P1 Unit 21 Health and Social

In: Other Topics

Submitted By saffronjadejones
Words 1702
Pages 7
Unit 21: Nutrition
Concepts of health eating and diet
The key to a healthy balanced diet is to consume the right amount of food from all food groups. It is important that a good diet must include most food groups as one single group cannot provide everything human’s needs for good health. A good diet and eating healthy is a nutritional lifestyle that helps to promote good health. Eating healthy helps to maintain a healthy body weight, good wellbeing and reduces the risk of various diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.
5 a day
It is important that we have at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day as they are a part of a healthy balanced diet and can help us maintain good health. It is recommended by a worldwide health organisation that we should consume 400g of fruit and vegetables a day to lower the risk of serious health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
Fruit and vegetables are a good source of vitamin c and dietary fibre, which helps to maintain a healthy gut and lower the risk of bowel cancer and constipation.
Food
Food is a nutritious substance that people eat in order to maintain life and growth. Food is needed by the human body for energy, to repair and build muscles and to prevent sickness and help recover from it. Food can be divided into energy content and nutrients. The breakdown of fats, proteins and carbohydrates will determine how much energy the body can derive from a given amount of food. Fats and carbohydrates are mainly used for energy, while protein is broken down into amino acids to be used in building and repairing cells and tissues. The nutrients of a food include all the vitamins and minerals that the body needs to stay healthy against sickness.
Meals & snacks
A meal is an eating occasion that is regularly and takes place at certain times during the day for example, breakfast in the…...

Similar Documents

Health and Social Care Unit 2 P1

...Equality is ensuring individuals or a group of individuals are treated fairly and equally. There are laws in place to ensure that this happens. In correspondence with the law, organisations have equality policies to make sure that everyone is treated correspondingly. In a health and social care setting such as a mental care home it is important that all individuals are being treated the same, whether from a different race or different belief or their gender, as well as holding to account on providing their individual needs, because not all of them have the same mental illness/condition. Diversity is all about acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual has something different making them unique. These can be along the range of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities and religious beliefs as well as other beliefs and ideologies. Diversity is all about acknowledging the differences in each individual. Rights are legal, social or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement. Rights are the essential regulative rules placed to allow people to have freedom of speech; however a person’s rights can be limited such as having a criminal offence. Rights are also considered to be an importance to civilization, being acknowledge as an incorporated as pillars of society and culture. There different rights that is in a country or society such as: * Natural rights are rights that are “natural” in the......

Words: 706 - Pages: 3

Unit 21 Health and Social Care

...EUSTINE THULAMBO CONCEPTS OF NUTRITIONAL HEALTH P2 A balanced diet means eating a variety of foods in the right proportion, and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight. A balanced diet consists of vitamins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, fats (lipids) and fibre which is also known as roughage. CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are macromolecules which and contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen (C,H,O). There are also two types of sugars, sweet soluble and starches which are non-soluble. Sugars can also be single or simple sugars.Carbohydrates can be found in a wide variety of foods such as pasta, wheat and grains, rice, potatoes, fruits and sugars. Carbohydrates are broken down into energy by the digestive system, in the form glucose. Carbohydrates provide energy in our bodies needed for various purposes such as the synthesis of biochemical macromolecules, transportation and muscle concentration. PROTEINS Protein is the major structural component of cell which is made up of several elements which are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen(C, H, O, N). They are essential for growth, repair and maintenance of body tissues. There are animal and non-animal food sources which are rich in proteins such as meat, fish eggs beans and lentils. When consumed, proteins are broken down by digestive system into amino acids which are sometimes referred to as building blocks of proteins. Proteins consist of a long chain of amino......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

P1 Unit 21 - Health and Social Care Level 3

...P1 – Explain concepts of nutritional health Concepts of nutritional health Food Food is any substance that is eaten to nourish the body and can be solid or liquid. Food can be taken into the body by mouth, by tube or even directly into the vein for those who are unable to feed by mouth due to ill health or health issues which does not able them to eat or drink normally. Food makes your body work, grow and repair itself and the kinds of food you eat can affect the efficiency of these processes. Diet Diet refers to the types of food an individual consumes on a regular basis and means all the meals, snacks and drinks they have. Diet is also used to refer to the deliberate selection of food to control body weight or nutrient intake. An individual on a diet will carefully monitors what they eat, in order to cut down on higher fat containing foods to help them lose weight. Meals and snacks Traditionally, an individual should be consuming three main meals a day however, it’s now more common for individuals to be gaining a significant amount of their food daily through snacks. Snacks are sometimes eaten between meals if the person feels hungry but it’s also possible that they eat the food simply because it’s available for them to consume. Many people assume snacks are unhealthy however snacks also refers to foods such as fruit and nuts. Nutrients Human’s main source of nutrients is food. There are many nutrients, some providing energy, while others are essential for......

