Living It on the Skin: Italian States, Working Illness

In: Social Issues

Submitted By noellemole
Words 18731
Pages 75

Living it on the skin:
Italian states, working illness

In this article, I examine the codification of an Italian work-related illness caused by mobbing, a type of psychological harassment that emerged at the moment neoliberal policies transformed Italy’s historically protectionist labor market. I trace how the medicalization of mobbing has expanded workers’ access to compensation, resources, and discursive tools for criticizing neoliberal labor conditions, even as it has produced new structures of surveillance. I unravel the neoliberal politics of a state that protects workers’ health yet governs worker–citizens through an apparatus of medical experts. I find that workers’ labor problems are experienced and managed as bodily problems in ways important to remaking Italian citizenship. [neoliberalism, state, labor, biopolitics, citizenship, bodies, Italy]

An institution, even an economy, is complete and fully viable only if it is durably objectified . . . in bodies. —Pierre Bourdieu1 It was the spirit of capitalism made flesh. —Upton Sinclair2 n 2003, a new psychophysical disturbance, organizational coercion pathology (disturbi psichici e fisici da costrittivit` organizzativa sul a lavoro), or OCP, became a work-related illness that was insurable by an Italian state public-health institution (Istituto Nazionale per l’Assicurazione contro gli Infortuni sul Lavoro [INAIL] 2003).3 Telltale symptoms, often likened to those of posttraumatic stress disorder (disturbo post traumatico del stress), include anxiety and depression. According to medical experts, its cause is related to a form of harassment recognized widely in much of Europe (e.g., Amato et al. 2002; Ege 2001)— something Italians call “mobbing” (il mobbing; Ege 1996; Leymann 1990).4 In the early 1990s, mobbing referred to the isolation, mistreatment, and…...

Similar Documents

Ellen Moore: Living and Working in Korea

...« Ellen Moore (A): living and working in Korea » * Why is Ellen successful as a manager? Ellen Moore is a hard-worker person and she did a lot of study to acquire a good status. Every job she had, before going to Korea, were successfully achieved. In fact she quickly got a good level in the hierarchy of every company which she had worked for. So, she was chosen to accomplish this project with a truly confidence of her superior. In addition of her skills and study, she also had a really hard experience in Bahrain. A very difficult culture for a woman, there she had to gain respect among men but because of this difference, she acquired high skills in capability, creativity, and project management. So, when she arrived in Korea she had already read some basis staff about how to act in a business manner. For example, she knew that while receiving a business card she had to pay attention to it carefully and ask some question about it. Also she had to be aware that asking question while someone explains you something is really inappropriate in Korea and means that your teacher is not relevant. To conclude, Ellen is a good manager for all the skills mentioned above and also because she was performing while she had the occasion to manage the consultants and find out that they were less experimented than expected. * What would you advise Ellen to do and why? Ellen Moore is a really good manager but she had some troubles with it. Indeed, her partner Jack seems really...

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

Illness Is Bad Luck

...‘Illness is simply a matter of bad luck, bad judgement, or bad genetics’ is a statement that expressed how health can be affected by the ‘luck’ of the environment that an individual is born into. The aforementioned statement expressed how health can be affected through a bad judgement of misdiagnoses made by health practitioners. The statement then declared how having bad genes allows an individual to become more susceptible to specific disease (Marvell, 2012). This statement focused on how health is influenced by psychological (bad judgement) and biomedical (bad genes) determinants, for example, being overweight is seen has having bad genes however, sociocultural factors such as gender, media and age can also largely affect an individuals’ health status. In 2002 the World Health Organization (WHO) released the Madrid Statement, saying: "to achieve the highest standard of health, health policies have to recognize that women and men, owing to their biological differences and their gender roles, have different needs, obstacles and opportunities." Meaning that the needs and barriers of both women and men (for example, women are more likely to develop breast cancer than males) are a major influence on the health of the individual and if the Government wants to achieve high national health, knowing the needs and overcoming the barriers must be addressed. A bad luck obstacle males have to face is the expectancy to participate in labour intensive jobs such as being a constructor......

