Nature and Nurture

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By keiims
Words 1065
Pages 5
What is the nature versus nurture controversy? In your opinion, is nature or nurture a more important determinant in human behavior? Why? Provide support for your answer.

As we all know, nature is the biological genetics which individuals inherited from their parents, and nurture is known as the environment in which we're raised. The nature-nurture controversy is a classic research between behavioral psychologists in which they did find “the source of the creation of human personality” (Genes and behavior, “n.d.”), including physical and behavioral traits, and given out a question: “What is the main influence on human - their genetics or their environment?” (Nature vs. Nurture Examples. “n.d.”). It's commonly known that people have a few particular physical traits as their parents by sharing the same DNA. But where do people find their interest for other behaviors like the preference of reading specific kinds of book, or their natural abilities? That's what the nature versus nurture controversy tackles (What does "nature versus nurture" mean?, “n.d.").
Some scientist claim that nature plays an important role in this issue. For example, in a theory of attachment, Bowlby shows us the “views the bond between mother and child as being an innate process that ensures survival” (“Bowlby, J., 1969”). In addition, Chomsky also claims that “language is gained through the use of an innate language acquisition device” (“Chomsky, N.,1965”).
However, other scientists opposed that environmental factors affect individuals more than genetics. For instance, in the social learning theory of Bandura in 1977, he argues that “the aggression is learnt from the environment through observation and imitation.” He also did a famous experiment which is known as “Bobo doll experiment” (“Bandura, 1961”). Besides, Skinner, in addition to the theory, believes that people can learn language…...

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