Measuring Our Earth

In: Business and Management

Submitted By maira77
Words 1174
Pages 5
Measuring our worth

Jodie L. Hebner

Grantham University

In 1968, Ford Motor Company had to create a hard decision regarding recalls/maintenances of the Pinto model car and other vehicles with the same frame. It was exposed that when hit from behind the fuel tank on said vehicles would detonate causing vehicle fires injuring people and even killing people. The estimated repair per vehicle was $11, equaling approximately $121 million to make the changes to all the vehicles that were already produced. By using the risk/benefit analysis process Ford Motor Company, concluded that the risk did not outweigh the cost of implementing the changes to prevent he fuel tank from exploding. (Hartman & DesJardins, 2013)
How should the decision-making process be handled? The decision making process would be controlled very carefully so as to not look like a company that does not care around the lives of the people they who they bearing business. People must like a company to keep recurring or even mentioning to their friends and family. If a business achieves badly or has bad customer facility, people will nervous away from that organization and go to a challenger without looking back. The assessment Ford made was risky business decision by not modifying the problem with the fuel tank, however Ford was observing out making a profit even though they saw they would be losing some profits in the long run due to complaints. True the cost of maintenances did outweigh the cost of proceedings by more than twice the cost, however human life is not something one can put a price on, and human life is precious.

How should the intrinsic as well as the instrumental value of a human life be determined?
Intrinsic value of human life is slightly…...

Similar Documents


...The Bible says that this beautiful Earth on which we live was created by God for Adam and Eve to live in and those we are the descendants of Adam and Eve. For centuries many philosophers in the East and in the West including the Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that earth is the centre of this universe. It was left to Galileo, a prominent mathematician of Padua University to announce his discovery on January 17, 1610 that the Earth is a planet just like other planets revolving round the Sun, which is a star. It was also established that the sun due to its gravitational pull attracts all these planets which revolve round it. Apart from the Earth there are some other planets which go round the sun. These planets, however, vary in size and also in their distance from the sun. They have their own orbits, and the period of rotation also varies in each case. Some of these planets have satellites called moons, varying in number. Some do not have any satellites. Normally, if they do not have a counter pull, they should have been dragged into the sun by the gravitational pull. These gravitation pulls of the sun and the counter pulls of the planets are called centrifugal forces. The planets revolve round the sun in their own specific orbits. These planets could be arranged in an order based on their distance from the sun. The nearest to the sun is Mercury and the next is Venus. Third comes the Earth. Later in the same order come Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and......

Words: 658 - Pages: 3

Measuring Earth with a Stick

...Measuring Earth with a Stick Have you ever heard of the Greek mathematician and astronomer Eratosthenes? His name is probably best known among astronomers. Why do they think so highly of him? Eratosthenes was born about 276 B.C.E. and received some of his education in Athens, Greece. He spent a good part of his life, however, in Alexandria, Egypt, which at that time was under Greek rule. In about 200 B.C.E., Eratosthenes set out to determine the dimensions of the earth by using a simple stick. “Impossible!” you may say. How did he do it? In the city of Syene (now called Aswan), Eratosthenes observed that at noon on the first day of summer, the sun was directly overhead. He knew this because there was no shadow cast when the sunlight reached the bottom wells. However, at noon on the same day in the city of Alexandria, which was located 5,000 stadia (stadia were Greek units of length. Through the exact value varied locally, one stadium is believed to have been 530 to 600 feet) to the north of Syene, a shadow could be observed. That gave Eratosthenes an idea. Eratosthenes set up a gnomon, a simple upright stick. When the sun was overhead at noon, he measured the angle of the shadow that the stick cast in Alexandria. He determined the angle to be 7.2 degrees from vertical. Now, Eratosthenes believed the earth to be spherical, and he knew that there are 360 degrees in a circle. So he divided 360 by the angle he had measured, 7.2. The result? His angle was......