Words: 1896 - Pages: 8

Living States

...literaturii; ▪ dezvoltarea aptitudinilor de aplicare în practică a cunoştinţelor teoretice acumulate; ▪ elaborarea şi argumentarea ştiinţifică a concluziilor şi recomandărilor. Substanţa tezei de licenţă şi modul de elucidare, susţinerea acesteia trebuie să reflecte îndeplinirea următoarelor sarcini: • examinarea şi argumentarea teoretică a conţinutului categoriilor teoretice, problemelor abordate în teza de licenţă; • analizarea informaţiei selectate şi acumulate în perioada practicii de licenţă; • elaborarea propunerilor şi recomandărilor concrete, argumentate şi întemeiate ştiinţific privind perfecţionarea activităţilor internaţionale, având în vedere atât practica altor state, cât şi specificul naţional. Teza de licenţă concentrează reflecţia gradului de profesionalism, capacitatea de cercetare şi efectuare a studiului ştiinţific, de pătrundere în esenţa fenomenului supus analizei, nivelul de stăpânire terminologică, de apreciere a substanţei funcţionalităţii şi de elaborare a unor strategii, decizii. II. Selectarea, aprobarea şi planificarea etapelor de elaborare a tezelor de licenţă Din punct de vedere organizatoric alegerea temei tezei de licenţă poate fi prezentată în trei etape: 1. Alegerea iniţială a temei. Selectarea temei de cercetare constituie faza iniţială în elaborarea tezei de licenţă. Tema tezei de licenţă se alege de studenţi de sine stătător, în baza următoarelor......

Words: 6609 - Pages: 27

Skin Conditons

...Skin Conditions Student’s Name Institution of Learning Introduction The society requires attaining, maintaining, and recovering from disease, ailments accidents. It calls for specialized care from a trained professional. In most of the cases, care givers at home may lack this expertise. It requires people who are trained and specialized, and who understand the medical aspect of the patients’ condition. The best suited group of people that can deal appropriately with these problems are nurses. Nursing is a health care profession and hence, their services are oriented to this direction. In their duty, they give care to all members of societies; both individual and families (Braverman, 1998). Nursing care is understood as being particularly crucial during patients’ recovery from serious illness or injury. Classically, it was thought that people requiring these services were probably people who were bed ridden. The objective of health services delivery is not only to care for bed ridden people but also anybody else that have a condition that is reducing their quality of life. It is known that some diseases significantly reduce the quality of life. Today, the aim of healthcare is to assist any person with any disease, ailment, or any form of suffering to recover and have a joyous and creative life. Another factor that makes a nurse to be specifically suited to their job is because they are trained about community care. They......

Words: 2264 - Pages: 10

Foodborne Illness

...Foodborne Illness – Staphylococcus Short Answer October 28, 2012 • What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? Staphylococcus is an unmodifiable bacterium that causes Botulism. Which mean that individuals have no control over catching or not catching this disease. Since botulism is such strong and dangerous bacteria, that ingesting the smallest amount can make individuals sick. More important is other living forms or life like bacteria’s are changing, and becoming resistant to the body’s defenses and medical treatment that causes infections. There are multi-drug strains of Staphylococcus are emerging in various parts of the world all of the time. Staphylococci are usually present on the skin or in the nostrils of 20 to 30 percent of individuals any time. Usually it causes no problem for otherwise healthy individuals. Although individuals cannot do anything about catching the infection, fortunately there are things individuals can do to reduce or build their immune systems. • How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water? This infection can be transmitted through direct or indirect contact and in food. If transmitted through contact, individuals that had a staph infection, probably had acne, boils, and styes on their eyelids, or infected wounds. Staphylococcus aureus is also transmitted through convenience food which offers an appropriate growth environment for toxin-producing bacteria...

