In: People

Submitted By 333388888888
Words 1590
Pages 7

Learning Objectives

Understand the basic concepts in ethics, business ethics, governance  Understand the relationship between ethics and reputation  What constitutes good ethics and good governance?  Why are good ethics and good governance important?


Changes of ethics trends have brought to the expectation framework

Public Expectation (公众的期望)

There has been an increasing expectations that business exists to serve the needs of both shareholders and society.  Stakeholders’ support are ultimate to the success of businesses or professions to achieve their long-run strategic objectives.

A Stakeholder(利益相关者) is:

a person, group, organization, member or system who affects or can be affected by an organization's actions.








Creditors Lenders

Suppliers Others, including the media, who can be affected by or who can affect the achievement of the corporation’s objectives


Figure 1.1

Support of Stakeholders

Stakeholders’ support depends on the credibility(可靠 性, 可信性) that stakeholders place in corporate commitments, the corporate’s reputations and the strength of its competitive advantages. How do you get the support from stakeholders?

Support of Stakeholders

A company’s activities should respect the values and interests of the stakeholders.  Corporate directors are expected to govern their company ethically.  The corporation is increasingly expected to be accountable to stakeholders in a transparent or ethical manner.



What are the ethical issues or factors involved? Did these companies benefit (好处,利益)from their behavior(行为)? What would future…...

Similar Documents

Kramer vs Kramer

... The movie was released in 1979, and was written and directed by Robert Benton. Love is a central theme throughout the movie because of the love that Joanna Kramer, Billy’s mother, and Ted Kramer, Billy’s father, show for each other and for Billy. How much someone cares for another person can sometimes lead him to act without thinking and without the input of that person whom he cares for. This is the case when Joanna leaves Ted in the film Kramer vs. Kramer. Margaret, a friend of both of them, consoles Joanna when she talks about how fed up she is with her husband and that she wants to leave him because she feels so much pain. Joanna shows how much she loves Ted when she leaves Billy with him because she knows that’s where Billy rightfully belongs. Her love is also renewed by seeing how much Ted has grown in taking care of Billy since she left. Ted shows his love for Joanna in a different manner because he portrays it by conveying it in his love for Billy. Joanna’s love for Ted is shown explicitly whereas his love for her is shown implicitly. In most cases, a father’s love for a son is shown in the support of the former for most of the latter’s life, starting at his birth. Such is not the case in the film Kramer vs. Kramer because Ted does not start to show his love for his 7-year-old son until after his wife leaves. Joanna, his ex-wife, worked at home after their marriage, so she practically raised Billy, the son, completely on her own. Therefore, when she leaves, the......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Saint also a modern derivative of Saint Joan. Another idea that is interesting is that her real name is Joanna. Her name is mentioned throughout the Bible, as she is one of the women who was healed by Jesus. Years after she was healed, she was supported by him and his disciples. Interesting enough, she was also the wife of Chuza. Joanna lived in Israel, and one of the most important things she did was give John the Baptist a proper burial and funeral. Things that represented Joanna are an ointment box for healing, a pitcher and a basket for the hungry and the poor. One of the reasons that I chose this particular Saint is because she admired John the Baptist so much, that she gave him a proper funeral and burial. Joanna was also there when Jesus has resurrected and that makes me feel closer to God. Also, I feel like she is a good role model because she was always praying and feeding the hungry and the thirsty. To conclude, Joanna was always close to god. She always prayed and was very close to God and Jesus. She was one of the three women who went to the tomb to find Jesus not there. When he went back into Heaven, she covered his tomb in myrrh. In my opinion I also think she was brave. I think this because she had a husband who was controlled by King Herod. In this time period, she could’ve been killed for being a Catholic or Christian. This is why I have chosen Saint Joanna to be my Saint....

