Prison and Jails

In: Business and Management

Submitted By directfx1
Words 976
Pages 4
Prison and Jails
Anthony Youmans
CJA/204
Lexie Williams
May 22, 2013

Prisons and Jails The American Judicial System has multiple types of facilities to house those convicted. Those facilities are known as federal prisons, state prisons, privately run prisons, and county jails. The main argument that plagues society today is private prisons. In this paper, one will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of private prisons and will also explain the conflict between safeguarding a prisoner’s constitutionally projected rights and the state’s authority to abridge those rights to protect its own interests and citizens interests. The most controversial argument in our society today concerning prisons is that of private versus state. “A private prison is defined as a correctional institute operated by a private firm on behalf of a local or state government” (Pearson-Prentice Hall, 2009). One advantage for privatization of prisons is private companies offer correctional facility designs are efficient to operate and are based on cost-benefit considerations. Also private prisons can mobilize quickly and specialize in facility missions. Private prisons helps the government reduce its liability exposure by contracting with private correctional companies. A disadvantage of privatization of prisons is that some private operators may be inexperienced and this could cause a problem within the management of the prison. Also the procurement process of having a private prison is slow, inefficient and this could open many risks within the prison. Another disadvantage of having a private prison is that over time, government may lose the capability to perform the functions of a corrections facility (Pearson-Prentice Hall, 2009). Moreover private prisons can be managed any different way possible and is up to the individuals managing the prison on whether or not the prison will be…...

Similar Documents

Jails and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons Jails and Prisons Jails and prisons play an important role in criminal justice. Although each serves as a part of the governmental legal system, jails and prisons are different from one another. Each community has a jail and each state has a prison. In my county the jail well known is the Kitsap County Jail and the state prison that we know mostly of is the Washington State Corrections Center for Women. I will discuss in detail the differences between Kitsap County Jail and the Washington State Corrections Center for Women. Within the paper, different topics will emerge that will explain the different types of prisons, aspects of culture and subculture inside prison, correctional programs, violence inside prison and the roles of jails in criminal justice. Jails and prisons play one important role and that is obtaining those who are offenders of the law. There are two types of prisons, federal and state. Federal prisons are for those who are convicted of federal criminal offenses, such as fraud and houses inmates for longer periods of time. State prisons are for those convicted of state criminal offenses. In the United States, prisons have traditionally been distinguished by the following custody levels: high security, maximum security, medium security, low and minimum security. High security prisons hold the high risk inmates, those who are at risk of escaping for example. The prison has the inmates in their cell 23 hours a day, and releases......

Words: 1079 - Pages: 5

Jails and Prisons

...Interactive activities, University of Phoenix, 2013) * Police: The main responsibility of these public agencies is to enforce laws, maintain order, and provide service to citizens in need. Police officers are charged with both preventing and controlling crime in their area of jurisdiction. * Courts: The courts are where those accused of a crime are tried, either in front of a panel of peers (a jury) or a judge. The responsibility of the court is to both seek the truth and dole out justice to the citizens who have been victims of a crime. * Corrections: After offenders move through the court systems, which is often a lengthy process, correctional agencies move in to rehabilitate and punish them. Correctional institutions include jails, prisons, and halfway houses. There are also other sanctions that can be administered, such as house arrest, or tracking devices worn by offenders for the duration of their sentences. The criminal justice process is a standard sequence of events that begins when a crime is detected. This process consists primarily of five stages: 1. Investigation and Arrest 2. Pretrial Activities 3. Trial 4. Sentencing 5. Corrections The criminal justice system has multiple goals, and different agencies within the system emphasize different goals. Sometimes this difference in goals creates conflict (CJi Interactive activities, University of Phoenix, 2013). These goals include: * Deterrence * Retribution *......

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Jails and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons Andrew Scott CJA/204 March 12, 2013 Jeff Walters There are many types of prisons found in the United States today. Minimum security prisons have housing similar to college dorms, few staff members relative to the number of inmates, as well as minimal to no fencing around the prison. After minimum security prisons, there are low security prisons. These prisons usually have a double fence and a higher staff-to-inmate ratio. Much like minimum security prisons, low security prisons have dorm or cubicle like housing. Like the low security prisons, medium security prisons typically have a double fence; but to heighten security they add an electronic detection system. Most medium security prisons have cell housing, more staff and offer a wide variety of work and treatment programs. High security prisons are typically referred to as United State penitentiaries. These facilities have the highest staff-to-inmate ration, are often surrounded by walls or reinforced fences and place prisoners in either single or multi-occupant cells. Administrative facilities typically have a special goal in mind; whether it is detaining pretrial offenders, treating inmates with serious illnesses or containing dangerous convicts and escape risks. A lot of prisons also have minimum to low security satellite camps adjacent to the main facility. These facilities help provide labor to their main institution and off-site work programs. The Federal Bureau of Prisons also has a facility...

