The Hollow Men, Headpeice Filled with Meaning

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hurgcat
Words 1626
Pages 7
Grant Seamster
Walter Lowe
The Hollow Men: Headpiece Filled with Meaning Out of madness springs The Hollow Men, one of T.S. Eliot’s critically acclaimed poetic masterpieces. This poem has been analyzed over and over, and is so full of references to texts that it can be confusing to find a launching point. Just like most things in life, the beginning is a good start. T.S. Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri and attended Harvard, and went overseas to England for graduate school. It was here that he settled down, becoming a banker, and more importantly, writing poetry ( In the early and mid-1920’s, Eliot suffered from numerous nervous breakdowns, and during one of these breakdowns in 1925 the poem The Hollow Men was written. Using the archetypal literary school of criticism we will magnify the archetypes of hopelessness, desperation, misery, and despair throughout the work. The archetypal school of literary criticism determines a text’s meaning using cultural and psychological myths. Commonly used symbols such as crucifixion or the snake serve as a marker to delve deeper into the reading. Carl Jung, whose theory of a “collective unconscious”, has been accredited with founding this school of literary criticism. This Jungian theory claims literature imitates the “dream of humanity”, not life. Archetypal criticism splinters from the Formalist or New Criticism schools of literary criticism by approaching the work in the context it is read in, instead of holding it aloof from other texts. Archetypal images, sounds, and symbols are used in all areas of the humanities and are tied to our fundamental thinking patterns (Delahoyde). Before the first line of the poem, the line “A penny for the Old Guy” (Eliot 79), is the first reference to Guy Fawkes Day, the English holiday where a celebration is held every 5th of November due to the thwarting…...

Similar Documents

Favoritism in the Legend of Sleepy Hollow

...In Washington Irving's short story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" he has two main characters, Ichabod Crane and Bram Bones.  These two heroic characters both desire the same woman, Katrina Van Tassel, the daughter of a substantial Dutch farmer.  Apart from the fact that they both yearn for the same woman these two men are completely different creatures.  In "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", Washington Irving does not hide the fact that he clearly favors Ichabod Crane over Brom Bones. Ichabod Crane is a somewhat geeky tall lanky man. He is a highly educated schoolmaster who travels from home to home teaching young children. "Ichabod Crane had a soft and foolish heart towards the sex". He clearly doubts himself with the ladies and appears to be a rather insecure character throughout the narrative. On the other hand, Ichabod Crane's adversary Bram Bones is quite the opposite. Bram Bones is a rather large robust burly and somewhat arrogant man. He is well known for his "feats of strength and hardihood. He is a confident man who expects his advances on a lady to be reciprocated. Bram Bones traveled with his gang of friends whereas Ichabod Crane seemed to be a loner who traveled by himself. Interestingly, both men were well known for their knowledge and skill in their own trades. Nevertheless, even their choice of vocation couldn't be more contrary. Bram Bones was known for his great knowledge and skill in horsemanship. His profession was a hands on job requiring great......

Words: 441 - Pages: 2

Meaning of Freedom

...What Is the Meaning of True Freedom? To be "free," as generally understood, is to be free to do anything one desires to do, as long as you do not harm another person, thus interfering with his or her freedom. With this in mind, you can do essentially anything you want. There are no restrictions, no limits. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson wrote that we, humans, have rights. Among these being the famous "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." I believe that the very essence of freedom is found in the early years of our American Revolution. There is no better way to describe freedom than an element that all humans strive for, to the point of incivility, or war. It is something that we treasure so dear to us that we chose to die defending it.  Freedom has both an external as well as an internal component. The external is associated with how we can "freely" operate in society so as to not, for example, encroach on the freedom of others. The internal component is related to grasping our own potential; and this requires that we understand ourselves, that we understand others through overcoming our prejudices against them, and also that we learn to attain the audacity to express this knowledge openly. Freedom without a goal or purpose is hollow but when the purpose is simply the search for truths in the wide sense of the word and for which there are many paths, it gains meaning. It is through these truths that we will learn to "better"......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Asjes Hollow River Investigation

...Ashes Hollow River Investigation. Aim: In this investigation the aim was to compare the characteristics of a river that we visited (Ashes Hollow) to the Bradshaw Model. This is a good river to test certain theories and other predictions, as the river is easily measured and fits into the upper and middle course of a river which is helpful to me. It is also relatively near to me so is very convenient. Hypothesis: My hypothesis is looking for a relationship between two features. They were: Velocity increases further down the stream, as the rivers gradient decreases, the rivers width increases and as velocity increases, so does bed-load size. Location: Ashes Hollow stream is located in Shropshire, which is near Church Stetton. The valley where the river is is a V-shaped valley. This valley gets steeper the further up the river. There are a few minor waterfalls located in the upper and middle course, and there is a large amount of vegetation all along the river with decreasing amounts nearer the top. To investigate the river I chose 8 sights along the river. I selected these sights by working out how far from the bottom of the river it was to a point near the top and then dividing the number by 8. Working this out gave me 8 sites that were exactly the same length apart. Methods: Width – To measure the rivers width I used a tape measure. I did this by placing the start end on one side of the river bank at water level, and then I moved the measure along......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Meanings of Minster