Words: 2844 - Pages: 12

Health & Social Care - Unit 9 P1

...Unit 9 – P1 Values – are beliefs that are shared by cultures or a group of individuals, they are guidelines on how one should lead their life. Business dictionary http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/values.html [30/09/14] Principles – are norms, values and mores that represent an individual or communities they help you know to morals. They also serve as policies and objectives in government. For example, a principle is having concern for the wellbeing of others. Business dictionary http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/principles.html [30/09/14] Socialisation comes in two forms: primary and secondary. Primary socialisation starts at birth and finishes by the time the child reaches school. For instance, learning to crawl, walk and talk are all taken place during this period, we also learn about the norms in society like manners and how to behave in public . This learning only occurs in the family. Secondary socialisation begins after the age of five until death, this only occurs outside of the family. An example of secondary socialisation is learning to drive. As we get older it takes us longer to learn and understand things, and we learn thing through agents of socialisation. We are controlled in ways; this is called agents of socialisation. This comes in four forms: school, family, peer groups and the media. The family is the most important form as it’s from them we learn about our gender roles, language, habits and beliefs. The next most......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Health and Social Care Unit 4 P1

...Unit 4: P1 Key Words Growth- An increase in some measured quantity, such as height or weight. Development- Complex changes including an increase in skills, abilities and capabilities. Developmental Norms- Description of an average set of expectations with respect to an infant or child’s development. Developmental Milestones- Developmental milestones can describe the skills children may be expected to develop during the first months and years of life. Life course- A life course is a map of what is expected to happen at the various stages of the human life cycle. Maturation- When development is assumed to be due to a genetically programmed sequence of change. Life expectancy- An estimate of the number of years that a person can expect to live (on average). Holistic Development- A person’s physical, intellectual, emotional and social development as a whole. Development can be analysed under each of the individual categories to help identify issues but, in life, the categories can interact. Physical Development- Physical development is the changes within the body over periods of time for example the development and growth of organs, muscles and bones. These developments are often marked by stages such as puberty. Intellectual Development – We do not simply learn more as we grow older- we also develop more useful ways of thinking. It is believed there are four stages of intellectual development which mature or ‘unfold’. Your ability to use formal logical......

Words: 1490 - Pages: 6

Unit 21- P1- Concepts of Nutritional Health

...Concepts of nutritional health: Food: This is any substance eaten o nourish the body. Food can be solid or liquid, and can be taken by mouth, by tube or even directly into a vein, if someone cannot eat or drink normally. Health and social care level 3 book 1 Diet: This refers to the types of food eaten regularly by an individual. The word diet does not necessarily refer to a weight loss diet. An individual’s diet means all the meals and snacks they eat. Health and social care level 3 book 1 Meals and snacks: The traditional pattern of eating three meals a day still exists in some households, but a significant number of people gain a lot of their food intake from snacks. Some people have snacks between meals if they feel hungry and sometime just simply because the food is there. Snacks are not all necessarily unhealthy. Health and social care level 3 book 1 Nutrients: These are the specific chemical constituents of food that provide energy or support growth, repair or normal functioning of the body. Proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals are all nutrients. Health and social care level 3 book 1 Nutritional health: Malnutrition: This is the condition in which the body does not receive enough nutrients to function properly. Malnutrition can include under nutrition or over nutrition. Under-nutrition: the outcome of insufficient food intake and repeated infectious diseases. It includes being underweight for your age, too short for your age, dangerously...

Words: 1295 - Pages: 6

Health and Social Care Unit 8 P1, M1

...P1: Behaviourist Approach. An introduction into this perspective is that it studies how conditioning, reinforcement and social learning influence behaviour. It does this through laboratory experiments and observations. In witch they use animals and humans. It is a scientific approach to measure behaviour and investigate how behaviour is learned. They argue that the environment shapes behaviour. Also argued that genetics and cognition are deemed as unimportant in determining behaviours. There are three main theories to this perspective which are: Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Social learning. Classical conditioning: Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) was working with dogs to investigate their digestive systems; he noticed that one dog began to salivate when Pavlov assistant entered the room with food. Pavlov thought the dog had learned to associate the assistant with food. This meaning food automatically lead to response of salivation, this is called an unconditioned response. The food was the unconditioned stimulus. As the production of saliva was automatic and not learnt. With this, an unconditioned stimulus leads to an unconditioned response. Pavlov then introduced a bell at feeding time, the bell was a conditioned response as the dog then produced saliva on the bell ringing as the dog associated the bell with feeding time. This happened over several trails and then the dog learned this. Eventually it began to salivate when only the bell was rung and no food......