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Jails and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons CJS/200 – Foundations of the Criminal Justice System 10//2011 Dexter Williams There are four types of prisons, maximum security, medium security, minimum security, and women’s prisons. Prisons are a very important part of our judicial system. Another player in this group is the jail. Jails also have a role in this work group and it is an important role. The different types of prisons are needed because of the different types of criminals. These criminals cannot all be housed together because this can cause problems. Maximum security prisons restrict the inmates the most because these criminals commit the worst crimes and need to be watched more closely and have the most security. Medium security prisons require less rules and restrictions as the criminals either committed a lesser crime or are toward the end of a long sentence and are not a threat to others. Minimum security prisons require the least restrictions. There are some facilities, such as county jails which may hold all types of criminal either awaiting trial or awaiting to be moved to their prison where they will spend their incarceration. Women’s prison must be separate from men for safety reasons. Women and men cannot be housed together. When the judge sentences a convicted criminal, the judge takes into consideration the type of crime and decides what type of facility to send the criminal to. The more severe crimes and federal crimes are usually sentenced to maximum security...

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Jails and Prisons

...Jail and Prisons Jail and prisons have played a huge role in our history. While at times we might not think about it, jails and prisons are a huge reason why America isn’t in utter chaos. Over the years jails and prisons have grown to get to the level they are today. What was once an unsanitary, careless, and at times cruel prison or jail is now a more sophisticated well developed correction center that are meant to shape the behavior of an offender and rehabilitate the offender. Jails are a place where criminals are taken and separated from society, because they have committed a petty crime, a serious crime or have committed a murder. The jails are intended hold defendants while they await their trail. The inmate has no access to the outside of the jail and no access to the benefits a free citizen has. Those who have a bail set but do not bail out are also held at the jail as well as those inmates being transferred to the county jail from a state jail for either a bench warrant or just in need of a temporary housing unit until they arrive at their true destination. The jail makes the life for many inmates horrible so they won’t be back again; unfortunately many offenders come back after the first offense. It’s a place for inmates to take a hard look at their life’s to change them around before they have to face prison time but some that are sentenced to a year or two are allowed to carry out their time in jails now. Jails however have grown to become more than just a...

Words: 1526 - Pages: 7

Jails & Prisons

...Jail and Prisons Comparison Adis Hodzic CJA/234 Introduction to Corrections Professor Anthony J. Pekich March 6th, 2014 In considering the jails, as well as state and federal prisons, and in modern America, one must understand the historical contexts in which the three institutions were conceptualized and put into practice. Then a discussion of the reasons behind the drastic recent growth off these three ancient institutions must be had. Finally, a review of the security classifications which enable these facilities to carry out the business of incarceration and rehabilitation in a secure and safe manner should be conducted to round out our consideration of these ancient institutions. The role of jails and prisons is a complicated one, made more complicated by an increase in demands upon these facilities, both in terms of higher populations, and an increase in rehabilitative functions expected from them, as well as political pressures and general changes of policies over the years. By understanding the reason jails and prisons came into such wide use and the historical changes to those institutions, it can be more fully examined whether these institutions, have been successful in the missions they have been tasked with. These modern jails, in America, trace their predecessors back to England, where the very first jail, or gaol, as it was called in 1166, was built by King Henry II. Originally these buildings were designed to house offenders awaiting......

Words: 1967 - Pages: 8

Jails and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons First Last CJA234 Month 00, 20XX First Last Jails and Prisons Jails and Prisons often seem like the same type of punishment if you do not know more about them and their differences. Jails have always played an important role in our criminal justice system dating back to the Colonial period. Prisons are used to contain criminals who have already been proven guilty and are going to be sentenced to more than at least a one-year sentence. Much like the differences between jails and prisons there are also differences between federal prisons and state prisons depending on the crime committed determines which they are located. Jails are not always a permanent punishment for offenders, sometimes containing inmates who will just be there temporarily while waiting for other arrangements or protective custody. In todays society we are also facing issues where we do not have enough space and money to be able to contain inmates going through our jail and prison systems. Jails have been used throughout history as a way of punishing not only guilty, but the accused and even to protect those who have not committed any crime what so ever. Jails have always been a local form of the criminal justice department rather than being part of the federal system. They are maintained and protected by the local sheriff department where they are located. Not everyone you would see in a jail is a criminal or an accused criminal; sometimes you may have a witness or someone who is......

