Seminar Two Short Paper

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Lkirby8
Words 943
Pages 4
Seminar Two: Short Paper
B Macland
Baker College

Introduction: The Problem We are given two problems for ethical consideration. The problems are similar in some respects, but different in one primary detail. The problems are called The Trolley Problem 1 and The Trolley Problem 2. Both problems have a runaway trolley that will kill five people on the track ahead if it continues on its course uninterrupted. The first problem has a switch that will turn the trolley off the track with the five people on it and turn it onto a track where there is one person on it. By hitting the switch you will save the five people, but the trolley will kill the one person. Do you hit the switch to save the five, or let the trolley go and save the one? I would hit the switch and save the five. I felt that if I was put in the position of having to choose to save one or save five, I would choose to save five. To not act at all, to me, is still acting because your inaction still kills one person. It is better to kill five people over killing one person? Definitely not. Although I don’t advocate that killing one person is justified. My choice is simply made because I was given the option of saving one or saving five. My option was not killing one or killing five. Mentally, this changes the scenario. It makes me feel less personally responsible for the deaths. In the second problem there is no switch. The problem is made more personal by the presence of an individual. You are standing on a bridge over the trolley tracks, next to this individual, who happens to be very large. If you push this individual onto the tracks, you will kill him; his large body will prevent the train from reaching the five people and save them. I could not push the individual on to the tracks. This situation is different for me than the first situation. I am making myself personally responsible for the…...

Similar Documents

Short Paper

...direct costs or allocated indirect costs as determined by the Federal cost principles.  Non-profit organizations that expend less than $500,000 in a year in Federal awards are not required to have an A-133 audit for that year. Organizations that are exempt from A-133 audits need to be aware that they may be selected by NEA's Office of Inspector General or by the General Accounting Office for audits, evaluations or other reviews to be performed by Federal auditors or by public accounting firms under contract to the Government. Costs for audits, evaluations or other reviews sponsored by Federal authorities are not chargeable to grantee organizations. Reporting Standards The basic requirements for reporting to the NEA are spelled out in the two documents, "General Terms and Conditions for Grants to Organizations" and "Reporting Requirements," both of which are included in the grant award packages furnished to all grantees. It should be noted that the failure to submit reports on a timely basis may result in delayed payments and/or denial of eligibility for future grants from the NEA. 4 In addition to the basic reporting requirements, those organizations, who are required A-133 audits, must submit the requisite audit reports within nine months following the end of the audit period. Subgranting Only state arts agencies, regional arts organizations, and designated local art agencies are eligible to subgrant any portion of a NEA award. The NEA grantee is responsible for......

Words: 3186 - Pages: 13

Qui Tam Actions Seminar Paper

...the public interest. The government encourages whistleblowing through the use of bounties and anti-retaliation laws that make up a scheme for whistleblower protection. Whistleblowers face many obstacles that discourage their reporting of such misconduct, including being fired from their job and the stigma associated with being a “snitch” which may ruin their opportunities of finding further employment in their field. Whistleblower bounties serve to alleviate, monetarily, some of the adverse effects that result from reporting misconduct. Whistleblower bounties play a part of many areas of government regulation, such as labor, health and safety, consumer protection, environmental protection, and finance and securities. The focus of this paper will be on whistleblower bounties used to protect procurement and securities as enacted through the False Claims Act (“FCA”), the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“SOX”), and Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank”)(and collectively as “Acts”). Part I will lay out the framework of the whistleblower bounties as enacted under these Acts, including language of the statutes and the requirements placed upon the whistleblower in order to be eligible for these bounties. Part II will provide a discussion of Cheryl Eckard’s qui tam action against GlaxoSmithKline for violations under the FCA which resulted in the highest whistleblower bounty award to date, $96 million. Part III will examine how the bounty scheme under......

Words: 5685 - Pages: 23

Short Paper

...for “hit” tapes (assume that hit tapes made up 25% of new tape purchases, and that the average hit tape was owned for half the year)? D) BV also sells videotapes. However, most of the sales are in bulk to new franchisees, rather than to store customers. In 1988, 68% of sales were to franchisees.Bear Stearns & Co Page 2 of 10 6) What was the effect on earnings per share of these sales to franchisees? E) BV charges franchisees various fees and discloses them in a somewhat confusing manner. The income statement shows, in revenues: Royalties and other fees $8,142,000 However, Note 1 to the financial statements lists: Royalties and other fees $7,590,000 Area Development fees 550,000 Initial franchise fees 2,415,000 The first two items total to the income statement amount, the third seems to be buried, inexplicably, in rental revenues. 7) What was the effect on 1988 earnings per share, of the non-recurring items: area development fees and initial franchise fees? 8) What would BV's 1988 earnings per share be after all of the above adjustments? 9) Ignoring #3 above, what would BV's 1988 earnings per share be after the above adjustments? 10) What would BV's Price/Earnings ratio be, given all of the above adjustments (including #3)?Bear Stearns & Co Page 3 of 10 Exhibit 2 Selected Excerpts: Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation 1988 Annual Report BLOCKBUSTER ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES Consolidated Statements of Operations For the Years......

