Mass Graves and 1965 Indonesian Killings

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mi3rebus
Words 296
Pages 2
Mass Graves and memories of the 1965 Indonesian Killings

The mass graves have been recognised as a violation of international humanitarian law. The PKI was the blame to the result of the killing, the PKI were extraordinary cruel in the way they allegedly tortured and killed seven army victims of the September 30th movement. The Islamic organisation offered a personal apology for the violence that led the PKI crimes against the humanity.The group members of Ukuwah Islamiya Kaloran violently obstructed YPKP coordinated reburial of remains of victims from 1965. The remains had been recovered from a mass grave in Wonosobo. During the 2004 elections the government ban on former political prisoners preventing for elections. In August 2005 many of anti-communist groups also protested outside capital Jakarta State Court against the action brought by ex-political prisoners from LPKP. The act, against the current President back then and his predecessors including Suharto, sought to repeal the 1966 verdict banning the Communist Party, historical correction, compensation and restoration of the names of victims.
These event revolve around the impact and understandings of the September 30th Movement outcome. The events outspread differently in several parts of countries; the violence amounted to a counter-revolution proposed to restrict the mass mobilization and popular engagement released by the national revolution some two decades earlier. The aim of this event was to destroy the social bases of President Sukarno's the democracy that he guided and to create a military regime that was pro-Western. McGregor create the title “mass violence” instead of mass killing” because of what happened at the time the purpose was not killing the people, but to include the eight factors of an offense towards humankind (slaughter, slavery, forced displacement, poverty, torture, rape,…...

Similar Documents

Indonesian Decentralization

... rather than just construction. Through all this though, there has been a surprisingly large body of discontent in the country. The surging GDP growth rate and the country’s enormous wealth is seen to come at an economic level but not boiling down to actual standard of living made better or jobs for people. The poverty level and unemployment levels seemed to have not changed much with the huge change in the economy. A February 2008 LSI public opinion survey showed that most felt that their economic position was worsening. The picture is even more worrying because standard poverty indices don’t capture the full breadth and depth of the problem. Around 17% of Indonesians live below the country’s official poverty line (about US$1.55 a day), but very many more live only just above it. Data for 2006 showed 49% of Indonesians living below US$2 a day. The distribution of poverty and access to key welfare services isn’t simply divided along urban–rural lines; conditions are typically much worse in outlying areas, particularly eastern Indonesia. However, there’s no easy way to focus reformative efforts on eastern Indonesia—even though relative incidence of poverty is lower on the central islands of Java and Bali, in absolute terms that’s where nearly 60% of Indonesia’s poor live. Further compounding the problem is the current sharp rise in global food prices, which will disproportionately hurt the poor. In short, poverty is a very major problem for Indonesia, and a larger problem......

Words: 2448 - Pages: 10

Killings

...Essay on Killings by Andre Dubus The story “Killings” by Andre Dubus highlights the themes of love and revenge. It is a story about the crime committed by the two characters in the story – Richard Strout and Matt Fowler and its consequences. Both committed the crime of murder. The characters, however, had a different motive for committing the crime. In the end, both crimes resulted in a tragedy for the two characters. In this story, Matt Fowler was described as a loving father to his children. He was also a protective father to all his children. He was described as a father who was fearful every time his children go out to swim in the pond or the sea, or when his children attempt to climb the oak in their backyard or when they skate in the ice during the winter season. He was also described as a good husband to his wife. When his wife was worried about their son’s relationship with a married woman he was quick to reassure her that every thing will be alright. He was also described to be a good friend to Willis. His love for his children drove Matt to take revenge against Richard Strout who was the person responsible for killing Frank Fowler. Matt Fowler was devastated when he lost his beloved son. Ever since the killing happened there was not a single day that passed that Matt did not think about taking revenge against Richard Strout. As Andre Dubus wrote, “And beneath his listless wandering, every day in his soul he shot Richard Strout in the face.” He wanted......

Words: 915 - Pages: 4

Graves' Disease

...Graves' Disease The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease. This is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland and triggers the release of high levels of thyroid hormones. One of the hallmarks of Graves' disease is a visible and uncomfortable swelling behind the eyes. Graves' Disease Graves' disease, which is caused by a generalized overactivity of the thyroid gland, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. In this condition, the thyroid gland usually is renegade, which means it has lost the ability to respond to the normal control by the pituitary gland via TSH. Graves' disease is hereditary and is up to five times more common among women than men. The triggers for Graves' disease include stress, smoking, radiation to the neck, medications, and infectious organisms such as viruses. Graves' disease can be diagnosed by a nuclear medicine thyroid scan and blood test. Graves' disease may be associated with eye disease (Graves' ophthalmopathy) and skin lesions (dermopathy). First described by Sir Robert Graves in the early 19th century, Graves' disease is one of the most common of all thyroid problems. It is also the leading cause of hyperthyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones. Understanding Graves' Disease Once the disorder has been correctly diagnosed, it is quite easy to treat. In some cases, Graves' disease goes into remission or disappears completely after several months or years. Left untreated,...