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Italian Americans

...Italian Americans I loved my native Italy. I loved everything about the ties and the bonds we had with our families. We enjoyed each other and worked to keep the family as one. All we had was each other because as southern Italians, we had little resources and were disrespected by the northern Italians. There was a separation of classes and the southern regions were considered the less fortunate, and we suffered within our own country. The Italian government was predominately made up of northern Italians which made life difficult for the southerners. Our taxes on northern goods were hiked up and our property taxes were very high (Mintz 2007). Time had passed and my father decided that we had to leave Italy and re-locate ourselves in a new country. The state of southern Italy was the reason we had to leave. The poverty, the disasters, the bad conditions of living was no longer acceptable by my parents and my father’s decision was to move to American where we could start a better life. Starting a new life I can agree with, but a better life, I beg to differ. Coming to this new land called America was a shock to my system as I had never expected. To begin, my family and all the other families that came across the ocean were not welcomed with open arms. We were piled through like animals, being tested for diseases and being called strange names. The American people could not pronounce our family name correctly and suddenly our names were pronounced in an American......

Words: 980 - Pages: 4

Living with a Life Threatening Illness

...Life Threatening Illness: Can you live with it? Abstract This paper is a personal reflection on facing death while living with a life threatening illness. While there are many ages of persons who can be affected by illnesses, when a child is affected it brings many stages of grief while accepting what you are faced with. Systems are in place that are available for those affected and if utilized can prove to be a blessing in what feels like a time where feels as if they are being cursed. Life Threatening Illnesses and Living with It This paper will hopefully give you a firsthand encounter of how a life threatening illness can affect not only the immediate victim of the illness, but the family and the friends of the victim as well. Life threatening illnesses, specifically Cancer in this instance creates an immediate crisis in the life of each family member. Normal daily life comes to a halt, parents will miss work or feel forced to quit their jobs, siblings might need to be cared for by relatives or neighbors and the ill child becomes the major focus of family time and attention. All other concerns that might have been before the diagnosis is put on hold and parents will have to make tough decisions and become their strongest ever at the weakest of moments. Life is taken for Granted Sometimes My cousin Amy was a beautiful......

Words: 2561 - Pages: 11

Skin Is Not Skin

...Tennessee Academy of Cosmetology Michele Byers didn't have any skin problems. She just wanted to do something nice for herself as she approached her 50th birthday. Byers went to an at-home esthetician for microdermabrasion, a nonsurgical procedure that polishes away dead skin. After a session, bumps started to appear on Byers' face. Her cheeks were covered in indentations. "It looked like a railroad track on my forehead and nose," says Byers of Castro Valley, Calif. "Here I was trying to do something nice for myself and I ended up looking worse than I ever had in my life." Contrary to popular belief, darker skin is not tougher; in fact, while extra melanin does have its benefits - sun protection and slowed signs of aging - it makes the skin more sensitive and vulnerable to injury. The side effects are common for people with darker skin. Most skin care is only marketed to white people (lacking tone), not even Asians, Hispanics and darker-skinned Europeans. Education of the skin is geared to white skin, and it's still not considered to be a prestigious career here in the United States as with beauty advisers in Europe. If the skin is darker it is prone to scarring and hyper-pigmentation, so we have to be more careful with skin of color. Latin, Asian, Indian, Mediterranean or African-American descents skin requires special skin care. Even acne or laser hair removal should be handled differently on dark skin. As cosmetic procedures and medispas grow in popularity, Terri......

Words: 829 - Pages: 4

Living and Coping with Lupus

...Living and Coping With Lupus Cheryl A Boyd COM/156 January 15, 2012 Jeffrey Long Living and Coping With Lupus Many things pertaining to Lupus are still a mystery. The research to find a cure is an ongoing process with no cure in the near future. What is Lupus? Lupus is a chronic and debilitating autoimmune disease. A person living with Lupus is literally under attack by his or her own body. Lupus makes the immune system attack the body’s tissues and organs. There is no part of the body that is safe from this savage attack. The skin, tissues, organs, and joints are all at risk. A person with Lupus can suffer problems involving the joints, kidneys, heart, lungs, brain, and blood. Lupus although not as well-known as many other chronic and serious diseases such as leukemia, it is far more common. While a full life can be lived with Lupus it depends upon early diagnosis and consist treatment. Lupus left untreated can be fatal. More than 16,000 Americans are diagnosed with Lupus each year and many thousands more suffer from the disease without a diagnosis and do not know the disease he or she is suffering from is Lupus. This deadly and debilitating disease does not only strike in America, there are over fifteen million people stricken with the disease worldwide. Living with Lupus is a constant struggle to live a normal life and cope with the things most people do not even think about each day. I know this for a fact because I was diagnosed with Lupus six years ago and......

