Rice Mill

In: Other Topics

Submitted By duzz
Words 2880
Pages 12
Introduction:
Rice is the staple food and the largest consumed calorie source among the food grains.
With a per capital availability of 73.8 kg it meets 31% of the total calorie requirement of the population. Apart from rice milling, processing of rice bran for oil extraction is also an important agro processing activity for value addition, income and employment generation and make the entire production of rice a viable.
Many of the rice processing units are of the traditional huller type and are inefficient.
Modern rice mills are having high capacity and are capital intensive, although efficient.
Small modern rice mills have been developed by us and are available in the market but the lack of information is a bottleneck in its adoption by the prospective entrepreneur.
The present model will go a long way in bridging the information gap.
Description of Rice Milling Operation:
Paddy in its raw form cannot be consumed by human beings. It needs to be suitably processed for obtaining rice. Rice milling is the process which helps in removal of hulls and barns from paddy grains to produce polished rice. Rice forms the basic primary processed product obtained from paddy and this is further processed for obtaining various secondary and tertiary products.
The basic rice milling processes consist of:
Process Definition
1. Pre Cleaning: Removing all impurities and unfilled grains from paddy
2. De-stoning: Separating small stones from paddy
3. Parboiling: Helps in improving the nutritional quality by gelatinization of starch inside the rice grain. It improves the milling recovery percent during de-shelling and polishing / whitening operation. Also It makes the rice insect-free for quite some years.
4. Husking: Removing husk from paddy
5. Husk Aspiration : Separating the husk from brown rice/ unhusked paddy
6. Paddy Separation : Separating the unhusked…...

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