Truman Foreign Policy “Let’s Keep Score”

In: Historical Events

Submitted By smithythejohn
Words 577
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Truman Foreign Policy “Let’s Keep Score”

The First Couple of Things He Did
• 1. UN Established June 26, 1945 (Tie)
▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ April 1945, 50 Nations met in San Francisco HQ in New York Permanent Members-US, UK, China, USSR, France Trygve Lie-1st UN Secretary General

• 2. US Drops Atomic Bombs (Win)
▫ Hiroshima August 6th ▫ Nagasaki August 9th

3. German Occupation (Tie)
• Potsdam Conference-splits Germany into 4 Occupation Zones ▫ US, UK, France (West Germany) ▫ USSR (East Germany • Also Split Berlin (4 Zones) • Promised to crush NAZI party ▫ Nuremberg Trials-sentenced 11 to death

4. Japanese Occupation (Win)
• Only US controlled the rebuilding of Japan ▫ Did not want to split Japan like Germany • Create a Democratic government • Supreme Commander Douglas MacArthur ▫ He wrote the constitution ▫ Not militaristic! ▫ No more weapons/army

5. Eastern Europe (Loss)
• Right after the war, Stalin takes the Baltic States ▫ Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia • Stalin’s Promise of Free Elections in Eastern Europe ▫ Went back on promises at Yalta • Iron Curtain Speech-Winston Churchill, Missouri • “An iron curtain has descended across Europe…”

6. Containment Policy
• Authored by George Kennan • Fundamentally changes US Foreign Policy forever • Learned our lesson from WWII ▫ Appeasement @ Munich ▫ Soviets want to expand, we need to push them back!

Truman Doctrine
• Announced March 12, 1947 • “It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples from conquest or subjugation by outside pressures.” • What does this mean???

Marshall Plan
• European Recovery Act • April 3, 1948 • Aid package to prevent the countries of Western Europe from turning to communism • $12 Billion to France & Italy to stay strong and free • $400 million to Greece & Turkey

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
• July 12, 1949 • 9 Western European nations, US, Canada…...

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