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Ellen Moore (a): Living and Working in Korea

...The case “Ellen More (A): Living and Working in Korea” shows us how the Systems Consulting Group (SCG) is struggling with challenges stemming from cultural difference, gender difference in leadership (even though the gender difference was ratified in the earlier stages), lack of direction from leadership, fundamental challenges with cultural hierarchy and authority, challenges with group dynamics, low morale, and communication barriers. Due to the cultural diversity, communication barrier has posed the biggest challenge. Secondly, difference in perception is another big challenge. In North America, the culture differs from Korea where it is very direct and uses explicit communication. Example: giving direct feedback or compliments to high performing workers is normal, however, it is not socially accepted in Korea as the employees are treated with the same level of respect. On the other hand Korean culture is indirect and they almost never ask questions when in doubt as it depicts that is unclear and can be taken as disrespectful. In addition, the Confucianism of Korean cultures teaches to show respect to teachers and managers. Soon after Ellen’s arrival and spending some time in Korea, she discovered that the Korean consultants had less experience. During the short tenure of the project, she could sense the tension arising between her and the co-manager Jack Kim. Jack had made it clear in his communication style to the group that he was the boss and with his demeanour...

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Promoting Healthy Living by Preventing Illness

...Promoting Healthy Living by Preventing Illness Abstract This paper discusses the many different health issues that nurses face and preventative measures that they can take. Nutrition plays a huge part in a person’s overall health and wellness. Routine wellness checks are critical to maintain awareness of one’s body. As well as adequate sleep being a very important part of your body’s recovery. Also having a source of release like yoga or a way to relax such as a hobby is very important. A healthy nurse is one who creates and maintains a balance of physical, spiritual, emotional, intellectual, social, personal and professional wellbeing. Nurses who select nutritious foods and maintain an active lifestyle, live a tobacco-free lifestyle, learn to manage stress and get preventive immunizations and screenings, can set an example on how to be healthy nurse who is proactive in their health. Nutrition is a very important part of being a healthy nurse. Often the first things we think of when we talk about health and wellness is nutrition and its important aspects on your overall health. We sometimes tend to associate nutrition with fruits and vegetables, no junk food, high proteins and get turned off by the restrictive dieting. However, eating healthy is a lifestyle and is an important factor in increased energy, improved self-esteem and one’s healthy weight. A healthy weight is important and can prevent and control many diseases and conditions, such as respiratory problems,...

Words: 977 - Pages: 4


...In the Vet Clinic Question 1 a) Name and describe three (3) ways an animal may show you that they are stressed. A great many people who live with canines perceive a percentage of the "greater" pieces of information that a canine's on edge, 1. Uncomfortable, or out and out frightened -groveling, 2. whimpering, and a tucked tail, to name only three.more unobtrusive signs. They for the most part don't reflect all out frenzy, however they let you know that all's not exactly right 3. On the off chance that we can interpret our pooches' 4. Leashing the skin behind while walking non-verbal communication, we can ransom delicate puppies before they get overpowered. Furthermore even boneheaded, giddy sorts may discover a few circumstances excessively for them. Come to consider it, viewing them nearly may uncover that they're not such blockheads truth be told. When we perceive our canines' anxiety flags and make a move to bail them out, we're taking consideration both of the puppy and of ourselves. I regularly recollect a maturing puppy named Jack whose people recognized that he generally withdrew from their little child's methodology. They don't thought anything of it, so Jack's rehashed nonaggressive flags that he despised kiddy-style taking care of didn't traverse. b) Name and describe three (3) ways an animal may show you that they are comfortable. Some solace practices show up over a few taxa (e.g. autogrooming), while others may......