Words: 1561 - Pages: 7

Short Paper – Healthcare Reform

...Seminar 3 Short Paper – Healthcare Reform Philosophy of Ethics Healthcare Reform According to Teitbaum & Wilensky (2007), policies developed in different industries form an integral part of how individuals perform various activities aimed at assisting the society. Signing of Patient Protection and Affordable Act by the United States by President Barrack Obama led to a lot of changes in the health sector. The introduction of healthcare reform in the health sector act brought about many reforms that ensues affordable healthcare services to all regardless of financial status. The healthcare reform ensures every American citizen has a private or government insurance to take care of their hospital bills. In addition, more than 60% of citizens have their insurance covered by employers while Medicaid covers most low income earners, disabled people and people over the age of 65. Healthcare reform has introduced both virtue ethics and care ethics in the health sector through human resource capacity building and development and knowledge sharing as well as information management systems. The ethical issues that relate to health care requirements should ensure that clinicians and physicians have adequate training on how to handle ethical values in health problems. The health care practitioners are obligated to understand the ethical frameworks as well as moral theories related to influencing health care practices positively. Healthcare reform must follow a clear moral......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Short Paper

...Functional Behavioral Assessment Short Paper Patricia W. Cole ECE 201 Intro to Early Childhood Behavioral Management Instructor: Amy Johnson November 4, 2013 Functional Behavioral Assessment Short Paper It is stated in our text “Every challenging behavior can be thought as a child’s solution to a problem and a form of communication”(Kasier & Rasminsky, 2013).These ideas go back to Plato, Who said “ That a crying baby’s behavior serves a function; she is trying to get someone to care for her”( Durand, 1990). Teachers collect data so they can determine the child’s behavior and the function of that behavior. The first thing to do is to do an informal observation. This will help the teacher to figure out when and how often this behavior happens and if it is a challenging behavior. After the teachers dose her informal observation then she will enlist help from others to do a functional assessment. “This will provide the teacher with the information for a positive behavior support plan”(Kasier & Rasminsky, 2013). With the convene team in place which is made up of family, teachers, principle and anyone else that has been part of the child’s surroundings, with all that information, now the team can work out an effective support plan for the child. In our text on page 201 gives an outline on Steps for Success, “which are steps for performing a functional assessment and creating an individualized positive behavioral support plan for a child with a challenging......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Seminar Paper

...Destinee Thomas January 31, 2011 CJUS Seminar Week #1 The book, “Race, Crime and the Law”, by Randall Kennedy to me is boring, long and most parts are pointless. In chapter one, he discusses the four camps of race, which were: 1. Aims and beliefs, 2. American Politics, 3. All types of racial discrimination, and 4. People dedicated specifically for blacks. I can say that the reading about all of these camps were boring, but hard to read. I say boring, because it wasn’t interesting to me, and hard to read, because nothing said by Kennedy gives a clear understanding. For example: “The first four camps to which I address myself has made the control of street crime primarily through punitive measures a high priority on its political agenda. Demanding the attention be paid to the misery inflicted by crime, devotees of this camp have insistently raises=d the banner of “law and order” “(Randall Kennedy, Pg.3). However, the fourth camp stood out to me very well. It stated “No matter what the actual facts were in the Tawana Brawley case in a society which believes a black women cannot be rapped, because of her ‘nature, ‘it is impossible to sort out the truth or the lie of her story” (Kennedy, Pg.8). Kennedy talked all about how blacks are/ were viewed. This stood out to me, because he basically said that many people do not believe African American’s stories; whether they are true or false. Many believe that blacks lie about rape and race, and they pin it on others of......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Sociology Seminar Research Paper

...ELIZABETH CITY STATE UNIVERSITY Is there a significant negative correlation between binge drinking and social relationships with traditional and non-traditional college students, ages 18-24? Stephenson, Shamiya Dr. Gray Seminar in Sociology 12.8.2013 Table of Contents Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..........…….3 Chapter I…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…...........3 Introduction........................................................................................................................................... 4 Chapter II …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………..…..4 Literature Review……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………5 Theoretical Framework………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8 Chapter III…………………………………….………………………………………………………………………………………..………..9 Methodology………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9 Findings…………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………….…………………………11 Conclusion…………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………14 Works Cited….……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15 Survey…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………..16 Informed Consent………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..20 Annotated Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….21 Abstract This research shows how binge drinking impacts college students peer relationships. Binge drinking is......