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Graves Enterprise

...Graves Enterprise | Analyzing Buyer Behavior | You Decide Assignment 1 | | Keller School of Management | Abstract Graves Enterprises needed assistance in with doubling sales in their consumer and commercial markets within the next year. With the help of marketing directors for the consumer and commercial sectors, as well as an outside market research firm, Graves Enterprises must develop a marketing plan that satisfies the wants and needs to its target market, in addition to maximizing sales. Graves Enterprises is the maker of consumer and commercial care products. As Vice President of Marketing, It is my responsibility to double sales of both consumer and commercial markets within the next year. Currently, Graves Floor Care Products are priced comparable to their direct competitors in both markets. They are also distributed through the same distribution channels, so there is basically no real incentive for the distributors or retailers to carry Graves Floor Care's products over those offered by the competition. The sizes and packaging of Graves products is no different than that of the competition. The very small differences are not exploited by our company. Some differences include a unique, proprietary chemical cleaner that cleans "dry" helping to reduce mold.  In addition, the Graves products reduce mold.  Graves products utilize environmentally friendly chemistry, contain “Scotchgard” for continued stain protection.  They are also......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Honour Killing

...October 2013 Even when the majority discourage honor killing and consider it one of the most morally reprehensible acts of our time why does still continue to be part of our culture and our society? Women have been used for centuries by men to resolve their feuds but out of all the torture females have to bear because of men the worst of all is honor killing which has snatched away thousands of women lives each year. Believed to have originated as a patriarchal tribal custom, honor killings are a global phenomenon. A 2000 report by the UN Population Fund estimated that as many as 5,000 women and girls are killed each year by relatives for allegedly dishonoring their family. While the practice is often associated with Muslim cultures, it also happens among Christians, Hindus and Sikhs. However, an independent British study suggested the practice is strongest in Pakistan and Turkey. In a 2009 edition of the U.S. policy journal Middle East Quarterly, American feminist writer Phyllis Chesler argued that honor killings are distinct from domestic violence. According to Chesler, honor killings differ from domestic abuse because they are planned in advance and often rely on collusion between multiple family members (The history). In Pakistan, honor killing is when the society or family kills a person because they believe that person has somehow destroyed family honor or ashamed them in front of the society. Honor killing is locally known as karo-kari here karo stand for......

Words: 2724 - Pages: 11

Flour for Your Grave

...Flour on your grave by Bruce Pascoe The human kind has always been afraid of the unknown, the unknown have always been dangerous, and we have always been keeping an eye out for everything new and strange. In “Flour on your grave” Bruce Pascoe puts focus on the consequences of the unknown and what happens in the worst case. “Flour on your grave” by Bruce Pascoe is about a group of farmers at a lake in Australia. Some aboriginals have made a camp next to the lake and because of the lack of knowledge about the aboriginals some of the farmers get scared of the aboriginals because they hear about an earlier story where a group of aboriginals killed a family in Glenaladale. Although some of the farmers tells the rest of them that the aboriginals is not dangerous a group of the farmers end up killing the most of the aboriginals, but some of the aboriginals survives because they were not in the camp when then ate the food with the poisoned flour, and they take revenge by killing Mrs. McKenzie and her baby. The story is chronological organized without flash-backs or flash-forwards which mean the story is told in a straight line. The narrator is omniscient with a third person point of view, which gives the author the possibility to tell us about the feelings, thoughts and background of the persons in the story. This is seen on page 94 lines 67-68 where Mrs. McKenzie remembers the painting from the Sydney gallery. The title “Flour on your grave” is chosen because of the way......

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Killings

..."Killings" by Andre Dubus: The Social Construction of Masculinity. When we think of a man we usually think of a strong, hardworking, protective person. A provider for his family and loved ones. Society has set this image in our heads since the beginning of time. Men worked the farms and provided food for his family, while the wives took care of the children and the house. We know that men do get emotional, and they tend to keep it all internal and not show their weakness because it isn't part of the masculine image. Men aren't supposed to cry or be depressed, they're supposed to be tough and strong. This is the image we have come to know as masculinity. However Matt Fowler is somewhat of both Masculine and non masculine. He is described as a protective father, and a caring husband who provided for his family. He plays his parts that he is supposed to and fills his roles within his family. However on the inside he is dealing with emotions from his sons death that make him seem like a mess, and takes responsibility for ending his families grief. I believe that Matt Fowlers character both supports and negates the social construction of masculinity. So as a male I understand the emotions we go through, and brought up by my father I automatically accepted the gender role of a man. I understand Matt's need to keep his emotions to himself. As a man you don't want to let your emotions show because it makes you look weak. "he neglected his own objections…so that as he spoke to......