Words: 5269 - Pages: 22

Health and Social Care Unit 21 P3

...Task P3 Explain the possible influences on dietary intake. M1 Discuss the similarities and differences in the nutritional and energy requirement of two groups of individuals. M2 Assess how influences on dietary intake may affect the nutritional health on individuals. D1 Make realistic recommendations for minimising negative influences of individuals in a specific health and social care environment. In this report I shall be explaining the possible influences on dietary intake of students at Our Lady’s Convent High School (OLCHS). I am going to be writing a report that will be explaining the possible influences on dietary intake on the students of Our Lady’s Convert High School. It shall contain information about the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Black British population. A description of the causes, symptoms and treatment of the condition, personal preferences access to food outlets, choices of food at morning break, results of questionnaires. Our Lady’s Convent School is a Catholic girl’s school located in Stamford Hill. The school’s ethnics has all races. The school’s ethnics is mixed making up of Africans, black Caribbean, Asian, white, Hispanic and so on. 80 percent of the school population are Catholics, 65 percent are Black African or Black Caribbean and about 4O percent of the students do not speak English as their first language. It is located in a deprived area. As deprived as it is, it is also surrounded by many schools. Stamford Hill has two main...

Words: 2832 - Pages: 12

P1 Unit 4 Health and Social Care

...P1 Describe physical, intellectual, emotional, social development for each of the life stages of an individual. Life expectancy this is the number of years that remain within the life time of an individual, this is estimated by statistics. This depends on the Population on several variables such as their lifestyle, access to healthcare, diet, economical status and the relevant mortality and morbidity data. However, as life expectancy is calculated based on averages, a person may live for many years more or less than expected. P.I.E.S this is the breakdown of the Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social developments through all the life stages Life coursethis is a course it is culturally defined sequence of age categories that people are normally expected to pass through as they develop from birth to death. This Includes the cultural conceptions of the life course is some idea of how long people are expected to live. Growth A gradual process which occurs from birth until a point in early adulthood when you reach your maximum height. It involves both height and weight gain Development this is a change in a person's skills and capabilities, for instance an individual’s development intellectually, emotionally etc. Maturation this is the gradual process of becoming physically mature or fully developed this is part of adolescent when a male and female go through changes as they are going through puberty. For example females in adolescence will start to grow breast......

Words: 3741 - Pages: 15

Health and Social Care Unit 1, P1

...Unit 3 – Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care P1 – Explain potential hazards and the harm that may arise from each in a health or social care setting. Introduction: For P1, I am an employer, working for the local authority. My role is to check health, safety and security in different care settings. I will be looking for loose wires or toys lying around the floor as these are risks to injuries in the care setting. Key Terms: * Hazards: Anything that may cause any harm, such as loose wires trailing along the floor. Somebody may trip over them. * Risk: Risk is the chance that someone may be harmed, high or low risk, such as falling down the staircase. * Health hazards: These include incidents leading to an illness, such as visiting a patient in a hospital, and catching the norovirus. * Safety hazards: Incidents that lead to a personal injury or damage to equipment or buildings, such as using heavy or dangerous machinery with no license. * Security hazards: This includes intruders, theft of property or information and individuals either being abducted or leaving without consent. Such as having safety locks on doors at nurseries for young children to ensure that they cannot escape. * Reference. PPT. Level 3 Hazards in a health or social care setting, with examples. Hazards in a physical environment The physical environment includes everything that surrounds us, such as; objects, people, pets etc… These can have......

Words: 2111 - Pages: 9

Level 3 Health and Social Unit 1 P1

...Unit 1 Developing Effective Communication in Health and Social Care P1. EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION AND INTERPERSONAL INTERACTION IN A HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE CONTEXT. Effective communication is when someone is sharing information, thoughts and feelings between people through speaking, writing and body language with the message being easily understood. In a health and social care setting an example is when a nurse in a hospital it speaking to a patient about their diagnosis and the patient is able to understand their illness and how it can be treated without being confused. Effective communication is also important in a health and social care setting as it allows the health care worker to perform their role effectively, which allows them to work along with their colleges and efficiently with patients and also their highest capability. Also the benefits of effective communication helps strengthen relationships with service users, families and colleagues, helps to carry out appropriate reporting and recording, develops confidence and self-esteem, create a good rapport and helps to make sure the needs of service users are met. Interpersonal interaction is how you interact with someone, how you spread feelings through verbal and non-verbal communication. It’s not only about speaking, but the language used, how it has been said/ tone of voice and the non-verbal message sent, for example through facial expressions, gestures and body language.......