Words: 908 - Pages: 4

Jail and Prison

...Jail and Prison Response Jails in the United States serve a purpose of short-confinement for individuals. They are mainly for individuals who are awaiting their trial and possible sentence. As time has gone on, the responsibilities of jails have increased due to demand. If a person on probation or parole violates these terms they are then sent to jail. They also are the middle person and they hold people who are mentally ill, in the military, or recently convicted until it is time to transfer them to the appropriate long-term facility. This transfer includes both state and federal authorities. They also operate community based programs, home detention with electronic monitoring, and day reporting. A typical hold for a person who is sentenced to jail is less than one year (Schmalleger, 2011, "Chapter 13, Jails"). Jails play an integral role in the criminal justice system. They are facing problems with overcrowding, poor conditions (such as old and outdated buildings), and understaffing. Despite these problems, more jails are being renovated and programs are being added. Drug rehabilitation programs are being more readily available for inmates to attend. Programs aimed at daily life skills and work ethic have started being offered in many different jails to help inmates become more productive members of society and reduce the rate of recidivism. In some jails, inmates are given jobs such as a phone answering service that is done at the Los Angeles North County......

Words: 845 - Pages: 4

Jail and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons Matthew Holbrook May 28, 2015 University of Phoenix CJA/234 Brenda Barney Jails and Prisons The criminal justice system is made up of three components which are police, courts, and corrections. Corrections are potentially the largest cog in this machine by volume of employees. Corrections are also often considered the most important, because the other two would have nowhere to send offenders if it were not for the correctional sector. The largest portion of corrections can be seen in the operation of jails and prisons in the United States. These two separate entities, which are often confused by the layman, do share similarities, but along with these similarities also come key differences. In order to understand and appreciate the broad level of care that these types of facilities provide, it is paramount to explore their histories, their differences, and common issues that are faced within them. Jails have the longest history of any other penal institution. They have typically served, and still do to this day, as an area where the accused go to trial and the minor criminals serve their time. Early jails in the United States were fairly direct copies of gaols, which were used to detain individuals awaiting either trial or punishment. This was combined fairly early on with the concept of punishing minor criminals as well. Shortly after their introduction, jails experienced reforms at the hands of the figures that sought to remove unsanitary and......

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Jail and Prisons

...Jail and Prisons Comparison Paper John Eckert CJS/255 April 4, 2016 Crystal Dalman Jails and Prisons both serve the same purpose; the purpose is to punish people that have committed a crime. Typically, jail type sentences are misdemeanors that are one year or less of time served. Prisons incarcerate people for over one year, the types of crimes can be misdemeanors or felonies, anything that is punishable to more than one year. Another difference is that jails are locally operated and prisons are operated either by the federal government or the state government. Another huge difference is that people that go into prison have already been sentenced, jails are also a place where people are held until they are given a court date and a place for them to be held while they are going through their trial. When people are sentenced to jail, they are relatively close to the families. A person that is sentenced to prison can be put anywhere in the state or united states. There are approximately 100 Federal prisons, jails, and detention centers in the United States, the rest of the prisons and jails are ran by individuals and states. Prisons and jails are both overcrowding, jails and prisons are very costly to construct, which is the main reasoning for the overcrowding. The jails and prisons that are in business now are in rough shape, they need to updated, that is also very costly. Correction facilities have been here for hundreds of years. Colonial America used......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Jail and Prison

... Jail and Prison Kadeeja Philpot 201/CJS 3/18/2016 Dr.Bride Jail and Prison As the populace develops alongside develops crime rates. With the help of community-based programs, jails, and prisons. Criminals are being held accountable for their actions. The criminal justice system is designed for criminals to obtain their punishment as a result of the crime committed. There are different levels of punishment established from jails to prisons. Jails and prisons hold some corresponding attributes yet serve entirely diverse models in the criminal justice system. There are many people who lack knowledge of the difference. Jail vs. Prison There are four sorts of detainment facilities utilized by our courts structure: minimum security penitentiaries, low-security jails, and maximum security prisons. Least security detainment facilities would utilized for those guilty parties with crimes such as nonviolent. Low-security jails would be for misdemeanor violations, and maximum security is for those who commit a brutal crime such as murder. There are a few significant differences in jail and prison. For starter, the lengths of time inmate are confined. Jails are intended to hold prisoners are anticipating trial or serving a short sentence. After being arrested, jail is mainly the first place that criminals are taken to by law enforcement officers. Prisons are designed to hold criminals who are kept for more than a year. Another fundamental...