Words: 340 - Pages: 2

Nursing Knowledge

...service and learning to improve the health of the world’s people (Sigma Theta Tau International, 1999-2013). The Joanna Briggs Institute The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) was established in Adelaide, South Australia in 1996 and is an international not-for-profit research and development organization. The institute was name after Joanna Briggs who was the first matron of Royal Adelaide Hospital. The logo for the institute is a pebble dropping in the water which is a metaphor for the process of knowledge sharing and practice change. This also symbolizes how a single act or piece of information can be a powerful catalyst for continuous change. The JBI Crest was designed in 2007. It incorporates the original logo which is superimposed upon a depiction of the globe, referring to the Institute's mission of improving global health. The globe is in reference of the nature of the collaboration of Joanna Briggs entities. The motto, Aequam Servare Mentem - to keep an unruffled mind - is an allusion to the Institute's purpose of maintaining an objective, clear mind when making clinical decisions (The Joanna Briggs Institute, 2011). The Institute collaborates internationally with over 70 entities across the world. In order for the JBI to develop and promote evidence-based research they draw on the assistance and support of its collaborating entities, known as the Joanna Briggs Collaboration (JBC). This allows the JBI to provide evidence-based resources for service......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Cma Whistleblower Paper

...organization. Over fifteen years ago, Joanna Gualtieri, a former foreign affairs realty portfolio manager, spoke up about lavish spending in the form of accommodation abroad for staff that was a part of foreign affairs. Reports from the Inspector General and Auditor general evidenced her claims. Some of the spending she observed was an eighteen million dollar mansion in Tokyo which remained empty for several years. The individual who was supposed to stay in it rented luxury properties spending up to $350,000 of government money a year. Another instance was a million dollar condominium owned by the crown in which the Ambassador’s Japanese butler and chef lived. At the time, she stated the bureau did not care and was reduced to a low-level job due to her claims. Her superiors ignored her and censored reports that described how the government’s multi-million dollar properties were being improperly used. She was harassed by three of her bosses and eventually ended up on unpaid medical leave. Some of the harassment she faced included: * Nay-saying of her concerns and claims * Ridicule to her dedication and stewardship * Forbiddance of travelling to her Canadian missions that she was responsible for * Telling her not to complete trip reports then accusing her of incompetence * Publically removing her from her position She eventually filed a lawsuit in 1998 which lasted over twelve years, prolonged by defense lawyers. Joanna sued her superiors including......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

Summary of the Article Written by Joanna Stavins

...Summary of the article written by Joanna Stavins, Price Discrimination in the Airline Market: The Effect of Market Concentration The article is based on the assumption of the price discrimination increases with the competition in the airline market. Introduction: The relationship between price discrimination and market concentration has already been studied by Dana (1998) and Gale&Holmes (1993); the first states that PD1 could be present even if MC2 is low and there is no particular strength of a carrier. Gale&Homes point out that monopoly airline may want to avoid all those customers with high valuation of time. Purchase discount and Saturday-night stayover are the more used techniques to price discriminate the airline market. The model implemented calculates the differences in marginal effects of ticket restriction over the main routes characterized by different levels of MC. A negative effect of MC on price dispersion has been discovered by Borenstein and Rose in their 1994 study. An effective way to discriminate the nature of their customer is to attach some ticket restrictions to the cheaper one, causing the Higher Type of customer to dislike those kinds of fares. Dana highlighted that the discrimination techniques described above mainly affect the consumers with heterogeneous and uncertain demand Data: A certain date has been chosen to be surveyed, September 28 1995, All data comes from Official Airline Guide. That day was a Thursday, so all the...

Words: 624 - Pages: 3


...continue or give up my studies but I had finally decided to continue my course for my child. I want to continue my course if you still accept me in our class. Should you still accept me? I’m willing to do make up requirements to be able to cope with the lost time. Thank you for your very kind consideration. Respectfully Yours, Joanna Marie C. Artes BSED-IV Dr. Dolores M. Carpio OIC Office of the Student Affairs Mrs. Rubelyn Esperon MAT Education Department Program Head Dr. Editha dela Cruz OLSCO College Dean August 29, 2013 Dear Dean Editha dela Cruz, PhD Good day! I am very sorry for being absent in your class for almost one month. I had been undergoing a very personal family crisis which made me think to make a decision if I am going to continue or give up my studies but I had finally decided to continue my course for my child. I want to continue my course if you still accept me in our class. Should you still accept me? I’m willing to do make up requirements to be able to cope with the lost time. Thank you for your very kind consideration. Respectfully Yours, Joanna Marie C. Artes BSED-IV Dr. Dolores M. Carpio OIC Office of the Student Affairs Mrs. Rubelyn Esperon MAT Education Department Program Head Dr. Editha dela Cruz OLSCO College Dean August 29, 2013 Dear Dr. Leila Collantes Good day! I am very sorry for being absent in......

