Marx & Mill

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Yaribon
Words 534
Pages 3
Klass(medvetande) x -revolution-staten x -samhälleliga skiften
Klassbegreppet är en väldigt central del i Marx text. Han argumenterar utifrån klassolikheter och menar att hela samhällshistorien har varit en historia om klasstrider (Hallberg et al. red. 2009: 161). Marx menar på att under historien har det alltid funnits klasser som kämpar mot varandra och exemplifierar med hur det såg under romarriket eller medeltiden. Vår tid, bourgeoisiens epok eller i förenklat uttryck borgarna skiljer sig från de tidigare strukturerna. Det som skiljer vår tids klassystem är att det bara består av två fientliga klasser proletariat och borgoise eller borgarna och den moderna arbetarklassen.
John Stuart Mill lägger inte lika stort fokus på klasser. Han utgår utifrån individens perspektiv och ser inte samhällsklasser på samma sätt. Mill beskriver att ett rådande klassystem finns och att de olika klasserna under ständigt och fientlig uppsikt. Han menar att dessa klasser agerar och ställer frågor utifrån av vad som förväntar sig utav dem och inte vad de själva vill. Vidare skriver Mill att det finns rådande klasser men att dagens system görs att dessa närmar sig (Hallberg et al. red. 2009: 197). Han beskriver också samhället utifrån andra typer av skikt som medelmåttor och genier och de sistnämnda bör man låta vara.

Marx fokuserar gällande klassbegreppet på produktion. Produktionen är borgarnas existens och menar att produktion är borgarnas vapen (källa). De som kommer få bära vapnet är den moderna arbetarklassen, proletariat. För dess överlevnad måste proletariat sälja sin arbetskraft till borgarna.

Strukturen i dag skylls på borgarna. Borgarna har spelat en revolutionär roll och förstör allt de rört sig vid (sid 159). Proletariatet är underkastade marknaden (162). De ska kämpa och stå upp. De ska sammansluta och bli en klasskamp, en politisk kamp. Proletariatet är en…...

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