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Jail and Prison

...Jail and Prison p 2 In the Criminal Justice world the jail and prisons play an extremely important role to society. These facilities have a history just like any other part of Criminal Justice, and were created with great Purpose. There is much about these facilities that are not known by the general public. This paper will Educate on the types of prisons, also the concept of the prison as a whole institution. I will also go over The community based corrections programs. Maybe one of the more important topics is the violence behind the walls, that is not always mentioned to the public will also be covered in this paper. Then finally, I will go over the concept of parole and probation, along with the role of truth in sentencing. First, we have many types of facilities just in the United States, for example; there is State Facilities which are run by the State Department of Corrections, and each state has many of the facilities. Arizona alone has at least ten of these prisons across Arizona, some states have more and some less. Prisoners in these facilities have violated state laws in some fashion or another. There are also Federal Prisons, which hold prisoners who have violated federal law. There are private prisons that are owned by private companies. In some cases, such as Corrections Corporation of America they will contract with state prisons......

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Jails and Prisons

...Jails and Prisons Alma Rodriguez CJ/204 September 20, 2011 Rey Culler Jails and Prisons As the population grows along grows crime rates and jails, prisons, and community based programs are needed to punish and make criminals responsible for his or her acts. However, criminals will receive his or her punishment accordingly to the crime and type of person he or she is. There are different levels of punishment established from jails to prisons. The four main types of correctional facilities county jail, state prison, federal prison, and juvenile facilities. County jails are used for criminals who are lawfully custody of the state and are awaiting trial. Criminals who have been convicted and have a sentence less than a year are incarcerated in a county jail. County jails are like small prisons, only county jails have work programs for inmates who demonstrate good behavior who allow a prisoner to go out to the community do a job and return at the end of his or her shift. A total institutional life is similar to an incarcerated inmate because a total institution is a place where a person lives and works him or she is away from a community for a considerable amount of time. People in a total institution place learn to live an enclosed life style surrounded by certain persons, and administrated by the people of the facility. In a total institution like jail or prison freedom is completely lost in all aspects a person loses even the privilege to have a different identity......

Words: 1089 - Pages: 5

Prisons and Jails

...Prisons and Jails Prison or jail is probably the last place any of us would want to be. Majority of criminals believe they can get away with different crimes and try to avoid going to prison or jail. With the different crimes that are committed each receives its own punishment. A criminal can commit a crime that is considered a violation of federal statue and depending on the situation and crime committed determines the fact of serving time in a prison or jail. Jails immediate role in corrections is to hold inmates that are awaiting trial, unable to make bail, waiting on a transfer, or serving sentences of a year or less. They also help to rehabilitate the inmate by offering a variety of treatment programs in which the inmate has the option to participate in. Jail has been around for quite sometime and has proven to be successful throughout history, which is way so many exist today. Jail all began with the provision of the Assize of Clarendon of 1166. During this time it was required that all sheriffs in English counties build jails to hold inmates awaiting trial and over time continued to develop with more rules, more security, and growth in population. During this essay I will go over the history of state and federal prisons, point out similarities and differences of security levels with jail, federal, and state prisons, and explain the factors that influences the growth in jail, state, and federal prisons. This will help you gain an......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Jails and Prisons

...Jail and Prison CJA/204 May 3, 2012 Albert Mendoza Jail and Prison Prisons and jails hold some similar characteristics but are entirely different entities in which they serve in the legal system. A prison is where all convicted offenders are to spend their sentences that range from one year to life and in jail most offenders are only there either for holding, pending transportation to prison units or serving a sentence for a short amount of time ranging from a few months to a year. There are four types of prisons federal, state, municipal, and military. Federal prison is operated and managed by the government who normally house inmates who have been convicted of a crime in violation of a federal statue. State prisons are facilities operated by a state and used to house and rehabilitate criminals. State prisons have a minimum and maximum security prisons which are divided based on the severity of the crime. Municipal prison is a high security prison. Military prison is operated by the military and is used to house prisoners of war, enemy combatants, those whose freedom is deemed a national security risk by the military or national authority and member of the military found guilty of a serious crime. The concept of prison as a total institution is to have authorities the life of the inmates controlled by the authorities. If the authorities weren’t in control then the whole prison system would be pointless. Jails play a big role in our criminal justice...

Words: 521 - Pages: 3