...EDLINE JASON A. DE JESUS BSBAMG-1B SACRAMENTS | MEANING | EFFECTS | MATTER, SIGNS, MANAGEMENT | MINISTER | BAPTISM | For Catholics, the Sacrament of Baptism is the first step in a lifelong journey of commitment and discipleship. Whether we are baptized as infants or adults, Baptism is the Church's way of celebrating and enacting the embrace of God. | The Remission of All Sin, Original and Actual.Remission of Temporal Punishment. Infusion of Supernatural Grace, Gifts, and Virtues. Conferral of the Right to Special Graces.Impression of a Character on the Soul. | Matter of BaptismThe pouring of water.Form of Baptism"I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." | Ordinary MinisterExtraordinary Minister. | Eucharist | Catholics believe the Eucharist, or Communion, is both a sacrifice and a meal. We believe in the real presence of Jesus, who died for our sins. As we receive Christ's Body and Blood, we also are nourished spiritually and brought closer to God. | The Union With Christ by Love. The Spiritual Repast of the Soul. Forgiveness of Venial Sin and Preservation from Mortal Sin. The Pledge of Our Resurrection. | Matter of The Eucharist:Bread and wine.Form of the Eucharist:"This is my body...This is the cup of my blood..." | Is used to denote someone who assists the priest in administering the bread and wine. | Reconciliation | The Catholic Sacrament of Reconciliation (also known as Penance, or Penance and Reconciliation) has three...

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

The Meaning of Dreams

...The Meaning Behind Dream Richard Cantos Copper mountain college Abstract Sigmund Freud was a psychoanalyst psychologist who's studies were based on theory of personality and behavior while unconscious, in this research given we will be explaining the differences of dreams and nightmares derived by Sigmund Freud and how his methods of research paved a way into our society today. The Meaning Behind Dreams When most people go to sleep they either endure a dream or a nightmare. The question is, why? The reason behind it is explained in many ways but the most talked about is scientifically and/ or through theories. Austrian Physician, Sigmund Freud had an idea about the topic in his book called The Interpretation of Dreams. However, Scientists had a different approach dealing with how the brain interacts when we sleep. Dreams are most likely a product of our subconscious as debated by Freud. During sleep, our unconscious in uninhibited and is expressed literally and or symbolically (pg 583). The meanings range depending on repressed subconscious emotions and thoughts. This occurs because our waking conscious guard is let down, giving into our subconscious emotions. The power of subconscious emotions and thought, momentarily gives fruition to our own reality (pg 147). PET scans show that dreams are a product of emotions and thought. During REM sleep the frontal lobes which are responsible......

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Stars Hollow Hat Company

...State specifically what is done, and explain why and how. State the frequency of the duties performed. Duties Frequency c) Interaction: Please detail the extent of communication required with different internal and external stakeholders. Stakeholder Frequency Purpose / Means of Contact Sales Support Operation Support Line Manager Other Managers Customers Other (Specify) d) Decision-Making Authority: The level of decision making authority granted e) Functions Essential Mental Functions • • Essential Physical Functions • • • Working Conditions • Equipment Used • • Minimum Education and Experience • • Additional Requirements • • Job Description Stars Hollow Hat Company Job Title: Sales Representative Date: 24th November 2013 Department: Direct Sales Force – Retail Division O Exempt O Non-Exempt Job Reports To: Executive Sales Manager Job Summary A consultant has to solicit new clientele to bring into the company’s portfolio business either through referrals, Cold Calls or leads generated through various means % Time Functions *Cold Calls (Contacts) made during the day 25% *Conducted Meetings 25% *Incoming Production 15% *Collections 15% *Proposals presented to Clients 5% *Expected Premium Collection Dates 5% * Status of Policies 5% *Direct Debit Payment Received 2.5% *Cheque Clearing 2.5% Essential KSA’S • Quickly absorb and retain new information and......

