Nim Chimpsky

In: Other Topics

Submitted By smith55
Words 1139
Pages 5
Nim Chimpsky a chimpanzee who was named after a contemporary psychologist, linguist and political activist Nom Chomsky (Good Therapy). This is because Chompsy said that only humans have the means to learn language and researchers saw this as a clever pun (nybooks). Nim was a well-recognized chimpanzee for language learning, and was the focus of an experiment in teaching primates sign language. He was born in Norman, Oklahoma at the Institute for Primate Studies, on November 21, 1973. Nim died in March of 2000 from a heart attack or some say from a broken heart. He was twenty-six years old at the Black Beauty Ranch, a Texas animal sanctuary where he had passed away (npr). The Chimpanzee was raised as if he were a human; he was apart of all aspects of family life (dailymail). Nim was taken from his mother’s arms as an infant and given to Stephanie LaFarge, his new human mother. He was taken to her home in New York City where she would raise him in the same custom that she did her own seven children (Dailymail). Nim was in an experiment that was based on nature vs. nurture (skepticblog). In this experiment, Nim was learning how to communicate using sign language, he was sent to Columbia University were there was a chain of monitors watching his progress of ASL. The man who was the creator of this experiment was Dr. Herbert Terrace, a psychology professor. He wanted to prove that a chimpanzee if in a nurturing environment similar to the environment of human child could use grammar to create sentences if they were taught sign language (TheGuardian). Nim being at Columbia University meant that Terrace could control all variables in the experiment (skepticblog). The students of the University were also researches of this research on Nim Chimpsky, such as Bob Ingersoll and Joyce Butler. Terrace put Laura-Ann Pettito a student in charge of Nims education, and the…...

Similar Documents

Nims and Incident Command

...NIMS and the Incident Command System The way this nation prepares for and responds to domestic incidents is about to change. It won't be an abrupt change; best practices that have been developed over the years are part of this new comprehensive national approach to incident management known as the National Incident Management System (NIMS). But it will change � and for the better. Developed by the Department of Homeland Security and issued in March 2004, the NIMS will enable responders at all jurisdictional levels and across all disciplines to work together more effectively and efficiently. Beginning in FY 2006, federal funding for state, local and tribal preparedness grants will be tied to compliance with the NIMS. One of the most important 'best practices' that has been incorporated into the NIMS is the Incident Command System (ICS), a standard, on-scene, all-hazards incident management system already in use by firefighters, hazardous materials teams, rescuers and emergency medical teams. The ICS has been established by the NIMS as the standardized incident organizational structure for the management of all incidents. Although many agencies now use various forms of ICS, there...

Words: 3765 - Pages: 16

Nims Compliance

...respond to emergencies. Some examples of events include parades, inaugurations, parties, concerts, and other state fairs. In ICS, all individuals participating in the operations report to only one supervisor. This helps in eliminating conflicting orders to the individuals (Porter 21). This greatly aids in improving the efficiency of the activities especially if the emergency responders have to expand them. Main Components of NIMS Preparedness Effective emergency management activities should have preparedness activities that are continuously undertaken prior to any potential incident. NIMS focus on five elements of preparedness: “planning; procedures and protocols; training and exercises; personnel, qualification, licensure and certification; and equipment certification” (FEMA 9). Preparedness is the first step in emergency management. Therefore, emergency responders should ensure that they have a high level of preparedness. However, for the emergency responders to have a high level of preparedness they should integrate components of NIMS with the emergency management and structure of response of the organization. Preparedness should specifically be integrated with information and communication management. The organization should also establish and sustain the necessary requirements for the execution of the emergency management and incident response activities (Purpura 260). The EMP for Daytona State College has a high level of preparedness. There is......

