Research Methods Module 4

In: English and Literature

Submitted By john2384
Words 463
Pages 2
John Adams
Research Methods
Module 4 Research I am a lover of music and everything that goes with it. I consider myself an early 90’s Sony Walkman baby, a true audiophile at heart. One of my passions in life is to collect headphones and portable media players. Also I need good music to go with all that gear. One of my peeves is the quality of the music I am listening to. Not in the sense of album artist and the songs they sing but the media it’s presented on and the overall quality of the music itself. In the near future I would like to spoil myself with a new media player. The media player comes from a company called Astell & Kern. Astell & Kern are the leaders in portable audio equipment. One of two key features I like most about their players is the ability to play High-Resolution Audio. High-Resolution Audio is in a class of its own when comparing quality to an mp3 file. The second is quality of the DAC chip inside the player. The DAC or Digital Audio Converter turns the digital signal into an analog signal thus creating a more natural sounding tone. One of the more recent releases is their new AK JR model PMP (Portable media player). Two key features of this specific model id thin and light design and an increase output with lowered impedance. As a “portable” device its design and weight is very important to me. I carry these devices with me all day, every day and being too heavy or an eyesore is very important to me. With an increased output and lower impedance this means that this device can push really demanding headphones or speakers without the need for amplifier. This is very important to an audiophile because if the player cannot properly push the headphones all you will get is a very tiny sound signature or nothing at all. One downside to this player is the price. This unit costs almost $600 without headphones. Astell & Kern are…...

Similar Documents

Methods in Research

...METHODS OF RESEARCH 1. Historical Method Purpose: To reconstruct the past objectively and accurately, often in relation to the tenability of a hypothesis. Example: A study reconstructing practices in the study of social studies in the Philippines during the past fifty years; tracing the history of agrarian reform in the Philippines; Philippine education since 1946; testing the hypotheses that Francis Bacon is the real author of the “Works of William Shakespeare”. 2. Descriptive Method Purpose: To describe systematically a situation or area of interest factually and accurately. Examples: Population census studies, public opinion surveys, fact-finding surveys, status studies, task analysis studies, questionnaire and interview studies, observation studies, job descriptions, surveys of the literature, documentary analyses, anecdotal records, critical incident reports, test score analyses, and normative data. 3. Developmental method Purpose: To investigate patterns and sequences of growth and/or change as a function of time. Examples: A longitudinal growth study following an initial sample of 200 children from six months of age to adulthood; a cross-sectional growth study investigating changing patterns of intelligence by sampling groups of children at ten different age levels; a trend study projecting the future growth and educational needs of a community from past trends and recent building estimates. 4. Case and field......

Words: 711 - Pages: 3

Research Methods.

... Course Work Submission Form |Name: |Vigneshwaran Palanisamy | |Email: |1118562@rgu.ac.uk | |Course: |Msc Purchasing & Supply Chain Management | |Module: |BSM577 - Research Methods | |Assignment and Title: |Implementing E-procurement in Indian organisation : surveys of SMEs | |Date: |7/1/13 | |For the attention of: |Dr Elizabeth Tait | WORD COUNT: ABSTRACT: This report was undertaken for the commitment of future research in dissertation. E-commerce is gaining a lot more attention in current global market. E-commerce models such as B2B, B2C, B2E and B2G has been successful due to many implementation and adoption of standardized process tools like EDI, shipping, tracking, payment and delivery among the suppliers around the globe through a strong supply network. The most vital element of B2B model is the E-procurement. E-procurement is the process......

Words: 4257 - Pages: 18

Research Methods

...Research Question Why do directors serve on board? The article explores and tries to understand why top executives agree to serve on board and what factors influences their decisions whether to stay or leave. Theoretical Background The author explores the reasons why directors choose to stay or leave boards. He identifies that a combination of two factors that affect director decision, intrinsic and extrinsic motivating factors. These two formulate self-determination theory in which the author relies on and start building arguments explaining why directors serve on board. On the other hand, the author challenge the assumption that major reason for directors exit is involuntary while instead its completely voluntary.(Boivie, Graffin and Pollock, 2012). The author identifies key motivational and de-motivational factors and developed five hypotheses that he explored and tested. 1- Prestige hypothesis that is key motivational factor that affects directors’ decision, since company prestige is generated from company performance, media visibility, and firm size contributed to directors’ self-esteem. 2- The author continues to explore the second motivational hypothesis that is related to directors’ contribution to the firm which gives them the ultimate pride to be part of something big. (Boivie, Graffin and Pollock, 2012). The remaining three hypotheses identify de-motivational factors. 3- Busyness hypothesis is one of these factors since the required time, effort and......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

