Research Proposal Issues in Third World Politics

In: Social Issues

Submitted By moshiur14
Words 475
Pages 2
‘Is famine/starvation the result of natural catastrophes or man-made? Analyze the root causes of food insecurity in the following two countries: Bangladesh and Niger.’

Food, water, clothing, education and shelter are the basic needs for all human being. As a citizen of world’s one of the poorest country, Bangladesh, I want to explore and understand the significance of famine and starvation and how it is related with food insecurity. The paper will also study the origin of food insecurity and investigate the causes. I have chosen to research on Bangladesh and Niger, two of the low-ranked on United Nation’s Human Development Index (HDI) countries.

Hundreds of millions of people, concentrated toward children and elderly, are suffering due to famine and experts are expecting this number to grow if adequate measures are not taken to prevent it. Sub-Sahara African nations are mostly the victims of extreme cases of famine but other continents also have some impacts. For instance, South Asian countries heavily depend on monsoon rain that makes them vulnerable to crop failure. On the man-made side, government instability and policies also play a big role. The after effects of such event could also lead to economic failure of the population. Countries with uncontrolled population, for instance Bangladesh and India, also suffer from extreme form of malnutrition and hunger as it becomes day by day difficult to produce adequate food for local citizens. In such cases, government asks for foreign aid to stabilize the situation.

When food security is concerned, one of major point to ponder is food availability. This includes domestic production, security stocks, imports and foreign food aids. So it is clear that government has more or less control over the food security depending on the policies has been implemented. Food insecurity may lead to rise in food price that…...

Similar Documents

City vs Third World

...The difference between a city in the U.S. and a village in a third world country are night and day. Many of the advancements that we carry here in the U.S. lack in third world villages. For example, advancements of technology, luxuries, environment, and even day to day social life. One might be lead to believe that the city life is better than village life. However there are so many advantages and disadvantages in city life and village life. City life is more comfortable and offer more opportunities for people to progress. There are a lot of facilities for people in the city and they have more opportunities to establish monetary funds for themselves. Children living in the city can get a higher education, because there are better overall schools in a city as oppose to a village. When a person becomes sick there are both public and private hospitals to recieve treatment from. People in the city have better transport facilities compared to a village. In the city there is electricity, highway, communication, telecommunication, plumbing and sewage. All of these things make a comfortable and enjoyable life for people living in the city. Although living in the city has many advantages there are a few disadvantages as well. Living in the city can be very costly and overpopulated, which can leave you feeling clustered. The environment is polluted with dust, smoke, garbage and dioxide gases from factories. The crime rate is substantial as oppose to the village therefore, many thefts...

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Economic Development of Third World

...Economic Development of Third World Countries Abstract The paper examines social and economic issues relating to the development of Third World countries. The emphasis is placed on five major challenges the underdeveloped and developing nations face on their way to economic growth and prosperity. The report discuses overpopulation problem and also questions the effectiveness of foreign aid. Moreover, it provides information on impact of information technology, as well as addresses the issue of lack of economic diversification. Finally, it explains causes and consequences of corruption on economic growth. Keywords: Third World, development, overpopulation, foreign aid, technology, diversification, corruption Table of Contents Abstract2 Introduction4 Brief history4 Classifications4 From Third World to First World6 Issues7 Population growth7 Foreign aid8 Information technology11 Economic diversification12 Corruption13 Conclusions16 References18 Economic Development of Third World Countries History The end of the World War II brought into being a number of new nations in Asia and Africa, which gained independence from colonial rule and were given a title of “Third World”. The term was created by French demographer Alfred Sauvy and was originally intended to distinguish newly emerged states from the Western industrialized nations and from those that formed the former Soviet bloc (Prachi, 2011). Today the designation is used to describe the......

Words: 4827 - Pages: 20

Third World

...Debt forgiveness refers to the act of excusing heavily indebted countries from all or part of their unsustainable debt. The last 50 years have seen external debt emerging as a long term structural problem hampering the economies of many less developed and developing countries. Latin America owes £365 billion in debts to other countries and banks (36 per cent of what it produces - its Gross National Product), while sub-Saharan Africa owes £140 billion (83 per cent of its total GNP). This means that repayments to western creditors take priority and ordinary people suffer. As such, ramifications of such contentious issue have fuelled debate deliberating cancellation as the antidote for third world prolonged undeveloped affliction. Arguments in favour of forgiveness would be examined in theoretical perspective utilizing dependency theory analysis The world is faced with an attack of capital against labour of imperialist countries against all of the periphery populations. Dependency analysis postulates an exploitative exchange between opposing groups on the basis of maximizing capital and profits. With consideration upon this, such exploitative nature has emanated itself into the context of loans lent to undeveloped countries under the pretext of it elucidating the development problematique where it is only another mechanism of exploitation and the perpetual expansion of profits and securing of interests of core imperialist states. One of the main supporting claims for......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Urbanization in the Third World

