Pyc4811

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By LethaboPuno
Words 1156
Pages 5
PYC 4811
657794

1

Table of Contents
1. Introduction

3

2. Community Psychology

3

3. Public Health Approach

4

4. Conclusion

5

5. References

6

2

1. Introduction
Worldwide most developed countries are marked by a holistic proactive community oriented social services backed by an efficient public health services, ultimately such effective social structures impact positively on the country citizen’s life expectancy and vibrant workmanship which in turn enhance the economic status of the country and relief the social security burden off the country’s welfare system.

2. Community Psychology

Community psychology was formalised as a discipline in 1965 however continued to be characterised by the mental health reform movements from its inception in the
United States of America with the primary objective to care for the mentally ill. The most three prominent movements were established in the early 1800s to 1960s each movement led to establishment of institutions. As mentioned Seedat, Cloete, &
Shochet (1988) that “the mental health model, which has its roots in the community mental health movement is based on the explicit intention to prevent mental illness each of the movement was aimed to treat mental illness” as a societal rather than an individual problem and to foster prevention rather than cure.

The models of community psychology allows the discipline to be proactive and holistic towards approaching community impediments, such as the mental health model proactively takes into account the hazardous factors that can affect the social functioning of the community and provide expertise to empower and help community members realise their potential and manage crisis.
Whereas the social action model action model aims to promote social activism, political engagement and socio-economic parity through policies…...

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