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Nike Cost of Capital

...debt. Cost of Equity is the return that stockholders require for a company. Using Market Value for WACC Market value weights are more practical because it reflects the expectations of the investors and market value closely reflects how a company has to raise new capital. Analyzing Joanna Cohen’s WACC calculation I faced with some issues: 1. Should Joanna use single or multiple costs of capital? The business segments of Nike basically have the same risk, thus, a single cost is sufficient for this analysis. 2. Should Joanna use book or market values for both debt and equity to calculate the Cost of Capital? Book values reflect the cost of capital already spent. Market value estimates the cost of capital to be raised in the near future. Using the market value would be more appropriate because new projects are generally funded with newly – raised equity. Market value of Equity = Stock price x Shares Outstanding 42.09 x 271.7 Market value of Equity is $11,435.85. This figure is much different than the book value of equity $3,494.5 that Joanna used. Market value of Debt = Current portion of long-term debt + Notes Payable + Long-term debt (discounted). The amount of $435.9 of long-term debt should be discounted at the coupon rate. Since it is paid semi-annually, and its payments are done on the 15th of every month, 6.75% must be......

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner Dinner”, Johanna (Joey) and John boarded an airplane from Hawaii to San Francisco. Joanna comes from a background of a Caucasian wealthy family and John comes from a background of an African –American working class family. Joanna is a classy, sophisticated colleague who met Dr. John Prentice who was holding a lecture at Hawaii University and was attending a party at the Deans. At the beginning of the movie, Johanna and John arrives at the San Francisco airport, check their luggage out with the bagger, and began talking amongst each other. At this point, both characters are building rapport. Next, they caught a taxi, from the airport and rode within the city of San Francisco talking to each and was trying to make a decision of how were John was going to stay. Immediately, Joana insisted that John would stay over and meet her parents, but John seemed sort of uneasy of this situation due to Joanna not informing her parents that John was coming with her and that he was African American. Later, they stopped in at the gallery where her mother works and she is trying to find her. Johanna couldn’t find her mother, so she sees the owner, Mrs. Hilary St. George and introduces Dr. John Prentice to her. There seemed to be a signal of prejudice, as Mrs. St. George is speaking to Dr. Prentice, falsely smiles at him, but sort of rejects his greeting in return by continuing to speak with Joanna over his conversation with her. John smiled anyway and waited patiently for both women...

Words: 1696 - Pages: 7

Joanna Goodman, Connecting People Is a Recipe for Innovation at Cadbury (Summary and Comments)

...1) Joanna Goodman, Connecting people is a recipe for innovation at cadbury. (2009, Knowledge Management Review (Online), , 1-N_A. a. Summary: This article is dedicated to the description of the concept in which social networking (knowledge management) within one company on several levels lead to success. In this case attention is set for Science & Technology (S&T) of Cadbury. In article it is fully described the whole process of developing a new product and how this process is supported by networking. Several levels of networks exists. Lowest level is inter-office network, in which workers can share their ideas and experiences; the highest is Cadbury and acquired companies’ network, where one member of S&T can leave his work to another member of S&T, maybe even to those who works on different product types. For example chewing gum developer can invent structure and principle, leaving his project for chocolate developers for inventing new taste. Later on it will be sent to marketing department, but this is whole different story. Another positive aspect of KM is socialization. Not only KM provides possibility for employees to speak and discuss current issues, it also has a place for company magazines and newsletters. The newsletter supports Cadbury's employees by highlighting initiatives and celebrating success. But KM is a difficult subject to manage. Firstly it is difficult to manage trainers and supervisors for communities, who are very important part of whole project....