Words: 1696 - Pages: 7

Graves Enterprise

...production 1950-Company faces a financial crisis; Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. is established 1951-Suggestion System is begun 1955-The Toyopet Crown, Toyopet Master and Crown Deluxe are launched 1957-The first prototypes of the Crown are exported to the USA Toyota Motor Sales U.S.A., Inc. is established 1959-Motomachi Plant begins production 1962-Joint Declaration of Labor and Management is signed 1965-Toyota wins the Deming Application Prize for quality control 1966-The Corolla is launched Business tie-up with Hino Motors Ltd. begins 1967-Business tie-up with Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd. begins 1974-Toyota Foundation is established 1975-The prefabricated housing business begins 1982-Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. and Toyota Motor Sales Co., Ltd. are merged into Toyota Motor Corporation 1984-Joint venture with GM (NUMMI) begins production in the USA 1988-Toyota Motor Manufacturing, USA, Inc. (present TMMK) begins production 1989-The Lexus brand is launched in the USA 1992-Toyota Motor Manufacturing (UK) Ltd. begins production 1997-The Prius is launched as the world first mass-produced hybrid car 1999-Cumulative domestic production reaches 100 million vehicles 2000-Sichuan Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. begins production in China 2001-Toyota Motor Manufacturing France S.A.S. begins production in France 2002-Toyota enters Formula One World Championship Tianjin Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. begins production in China 2004-The Toyota Partner Robot is publicly unveiled 2005-The Lexus......

Words: 4710 - Pages: 19

Indonesian Alphabeth

...Indonesian alphabet |A a |B b |C c |D d | |Aa |a |/a/ |a as in father | |Bb |bé |/b/ |b as in bed | |Cc |cé |/t͡ʃ/ |ch as in check | |Dd |dé |/d/ |d as in day | |Ee |é |/ə/ |e as in under | | | |/ɛ/ |e as in get | |Ff |éf |/f/ |f as in fish | |Gg |gé |/ɡ/ |g as in gain | |Hh |ha |/h/ |h as in harm | |Ii |i |/i/ |i as in it, in, or is ...

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Uniqlo Indonesian

...multi party democracy. Administrative power is performable by the government. Legislative authority is accordance in both the government and the two People's Representative Councils. The Judiciary is autonomous of the executive and the legislative body (princeton.edu). The 1945 constitution accommodated for a limited separation of executive, legislative power and jurisdiction. The system of government has been showed as the characteristics of president and congress. Following the Indonesian rebellions of May 1998 and the abdication of President Suharto, a few political changes were set in movement by means of changes through constitutional amendment of Indonesia, which brought about changes to all departments of government (princeton.edu). Changes likewise included an important approach of decentralization of political and monetary force. Considerable political forces were inherited to the nation's regions and were given control in excess of a great part of the state budget. Despite the fact that this mass decentralization risked expanding the rate of embezzle, it elevated regional governments to settle on a large portion of the crux choices about how best to utilize local assets (Aspinall, 2010). Therefore, local ethnic clashes and grievances could be managed in a useful political way (Lane, 2012). Economy Indonesia is the fourth generally crowded nation in the world at more or less 240 million people. Indonesia's economy is equality, incorporating manufacturing,......

Words: 4329 - Pages: 18

Graves Enterprises

...Graves Enterprises When it comes to consumers it is hard to fully predict how your product is going to stand up against competitors. For Graves Enterprises it’s definitely a smart move to promote their floor cleaner as a dry cleaning product that reduces mold. I don’t think many customers were aware of this problem and if this difference is marketed then that is going to give the product a huge gain in advantage. Joshua Edwards came up with some great ideas as far as double sales for next year. By promoting the floor cleaner as “eco-friendly” that is furthering the difference from the competition and with combined efforts I think that this could work. The push to recycle is something a lot of people do not want to take the time to do, but this makes it easier because the work is mostly done for you in the cleaner and all the customer has to do is use it! Furthermore I think the idea of selling the product as a private label at Walmart and K-Mart is a good idea because it will be in the mix of the competition so customers will be able to see the difference right off. Consumers, 50%, typically only look at one store for the item that they are looking for so by putting the floor cleaner in these two stores will increase the opportunity for consumers to purchase products from Graves Enterprises because they are being given more variety for not much more in price. Mr. Edwards idea of expanding to other retailers and online would also increase the companies chances for......