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Ragamuffin Earth

...NEWS FEATURE Vol 460|16 NATURE|Vol 460|23 July 2009 RAGAMUFFIN EARTH A small group of ecologists is looking beyond the pristine to study the scrubby, feral and untended. Emma Marris learns to appreciate ‘novel ecosystems’. J oe Mascaro, a PhD student in a T-shirt and floral print shorts, is soaking in the diversity of the Hawaiian jungle. Above, a green canopy blocks out most of the sky. Aerial roots wend their way down past tropical trunks, tree ferns and moss-covered prop roots to an understorey of ferns and seedlings. The jungle is lush, humid and thick with mosquitoes. It is also as cosmopolitan as London’s Heathrow airport. This forest on Big Island features mango trees from India (Mangifera indica); Cecropia obtusifolia, a tree with huge star-shaped leaves from Mexico, Central America and Colombia; rose apples (Syzygium jambos) from southeast Asia; tasty strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) from the threatened Atlantic coast of Brazil; and a smattering of Queensland maples (Flindersia brayleyana) from Australia. It also has candlenuts (Aleurites moluccana), a species that humans have moved around so much that its origins have become obscure. There is at least some native Hawaiian representation in the form of hala, or screwpine (Pandanus 450 tectorius), which is pictured on the crest of Punahou School, where US President Barack Obama studied. There are no Hawaiian birds here though. Mascaro sees plenty of feral pigs, descendants of those brought by......

Words: 3196 - Pages: 13


...Earth as a planet Rotation: Provides day & night. Turning of Earth on its axis. 1000 mph at equator. Coriolis: Causes winds to be turned or deflected from their path. Deflection to right in N. hemi. Revolution: Motion of earth along path. Creates years because it takes 365 days to make one. Inclination: The tilt of the earth’s axis. Parallelism: Tendency of earth to always stay parallel and not transform its orbit. Solstices: summer/winter june 21/22 december 21/22 when the sun position of noon sun is at its farthest position from equator 23.5 degrees N/S Equinoxes: spring/autumn march 21/22 septemeber 22/23 when the day is equal (day and night) Analemma: Shows path of noon sun angle throughout months Tropic Cancer: 23.5N Tropic Capricorn 23.5S (Farthest the sun can be away from equator that reaches 90 degrees above earth) Solar Radiation Insolation: Incoming solar radiation. Incoming is shortwave and outgoing is long wave. Duration: the longer the sun is out the more heat will be produced Intensity: angle the sun hits the earth. More intense closer to equator. Atmosphere: Constituents- Nitrogen: 78% Oxygen: 21% Carbon Monoxide: most of the remaining Selective screening: reflection- reflects radiation refraction- changes direction of radiation absorption- absorbs radiation Attenuation: absorb, reflect, refract Elements of weather and climate Temperature: degree of heat...

Words: 559 - Pages: 3


...presented with a data in the form of a pie chart/bar graph/ line graph/table etc. and based on the given data you will have to write a paragraph. For example: Example: Look at the data given below which shows the changes that have occurred between 1995 to 2010 in Bilaspur regarding the women education. Write a paragraph in about 100 words to record the changes by interpreting the data. Female Education in Bilaspur 1995 2010 No. of girl 's schools 10 15 No. of women colleges 3 4 No. of students in schools 10,000 16,000 No. of students in colleges 6000 10,000 Literacy rate 30% 55% Distance Education Centres Nil 03 Ans: Woman education plays a very crucial role in the overall development of a country. Due to gender discrimination in our country, education of the girl-child is still lagging behind. From the above table, one could conclude that provisions for the education of the girl-child in Bilaspur changed but little over the period of 15 years. During the year 1995, there were only 10 schools for the girls which rose to 15 in the year 2010. The number of the students studying in these schools rose to 16000 as against 10,000 students in the year 1995. Over the period of 15 years, girl 's school increased by only 5 in number. Also, the number of women colleges in the year 1995 were 3 which rose to 4 in the year 2010 with 10,000 students studying in it. The total literacy rate has increased by 25% from just 30% in the year 1995 to 55% in the year 2010. As per the......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Dare to Be Uncool Don't Let Our Earth Die Before Our Eyes

