Transcription of Oral Discurs

In: Science

Submitted By kate9419
Words 750
Pages 3
The article deals with the transcription of the oral discourse. It touches upon the characteristics of the different transcriptional systems. Also it describes the kinds and the variants of the transcription.
В рамках данной статьи рассматриваются характеристики различных транскрипционных систем, обосновывается предпочтение, которое автор статьи отдает системе «ТРУД» М.Л. Макарова.
Говоря о дискурсе, можно назвать множество различных подходов к нему, например дискурскак междисциплинарное явление или дискурс как речь действующая, развивающаяся (речь здесь и сейчас).
В данной статье принимается определение дискурса как связного текста в совокупности с экстралингвистическими, т.е. прагматическими, социокультурными, психологическими и другими аспектами[3, с. 136].
При изучении дискурса, как и любого естественного феномена, встает вопрос о классификации: какие типы и разновидности дискурса существуют. Самое главное разграничение в этой области – противопоставление устного и письменного дискурса. Это разграничение связано с каналом передачи информации: при устном дискурсе канал – акустический, при письменном – визуальный. Иногда различие между устной и письменной формами использования языка приравнивается к различию между дискурсом и текстом, однако такое смешение двух разных противопоставлений неоправданно.
При анализе данного типа дискурса одной из основных проблем является проблема транскрипции. Создать универсальную систему транскрипции устного дискурса никому еще не удалось: «записывать «тексты» может всякий; хорошо записывать тексты уже гораздо труднее...»-Л.В. Щерба.
Существует два общих подхода к проблеме транскрипции: от теории к практике и наоборот— от практики к теории. Истинным же предметом анализа остается разговор в естественных условиях социальной жизни.И даже аудио- или видеозапись является транскрипцией «в…...

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