aroma The copper: inactivation of enzymes;......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Business Unit 3 P1

...unit 3 p1 Tumblr Tumblr is a popular social media site that offers users the chance to create and run their own blog. It was globally branded by a trademark “T” for Tumblr. It competes with the likes of twitter, Facebook and Instagram on the global market. Since it formed on 2007; it hosts over 225.1 million blogs. In order to achieve this Tumblr has used marketing techniques such as branding and market relationship. Tumblr aims to provide a service that allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog. Tumblr was created on the ideals of free speech and independent journalism to try and get away from the mainstream media. It also aims to provide a support network for people dealing with mental health issues and is also used as a generic blogging site. The marketing aims and objectives of Tumblr are to become a market leader within the next 10 years. A key step towards this was on 20th may 2013. The business was sold to Yahoo a large search engine for $1.1billion.They have expanded their target audience by producing mobile apps for smartphones on all platforms. This increased their user percentage by as much as 70,000 users within the first weeks. the marketing concept puts the customer at the centre of all decisions before the product of service is developed. this can make Tumblr more efficient by focusing investment on products that customers will need and use rather than investing in products that customers may not buy. Branding: Creating a......

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Unit 4 P1 M1

...Ellie Richards Unit 4 P1 M1 P1- explain different types of business information, their sources and purposes Verbal communication is one of the best methods when it comes to communicating with another individual or individuals, this is because when you are emailing someone, the point you are trying to get across doesn’t always get their understanding, as they aren’t able to hear the tone of your voice to understand what it is you are meaning by what you are saying. Verbal communication can be done face to face, over the phone, or using devices such as Skype. Interacting face to face is also quicker and helps you get a better understanding of the information that the individual is giving to you, it also gives you the chance to ask any questions to the person who is providing you with this information, and it also helps you get to know other individuals. Verbal communication is something that people do in their everyday lives, and it’s something that people are used to. There for it’s probbaly the best method when it comes to communicating with people and getting information to individuals. An example when we had a good method of verbal communication was when the head teacher of Strode College (James Staniforth) done a presentation to all of the new students within the college on the first day. The main characteristics within the information that was provided, was to give all of the new students the information that they needed to know about the college. This......

Words: 2566 - Pages: 11

Unit 5 P1

...Unit 5: P1 Main functions of the cell membrane The cell membrane is the outer cover for a cell, and something that lets things out and into the cell. The function is to protect the interior of the cell by allowing some substances into the cell, and also blocking some substances from coming in. Main functions of the nucleus The nucleus is the centre of the cell which controls things. Nuclei contains genetic material e.g. DNA and also controls the cells growth and reproduction. In red blood cells, the nucleus is lost during development and is the only cell that is able to survive without a nucleus. The nucleus contains information that is transferred to the next generation. Main functions of the cytoplasm Cytoplasm is the material inside of the cell, generally clear and jelly like that fills the inside of cells. This is where the chemical reactions take place and where the fluid is able to flow slowly. The cytoplasm supports the cell and allows organelles to freely move throughout the cell. Glycogen and melanin are the chemicals that are the basic living materials that a cell needs, they also are responsible for skin and hair colour. Main functions of the mitochondria The mitochondria generates the energy to power the cell through respiration. Mitochondria: [pic] The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell it provides energy to the cell through respiration.The food that we eat is broken into simpler molecules like carbohydrates, fats and etc in our bodies.......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Unit 24

...BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma in Public Services (Uniformed)Assessment Brief | | Unit Number & Title | Unit 24 – Current and Media Affairs in Public Services | Assessment Title | Magazine review | Assessment No. | 2 | Deadline Date | 15/01/16 | Date Issued | | *Resubmission Date | | Unit Assessor/Tutor | Andy Phillips | Learning Aims/Outcomes covered in this assessment | Learning Outcome 3: Understand how the public services are portrayed in the media Learning Outcome 4: Be able to review current affairs affecting public services | | Scenario / Context of Assessment | As a member of the Public Services the publics perceptions of your conduct is determined by how they are reported in the media which may affect your morale and operational effectiveness. However as a member of the public services you should be aware of how the media can be used as a positive resource | TASK 1- Magazine article (P5, M3 & D2) | Your Task is to create a magazine article that will:Explain how positive and negative images affect public perceptions of the public services. (P5)Analyse how positive and negative images affect public perceptions of the public services. (M3)Evaluate how positive and negative images affect public perceptions of the public services. (D2) You are to explain by using current pictures and newspaper articles,TV shows how each of the public services have been......

Words: 909 - Pages: 4

Unit 1 P1

...Unit 1: The business environment P1 In this report I am going to talk about 2 businesses, a private limited company and a public limited company. The businesses I have chosen are ASDA and Bradford royal infirmary. I will be describing the two businesses business types, purposes and ownership ASDA The Asquith family were butchers based in Knottingley, West Yorkshire. In the 1920s, their rising aspirations meant they expanded their business to 7 butcher’s shops in the area. The sons, Peter and Fred would later become founding members of ASDA. ASDA was founded on 19th September 1949. Bradford royal infirmary (BRI) The Bradford royal infirmary, also known as BRI, is a large teaching hospital and is in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, and is run by the Bradford teaching hospitals NHS foundation trust. The Bradford royal infirmary was built in 1936. BRI provides a full range of big and small services for the people of Bradford. Over the years, the hospital has expanded and has built a number of units for the hospital, and is has grown compared to hospitals 20 years ago. Private sector ASDA is a private sector business and its aims are to sell goods to customers such as groceries, clothes and, the more recent items in stock, electronics. Private sector companies, such as ASDA, are owned by one or more people and are not owned by the government so they are all-profit based companies. ASDA is a Ltd......

Words: 1442 - Pages: 6

Unit 1 P1

...Unit 1 P1 Type of Business: Asda Stores Limited, commonly known as ASDA, is the second largest retail store and a national public limited company. Founded in 1949. Furthermore as Asda is a profitable business it is also in the private sector. Welcare is a local charitable, non-profit organization. They earn no profit out of their work however do accept forms of donations and fundraisers. The charity was set up by a church over 100 years ago. It was originally founded in 1894. Furthermore as it a nonprofit business and is giving service it is in the public sector. Purpose of the business: A charity is a group of profitable people whose aim is to give a service and help those in need. Welcare charity provides services which include social work and family support, support groups and life skill workshops and also a children’s health clinic. They work to keep families together, and encourage parents to give their children a happier childhood. Asda is a retail supermarket and the purposed of Asda is to make profit and to supply goods to customers. It sells general merchandise such as food, drink, clothing and various other items. It also has services such as insurance, financial services and a mobile telephone network. Business Ownership and level of liability: Asda was founded by Associated Dairies & Farm Stores Limited in 1949. This is situated in Leeds. The company has limited liability, therefore any debts within the company are paid by shareholders investment......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2