...Dare to be Uncool: Don't Let Our Earth Die Before Our Eyes Advance of Technology Life has never been easier. With the advance of technology, now people can do things which were impossible in the past. Motor vehicles help us commute, and trains and airplanes even more so. In daily life, the advent of plastic diapers helps mothers and fathers; their sleep isn't bothered with having to change their babies' cloth diapers frequently. Too Much Technology really helps us, but in my opinion the use of it is sometimes too much. Here is one example from my neighborhood: I saw my teen neighbor going to a local shop by motorcycle. And how far is her house from the shop? Only 300 meters! She only bought one pack of instant noodles and also got a black plastic bag for free. Since she used her motorcycle, she needed the plastic bag because she couldn't hold the noodles while driving. So, the plastic bag with its carrying handler became the solution. If she had chosen to walk to the shop, she wouldn't have needed the plastic bag, as she could have carried the noodles in her hand. This little example shows that technology is sometimes inappropriate, and too much. We become dependent on it for simple tasks and worse, we become lazy. Moreover, we human beings are consuming too much, and this consumption is unsustainable. Humanity is consuming over 20% more natural resources each year than the Earth can produce.1 Yes, it makes our life easier right now. But imagine a few years from......

Words: 673 - Pages: 3


...------------------------------------------------- University of Phoenix Material Earth and Earth Materials I Worksheet From Visualizing Earth Science, by Merali, Z., and Skinner, B. J, 2009, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Copyright 2009 by Wiley. Adapted with permission. Part 1 Complete the WileyPLUS® GeoDiscoveries Earth Drag and Drop from Chapter 1. Label and describe each letter in the space below. A B C D E F G H A. Ocean | B. Continental crust | C. Oceanic crust | D. Solid inner core | E. Liquid outer core | F. Mesosphere | G. Anthenosphere | H. Lithosphere | Part 2 Resources: Minerals Drag and Drop (Chapter 2) Virtual Rock Lab (Chapter 2) * * Complete the following WileyPLUS® GeoDiscoveries and answer the following questions: What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? A mineral is a naturally going on the non-living compound with a unique chemical structure and the physical properties. An the rock is a solid, rocky mass composed of a combination of minerals or other organic complex. 1. 2. What types of tests are used to identify minerals? The type of test that are used to identify a mineral is I think depending on the colour,luster, and the hardness and as well the gravity. Also by the event test the chemical of the mineral they can see what type it is. 3. Part 3 1. Label the part and mineral resource that compose each part of this lightbulb.......

Words: 903 - Pages: 4

Life on Earth and the Possibilites of Extraterrestrial Life in Our Solar System

...Life on Earth and the possibilities of extraterrestrial life in our solar system 2. Explain the theories for the genesis of life. There are many cultures and religions explaining their version of the theories for the genesis of life. Back in Medieval times some Europeans believed that small creatures appeared without apparent external cause or reason from garbage or old clothes. An Italian physician named Francesco Redi proved this belief to be wrong. He proved that maggots came from flies that laid their eggs, rather than appearing without apparent external cause from garbage or old clothes. Genesis of life came from sunlight. An experiment was conducted by a student of Physics testing energy for rearranging atoms and molecules into organic forms. The student Stanley Miller filled a closed glass container with a mixture of gases. A reservoir of boiling water was at the bottom and above it was an apparatus that caused sparks to pass through the gas mixture. Amino acids and other organic chemicals formed from the gases and water. Since then, there has been other more sophisticated research has been conducted synthesizing additional amino acids and even nucleic acids. These molecules organize into DNA and RNA encoding the genetic information of organisms. The origin of Life - 3. Explain the theory of natural selection. There was a time when scientist believed that species developed gradually......