Research Methods

...Evidence Based Practice. Research Methods. Evidence-Based Practice (EBP), the skill of using correct research methods, the importance of making informative decisions based on the best EBP within the health care industry as well as an example of EBP in regards to infection control and hand washing procedures will be key issues discussed throughout this essay. The health profession is continually developing and adapting in its implementation to health care techniques and skills due to changing world health conditions. It is therefore imperative that research be constantly conducted to analyse new research relating to health care to ensure health care practitioners are using techniques derived from the most current evidence (Aveyard & Sharpe, 2009). Evidence Based Practice can be defined as, “the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the health care of patients” (Sackett, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, as cited in Craig & Smyth 2007). The basis of EBP is that decisions are made by assessing not only the information at hand, but also integrating clinical experience, the most current evidence available, critical thinking and keeping in mind the patient’s best interest and preferences (Aveyard & Sharpe, 2009). Evidence based practice was developed because of the commitment of health care practitioners to social research and science (Mullen, as cited in......

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6

Research Method

...Project Report Research Methods CMP 551-A Fall 2014 Team # 4 Praveen Kumar Chundi #7 Sowmya Eruvuri #8 Nisith Harsha Kondapalli #12 Sudeep Taneti #25 Anuroop Vanam #28 Virginia International University Statement of Research Problem How to choose right technology to best develop a software? How the resulted analysis drive the project? Will the technology supports the system and easy to integrate the different modules? Deciding the Right platform and application development environment to develop a software and doing the right analysis which best develops the system provided the right resources. Selecting the right technology not only helps to best develop the system but also to provide necessary assistance and training for the deployed product later. This coheres the importance of analyzing the technologies before entering the development phase. Many systems fail or delayed because of not selecting the right technology for their projects in different stages like development, data Integration, Support, Training etc. For this we select different software solutions, analyze the problem and the selected technologies to solve that. Observing the development time. Measuring the maintenance costs and support capabilities. Example: A web application for online bus ticket booking system which is developed on different platforms by different software companies or individuals. We collect the information like duration for developing the system, resources and costs for...

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Research Methods

...MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT TOPICS ● WHAT IS A TOPIC? ● TOPICS AS PUZZLES ● PUZZLES AS RIDDLES TO BE UNRIDDLED ● BASIC ADVICE ON RESEARCH TOPICS ● THE EARLIER THE BETTER ● GO FROM THE GENERAL TO THE PARTICULAR ● AVOID POLITICIZED TOPICS ● BE CAREFUL WITH PERSONAL ISSUES ● FIND THE LINE OF LEAST RESISTANCE BETWEEN A AND B ● AIRING YOUR TOPIC ● SOURCES FOR GENERATING IDEAS ● ANALYSING THE POSSIBILITIES OF A TOPIC ● THE INITIAL SEARCH AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ● TOPIC QUESTIONS ● METHODOLOGY AND DATA QUESTIONS ● VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY QUESTIONS ● WHERE YOU SHOULD NOW BE ● USE REFERENCE AIDS ● RISKING A POOR CHOICE OF TOPIC ● FEATURES OF GOOD TOPICS ● USING YOUR SUPERVISOR ● FOCUSING IN ON A POTENTIAL RESEARCH TOPIC ● DEVELOPING RESEARCH QUESTIONS ● DEFINING CONCEPTS ● STATING THE AIMS AND PURPOSE OF YOUR RESEARCH ● WRITING OBJECTIVES FOR YOUR RESEARCH ● USING A HYPOTHESIS IN YOUR RESEARCH ● RESEARCH PROPOSITIONS ● SUMMARY OF THIS CHAPTER ● FURTHER READING Your first rite of passage into the world of research is finding a topic for your dissertation. You can make the process difficult by ignoring the advice of your supervisors and this book or you can work through the tactics we suggest here and enjoy the challenge. The main problems some of our students seem to have in identifying potential topics are that they have misconceptions about what a masters research topic is. In this chapter we will look at some criteria to use when thinking about a topic, at sources for generating......

Words: 15471 - Pages: 62

Research Method

...PORTFOLIO 1. What is research and what is a research carried out for? Find a research report in an applied linguistics journal (such as TESOL Quarterly, Language Learning) and point out the objectives and how these objectives are achieved. a. What is research? Research has been defined in a number of different ways. A broad definition of research is given by Martyn Shuttleworth - "In the broadest sense of the word, the definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge." Another definition of research is given by Creswell who states that - "Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue". It consists of three steps: Pose a question, collect data to answer the question, and present an answer to the question. The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines research in more detail as "a studious inquiry or examination; especially  : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws" Scientific research is a systematic way of gathering data, a harnessing of curiosity. This research provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the natureand the properties of the world. It makes practical applications possible. Scientific research is......

