Renal Disease

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Renal Disease Study Guide

What is renal disease?

Do all of the nephrons need to be functional within the kidney?

What are the testing parameters needed to check for renal disease?

When does renal disease progress to renal failure?

When are changes to USG seen during renal failure? Does it increase or decrease?

What are some signs of renal insufficiency?

What is azotemia?

What is pre-renal azotemia?

What are some of the reasons that renal azotemia occurs?

What are some of the reasons that post-renal azotemia occur?

How is uremia characterized?

What are the 2 categories of renal failure? Which one is reversible?

What are some signs of ARF? What would a U/A show? How about blood work?

What are some signs of CRF? What would a U/A show? How about blood work?

Does bacteria in a urine sample always equal an infection? Why or why not?

What is pyelonephritis?

What are some signs of pyelonephritis? What would a U/A show? What would blood work show?

What is a urinary tract infection?

What are some signs of a UTI?

What is an uncomplicated UTI?

What is a complicated UTI?

What is a relapsing infection?

What is a recurrent infection?

What are superinfections?

What are the indications for antimicrobial susceptibility tests?

What are some potential problems that may occur if bacterial UTI’s are left untreated?

What is FLUTD? Why does it happen?

What are some signs of FLUTD? What would a U/A look like? How about blood work?

What is meant by cystic calculi?

What are some signs of crystals? What would a U/A look like? How about blood work?

What are the different types of crystals?

What are some of the types of neoplasia? What would you find on a…...

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