Reconstruction and Race Relations

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mmcsnipe
Words 1379
Pages 6
Reconstruction and Race Relations
XXXXXXXX
Professor XXXXXX
Contemporary U.S. History
October 17, 2013

Reconstruction and Race Relations The Civil War consisted of several events during the Reconstruction period. Many complications occurred between white Americans and black people as the struggle for equality began. Prior to the end of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln drafted the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. The Wade-Davis Bill was proposed by Congress to counter Lincoln’s 10 percent rule for support. The Wade-Davis Bill suggested that 51 percent of voters pledge support to the United States before being accepted back into the Union. Lincoln pocket-vetoed this bill in order to prevent it from becoming law (Reconstruction Following the Civil War, 1999). The ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 abolished slavery in the South (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013). The Freedmen’s Bureau was established in 1865 by congress during the Reconstruction period and was designed to manage new schools, provide food and healthcare to the new freed African Americans. Led by Major General Oliver O. Howard, The Bureau’s most notable achievement was the establishment of education by building more than 1,000 black schools and expending over $400,000 on establishing teacher-training institutions. The greatest failure was the disbursement of abandoned lands to the freed slaves. The south was determined to make the transition to freedom very difficult for the free black men and women. To the distain of Congress, President Andrew Johnson gave the majority of the abandoned southern land to pardoned Southerners that forced oppressive sharecropping to become one of the only ways the newly freed African American’s to earn wages and support their families. The bureau was terminated in 1872 because of other national interests and the hostility of white…...

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