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Written Assignment 5

...NIMS and the Incident Command System The way this nation prepares for and responds to domestic incidents is about to change. It won't be an abrupt change; best practices that have been developed over the years are part of this new comprehensive national approach to incident management known as the National Incident Management System (NIMS). But it will change � and for the better. Developed by the Department of Homeland Security and issued in March 2004, the NIMS will enable responders at all jurisdictional levels and across all disciplines to work together more effectively and efficiently. Beginning in FY 2006, federal funding for state, local and tribal preparedness grants will be tied to compliance with the NIMS. One of the most important 'best practices' that has been incorporated into the NIMS is the Incident Command System (ICS), a standard, on-scene, all-hazards incident management system already in use by firefighters, hazardous materials teams, rescuers and emergency medical teams. The ICS has been established by the NIMS as the standardized incident organizational structure for the management of all incidents. Although many agencies now use various forms of ICS, there is considerable uncertainty about NIMS ICS and the impact it will have on systems and processes currently in place. These are important questions because one of the FY 2005 requirements for implementing NIMS is "institutionalizing the use of ICS, across the entire......

Words: 3765 - Pages: 16

Apa Template Paper

...napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad minim veniam, quis nos In a tsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. UT lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semp fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat.  Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ulta ceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad minim Level 1 Header Level 2 Header Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ulta ceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad minim......

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

Alok

...NIMS institute of management & computer science A STUDEY ON “EMPLOYER EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY AT JAMMU & KASHMIR BANK, SRINAGAR” A Project Report Submitted in Partial fulfillment For the award of Degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BY SHIEKH RUMAISA ISLAM QAZAMI ENROLLMENT NO: - MBA12/023 Under The Guidance of SOURABH MUNJAL Assistant Professor NIMS Institute of Management & Computer Sciences NIMS University, Shobha Nagar, Jaipur 303 001 Rajasthan INDIA. NIMS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND COMPUTER SCIENCES Jaipur – 303 121 RAJASTHAN BONAFIDE & FORWARDING CERTIFICATE It is certified that the SHIEKH RUMAISA ISLAM QAZAMI D/O Mr. SHIEKH AB GANI is a bonafide student of this institute with enrolment number MBA12/023. Based on the written consent of the faculty guide SAURABH MUNJAL (Assistant Prof.) we are forwarding his project report titled “EMPLOYEE EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP AT J&K BANK CO. SRINAGAR AN ANALYTICAL STUDY” for further evaluation to The Controller of Examinations NIMS University, Jaipur Rajasthan. Dr. Sudhinder Singh Chowhan ------------------------------------------------- Vice-Principal Certified that this dissertation is approved in quality and form Chairman External Examination Committee External Examiner-I External Examiner-II NIMS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Nims & Incident Management System

...responders at all levels to work together effectively and efficiently in the management of domestic incidents regardless of their size and complexity. Unfortunately for first responders, emergency management personnel and 168 unfortunate souls in Oklahoma City on that fateful day, there wasn’t. Derived from the Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) was developed by the Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge, to develop a consistent nationwide approach for federal, state, tribal and local governments to prepare for and respond to disaster. (NIMS and the Incident Command System, 2004) This systematic approach to incident management was set up with focus on five key areas to practice in the emergency management and incident response. These five focus points used in conjunction with the Incident Command System (ICS) will help provide responders at all areas guidance on quick and effective preparation, response and improvement to any kind of disaster. The first key focus area of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) is that of preparedness. The preparedness module enhances cooperation through all levels of government, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. It enforces the principle that preparedness is essential for effective incident and emergency management. This involves a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective......

Words: 1652 - Pages: 7

Apa Guidelines

...napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad minim veniam, quis nos In a tsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. UT lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semp fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat.  Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ulta ceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad minim Level 1 Header Level 2 Header Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ulta ceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim admin im veniam, quis nostrud. In atsvulpate velt esse meleste at semper manet sola. Ut lacreet dolore magna aliquam sic semper fi tyrannis erat volutpat. Wisi enim ad minim veniam. Dolore eu sata sfeugiat. Ipsum lorem vei illum sat dolor euis mod tincidunt vei auminiure dolor in esse. Ultaceet dolore magna si napi. Wisi e nim ad......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Nims

