Scientific Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By apoc
Words 800
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The concept of scientific management was introduced in the USA, in the late nineteenth century by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1912/1970a, cited in Locke,
1982). After laws had been passed to protect the rights of the employees, such as limiting the length of working day and prohibition of use of child labour, the employers started to think, how productivity of the workers could be increased
(Fincham & Rhodes, 2005). Taylor made numerous suggestions, and in his time, they were useful and successful, since the productivity of work had improved.
Scientific management was accepted and applied in many organisations of
Taylor’s time in the USA (Witzel, 2005). However, what was applicable a hundred years ago can be irrelevant nowadays, in the twenty-first century. The student immediately jumps to a presumption that scientific management may not be applicable nowadays, comparing the two contexts – the context in which it emerged and the context of the study. Locke (1982) argues that principles of scientific management are still important in modern world, but his claims clash with key motivation theories in modern organisational behaviour, as well as with the statements made by such authors as West (2004), and Keuning, and Opheij (1994). Some of Taylor’s ideas will be examined below one by one and put on one shelf for comparison and checked for compatibility with ideas of other theorists and scholars. The student shows evidence of being familiar with the theory by citing other scholars.
Firstly, Taylor (1912/1970a, cited in Locke, 1982) proposed breaking down the work in as many simple, primitive tasks as possible. Then every small task had to be analysed, research done, and the ‘one best way’ of performing it had to be found. He claimed that ‘Specialization decreases learning time and increases competence and skills’ (Locke, 1982,…...

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