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Meaning of History

... The Meaning of History Student’s Name University Affiliation MEANING OF HISTORY The term history combines a number of terminologies for it to have a meaning. It therefore refers to a systematic account of natural phenomena involving accounts of events that are narrated in a chronological order and deal with past of mankind. History can also be defined as the dialogues that relates the present with the past. Evolution of mankind sometimes defines the word history. It explains the story of man and his progression in civilization, his downfalls, successes, his laws and wars, religion, arts and development. In other words it can be summarized as the biography of great men who were heroes in the past. The origin of history started way back in Greek being connected to the world famous historians Thucydides and Heredeotus.The word history also relates to writers or narrators of events referred to as historians e.g. we have historians narrating the new history of the Era of the Polis. History follows the example of discovering past human dimensions which one of the history authors divides it into five different stages. The Golden age, the Silver age, the age of Bronze and finally the Iron Age. History incorporates a number of significance that helps us to understand its meaning better. It makes life richer by providing importance to the......

Words: 679 - Pages: 3

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

...In examining Washington Irving’s “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” alongside Tim Burton’s filmic adaption of the story, titled “Sleepy Hollow,” a number of fascinating similarities and differences emerge. Though elements of the characters and settings of Burton’s film borrow heavily from Irving’s text, the overall structuring of the film is significantly different, and representations of various elements are crucially re-imagined. Tim Burton’s “Sleepy Hollow” was released on November 19, 1999, a few months before the new millennium. Set in 1799, Burton’s film modifies the 1790 date that Irving’s text is set in, showing an acute concern with living out anxieties surrounding millennial change in the ‘safe’ formats of film and of established folk legend. Irving’s tale, written in 1820, also works with antiquity, but in a different manner: it lives out colonial cultural anxieties of Irving’s present, as he seems to be concerned with constructing archetypes of folk and with placing folk culture in the new American literary landscape. Examining the two versions of the tale, then, provides a fascinating peek into the transformation of concerns and values in America from Irving’s nineteenth century landscape to Burton’s twentieth (on the verge of twenty-first) century. Burton makes several significant moves that modify the basics of Irving’s tale, frequently at the cost of the folk elements of Irving’s version. The frame narrative of Irving’s story—the tale, part of a series......

Words: 3176 - Pages: 13

The Meaning of Life

...The Meaning of Life There is a certain point in our lives, regardless of the time, when we begin to ask ourselves a set of questions that challenge our existence on this earth. Was the human race created to wonder this world aimlessly? Or do we have a true purpose that we are destined to harness and attain? Why am I here? Like the rest of us, Thomas Nagel, Robert Taylor, and Raymond Martin have each made their own attempts to answer the question of the meaning of life and while doing so, each of the philosophers rendered their own solution to these universal doubts. Thomas Nagel explains that “to convey the absurdity of our lives often has to do with space or time: we are tiny specks in the infinite vastness of the universe; our lives are mere instants even on a geological time scale, let alone a cosmic one; we will all be dead any minute” (Nagel, 768-769). Nagel then defines absurd as “a situation that includes a conspicuous discrepancy between pretension or aspiration and reality (Nagel, 769). Translated, Nagel says that absurd is a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless. Throughout his entire argument, Nagel hardly leaves room for a rebuttal to yield the answer to the true meaning of our lives. He suggests that we as humans have a special capacity to take a step backwards and observe the lives that we are “committed” to and call them into question. But, as he pointed out; while taking that backwards step we realize that the life that we are so......

Words: 1467 - Pages: 6

Religion: Meaning and Nature

...RELIGION: MEANING AND NATURE Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. It is a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the world. Meaning of Religion: Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the human response to those elements in the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion......

Words: 1429 - Pages: 6

Insights on the Christ-Filled Life

...INSIGHTS ON THE CHRIST FILLED LIFE ACTS 2:30-47 KJV By Pastor Michael W. McCullough, Jr., MAR-UM, M.Div., PhD Cand., D.Min., Cand. Trinity Theological Seminary Revised 2016 Ac 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; (KJV) Being therefore a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn to him with an oath, of the fruit of his loins to set upon his throne; (DBY) Insights & Oberservations: Prophetic Giftedness (Office of a Prophet) Godly Promises (God Swearing or Promsing) God Will Bless You with Posterity (God Grants Fruitfulness) Promotion Comes From the Lord Christ’s Ministry to Us (His Coming, Resurrection, Reign and He Producing in Us His Life ) Ac 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. (KJV) he, seeing [it] before, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that neither has he been left in hades nor his flesh seen corruption. (DBY) Insights & Oberservations: Christ’s Resurrection (Our Resurrection) Christ Was Not Left Neither Will God Leave Us God Saved Christ’s Flesh From Corruption. He Desires to Do the Same for Us Ac 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. (KJV) This Jesus has God raised up, whereof all *we* are witnesses. (DBY) Insights &......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Meaning of Sociology

