The Effect of Broken Homes on Academic Peformance Among Secondary School Students in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State

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Submitted By edogijohn
Words 827
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CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Background of the Study
Over the years, the investigations of the factors that influence academic performance of students have attracted the interest and concern of teachers, counselors, psychologists, researchers and school administrators in Nigeria (Wiseson, 2001). This is because of the public outcries concerning the low standard of education in the country. The declining quality of education in the country and the breeding of graduates with little technical know-how have resulted in serious setbacks to the industrial development of the nation (Amin, 2005). Different factors are capable of influencing the academic performance of students. Such factors may be the student's internal state (intelligence, state of health, motivation, anxiety parental care etc.) and their environment (availability of suitable learning environment, adequacy of educational infrastructure like textbooks and well-equipped laboratories). Ajila & Olutola, (2000) argued that home environment or family has been recognized as having a lot of influence on the academic performance of students. Ichado (1998) stated that parents’ constant disagreement affects children emotionally and this could lead to poor academic performance in school. The family lays the psychosocial, moral and spiritual foundations in the overall development of the child. However, the mother played significant role in the formation of a home and her roles cannot be over-emphasized. Studies on father-child relationship suggest that the presence of a father in the home influences significantly the development of a child (Agulanna, 2001). Thus, parenthood is a responsibility requiring the full cooperation of both parents who must ensure the total development of their offspring(s). Structurally, a family is either broken or intact. A broken family in this context is one that is not structurally…...

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