...continuation of mass migration. At the start of the 20th century only about 17.8% of the entire population of a third world country lived in a city, but today the proportion of urban and rural dwellers is approximately equal, in-fact today 3 Billion of the world’s population are urban residents, accounting for half the world’s population at the rate of a 180,000 people moving into cities each day (60 Million a year). It is projected that at this rate many of the cities in developing regions of the world such as Africa and Asia may double in size to compensate to this process. Rapid urbanization has presented a series of issues in the third world and has thus been a leading factor in shaping third world politics. Urbanization in the third world has drastically increased by as much as 50% over the last century. For instance Bangladesh has an urbanization rate of 3.5% resulting in 27% of the country’s population being urban settlers; which has been on the rise over the past century from a mere 1.1% urbanization rate. Urbanization was in part the result of population increase, both due to natural causes and immigration. This has been a common characteristic with third world urbanization. Drastic increases with urban populations with drops in rural populations, the process can be attributed into two categories of common characteristic factors of urbanization in third world nations; push and pull factors of the rural areas and cities respectively. Push factors are the......

Words: 1796 - Pages: 8

Research Proposal

...Research Proposal Proposal for Research Topic The topic that I chose to research about is how technology is affecting people and how they interact with one another. More specifically though, I want to focus on the younger generation and children, and how their engulfment in the digital world is seriously affecting their physical relationships with family and friends. Now, to focus on children, family, friends, and how they are all being affected by the new and coming digital life is a decently broad topic. So, to limit my topic I will look closely at what questions and answers I can ask in regards to each of the above areas of research, and develop a tentative thesis. The preliminary research that I’ve conducted so far includes three articles; “How our digital devices are affecting our personal relationships”, “Children, technology, problems, and preferences”, and “Kids really are different these days”. The first of the three, entitled “How our digital devices are affecting our personal relationships”, brings to attention the fact that everyone nowadays is getting really caught up in recent technologies, and it goes on to discuss how such a strong involvement in technology is negatively affecting our personal relationships. Furthermore, the article mentions how the presence of cell phones reduces many vital factors in maintaining strong relationships with friends and family, including trust, closeness, and empathy. The second article, entitled “Children, technology,......

Words: 852 - Pages: 4

Research Proposal on Refugee Issues in Australiaresearch Proposal on Refugee Issues in Australia

...Research Proposal on Refugee issues in Australia Name Instructor Task Date 1. Introduction. Refugees who are defined as people that are residing outside their countries of origin have a different reason for their migration to other countries. Sometimes referred to as asylum seekers, the individuals commonly seek refuge in other countries as they flee from harsh economic social and political conditions present in their countries of origin. Since time immemorial, Australia has had international obligations to protect the refugee’s rights starting from how they arrive to where they arrive. The Australian government is internationally obliged under different treaties that ensure that the human rights of the refugees are respected as well as protected. According to (Phillips & Spinks, 2013, p.241), the number of refugees that arrive to Australia by boat is approximately 4586. Research question, significance and aims of the research (I) Research questions * What accounts for the high number of refugees that arrive to Australia per annum? * What are the necessary actions, to ensure that the management of refugees and asylum seekers that come to Australia is done in the appropriate manner? * Is there a link between the number of refugees that arrive to Australia per year and the quality of service that the refugees receive from the department of immigration and citizenship? (II) Significance The significance of this study is to: *......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

The Caribbean as Third World Region

...How appropriate is it to describe the Caribbean as a third world region The concept of “third world” often bears the implication or gives the broader picture of a ranking or categorical system of which the world’s countries or regions are placed. Certainly, the impression is given that there is a first and second world, though such terms are hardly mentioned. To some, it is an undesirable term or concept, and many shun from the notion of their country being referred to as third world territory; perhaps that is why the term “developing” or “underdeveloped” country is preferred. Nevertheless, the concept certainly attempts to stratify countries or territories based on some common characteristics and many of the world’s countries are categorized in that bracket, even the Caribbean region. But what constitutes third world? Should the Caribbean region be even considered third world? The Caribbean is a very diverse region divided within two groups based on location, namely; the Lesser Antilles and the Greater Antilles. There are a total of 30 countries, all which share a similar or common heritage but there are also some stark differences as well, in areas such as; geography, resources, culture and population. The diversity in Caribbean culture and heritage comes from the its rich history dating all the way back to the late 15th century, when the islands were occupied and fought over by various European countries and native Amerindians, who it is believed to have......