Words: 4049 - Pages: 17

Seminar Paper

...A.Sri Dithya ChemE5870: Energy Seminar I Net id:sa929 The speaker, Lars Angenent gave us a brief detail about biotechnology with microbiomes for biochemical production,including fuels from biomass.In the seminar the speaker discussed about environmental biotechnology like the anaerobic digestion,Syngas fermentation and microbial electrochemistry.The speaker was successful in keeping the audience involved.The presentation started with brief explanation of environmental biotechnology wherein various processes like anaerobic digestion were explained.Anaerobic digestion is a series of biological processes in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. Other few processes which were discussed in the presentation include microbial electrochemistry which is the study and application of interactions between living microbial cells and electrodes,Syngas fermentation where a mixture of hydrogen,carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide known as syngas is used as carbon and energy sources and then converted into fuel and chemical by microorganisms.Main takeaway from these processes would be that open culture,that is ,reactor microbiomes can produce biochemicals at high selectivities and rates(besides methane).One of the applications of this process is biorefinery platforms which involves hydrolysis and intermediate steps.Few of the examples being the sugar platform,syngas platform and carboxylate platform which involves primary and......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Short Paper

...Short Paper: High and Low-Context Cultures High-context cultures, as India, are relational, collectivist, intuitive, and contemplative, meaning that people in these cultures emphasize interpersonal relationships (High-Context & Low-Context Culture Styles. (n.d.)). According to Edward Hall, these cultures prefer group harmony and consensus to individual achievement. They focus more on a speaker’s tone of voice, facial expression, gestures, posture, etc. than the actual words said.  Travel effect stated four reasons why American workers chose not to use their vacation time. The first reason was the dread of returning from a vacation to piles of work, followed by the belief that no one will be able to step in and do their job for them while they're gone, not being able to afford going on vacation and lastly the fear of being seen as replaceable. “Indians are more efficient. Americans believe in more action and fewer words.” (SocialPC. (n.d.)). As previously stated, there are many differences between American and Indian work culture. Americans tend to be more relaxed work wise, while Indians tend to be extremely hard working. Due to their hard work, Indians quickly learned to adapt to new cultures and are very successful in other countries. Many of the differences between American and Indian culture arise from the fact that Indian cultures are based around their religions. Americans tend to be more individualistic and live life at their own will while Indians tend to...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Short Paper

...coach, pick up equipment after a game, practice an exercise as instructed, go to a particular place on the playing field when the coach lows a whistle, and practice on their own. 4. Two preliminary considerations to teaching a new skill: i) Determine the Developmental Level of the Beginners: there are three primary age groups, younger group, middle group, and the older group. Each group is very different (attention spans, physical abilities, and growth rates, etc.) therefore determining the level of the beginners is an important aspect to developing them. ii) Begin at the athlete’s Level: a coach trying to teach kid’s complicated tricks or techniques that they are not ready for is useless. At the same time, spending too much time on the fundamentals that they have already mastered is not good either. That is why it is important for a coach to assess the basic skills of the beginners and begin at their level. 7. Four brief guidelines for instructing young athletes about skills to be mastered: i) Combine modeling with instructions ii) Describe consequences of correct and incorrect performance iii) Ask questions to test for understanding iv) Ask athletes to role-play skills 9. Natural reinforcers are reinforcers that are natural in that they have not been taught. There are two main examples of these in sports: one is the sensory feeback that is inherent in the performance of a task. The other is the “natural” reaction of others (crowd cheering, teammates......

Words: 2853 - Pages: 12

Short Paper Number 1

...Elijah Cox October 24, 2015 Short Paper #1: Ethical Dilemma Elijah Cox Professor Brandon Cohen BMGT 110 October 28, 2015 Short Paper #1: Ethical dilemmas and decision making is one of the most important aspects in business. Business owners will be confronted with situations where they must make a decision that could affect their company or individuals in your company. Most of the time there is no right or wrong answers, and most of the time they will be stuck in the middle. What makes ethical dilemmas particularly difficult is that they often involve conflicts between two or more deeply held beliefs. Employers and employees have a responsibility in every ethical situation, it should always start with the organization and how the conduct themselves. Let’s go over an example of an ethical dilemma and how they should deal with this dilemma. Angela’s is faced with an ethical dilemma. She was very helpful to her friend Carla and her nephew by helping him get a position with WellCare USA. Carla is very grateful, and Jaden is as well. Jaden is very happy with his current situation him and his wife are about to put a down payment on their first house. Angela is aware that a decision has been made to transfer that same position that Jaden is hoping to get. This accounting position will likely be moved to Chicago and this position will more than likely be given to someone else due to seniority. As Carla is expressing her appreciation and telling her about......