Words: 5151 - Pages: 21


...homeland, family’s behaviour and the culture. It will influence us to be the person we really are. Homeland is a strongly influence giving us the sense of who we are. Home is the security of place we know, and it provides us with safety. “The way we belong isn’t for people to decide, it is decided by us.” The film “Skin” by Anthony Fabian describes Petrus the man who changes a lot with the destruction of his homeland. In the beginning, Petrus is a hard-working black man proud of his job. He loves his job and when he first sees Sandra he falls in love with her. Consequently, Sandra leaves her family to live with him and gets pregnant. Petrus believes life is getting better because Sandra brings luck. Unfortunately, the government destroys everything in their homeland suddenly, also breaking their confidence. Because Sandra’s white identity makes Petrus annoyed, he becomes lazy and violent. The calamity of homeland can make people have such big changes, as homeland is the basic security for people and helps people to be safe. The Italian movie “I am not sacred” is about the Italian young boy Michele discovering a cruel plan by his family. Michele is a nine year old Italian boy, he is naive and creative. The place where he lives is a poor town in the countryside, but he is enjoying it here to stay with his family. He loves his sister and mother, but his father Pino is the most important person in his mind than any other. Since he finds out the kidnapped child Filippo, and......

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Risks of Living and Working in China

...RISKS OF LIVING AND WORKING IN CHINA MISHINGO FUTURE IYE MOCHAKULA ABSTRACT There are two countries in the world whose culture has the historical depth, confidence, and population spread to make them hold-outs in a world that is increasingly homogenous, and those are India and China. Both are attractive in different ways for Westerners seeking experience living and working in a different culture. China, the subject of this report, attracts foreigners by its past and present profile: an old eastern culture that is rapidly rising to take its place among the world’s greatest modern civilizations, a stature that is all the more intriguing given the way it is blazing its own path in terms of the social contract. Do not be dissuaded by an element of bad press in the West; news tends to wallow in the alternative reality of political drama, while the realities on the street are something quite else. Chinese people are indeed largely welcoming and open, and opportunities abound for the astute.  Yet China is not easy. Strange food, different ways of doing things, different social contracts and expectations, uneven levels of development and modernity, and the widespread inability to communicate in English all combine to make China a hard country to move to. But for those who brave the adversities, and immerse themselves into China, the rewards are undeniable—at the very least you learn......

Words: 3115 - Pages: 13

Managerial Economics - What Is Working Capital State the Difference Between Gross Working Capital and Net Working Capital

...Need Answer Sheet of this Question paper, contact ARAVIND – 09901366442 – 09902787224 MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS Section – A (Marks – 25) Attempt all questions 1. How is Price Elasticity measured? 2. State and explain the ‘Law of variable proportions’ 3. Define ‘Production Function’. Explain with diagram, the three stages of the Law of Variable Proportions. 4. Define production function. State and explain the ‘Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns’ 5. What is ‘Cost benefit analyses? Justify its use in the implementation of developmental projects. Section – B (Marks – 25) Attempt all questions – 1. What is ‘Segmentation’? Explain Product segmentation and Market segmentation concept. 2. What is ‘Wholesaling’? Discuss various benefits of Wholesaling. 3. Explain different Features of Perfect Competition. 4. Cost Volume Profit Analysis. 5. What is Capital Rationing? Section – C (Marks – 50) Attempt any five questions – 1- Explain in detail the nature and scope of Managerial Economics. How Micro Economics differs from Managerial Economics? 2. What is Empirical Production Function? Explain the optimum combination of inputs with diagrams. 3. What is Cost of Capital? Explain its structure and role in inter- national competitiveness. 4. What is Elasticity of Demand? Explain Price, Cross and Income Elasticity of Demand used in managerial decision making process. ...

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5