Words: 1401 - Pages: 6

World Politics

...The idea of a World Government sounds pretty good. Unfortunately, it is nothing but old wine in a new bottle. I will point out two critical reason why that is. BlackSheep’s thread about World Government argues in favour of WG based on one single fact that Nationalism divides and by uniting all nations to a single WG will reduce this division. I certainly don’t disagree with this. However, I will show two examples that there are other –ism which are equally guilty of creating division. First of all, the recent turmoil that is tearing apart Egypt is not about Nationalism but a political power struggle between Islamists (Muslim Brotherhood), Secular but not pro-Military and Secular and pro-Military. The second example is USA. The recent govt shutdown demonstrates that the country is extremely polarised between conservatives and not-so conservatives. Yes the shutdown is not unique in USA history but it proves that a nation can be severely divided other than Nationalism. My second point is more critical about how the WG will be formed. But I have some historical facts. The United Nations was created to uphold human-rights and to averse another war like the two World Wars and after more than 50 years they have failed miserably. Simply because it has become a tool for USA and other western countries to indirectly control the poorer countries and their natural resources. This has become more profound after the creation of IMF and World Bank. The recent study found that G7......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Third World

...stop using the term “third world countries” August 7, 2014 · by LofAlexandria · in Political/Social Opinion It is not uncommon for people to use the phrases “First World Country” and “Third World Country” to describe various parts of the world today. Interestingly, I almost never hear anyone describe a country as a “Second World Country”, ever wonder why that is? Mostly this has to do with the history of the phrases and their true meanings. Amusingly when I set out to write this article I was under the impression that the original terms has nothing to do with economics or development and instead was based solely on socio-political lines on the globe. The truth is that shortly after the United Nations was born in 1945 it set about the arduous task of developing a manner in which to compare the wealth of nations. In doing so they created the terms “First World”, “Second World”, “Third World”, and “Fourth World” to describe both the economic and political landscape of the world [1]. Although at least one source I have reviewed states that the term “Fourth world was not coined until much later in the 1970’s [2]. Essentially, first and second world countries were the wealthy industrialized nations of the world. First world countries were the democratic “free” countries of the world. Sometimes I have seen the first world descreibed as America and its allies during the cold war. The second world countries were the socialist-communist countries of the world. Or, also......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Research Proposal

... SAMPLE COPY RESEARCH PROPOSAL PROPOSED RESEARCH TITLE: AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE DOWNWARD TREND IN GLOBAL STOCK MARKETS: A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIAN STOCK MARKET RESEARCH BRIEF The history of stock trading and trading associations can be traced as far back as the 11th century when Jewish and Muslim merchants set up trade associations. After centuries of evolution, stock markets have become the symbol of commerce in the modern world. It operates in various countries and trades a range of securities. The world stock market capitalisation is estimated to be about $ 36.6 Trillion. The stock market has various functions such as capital mobilisation, investing opportunities, risk distribution etc. The major stock exchanges in the world today include New York Stock Exchange, London Stock Exchange, Frankfurt Stock Exchange, Italian Stock Exchange, Hong Kong Stock Exchange and Tokyo Stock Exchange. There have been various stock market crashes in the past such as the Wall Street crash of 1929, the crash of 1973/74, the 1987 crash; called black Monday, the dotcom bubble of 2000 and the more recent crash in 2008 caused by the subprime mortgage crisis in America. The economic crisis of 2008 which originated in America spread to various economies in the world and their stock markets were affected. It reduced the value of stocks around the world by as much as 41% and affected both major and emerging stock markets. The Nigerian stock market is an emerging market in Africa. After......

Words: 3953 - Pages: 16

Research Paper Literature Review: Transportation in Third World Countries

...or gravel” (Anyango, 1997, p.13). The World Banks’ Abuhmaoud, Rahmat, and Ismail (2011) showed how Eastern Africa was seriously lacking in term of paved roads. Their study outlined how Southern Africa had more than 30% of their roads paved, while Central and Eastern Africa had on average only 10% paved roadways. Teravaninthorn, and Raballand (2008) contributed to the discussion on Eastern Africa’s poor infrastructure by detailing the negative implication on vehicles of poor road conditions. They claim roads in poor conditions effect transportation in 5 ways. The first being that they reduce the fuel efficiency of the vehicle. The second is that roads in poor conditions end up damaging the vehicle, leading to high maintenance and high operating costs. Third is how unpaved roads reduce the life of the vehicles tires. Fourth they lower transportation efficiency (lower speeds). And finally they reduce the life of the truck (Teravaninthorn, and Raballand, 2008, p.79). For the reasons stated above, these researchers feel that infrastructure improvement funded on by external investors is a viable option that African policy makers should consider. Teravaninthorn, and Raballand (2008), believe that global policy makers should view this problem in a global context, since international investors such as China and India are interested in trade and investment in Africa (Teravaninthorn, and Raballand,2008, p.59). Njoh (2000), in his research, describes how three types of roads......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Politics Essays - World Politics