...Discuss the meaning of sociology Sociology is understanding the way people act and what they do it’s the focus on human institutions and our behaviours ,It’s about social issues , legal ,health & educational systems ETC ,and structures , and society itself and the people who make up society ,it can helps us make sense of the world and how its evolves and how people are changing constantly and how people fit into the world around us , It’s about discussing problems , equality , human rights, discrimination , According to ( ,3/3/12 ) “Sociology enables us to understand the structure and dynamics of society, and their intricate connections to patterns of human behaviour and individual life changes. It examines the ways in which the forms of social structure -- groups, organizations, communities, social categories (such as class, sex, age, or race), and various social institutions (such as kinship, economic, political, or religious) affect human attitudes, actions, and opportunities.” For example feminists, they have strong opinions and have changed gender issues in relation to power a major change accorded , and according to ( 3/3/12) “Feminists argue that society is dominated by men. In this patriarchal society men discriminate against women in order to prevent males and females gaining equal rights. There are various strands of belief within feminism; such as radical feminism, liberal feminism and......

Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

Meaning of Sociology

...DEFINITION OF SOCIOLOGY Tuesday, March 24, 2009 | Posted by Nimesh Suranga (නිමේෂ් සුරංග) | 'Sociology' which had once been treated as social philosophy, or the philosophy of the history, emerged as an independent social science in 19th century. Auguste Comte, a Frenchman, is traditionally considered to be the father of sociology. Comte is accredited with the coining of the term sociology (in 1839). "Sociology" is composed of two words : socius, meaning companion or associate; and 'logos', meaning science or study. The etymological meaning of "sociology" is thus the science of society. John Stuart Mill, another social thinker and philosopher of the 19th century, proposed the word ethology for this new science. Herbert Spencer developed his systematic study of society and adopted the word "sociology" in his works. With the contributions of Spencer and others it (sociology) became the permanent name of the new science. The question 'what is sociology' is indeed , a question pertaining to the definition of sociology. No student can rightfully be expected to enter on a field of study which is totally undefined or unbounded. At the same time, it is not an easy task to set some fixed limits to a field of study. It is true in the case of sociology. Hence it is difficult to give a brief and a comprehensive definition of sociology. Sociology has been defined in a number of ways by different sociologists. No single definition has yet been accepted as completely satisfactory.......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Meaning of Meaning

...2424A STATUTORY INTERPRETATION: THE MEANING OF MEANING RMIT University, Melbourne School of Accounting and Law, Symposium on Statutory Interpretation Chapter House, St. Paul‟s Cathedral 13 August 2009. The Hon. Michael Kirby AC CMG RMIT UNIVERSITY, MELBOURNE SCHOOL OF ACCOUNTING AND LAW SYMPOSIUM ON STATUTORY INTERPRETATION CHAPTER HOUSE, ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL 13 AUGUST 2009 STATUTORY INTERPRETATION: THE MEANING OF MEANING The Hon. Michael Kirby AC CMG THE MAIN TASK OF MODERN LAWYERS Although we still describe ours as a common law system (to distinguish it from the countries of the civil law tradition), the label is now looking somewhat dubious. The distinctive feature of contemporary Australian law derives from the overwhelming importance of the laws made by or under parliament. I refer to statutes, regulations, by-laws, executive instruments, rules of court and all the other ways in which the written law now manifests itself. In my youth, the statutory law of the State of New South Wales was collected in twelve manageable volumes, supplemented by a threevolume index1. These books included many important statutes commencing in the colonial period, some of which, like the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW), still apply today.  Past Justice of the High Court of Australia (1996-2009). President of the Institute of Arbitrators & Mediators Australia 1 R.J. McKay (ed.), The Public Acts of New South Wales 1924-1957, Vols.1-15, Law Book Co. Sydney 1958. 1 The......

Words: 9460 - Pages: 38

Hollow Avowals

...HOLLOW AVOWALS OF HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION – TIME FOR AN AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL BILL OF RIGHTS? JULIE CASSIDY* Unlike the constitutions of many nations, such as the United States of America and the Republic of South Africa, the constitutions of the Australian States and Territories and the Commonwealth Constitution Act 1901 (UK) contain no bill of rights. Australia is the only western democracy without a federal bill of rights. The debate regarding the need for a bill of rights necessitates an understanding of what human rights the people of Australia already enjoy. If sufficient protection can be found in existing sources, does Australia really need a federal bill of rights? Opponents of a bill of rights state that we have sufficient protection from arbitrary government intervention in our personal affairs and thus a bill of rights is unnecessary. There are a number of potential sources of human rights in Australia that might provide the suggested existing protection, including the common law, specific domestic legislation, international law and constitutional law. Each of these sources of human rights has, however, important limitations. The focus of this article is on the inadequacy of the Australian constitutions as a source of purported protection. This in turn suggests that an alternative source of rights is needed – a federal bill of rights? In the course of this analysis the author makes suggestions for reform; specifically how a federal bill of rights may address the......

Words: 21777 - Pages: 88