...I would agree to a degree.  If you look at the previous eras, you will see a bit of a pattern.  THe eras dont change much but a just tweeked to fit the actual time frame that they are in. Homeland Security appears to have changed dramatically only because we have now added the "antiterrorism" to the  mix.  The attack on 9/11 really opened the eyes to many American officials to really see the weak points taht we have.  Overall the four Eras of Policing: Political Era, Reform Era, Community Er, and Homeland Security Eras are following a pattern set by there pretesor.  The Homeland Security Era has brought back the power to the people. We as a nation need to become more vigilant and keep in tuned to what’s going on. This day and age has the issue with electronic devices. People are so focused on there mobile devices that there isn’t a lot of community policing. Terrorism happens in all fashions and forms and for the Homeland Security Era to be effective there need to be more community interaction. I would tend to agree with you. There have been several terrorist organizations and individuals that have been in the making and have been developing, plotting and carrying out terrorist attacks. The 9/11 bombing I feel was the straw that broke the camels back. If you think back we have the Timothy McVeigh bombing that was a direct attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal building, that took 168 lives and left over 600 more injured. Then you look at the bombing that......

Words: 351 - Pages: 2

Organisational Study Nims Hospital

... NIMS HOSPITAL Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Business Administration University of Kerala By ANOOP G.P Under the guidance of Ms. AMBILI ASHOK Faculty Lmcst, trivandrum DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES LOURDES MATHA COLLEGE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY LOURDES HILLS, KUTTICHAL P.O, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM-695574 2010-2012 DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES LOURDES MATHA COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY KUTTICHAL, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM – 695574 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that this report titled A Report On Organizational Study done at NIMS HOSPITAL., NEYYATTINKARA, submitted by ANOOP G.P is a bonafide record of the done by him during the year 2011 under my guidance in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Degree of Master of Business Administration of University of Kerala. Ms. Ambili Ashok Prof.B.AjayKumar. Faculty Guide Head of the Department DECLARATION. I ANOOP.GP hereby declare that this internship report titled “An ORGANIZATION STUDY at NIMS HOSPITAL ......

Words: 6336 - Pages: 26

National Incident Management System (Nims)

...Title: National Incident Management System (NIMS) SEC 310 The federal government has created the National Incident Management System (NIMS). This system directs the creation of a comprehensive, national approach to incident management by federal, state, territorial tribal and local responders. The Presidential directive also makes NIMS compliance a requirement for any of these entities wishing to receive federal funds starting with federal fiscal year 2007. Federal and state response agencies and any agencies receiving federal monies, have been given compliance guidance and are working towards educating and training their respective organization in becoming NIMS compliant. The federal government has expanded the definitions of “ first responder” agencies beyond the traditional fire, Hazmat, Police, EMS to include public works, public health, emergency communications, emergency management, and other agencies involved in disaster preparedness, prevention, response and recovery activities. The provides a systematic, proactive approach to guide departments and agencies at all levels of government, Nongovernment organizations and the private sector to work seamlessly to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover , and mitigate the effects of incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity, in order to reduce the......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

The National Incident Management System

...be experienced. Thus, the National Incident Management System developed standards operating procedures or codes to enhance the different areas of incident management, principles, planning, organization, training, logistics and actual practice that have been implemented nationwide as a requisite for obtaining preparedness budgets FEMA. The result was the formation of the Integrated Command System, Multi Agency Support Systems as well as public information systems (NIMS 2008 Page 1). . These systems ensure the harnessing of resources from the different agencies, levels of government and stakeholders in terms of capacities personnel, finances, logistics or technology. It also enables the smooth working relationship and coordination among these entities in jointly responding to incidents under a common framework and organizational structure NIMS Online. This increased the quality of response to much higher levels, especially which current practices are regularly assessed in to determine areas of further improvement (NIMS 2008 Page 1). . The National Incident Management System is observed as an effective model that can benefit Homeland Security not only on the local but also on the state level. To be successful on the state level is much more difficult process than on the local one, because it demands an efficient coordination across a broad spectrum of organizations and activities, including involvement of emergency responders, equipment and personnel from other states.......

