Psychological Tests

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Psychological Testing Tabitha Taney PSY/475 September 18, 2013 Maggie Boone

Psychological Testing There are tests of every type that most people will have to take throughout their lives. There are driving tests, tests to get into college, tests in all varieties of schools and even in the workplace, when being hired or promoted. There are also tests in the world of psychology, including testing in schools and the workplace. Psychological testing will be defined, with a few different varying descriptions from a few sources, since there is not just one definition for this type of test. The major categories of tests will be described and the major uses and users of these tests will be identified. The concepts of reliability and validity will be compared and contrasted, and how they both impact the field of psychological testing will be discussed. Definition of the term “test” “The glossary of the authoritative Standards for Educational and Psychology Tests,” according to our textbook, “says that a test is an evaluative device or procedure in which a sample of an examinee’s behavior in a specified domain is obtained and subsequently evaluated and scored using a standardized process,” (Hogan, 2007, p. 12). The same source also says that psychological testing is defined as “any procedure that involves the use of tests or inventories to assess particular psychological characteristics of an individual, (Hogan, 2007, p. 12). Anastasi and Cronbach were two very influential people in the beginning times of the psychological test, and Anastasi…...

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