Words: 2238 - Pages: 9

Research Methods

...sociology. |3. Studying the past – Cannot | |we are different from the plants, rocks and | | | |be used for the past as the variables cannot be| |other natural things. Our actions can only be | | | |controlled. | |understood by the choices that we make. | | | |4. Small samples – difficult to investigate | | | | | |large scale social phenomena. | | | | | |5. The Hawthorne effect. | | | | | |6. The expectancy......

Words: 3418 - Pages: 14

Mat 106 Module 4 Mat106 Module 4

...MAT106 MAT 106 Quantitative Literacy Module 1 to Module 5 MAT 106 Complete Course Click below link for Answer visit www.workbank247.com http://workbank247.com/q/mat106-mat-106-quantitative-literacy-module-1-to-m/10428 http://workbank247.com/q/mat106-mat-106-quantitative-literacy-module-1-to-m/10428 MAT 106  Quantitative Literacy Complete Course MAT 106 Module 1 Unit 1 Assignment 1 Meet and Greet Your Classmates Please provide some basics about yourself. Tell us about some of your interests, places you have lived, and about the people in your life. This is a chance for students and the instructor to learn more about one another and to collaborate. In your post, please comment on how you plan to approach this class. How will you set aside time to study? How will you organize your study area? How have you successfully studied for math in the past? MAT 106 Module 1 Unit 1 Assignment 2 Advertising Claims In this assignment, look for and provide two advertisements that you think contain logical fallacies. Use any advertisement that you can find in magazines, on television, or from the Internet for this assignment. Your two examples must represent two of the following logical fallacies: 1. Appeal to Popularity 2. False Cause 3. Appeal to Ignorance 4. Hasty Generalization 5. Limited Choice 6. Appeal to Emotion 7. Personal Attack (ad hominem) 8. Circular Reasoning 9. Diversion (Red Herring) 10. Straw Man The goal is to examine statements critically,......

Words: 3325 - Pages: 14

Group Theory Research Module 4 Alternative Dispute Resolution

...Matthew Proctor October 30, 2015 Alternative dispute resolution (ADL) is simply defined as “Any method of resolving disputes other than litigation,” (Alternative Dispute Resolution). This simply means that issues which would normally be brought before a court or have a trial are instead handled through alternative means that do not involve the court. ADL can be used for both criminal and civil cases. Because of the difficulty and cost involved with trials, lawyers, and court proceedings in general, use of ADL is becoming increasingly popular in the United States of America. There are several different types of ADL, but the main types currently being practiced are negotiation, mediation, and arbitration. ADR is useful for a wide variety of conflicts. As stated earlier, it can be used for both criminal and civil cases. However, because negotiation is the go to form of ADR, it stands to reason that cases in which the two parties can directly negotiate, or at least negotiate with the assistance of mediators, are the types of conflict that find ADR the most useful. For this reason, civil cases would often appear to be more appropriate for ADR. Conflicts that benefit from negotiation, such as minor lawsuits between individuals that know each other, are the types of conflicts that are best solved by the use of ADR. ADR is probably best for conflicts that occur which simply aren’t important enough to bring to a court. These problems include the everyday conflicts that......

Words: 778 - Pages: 4

Module 4

...Module 4 6. In animal cells a cleavage furrow forms during cytokinesis. While in plant cells a cell plate forms in the middle of the cell. The furrow in animal cells is a contractile ring of actin microfilaments associated with molecules of the protein myosin. Action reacts with myosin causing ring to contract. The furrow deepens until parent cell divides into two producing two separate cells with their own nucleus and share of cytosol, organelles, and other subcellular structures. In plant cells vesicles from the Golgi apparatus move along the microtubules to the middle of the cell, where they coalesce, producing a cell plate. The plate enlarges until its surrounding membrane fuses with the plasma membrane along the perimeter of the cell. Two daughter cells result, each with its own plasma membrane. Meanwhile, a new cell wall arising from the contents of the cell plate has formed between the daughter cells. 7. Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus, bound by a double membrane Prokaryotic cells have no nucleus. Eukaryotic DNA is linear; prokaryotic DNA is circular (it has no ends). Eukaryotes go through every phase of Mitosis including prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Prokaryotic cell simply divides by cytokinesis after DNA replication which is known as binary fission. 8. Checkpoints make sure that the eukaryotic cell completes each phase with no problems. Without checkpoints it may affect cell growth which is very important. 9. The Hershey-Chase......

