The Master, Freuds Id, Ego and Superego

In: Film and Music

Submitted By katy3008
Words 1851
Pages 8
Paul Thomas Anderson’s latest film The Master, set in 1950, examines dueling forces of the human psyche. The three main characters can be viewed metaphorically in terms of Freud’s id, ego and super ego. Anderson’s new film is a beautiful character study examining the inner workings of human psychology.
Freddy Quell is an immature, alcoholic, hypersexual, violent WWII veteran, possesses no self-control, impulsively chasing his cravings His behavior exactly fits of Freud’s id. His primitive qualities resound further in his hunched posture, which resembles an earlier stage of Human evolution.
Lancaster Dodd, a writer, scientist and philosopher and founder and self appointed ‘Master’ of The Cause, a cult seeking to raise humans to a state of perfection. Lancaster facilitates this progression through a process of hypnosis which allows individuals to access distant memories of past lives stretching back trillions of years through time holes, providing a deeper, purer sense of self; Lancaster even claims these applications can cure certain types of leukemia.
After losing a series of jobs and on the run from a group of farmers, Freddy, in a drunken stupor stumbles unnoticed aboard a docked ship, occupied by Lancaster Dodd and his entourage, just prior to casting off for sea. Freddy awakes unaware of his surroundings and unable to recall the events of the previous night. Hung over, he meets with Lancaster, who is more curious than upset about Freddy’s aggressive, disruptive, uninvited presence aboard his chartered ship. The two men share an appreciation of alcoholic beverages, although Lancaster’s is no where near as extreme as Freddy’s, whose animalistic behavior is fueled by extremely strong homemade hooch, metaphorically representing the id’s libidinal energy, which upon first sip Lancaster is enthralled with, praising Freddy’s brilliance in crafting. Lancaster…...

Similar Documents

Freud

...Running head: Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud Christopher M. Scott Abstract Why do we dream, what are we dreaming, and when we dream it? According to Dr. Sigmund Freud, it is what we are hiding that affects our dreams; yet how much do our dreams affect our waking lives. Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud an Austrian physician and neurologist with extreme and sometimes controversial ideas regarding the mind is today referred to as one of the greatest minds of the past century. Through much of his life Freud worked toward a career in law with aspirations of becoming an attorney. While attending the University of Vienna, Freud began focusing more on the studies of and theories of Charles Darwin. This attracted him and drew him toward the study of the sciences. His intention was to study the philosophically-scientific questions facing doctors and scientists in the late 19th century. One of the major influences on Freud and in his decision to change career paths was French psychiatrist Jean Charcot. When Freud met Charcot, Charcot being the Director and Head Instructor at Salpetriere Hospital in Europe, Freud showed intense interest in Charcot’s investigations on hysteria. The studies of Freud with Charcot led to Freud’s desire to learn and accelerate studies of psychopathology. Freud developed a new method of psychology and study of the psychosis, Psychoanalysis and the Theory of Dreams. The theory of dreams was to show symbolism and reference to our waking lives. Freud......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Freud

...three parts, the id, the ego, and the superego. These are the mechanisms through which self develops. The Id is the unconscious self and the source of our libidinal drive. It is what gives us hunger and appetite. The id is not socially constructed. The id is an amoral agency that is expressed in Eros and Thanatos, the life and death drives. The Id also gives us that strong emotional feeling like fear, anger and desire. It is a bundle of drives that derive at birth. The id is uncensored, not capable of waiting for gratification, quite selfish, and even violent. It can be a great source of creativity, but it needs to be controlled. Which is exactly what the ego does. The ego, Freud says is the conscious self. More broadly, the thoughts and behaviors of the self that can potentially be conscious. The ego responds to social pressures and standards such as mores, or the customs of a society. The ego is socially constructed, and as it grows in strength it gets better at impulse control, it makes us responsible, inhibits bad behavior, and plans for the future with a realistic eye for possibilities. Everyone needs a strong ego; it is what makes decisions for you. The superego is our conscience. It is like having an internalized parental representative in your head. This stage is what makes you feel guilty about having certain desires. There is a cop inside your head that is regulating your behavior. It oversees and censors the actions and thoughts of the ego. The super ego is also......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

According to Jung (Bandura Freud) Ego Is Everything

...According to Jung the ego is everything that a person is conscious. The ego is concerned of the thinking process, feeling, remembering, and perceiving. It sees that the function of everyday life is carried out. It is responsible as well for our identity and sense of continuity in time. Not to compare the two of the ego and the psyche the psyche is both conscious and the substantial unconscious aspect of personality, more in as a complex personally disturbing a constellation of ideas. A complex has a very disproportionate influence on behavior.  It occurs over and over again in our life. Such in a mother complex will spend time related to the idea of mother whereas the same in a father as in sex, power, money or any other complex.   Jung didn't believe that the stages of development where important such as Freud.  Jung defined the stages in terms of the focus of libidinal energy.  Jung disagreed with Freud about the nature of the libido.  Freud believed that the libido was mainly sexual in nature and how it was invested within the five years of life was determined by a large extent on what a individual adult personality would be like.  He also believed that libidinal energy was directed simply toward whatever was important to the individual at the time and what was important changed as a function of a person's maturation. Jung believed that the libido as general biological life energy that is concentrated on different problems as they arise. Libido is the driving force behind......