Words: 765 - Pages: 4

Earth Sciences

...1. Title: EARTH SCIENCES   2. Course Name: Origin and Geology of the Solar System 3. Course number: 1086G 4. Student Name: 5. Student number: 6. Authors name: 7. Course: 8. Tutor: 9. Date: Introduction Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) can be defined as heavenly bodies or solar system objects that have been pulled gently by the gravitational force of the Earth bringing them close to into orbits and the Earth’s neighborhood. These NEOs include Near-Earth comets, Near- Earth asteroids, meteoroids and a few solar-orbiting spacecraft huge enough to be trailed in space before hitting the Earth. The collision of the NEOs in the past has had a significant part in shaping the biological and geological history of the Earth. Near-Earth asteroids (NEA) have orbits that rest between 0.983 to 1.3 astronomical units from the sun (Shapiro, 1999). Due to this the Earth’s orbit cross with some NEA orbits posing a collision danger. By 2012 August there were 848 Near-Earth asteroids that were larger than 1km and 154 of those had were potential hazardous asteroids (PHAs).Comets are mostly composed of ice water with engrafted dust particles. They are formed on the outer system of the planet. The asteroids are mainly rocky and are formed in the warmer inner solar system between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars (Bally, Reipurth 2005). Scientific interest in asteroids and comets is due to their status because they have unchanged debris from the solar system formation dated back to up to 4.6 billion......

Words: 2878 - Pages: 12

Measuring G

...Report: Acceleration of gravity, g Introduction In this experiment you will be measuring the acceleration of gravity using a pendulum like apparatus. The value of g is an important issue as it forms the basis for many mathematical theories and allows for life to exist on this planet. If we keep in contact with the Earth, ordinary tasks will be very difficult. Establishing due value for the acceleration of gravity allows to utilise many of theories that could allow us to solve the big problems. Everyday life would be difficult if we did not have gravity, we would be constant free fall and stopping us to function as a society. The concept of zero gravity can be seen on the International Space Station (ISS), however theoretically they should be not experiencing as they as still in the Earth's gravity field however as the constantly circling the Earth to stay above the surface this causes a state of free fall allowing for the zero gravity to occur in the ISS. You will be using this setup to calculate the acceleration due to gravity using pendulum motion. The investigation is designed to demonstrate: • Air friction • Pendulum motion • Acceleration due to gravity Historical Context: Gravity has been long-known concept, first conceived Isaac Newton with the famous moment of the apple dropping on his head. With that remarkable accident, he derived the law of universal gravitational attraction. F =G ( m1 m2 ) d 2 F = Attraction force between two objects (N) G = Universal......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Earth Perspectives

...EARTH PERSPECTIVES The biological and geological future of the Earth can be extrapolated based upon the estimated effects of several long-term influences. These include the chemistry at the Earth's surface, the rate of cooling of the planet's interior, the gravitational interactions with other objects in the Solar System, and a steady increase in the Sun's luminosity. An uncertain factor in this extrapolation is the ongoing influence of technology introduced by humans, such as geoengineering, which could cause significant changes to the planet. The current biotic crisis is being caused by technology and the effects may last for up to five million years. In turn, technology may result in the extinction of humanity, leaving the planet to gradually return to a slower evolutionary pace resulting solely from long-term natural processes. Hawking: How Humankind Will Survive the Future Listen, people of Earth: Everything's going to be fine. All we have to do is survive another century or two without self-destructing as a species. Then we'll get off this rock, spread throughout space, and everything will be all right. If this is not your idea of "optimism," then you are not Stephen Hawking. The esteemed physicist garnered headlines, and some eye-rolls, after telling Big Think last week that humanity needs to leave the Earth in the future or face extinction. As The Atlantic noted: He's not knocking climate scientists' attempts to figure things out on Earth-he's just thinking......

Words: 3800 - Pages: 16


...the sun and the smallest planet at the moment. Its revolution period is 88 earth days and its ration time is 59 days. Mercury is made up of core-iron-nickel alloy, mantle, and then the crust which is silicate. During the day mercury’s temperature reaches 800°F and at night it goes down to -279°F. Mercury looks similar to earth’s moon; it is covered with craters which are made from meteors, asteroids, and comets and it covers 70% of mercury. Its diameter is 3,031 miles, its mass is 5% of earth’s mass, and the sun is 6.3 times brighter. Mercury was named by the Greeks, after the messenger of their g-d. Mariner 10 visited mercury, it mapped 45% of it, and it was the only one which visited more than one planet during its mission. It went up from Cape Canaveral, Florida on November, 1973 and went to Venus in February of 1974. Never attempt to observe Mercury or anything close to the sun with a naked eye because it can cause permanent damage. And with binoculars or telescope it is even more dangerous. VENUS Venus is the second planet from the sun it is called the evening star because it can be seen by sunset and also by sunrise. Venus is made up of molten metal core, mantle, and crust of various rocks and 98% of carbon dioxide with traces of nitrogen and other gases. It is the only planet that the day is longer then it’s year, it’s year is 225 earth days, and its day is 243 earth days. Venus is known as earth’s twin because of the similarity, it’s 82%......