Words: 728 - Pages: 3

Research Methods

... MKT4031 Marketing Research Processes Module Tutor: Dr. Cody Paris Submission Title: Marketing Research Proposal on Cold-calling Submission Date: 1st Feb 2016 Name (s) MISIS Khizar Khattak M00557203 Michelle D’sa M00557364 Muhammad Asad M00__________ Moudpe M00_________ Sarah M00___________ Word Count: 2250 Table of Contents S NO | Contents | Page No | I | Executive Summary | 3 | II | Background | 4 | III | Market Research Question (MRP) & Market Decision Problem (MDP) | 6 | IV | Research Design | 8 | V | Questionnaire Design | 11 | VI | Data Analysis | 12 | VII | Timescale | 13 | VIII | Appendix 1: Questionnaire for Survey | 14 | VII | Bibliography | 17 | I. Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to conduct a market research of Mashreq Banks relating to cold-calling of existing customers. Banks introduced cold-calling as an effective and efficient means of communication. United Araba Emirates (UAE) has banned banks from cold-calling since 2011, yet the rise of calls is rapid. The main aim of the research is to know if customers are pleased with strangers calling them, if the bank is gaining more through cold-calling and its impact on customer satisfaction. The marketing research used is divided into: * Analyzing customer’s reaction to cold-calling, * Qualitative technique using focus groups with Mashreq Bank. * Quantitative questionnaire with Mashreq Bank......

Words: 3010 - Pages: 13

Psych 540 Week 4 Individual Research Project Experimental Method Design

...PSYCH 540 Week 4 Individual Research Project Experimental Method Design To Buy This material Click below link http://www.uoptutors.com/PSYCH-540/PSYCH-540-Week-4-Individual-Research-Project-Experimental-Method-Design PSYCH 540 Week 4 Individual Research Project Experimental Method Design Utilizing experimental research methods, design a research study for the issue that you selected for your Research Projects and write a research article reporting on your study as if you had actually conducted it. •Your paper, citations, and reference list need to be formatted properly in APA format. •(NOTE:  THIS ASSIGNMENT MUST USE EXPERIMENTAL METHODS.) As a part of your research study be sure to address the following items: •a.    State the experimental hypothesis that your study tested. •b.    Describe your sample population in detail (selection method, size, composition, any incentives offered, etc.). •c.    Describe the experimental method(s) that you selected to utilize in your research study and explain why you selected these methods. Describe fully your methods, procedures, variables, and instruments used to measure changes in the variables. •d.    Describe your data analysis methods, including the inferential statistics you used. •e.    Describe the results of the experiment (these are imaginary results you will come up with based on the methods and data analysis). As with last week’s project, there is no word count for this assignment. It will be graded based on......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Research Methods

...Research Article The nurses'experience of possible HIV infection after injury and/or exposure on duty L Roets, Ph.D School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State LEZiady,M.Soc.Sc School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State. Keywords: Nurse, experience, HIV, infection, injury, exposure. Abstract: Curationis 31 (4): 13-23 The purpose of the research was to describe the experience of nurses in the studied hospital who had been exposed to possible HIV infection during injury or exposure on duty. A qualitative phenomenological descriptive study was used to describe the emotions and non-verbal reactions of the twelve participants during two subsequent in-depth interviews. These were conducted post-exposure, and after counselling and prophylactic treatment took place. The nursing staffs from a selected private hospital Were included in the study after exposure of blood and/or human body fluid. After completion of the study, it was found that the exposed staff's experience had two main categories. Firstly, they were grieving for the loss of the concept of being healthy and invincible, blessed with nursing sldlls and definite goals in life. The bereavement process included phases of denial, anger, anxiety and fear, with recurring thoughts regarding the adverse events, as well as acceptance which developed with time. The bereavement process and shock of the exposure had wider consequences to the family, as......

Words: 8899 - Pages: 36

Research Method

...Measurement and Survey Research Measurement and Survey Research Syed S. Hossain Institute of Statistical Research and Training University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Syed S. Hossain Institute of Statistical Research and Training University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Measurement and Survey Research Measurement and Survey Research Fundamental ideas construct validity (the degree inference can made from study to theory) Reliability (the quality of measurement) random and systematic error, Reliability and validity related Scales of measurements Nominal Ordinal Interval Ratio Syed S. Hossain Institute of Statistical Research and Training University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Measurement and Survey Research Arithmetic strength of scales of measurements Levels Nominal Ordinal Interval Arithmetic Counting Counting Ranking Counting Ranking Addition/Subtraction Counting Ranking Addition/Subtraction Multiplication/Division Features Categories Categories Ranks Categories Ranks Has equal units Categories Ranks Has equal units Has absolute zero Examples Religion Economic class IQ score Ratio Weight Syed S. Hossain Institute of Statistical Research and Training University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Measurement and Survey Research Information strength of Scales of measurements Syed S. Hossain Institute of Statistical Research and Training University of Dhaka, Bangladesh Measurement and Survey Research Types of Survey research Types Questionnaire mail......

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6