Microbio West Nile

In: Science

Submitted By cdailey001
Words 1921
Pages 8
Microbiology Biology 299
9/18/2015

West Nile Virus

The height of the summer months brings high temperatures in late afternoons. We are all smacking, swatting and spraying - knowing it’s that time of year for mosquitoes. Mosquito bites are a nuisance. Many people fear contracting the West Nile Virus. A virus is described as “a genetic element that contains either RNA or DNA and that replicate only in host cells; has an extracellular form.” (Brock Biology of Microorganism’s) A virus is also an ultramicroscopic infectious agent which replicates itself only within cells of living hosts. (Webster Dictionary) Along with being classified as a virus West Nile shows that it only infects certain and specific cells [Secondary Source]. Since Dmitri Ivanovsky's 1892 article describes a non-bacterial pathogen infecting tobacco plants, and the discovery of the tobacco mosaic virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, about 5,000 viruses have been described in detail. [Secondary Source] Although there are millions of different types, viruses also undergo cycles in order to reproduce and harm and/or help organisms. There are two types of viral cycles known to men, the lytic cycle and the lysogenic cycle. In the lytic cycle the virus attaches itself to the host cell and nucleic acid is inserted into the cell. Next it makes copies of DNA and capsid and more viruses are assembled. Finally the viruses are released by bursting the cell and destroying it. The lysogenic cycle is slightly different than the first cycle only by a few characteristics. During the lysogenic cycle the virus also attaches and inserts nucleic acid into the cell, but instead of creating new viruses and let them be released, viral DNA is made along with the cell's DNA. That is called Provirus and the nucleic acid replicates with the cell. After that the cell can go to the lytic cycle at any time. While in the…...

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