Words: 890 - Pages: 4

Health and Social Care Unit 1 P1

...For this piece of coursework I will be describing how anti-discriminatory practice is promoted in health and social care settings. I will also be discussing the difficulties that may arise when implementing anti-discriminatory practice There are many ways in which to promote anti-discriminatory practice that are effective and have minimal chance of failure, the first way is staff training. This can be effective as it gives the workers an insight in how this practice is shown and ways to identify it, it informs them of how to prevent it and stop it from happening again. Training gives them a clear structure to follow to deal with this practice and how to avoid breaking the law. Training also puts the worker in the client’s shoes and shows them the effects of discrimination in hope to deter them from doing it again. Another way health organizations promote anti-discriminatory practice is by making sure they are welcoming for everyone; they do this by commutating to people in their preferred way whether it be Arabic to sign language. If they are unable to provide this service they should find someone who can, i.e. a translator. They should also take in to consideration the different beliefs and values the service users may have, this would be beneficial as it makes the user feel valued and respected, and they are made to feel s if they are at the heart of service. For example a client who is Muslim, letting them practice their religion as it is a religious requirement to......

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Unit 21 P1

...P1 Describe concepts associated with nutritional health. Food: Food is a substance that is eaten to nourish our bodies. These substances are usually taken from the mouth and they can be in liquid or solid form. For those who are unable to eat with their mouth then these substances can be passed through a tube. We need to eat food in order to survive through life. Diet: Diet is the kinds of food that a person eats regularly. The word diet doesn’t refer to weight loss diet, it means all the meals and snacks a person eat. Diet can also be used to refer to a person who chooses a selection of food to control their body weight and nutrient intake. Meals and snacks: A person should consume three meals a day. This is seen as the tradition in some household. However, this is not always the cause as a large number of people gain a lot of their food from snacks in between meals if they are hungry. They could possibly eat snacks not because they feel hungry but because it is available for them to eat whenever they can. Snacks are not always considered to be unhealthy because they can also be referred to foods such as fruit and nuts. Nutrients: Nutrients is the substance that provides nourishment essential for the maintenance or life and for growth. The main source of nutrients is food and humans need this in order to survive. Some nutrients provide energy while others are essential for growth and maintenance of the body. Our body needs carbohydrates, proteins, and fat are......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4

Unit 21: Nutrition for Health and Social Care

...Unit 21: Nutrition for health and social care P2: Describe the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body. In this assignment I will be describing the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body. Unit 21: Nutrition for health and social care P2: Describe the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body. In this assignment I will be describing the characteristics of nutrients and the benefits to the body. Monosacharides Monosacharides are simple forms of sugar, which are glucose and fructose, which is found in fruit. These are easily digested by the body. Glucose can be taken by the body ad into the bloodstream and then carried around the body to give out energy. Monosacharides Monosacharides are simple forms of sugar, which are glucose and fructose, which is found in fruit. These are easily digested by the body. Glucose can be taken by the body ad into the bloodstream and then carried around the body to give out energy. Disaccharides Disaccharides are made when two monosacharides are joined together. Disaccharides include sucrose, lactose and maltose. Sucrose is a table sugar, which is glucose and fructose together. Lactose is a natural sugar in milk and is glucose and galactose combined together. Malatose is from gains and it is a combination of two glucose molecules. Disaccharides Disaccharides are made when two monosacharides are joined together. Disaccharides include sucrose, lactose and maltose. Sucrose is...

Words: 1525 - Pages: 7

P1 Unit 12 Level 3 Health and Social

...do extreme actions for a reaction such as; chaining themselves to railing to provoke an arrest, pouring harsh chemicals into mailboxes and others. One of the members of the suffrogets even threw themselves in front of a horse and carriage. This was a dramatic act which led to the women in the past start to gain rights; the beggining of equal opportunity and equal rights. However now in the present every human being has equal rights. Meaning every individual can work regardless of diversity. The legislation which puts this in place is the provision in the equality act 2010; which entitles a women doing equal work with a man in the same employment to equality in pay and other terms and conditions. In work places in the present there is a health and safety act which protects employees. One of the proctections which the present has compared to the past is the appropriate head, ear and foot gear. Another difference is there are more legisaltions, laws and acts to protect humans whilst in employment. The Employment protection legislation includes all types of employment protection measures, whether grounded primarily in legislation, court rulings, collectively bargained conditions of emplyment or customary practice. There is also alot more job variety in different areas of work. This gives more opportunity to find a place of employment. In the past the sweages are nothing like it is in the present. There are no indoor plumbing; as the street were used to dump waste. The......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5