Words: 785 - Pages: 4

Killings

...Killings Analysis Style and Technique “Killings,” one of Dubus’s best-known and most respected stories, was the basis for the film In the Bedroom (2001). Although the story revolves around passion and violence, Dubus tells the tale in a flat, calm way. The first two acts of violence are dropped into the story unexpectedly and without emotion. The story opens with Frank’s funeral, then moves on to the conversation between Willis and Matt about how Matt wishes he could kill the man who murdered his son, but the reader does not know who killed Frank, how, or why. Next, in a long descriptive paragraph, Richard is introduced. He is first connected to Frank by the flat opening line of the next paragraph: “One night he beat Frank.” Only then does the reader learn about Mary Ann, and Matt’s and Ruth’s differing feelings about her. In a lovely, lyrical scene, Mary Ann joins the Fowlers for a barbeque after a day at the beach. Matt’s love for his son is mixed with a wistful attraction to Mary Ann. She is beautiful, but Matt sees in her eyes a sadness and pain that he and his family have been spared, and he wishes he could help and comfort her. The next paragraph starts with, “Richard Strout shot Frank in front of the children.” Such jarring shifts of mood are used to emphasize how quickly life can turn from sunny to violent and how swiftly the good things in life can be taken away. The story’s point of view is that of the limited omniscient narrator. The reader sees the events......

Words: 3107 - Pages: 13

The Killings

...Ramiro Bautista Professor Jeff Cupp English 101 10 June 2015 “Killings", involves several aspects such as revenge, morality, and murder. Elements, such as the story’s title, the order of events, and the development of the characters, are very unique. "The Killings" provides a somewhat conventional plot pattern, where the character is confronted with a problem and is then led into a climax, which late leads to the resolution of the story. The plot in The Killings also includes usage of flashback as a tool for the audience to fully understand the backgrounds of the characters. The story discusses the ramifications of the original murder, the subsequent actions of “justice,” and finally what is left when it is all said and done. “On the august morning when Matt Fowler buried his youngest son, Frank” (Dubus 112), there is where the story of a crime of passion begins, frank was only twenty-one years old and fell in love with an older women with two children "Mary Ann", who after a month of separation from her ex-partner begins a new relationship with Frank. One day “Richard Strout (Mary Ann ex-partner) shot Frank in front of the boys. They were sitting on the living room floor watching television, Frank sitting on the couch, and Mary Ann just returning from the kitchen with a tray of sandwiches. Strout came in the front door and shot Frank twice in the chest and once in the face with a 9 mm. automatic. Then he looked at the boys and Mary Ann, and went home to wait for......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3

Grave

...purging behavior (i.e., self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas). Specify if: In partial remission: After full criteria for anorexia nervosa were previously met, Criterion A (low body weight) has not been met for a sustained period, but either Criteria B (intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat or behavior that interferes with weight gain) or Criterion C (disturbances in self-perception of weight and shape) is still met. In full remission: After full criteria for anorexia nervosa were previously met, none of the criteria have been met for a sustained period of time. Specify current severity: The minimum level of severity is based, for adults, on current body mass index (BMI) (see below) or, for children and adolescents, on BMI percentile. The ranges below are derived from World Health Organization categories for thinness in adults; for children and adolescents, corresponding BMI percentiles should be used. The level of severity may be increased to reflect chemical symptoms, the degree of function and disability and the need for supervision. Mild: BMI ≥ 17 kg/m2 Moderate: BMI 16-16.99 kg/m2 Severe: BMI 15-15.99 kg/m2 Extreme: BMI < 15 kg/m2 ...

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Indonesian Law

...95% Agriculture industry with an area of less than 25 ha: - 63 - FOREIGN CAPITAL NO. BUSINESS SECTOR KBLI OWNERSHIP LIMIT Sugar cane plantation and other sweetening plant 01113 FIELD plantation Tobacco plantation Rubber other plantation and 01114 01115 latex-producing plants plantation Textile raw material 01116 plant plantation Medicine/pharmaceutical plant plantation Volatile Plantation Other plantations in any not other 01119 Oil Plant 01118 01117 classified places Coconut plantation Pal oil plantation Beverage plantation material plant 01133 01134 01135 - 64 - FOREIGN CAPITAL NO. BUSINESS SECTOR KBLI OWNERSHIP LIMIT Cashew plantation Pepper plantation Clove plantation Other spices plantation 96 Indonesian labor placement internally services (like labor registration, recruitment, document arrangement, predeparture orientation accommodating, departure, placing and returning) 97 Work training (for giving, obtaining, as well as improving and developing work competence, productivity, discipline, attitude and work ethos, among others, 80929 Maximum 49% Manpower & 01136 01137 01138 01139 74910 Maximum 49% Manpower & FIELD Transmigration Transmigration - 65 - FOREIGN CAPITAL NO. BUSINESS SECTOR KBLI OWNERSHIP LIMIT including technical and engineering vocation, tourism, management, information technology, art and agriculture directed to provide the labor to enter professional world). FIELD Note: 1. Requirements for commercial......

Words: 10479 - Pages: 42