Words: 2094 - Pages: 9

Freud

...Sigmund Freud’s theories included the conscious and unconscious mind, the id, ego, and superego, life and death instincts, psychosexual development, and defense mechanisms. According to Freud, the mind is divided into two parts: the conscious and the unconscious mind. The conscious mind includes everything we are aware of. We are able to think and talk about these things rationally. Our memory is a part of this, which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time. This ordinary memory is called the preconscious. The unconscious mind is full of feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that are outside our conscious awareness. Most of these things are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to Freud, the unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences (Krapp, 2005). The id is driven by the pleasure principle. This principle strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs. If these needs are not met immediately, we may become anxious or tense. The ego develops from the id and helps express the feelings of the id in a manner acceptable in the real world. The ego operates based on the reality principle. The superego helps give us a sense of right and wrong. It provides guidelines for making judgments The 5 stages of psychosexual development are the oral (infancy to about 18 months), anal (about 18 months to 2 years),......

Words: 568 - Pages: 3

Freud

...Sigmund Freud PSY/405 Sigmund Freud Personality Overview While Sigmund Freud’s theories were and still are extremely controversial and highly criticized, he was one of the most influential psychologists of his time. Freud’s theory of personality, developmental stages, and defense mechanisms are a few of his contributions to psychology. To further understand Freud is to also understand why his theories are criticized. His contributions and theories have brought up much debate, but have also paved the way for new theories. Theory of Personality Structure “Freud’s greatest contribution to personality theory is his exploration of the unconscious and his insistence that people are motivated primarily by drives of which they have little or no awareness” (University of Phoenix, 2009, p. 23). Before the 1920’s, Freud’s model of personality and mental life consisted of the conscious and unconscious mind; which described our thought processes and opened exploration of the unaware mind. Freud believed that people’s behaviors were motivated by things they were unaware of. Freud’s personal experiences, his readings, and exploration of his dreams influenced his understanding of human personality. Through exploration of his dreams, Freud came up with the belief that humans are motivated by things which they are unaware of. For instance, childhood memories that have been suppressed and later cause behaviors that are unexplainable. The suppressed memories are motivations for......

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Freud

...theories out of opposition to his ideas.”(Cherry, 2011). Freud’s major theories included the id, ego, and super ego, the conscience and unconscious, psychosexual development, and defense mechanisms. Id, Ego, and Superego The id, ego, and superego are what are known as the three components to the personality. The id shows itself from the moment one is born. It is the spoiled brat of the personality and driven by the pleasure principle. The id wants what it wants and it wants it immediately. While this aspect of personality is quite important during the years directly after birth so as the baby can get his or her needs met, if it is not overcome it can become socially crippling as the person grows into an older child and the an adult. The ego deals with reality.” According to Freud, the ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world.” (Cherry, 2011). The id and the ego are related but the ego tries to satisfy the needs of the id in more mature and acceptable ways. The superego is the final part of personality. “The superego is the aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong. The superego provides guidelines for making judgments.”(Cherry, 2011). The superego is also connected to the id and the ego by suppressing the wants, needs, and behaviors the first two crave. All three components......

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Ego, Id and Superego

...The relationship between the id, ego and superego....let's start with id, it is born with us, it is the unconscious pleasure seeking component of the structural model. It's seeks pleasure and avoids pain. Simple basic instinct that we are born with. Next we have the ego, The ego is based on the reality principle and is in our preconscious. The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run. Its the ego's job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration the reality of the situation. Then we have the superego, The superego is divided into two parts; ego ideal and conscience. The ego-ideal is what we aspire to, a standard of good behavior. The conscience is our inner voice, it tells us when we have done something wrong. The superego is either a source of rewards, that is feelings of satisfaction and pride, or of punishment, feelings of shame or guilt. The demands of the "id" (I want it and I want it now) and the demands of the superego, (no it's wrong) are often in conflict with each other. According to Freud, the ego is the strongest so that it can satisfy the needs of the id, not upset the superego, and still take into consideration the reality of every situation. If the id gets too strong, impulses and self gratification take over the person's life. If the superego becomes to strong, the person would be driven by rigid morals, would be judgmental and unbending in his or......

