The Moyne Commission's Effect on the Caribbean

In: Historical Events

Submitted By sammy7777
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Introduction Conditions in the Caribbean territories controlled by the British Colony in the 1930’s were not of public health standard especially after the labour unrest. To understand the public health crisis that existed at that time it is important to have an idea of what public health means. Public health as defined by Winslow (1920) “is the science and art of preventing, prolonging life and organized community efforts for sanitation of the environment, control of communicable infections, education of the individual in personal hygiene, organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of social machinery to ensure everyone a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health, so organizing these benefits as to enable every citizen to realize his birth right of health and longevity”(p.5). Considering this definition and the conditions of the British Caribbean territories one could conclude that there were very little to no public health existence in the time of the 1930’s. Consequently, the British Government appointed the Moyne Commission on August 3rd 1938 to investigate and make recommendations on the social and economic conditions of its territories and to file a report. The Moyne Report ended on February 20th 1939 and published fully in 1945 (Green, 2014). This project, therefore, will give a brief biography of Lord Moyne, discuss the factors that led to the establishment of the Commission, state the implementations of the recommendations; the implications to public health and give an overview of the West Indies school of Public Health.

Biography
Lord Moyne otherwise known as Walter Edward Guinness and1st Baron Moyne, played a very important role on being a part of the blue print in the initiation of the foundation of public health in various countries. Moyne’s life…...

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