...significance in the wider arena. The American public and political classes were unconcerned with previous attacks on the World Trade Centre in 94, the attack on the USS Cole, and the attacks on US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Attacks of 9/11 and the fall of the World Trade Centre’s marked the beginning of the real 21st century. (Brown 04). 9/11 was not simply an act of terror but the most destructive single act of terror since World War 2. Many in the Islamic community saw the attack, as an attack on “the symbolic heart of global capitalism” (Brown 04). 9/11 galvanised the American people, and less then 12 hours after the attacks, president Bush formally declared a “war on terror”. Overnight America’s relationships with Russia, China and India improved. Britain and Australia were also seen as close allies. President Bush and his supporters stressed the need to go on the offensive against terrorists, to deploy the U.S. military, and to promote democracy in the Middle East. (Gordon 07). The U.S is fighting a war on terror and must remain on the offensive. The Bush administration feel, that U.S. power is the foundation of global order, and the spread of democracy and freedom is the key to a safer and more peaceful world. (Gordon 06). Therefore I feel that neo-conservatism and Realism are the theories of International Relations that are most useful in understanding world politics today. Terrorism is a multi-faced problem and requires an aggressive and long-term solution.......

Words: 2090 - Pages: 9

World Politics

...Writing Assignments i n World Politics Courses Thomas 0. Schlesinger Walking out of Rounds Hall with me after class, Benny, a sophomore in one of my international relations courses, asked for, and received, some pointers on the required paper. “You’ve just told me to write exactly as I’ve been taught not to write,” said he. “And who, pray tell, taught you?” asked I. He gave an over-the-shouldernod across the street, toward Ellen Reed House--the English Department. "Hmmm. . . fine--I'mnot surprised to hear they tell you something different,” I told him. “The English profs teach you to write in a generic way, say, fiction, or generically expository stuff. I want you to write a social science paper.” With some ”Hmmm-ing” of his own, Benny shuffled off, wearing a mildly annoyed and not altogether convinced frown. How dare they teach different ways to write in different departments at the same college! Benny did make an effort to heed my suggestions, but it took persistence. For example, the introduction to his first draft, included a vague Writing Across the Curriculum, Vol. 11, August 1990 35 36 Writing Across The Curriculum (August 1990) statement like: ”Conflict between Arabs and Black Africans in the Sudan is a serious problem and should be examined in greater detail. . . including its history, causes, and future.” The purpose statement I eventually settled for read more like this: ”This paper will examine social, economic, and political......

Words: 2635 - Pages: 11

Research Proposal

...juvenile delinquency have increased in the resent years and thus it has prompted the research studies on juveniles and crime. Juvenile delinquency is a type of offences committed by young people. The major offences committed by juveniles include vandalism, auto-theft, vagrancy, truancy and incorrigibility. The prevalence of juvenile delinquency has fostered by high living standard in the country, media and technology, availability and misuse of drugs, poor parental skills and broken-homes. However, most cases of juvenile delinquency are never reported, thus making it impossible to arrive at an accurate assessment of the number of children who engage in delinquency. In the 1960s in the United States of America, Gottrieb and Ramsey (1964) observed that only about third of adolescents apprehended by the police for offences considered delinquent were ever taken to police station or juvenile court. Usually, published figures underestimate the real incidences(Snooks, 1980). Therefore, this research proposal tries to study both the overlooked cases and addressed cases of juvenile delinquency in order to understand the risk factors and come up with more accurate figures that will help the CJS and rehabilitative centers come up with effective preventive measures.. This research proposal seeks to explore the different root causes of delinquency in Kericho County; and the extent to which the issue of delinquency have affected development in the county and the social harmony.......

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6

Research Proposal

...COM 802: Communication Research II Spring, 2007 - Syllabus Professor: Gwen M. Wittenbaum, Ph.D. Office Location: 559 Communication Arts Bldg. Office Phone: 353-8120 Email: Office Hours: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 1:30 – 2:30 p.m., and by appointment Class Meets: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 10:20 a.m. – 12:10 p.m. in room 474 COM. Required Readings Crano, W. D., & Brewer, M. B. (2002). Principles and methods of social research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Articles and book chapters are posted on Angel ( Course Description This course provides in-depth coverage of research design and measurement. As a companion to its precursor, COM 801, this course outlines how to measure constructs of interest and design research to test issues of theoretical importance. Students will learn a variety of research methods, such as experimental and survey designs, laboratory and field research, and methods of studying individuals and groups. The course exposes students to measurement issues (e.g., reliability and validity) and approaches (e.g., self-report measures, behavioral observation and coding). Students will practice evaluating the design and measurement of research articles and reporting their own research. Course Objectives 1. To understand and implement a variety of research designs. 2. To understand and implement a variety of measurement techniques. 3. To practice critical evaluation of research articles. 4. To......

Words: 3591 - Pages: 15