Words: 275 - Pages: 2

Freud

...client’s presenting issue. I shall also define and consider the relationship between the Id, Ego and Superego and the way in which these constructs of our psyche are in many ways representative of earlier experiences and of those early situations and conflicts we had faced. Freud’s approach to understanding human behaviour – psychoanalysis – has had a profound effect on psychology. His approach is one of many that share some common assumptions, while differing fundamentally in others. Contemporaries of Freud, such as Jung and Adler were inspired by Freudian theory, but emphasised different issues in human development and experience. Collectively these theories are described as “psychodynamic” because they emphasise the factors that motivate behaviour (i.e. the dynamics of behaviour). They challenged the biomedical view that mental disorders had physical origins. The psychodynamic approach views abnormal behaviour as caused by unconscious, underlying psychological forces. Key features of the psychodynamic approach Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a Viennese physician, trained in neurology and the founder of psychoanalytic theory. He created an entirely new perspective on the study of human behaviour, focusing on the unconscious instinct and urges rather than the conscious. The psychoanalytic view holds that there are inner forces outside of our awareness that are directing our behaviour. Freud postulated that human nature was focused mainly on desire rather than reason and that......

Words: 2530 - Pages: 11

Id, Ego, and Superego

...Id, Ego, and Superego As with personality theories, Freud’s theory and other psychoanalytic theories may be difficult to test and prove in court. Analyze Freud’s theory and discuss the impact that it has on the development of criminal behavior. What roles do the Id, Ego, and Superego play in problematic behavior, and what influence do defensive mechanisms have on the development of criminal behavior? Discuss the pros and cons of Freud’s theory and how you feel it would hold up in court. Sigmund Freud’s tripartite model of self that separates the human mind into id, ego and superego. This model replicates the method where the ego and superego help to regulate and suppress id urges. Id The id is present at birth and is the make-up of the personality that functions to the same degree to the pleasure notion. According to Freud, dysfunctional personality and behavior comes from the failure of the superego to control the inappropriate inclination of the id. “The restraints that the ego and superego place on the id create aggression and resentment that is directed against the self and manifests in disorder and maladaptive conduct” (DeLisi, 2013). Ego The ego grows from the id and is the part of the personality that can change to the restrictions of the real world, dealing with problem solving aspects of the personality that set it apart from fantasy to reality. “As children develop and realize that life comprises more than simple pleasure gratification,......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Id, Ego, Super Ego

...Id, ego and super-ego are the three parts of the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche; they are the three theoretical constructs in terms of whose activity and interaction mental life is described. According to this model of the psyche, the id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends; the ego is the organized, realistic part; and the super-ego plays the critical and moralizing role. ID The id is the unorganized part of the personality structure that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. The id contains the libido, which is the primary source of instinctual force that is unresponsive to the demands of reality. The id acts according to the "pleasure principle", seeking to avoid pain or displeasure aroused by increases in instinctual tension. EGO The ego comprises the organized part of the personality structure that includes defensive, perceptual, intellectual-cognitive, and executive functions. Conscious awareness resides in the ego, although not all of the operations of the ego are conscious. Originally, Freud used the word ego to mean a sense of self, but later revised it to mean a set of psychic functions such as judgment, tolerance, reality testing, control, planning, defense, synthesis of information, intellectual functioning, and memory. The ego separates out what is real. It helps us to organize our thoughts and make sense of them and the world around us."The ego is that part of the id which has been modified......

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Freud

...Theory Freud didn't exactly invent the idea of the conscious versus unconscious mind, but he certainly was responsible for making it popular. The conscious mind is what you are aware of at any particular moment, your present perceptions, memories, thoughts, fantasies, feelings, what have you. Working closely with the conscious mind is what Freud called the preconscious, what we might today call "available memory:" anything that can easily be made conscious, the memories you are not at the moment thinking about but can readily bring to mind. Now no-one has a problem with these two layers of mind. But Freud suggested that these are the smallest parts! The largest part by far is the unconscious. It includes all the things that are not easily available to awareness, including many things that have their origins there, such as our drives or instincts, and things that are put there because we can't bear to look at them, such as the memories and emotions associated with trauma. According to Freud, the unconscious is the source of our motivations, whether they be simple desires for food or sex, neurotic compulsions, or the motives of an artist or scientist. And yet, we are often driven to deny or resist becoming conscious of these motives, and they are often available to us only in disguised form. We will come back to this. The id, the ego, and the superego Freudian psychological reality begins with the world, full of objects. Among them is a very special object, the......