Words: 699 - Pages: 3

Earth Science

...Lecture note 1 Earth Science is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space the four basic areas of Earth science study are: geology, meteorology, oceanography and astronomy. Geology deals with the composition of Earth materials, Earth structures, and Earth processes. It is also concerned with the organisms of the planet and how the planet has changed over time. Geologists search for fuels and minerals, study natural hazards, and work to protect Earth's environment Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere and how processes in the atmosphere determine Earth's weather and climate Oceanography is the study of Earth's oceans - their composition, movement, organisms and processes. Astronomy is the study of the universe Lecture note 2. Earth in the Universe According to the Big Bang theory, the universe began about 13.7 billion years ago, when everything in the universe was squeezed into a very small volume, as described above. There was an enormous explosion—a big bang—which caused the universe to start expanding rapidly. All the matter and energy in the universe—and even space itself—came out of this explosion. some stars are actually grouped closely together in space. These small groups of stars are called star systems and larger groups of hundreds or thousands of stars are called star clusters. The biggest groups of stars are called galaxies. Galaxies are divided into three types according to shape: spiral galaxies, elliptical galaxies, and irregular galaxies ...

Words: 1840 - Pages: 8


...Have you ever wanted to die? Hopefully not and thanks to these two people we didn’t! 2 months ago a 2 boys named Kade Kostus and Kevin Durant met together at a basketball court in Miami ‘Florida, there was some crazy hot weathers and finally it happened. 2 girls from Japan have set bombs of in the earth’s inner core so most of the chemicals keeping us alive in the inner core have shot up in the sky and landed tall buildings. The buildings on the next day have fallen apart and killed about 3000 people in the city of Miami. Kade and Kevin met up again in Rockford Michigan and they talked about making a big ship that shoots underground so they could bag up the chemicals and place them back in the earth. That night the news channel comes to both of Kade and Kevin’s house interviewing them Kade said that “The chemicals have no name and we hope we don’t die”, on the other hand Kevin said “Ok we are leaving at 3:35 AM tomorrow and no further questions”. That morning Kade And Kevin has gone to their ship that they have built and it is placed in a secret island in Australia. The ship fires up with a super powered laser and spinning knives on the sides to keep moving fast down the earth’s layers. They finally hop in with the chemicals and the ship starts in 3 2 1 and poof. They have entered Lake Baikal because it has the thinnest crust so they could get a big boost in the mantle. They reach the crust and the crust has underwater volcanoes so it dents the ship. There...

Words: 418 - Pages: 2

How to Save Our Earth

...The quote by Rachel Carson is very motivating in having to take stringent measures to protect the earth from further degradation. Carson says,” we stand where two roads diverge. But unlike Robert Frost’s poem, they are not equally fair. The road we have been travelling is deceptively easy, a smooth superhighway on which we progress with speed, but at its end lies disaster. The other fork in the road less travelled by offers our last and only chance to reach a destination that assures the preservation of our earth.” This quote shows two parallel scenarios. The first scenario represents a carefree way of using natural resources in our world that has led to the destruction of our earth and the environment. The latter scenario presents a state of affairs where people live inn sustainable ways. This first section looks at the scenario painted where someone is travelling in a superhighway. In this set up life seems good and people find living being easy and probably cheap. This represents’ the way people have been living over the past millennia. All along people were fighting for survival only. There was less emphasis on the preservation of natural resources. Land was being seriously exploited. An example is that on the use of energy. The human race, since the time of the industrial revolution has been relying on the use of non-renewable sources of energy. Crude oil, which is an exhaustible source of energy, has been used widely. Machinery and equipment used diesel, petrol or......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4