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Eco-306 Short Paper

... ECO-306 Short Paper 1 Southern New Hampshire University Lindsay Cyr The Financial System is a heavily connected network of brokers, developers, and markets that have three main objectives: allocating capital, dividing risks, and simplifying many different types of trade. Conveniently connecting borrowers and lender is the system’s primary goal. Borrowers meaning inventors, entrepreneurs, households, governments, stable businesses, and foreigners that have money making business ideas but not enough financial resources to fund these ideas. Lenders or savers, meaning households, businesses, governments and foreigners that have an abundance of funds. The Financial system also is able to connect those who are opposed to taking risks to those that prefer to take risks. (Wright, R. E. 2013) The Financial System affects my life in several ways, for instance as our textbook mentions, technology such as automobiles and cellphones, thing we rely heavily upon, would not have even existed if not for The Financial System. However, I wasn’t aware how much The Financial System really affects my life personally until my husband and I decided to purchase our first home last summer. When you go to buy a home you take out a mortgage, and the interest rate that you receive that is charged on the mortgage is referred to as the mortgage rate. Lenders usually decide what the mortgage rate will end up being. Mortgage rates can be either a fixed mortgage rate which means it doesn’t change over......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Rainbow Tours Seminar Paper

...Financial Management Seminar Paper – Financial Analysis Ana Rainho – 70264 Warsaw, 10th December 2015 Table of Contents Poland’s Macro Environment 3 Poland’s Stock Market Performance 3 Market Characteristics (Industry) 4 Rainbow Tours - Company Presentation 5 Rainbow Tours Shares Performance 6 Financial Performance of Rainbow Tours 6 Ratios Calculations for the year of 2014 7 Rainbow Tours vs Competitors 10 Recommendation of Buying/Selling Shares 12 References: 13 Poland’s Macro Environment With a population of about 38 million, and a Gross National Income (per capita of $13,360 (2014, Atlas method), Poland has the largest economy in Central Europe. Since joining the EU in 2004, the country’s ambitions have been marked by the desire to fully catch up with the core of the EU in terms of economic development and living standards (Gross Domestic Product per capita currently stands at only 67% of the EU average) and to become one of the key participants in European debates. Domestic demand increased by 3 percent and remained the main growth driver. Private consumption continued to benefit from higher real disposable incomes as a result of improved labor market conditions, relatively strong credit growth to households, and a boost from persistent consumer price declines. Investment was supported by solid corporate profits, growing confidence, record low interest rates, and final disbursements from the European Union’s previous financial perspective......

Words: 3000 - Pages: 12

Two Day Training Seminar

...Two Day Training Seminar The organization has decided to conduct a two day training seminar for its customers. The project manager for this particular project will be the organizations Training Director. The Training Director will be responsible for staff acquisition The Training Manager will coordinate the training vendor with the help of the Training Assistant. First, a Needs Analysis will be performed to determine the training objectives and ensure support from the training team. This process should only take approximately 1 day to complete. Once the Needs Analysis is complete the team will begin the process of planning the actual training seminar. The next stage of the project will involve identifying the attendees and the trainer for the seminar. While indentifying the attendees can be accomplished by the Training Assistant, the Training Manager will take steps to identify the proper training vendor for the seminar. Special care should be taken to insure that the proper training vendor is selected. Once selected, the Training Manager and the vendor will complete the process by signing the appropriate confidentiality and training agreement. Once the attendees have been identified, and the vendor selected, the next step in the project will be to select a facility and arrange for the attendees and trainers transportation to that facility. In this instance, a hotel with ample meeting facilities should suffice. This would provide hotel accommodations and meeting space......

Words: 381 - Pages: 2

Technical Paper and Seminar Report

...Seminar Report Security Issues in MANETs Abhishek Seth 04329001 November12 ,2004 Abstract problems of secuirity in MANETs. Further sections deals with some of the solutions to these problems. Finally Section 10 concludes this article. Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) has become an exciting and important technology in recent years because of the rapid proliferation of wireless devices. A mobile adhoc network consists of mobile nodes that can move freely in an open environment. Communicating nodes in a Mobile Adhoc Network usually seek the help of other intermediate nodes to establish communication channels. In such an environment, malicious intermediate nodes can be a threat to the security of conversation between mobile nodes. The security experience from the Wired Network world is of little use in Wireless Mobile Ad hoc networks, due to some basic differences between the two Networks. Therefore, some novel solutions are required to make Mobile Adhoc Network secure. 1 2 2.1 Mobile Adhoc Networks Introduction Mobile Adhoc Network (MANET) is a collection of independent mobile nodes that can communicate to each other via radio waves. The mobile nodes that are in radio range of each other can directly communicate, whereas others needs the aid of intermediate nodes to route their packets. These networks are fully distributed, and can work at any place without the help of any infrastructure. This property makes these networks highly flexible and...

Words: 7796 - Pages: 32