Words: 8260 - Pages: 34

Criticismm of Freud

...Criticism of Freud Freud, his theories, and his treatment of his patients were controversial in 19th century Vienna, and remain hotly debated today. Freud's ideas are often discussed and analyzed as works of literature and general culture in addition to continuing debate around them as scientific and medical treatises. Freud sought to explain how the unconscious operates by proposing that it has a particular structure. He proposed that the unconscious was divided into three parts: Id, Ego, and Superego. The Id (Latin, = "it" = es in the original German) represented primary process thinking - our most primitive need gratification type thoughts. The Superego represented our conscience and counteracted the Id with moral and ethical thoughts. The Ego stands in between both to balance our primitive needs and our moral/ethical beliefs. A healthy ego provides the ability to adapt to reality and interact with the outside world in a way that accommodates both Id and Superego. The general claim that the mind is not a monolithic or homogeneous thing continues to have an enormous influence on people outside of psychology. Many, however, have questioned or rejected the specific claim that the mind is divided into these three components. Jungian analysis will work whether or not there is a genetic component to the transmission of the archetypes. References: Doyle, Tom. "First recognition of the significance of dreams:." World of Dreams. N.p., 12 Sept. 2003. Web. 4 Nov. 2009.......

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Freud

...Section on freud:’examine the contribution made by at least one thinker to the study of religion’. Freud, a psychologist and the father of psychoanalysis saw himself as part of the 19th century scientific, traditional and adopted the materialistic approach to the study of the human mind. His views on religion can only be understood from the point of view of his physiological theories, and in particular the Oedipus complex and the primal crime/horde theory. According to Freud religious belief can be explained by the Oedipus complex this is the theory that the sex drive represent the body’s subconius desire for satisfaction, when the libido for food as a baby is transferred to the child there is jealousy and hatred for the father as the respect an fear that was previously there has gone as there is now a derive to possess the mother. So god is idolised as the father figure which we project on to the world (we fear and reverse him in the Oedipus complex. Therefore the function of religious belief is that it is a neurotic illness shown by symptoms of ritualization cleaning and following strict rules and a dangerous illusion that needs to be over thrown. The primal horde theory suggests that the alpha male is killed by the jealous younger rivals for access to the females of the horde however they are then overcome by guilt that they put a totem pole for the alpha male so that he can be worshiped. Therefore explains, Freud maintained that the worship for god is due to the guilt...

Words: 964 - Pages: 4

Freud and Jane Eyre

...Freud’s Id, Ego, and Superego Personified in Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre follows the story of Jane, an orphan, as she develops from a young girl to a young woman of marriageable age. While there are many other characters in the novel, the most developed ones are Jane and the two men that propose marriage to her: Edward Rochester and St. John Rivers. Almost a century after Bronte published her novel, Freud theorized that the psyche developed into three different parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. Jane Eyre’s three main characters personify these parts of the human psyche: Rochester represents the id, St. John the superego, and Jane the ego. Edward Rochester, Jane’s employer and the master of Thornfield, exemplifies Freud’s id. The id, as interpreted by Saul McLeod, is the part of the psyche that is the most basic, unconscious, instinctual part; it begins at birth and demands immediate satisfaction, it is also contains the libido. It acts according to the “pleasure principle” and seeks only self-gratification and pain avoidance (McLeod). Mr. Rochester, wealthy and with few responsibilities, is left free to spend his time pursuing pleasure, traveling Europe, and having an affair with the French singer and dancer Celine Varens. He is not bothered by society’s morals when he tries to marry Jane, even though it would make him a bigamist because he is already married to the woman hidden in his attic. The marriage to Jane also flaunts society’s norm of......

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6

Freud: Psychoanalysis

...Chapter: 2 Freud: Psychoanalysis Overview of Psychoanalytic Theory Freud’s understanding of human personality was based on his experiences with patients his analysis of his own dreams, and his readings in the various sciences and humanities. Biography of Sigmund Freud * Sigismund (Sigmund) Schlomo Freud * March 6 or May 6,1856 * Freiberg, Moravia * September 23,1939 (aged 83) * He was the firstborn Child. Jacob Freud (1875-1896) * Amile Nathansohn Freud (1835-1930) * (Julius, Anna, Rosa, Marie, Adolfine, Paula and Alexander) * In 1885 he received a traveling great from the UV an decided to study in Paris. * Hysteria * Catharsis * During the late 1890’s, Freud suffered both professional isolation and personal crises. * In 1902, Freud invited a small group of somewhat younger Viennese physicians. * In 1908, this organization adopted a more formal name. * In 1910, Freud and his followers founded the International Psychoanalytic Association. Levels of Mental Life Freud’s greatest contribution to personality theory is his exploration of the unconscious and his insistence that people are motivated primarily by drives of which they have or no awareness. Unconscious * The unconscious contain all those drives, urges, or instincts that are beyond our awareness but that nevertheless motivate most of our words, feelings and actions. Although we may be conscious of our overt behaviors we often are not......

Words: 443 - Pages: 2