Words: 1113 - Pages: 5

Wjec Py2 as Core Studies

... having her hands shaped into signs and being rewarded for showing the correct sign. Koko has a vocabulary of 1000 signs, and understands some spoken English. She also invented her own new compound signs e.g “ finger - bracket” for ring. These findings support the Gardner and highlight sign language is an effective medium and suggest the Gardner's findings have good external reliability. The garners did not conclude that Washoe had learnt language as they couldn't be sure what was communicative behaviour and what was language. Terrace 1979 concluded chimps cannot use the equivalent of human language.Terrace world with Nim Chimpsky .Nim learned 125 different signs which he could combine. Terrace recorded over 20,000 communications with Nim over a two year period but, was disappointed to find a significant difference between a child's communication and Nims. These findings strengthen our understanding of Chimps human language ability and suggests the Gardner’s were right not to conclude Washoe had learnt language.However , Terraces research was critiqued for having poor methodology a criticism which is not true of the Gardner’s research, which was rigours.Therefore we can be more certain of the internal validity of the Gardner's findings. The use of animals in research is a widely debated area. Dawkins noted “ the use of animals may be acceptable if the goal is to relieve human suffering, but may not be acceptable if the goal is intellectual curiosity “ . Gardner and......

Words: 19710 - Pages: 79

The Game of Nim

...The Game of NIM Brandy Perdue, Ashley Howell, Arnitra Harris Math 213: Math for Elementary Educators January 18, 2016 Rachel Tomor The Game of NIM The game of NIM is a game of logic and strategy in which two players alternate in choosing an element to remove from the predetermined set. The game is concluded in these situations when the goal has been reached. To this game there are different strategies that may be employed. Game 6a In this game the rules were to only add the numbers 1 or 2 until the number 21 was reached. This game was difficult to gauge with it being the first played. Two out of three on our team began with random guessing. Those same two, when nearing the end, tried to take it slow so that it would work in their favor, however, both lost. The strategy of the other team member was to keep the result of their move as an odd number. That member lost the game as well. Game 6b The rules for this game were to add the numbers1, 2, 3 or 4 until the goal of 104 was reached. Realizing that this game had the potential to drag on, all team members chose to start by adding the highest number allowed. In doing this, two out of three members experienced a win. Game 6d Game 6D we were only allowed to subtract the numbers 1 or 2 and the loser was the first to go into negative numbers. All there members were winners in this game. There were two strategies used to win this game. One was to subtract and keep an......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

National Incident Management System

...reduce the loss of life and harm to the environment. The National Incident Management System works together with the National Response Framework. While the NIMS handles the management of incidents, the National Response Framework (NRF) provides the structure and mechanisms for national level policy for incident management (http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/AboutNIMS.shtm). According to the Department of Homeland Security website, on February 28, 2003, the President issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-5 which directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to develop and administer the National Incident Management System (NIMS). It was stated in HSPD-5 that the system will provide a consistent nationwide approach on the Federal, State and Local levels of government in regards to domestic incidents. Along with prevention, protection, response, recovery and mitigation, the National Incident Management System will also include a core of concepts, principles, terminology and technologies that covers the incident command system. Also they will use multiagency coordination systems, unified command, training, identification and management of resources, qualifications and certifications, and the collection, tracking and reporting of incident information and incident resources (http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/NIMS-90-web.pdf). National Incident Management System 3 As shown above in the policies and procedures of the National Incident Management System, the......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3

Nims

...What is the National Incident Management System (NIMS)? NIMS is a comprehensive, national approach to incident management that is applicable at all jurisdictional levels and across functional disciplines. It is intended to: • Be applicable across a full spectrum of potential incidents, hazards, and impacts, regardless of size, location or complexity. • Improve coordination and cooperation between public and private entities in a variety of incident management activities. • Provide a common standard for overall incident management. Why do we need NIMS? NIMS provides a consistent nationwide framework and approach to enable government at all levels (Federal, State, tribal, and local), the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to work together to prepare for, prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents regardless of the incident’s cause, size, location, or complexity. Consistent application of NIMS lays the groundwork for efficient and effective responses, from a single agency fire response to a multiagency, multijurisdictional natural disaster or terrorism response. Entities that have integrated NIMS into their planning and incident management structure can arrive at an incident with little notice and still understand the procedures and protocols governing the response, as well as the expectations for equipment and personnel. NIMS provides commonality in preparedness and response efforts that allow diverse entities to readily......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2