Words: 522 - Pages: 3

Interview in 2014 Century

...APARTMENT - DAY 2 JUANITA a nurse dressed in green and relentless volunteer stands in the kitchen of her modest apartment watering a plant. She goes back to her table where she has several hundred flyers printed. The flyers read, “Free Clinic Seminars on Thursday”. JUANITA (V.O.) No tune distraught. Laughter fallin’ over a black girl’s shoulders. It’s funny. It’s hysterical. The melodylessness of her dance. Don’t tell nobody, don’t tell a soul. She’s dancing on beer cans and shingles. CUT TO: 3 INT. JOANNA’S APARTMENT - DAY 3 JOANNA a high powered business woman stands in her posh penthouse apartment high above Manhattan, she is getting ready for work. Dressed in red, she stands in her closet. Her husband CARL, in silhouette is in the shower. We see him in the distance. (CONTINUED) GOLDENROD REVISED 3 CONTINUED: 2. 3 Joanna picks his pants up off the floor, a card falls out. She picks the card up and looks at it, then puts it back in his pocket. JOANNA (V.O.) This must be the spook house. Another song with no singers, lyrics no voices and uninterrupted solos, unseen performances. Are we ghouls? Children of horror? CUT TO: 4 INT. ALICE’S APARTMENT - DAY 4 ALICE a religious fanatic walks to a closet in her small run down apartment. She sits in her closet and starts praying. She’s dressed in all white, lighting candles on a makeshift altar. ALICE (V.O.) The joke? Don’t tell nobody, don’t tell a soul. Are we animals? Have we gone crazy? 5 INT. KELLY’S APARTMENT - DAY......

Words: 18721 - Pages: 75

Comming of Age

...told me “Yes, I have job that pays the bills. I also have a wife and a kid that loves me, I can’t complain. The next person I interviewed was Joanna Dailey. Joanna is a 31 year old Caucasian woman. I asked Joanna how she was when she became an adult. She told me “I would have to say 22 years old. I had just complete college, got married and bought a house.” I asked Joanna if she felt it was a gradual process or sudden process. She told me “I feel it was a gradual process because I was preparing for it my entire life.” I asked Joanna how she identifies her believes and values today? She told me “I get my values and believes from my family. I have a very large and close family. They have guided me and help me though so much of my life.” I then asked Joanna if she is comfortable with the person she has become today. She told me “yes, I feel that I’m a strong role model for my daughters just as my mother was for me.” Some similarities that I observed between the two interviewees are that they both were about the same age when they felt they became adults. Yes one was 22 and the other was 25 but would still say that there were similar in age. Another similarity that I found was that they both embraced becoming an adult and the both are satisfied with their lives. One difference I found between the two interviews was the Joanna felt it was a gradual process to becoming an adult and even stated that “I was preparing for it my entire life”. I find that to be a very bold......

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Business Law

...Legal recovery Name Institutional Affiliation Question 1 Joanna is likely to recover from the contract. This is because there existed a contract between them. Jimmy offer job to Joanna. The contract was made the moment Joanna accepted the work. Even if the agreement was made verbally, the contract exist since terms were set. Therefore, the act of jimmy to withdraw the job is a breach of contract hence Joanna is likely to have his work back or compensated for wastage of time and other provable expenses. Other theories in support of legal recovery are the negligence and defamation theories (Miller, & Hollowell, 2014). Question 2 Mandy signs a contract to repair Steven’s car for $600. As long as Mandy has accepted the offer, he has rights over the car as it is in his premises. In addition, Steven did not give the time span for the repair and therefore Mandy has the right to stay with the car as he likes and still no breach of contract. However this should be limited to some reasonable time. On the other hand, Mandy cannot charge any other amount even if he finds a lot of issues to repair than expected. Even if Mandy is unable to troubleshoot the repair, he is limited to that and hence has the mandate to repair the car. Nevertheless, Steven has the rights to demand for repair of his car provided he has paid the $600. Steven is supposed to wait for a reasonable time in order for Mandy to do the repair. His ownership of the car is partially his until the full......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

My Testimony

...My name is Rebecca. I wish to thank Pastor Alvin, the founder of Yayasan Sunbeams Home, for all that he has done for me. I came to Sunbeams in the year 2001. I was 6 years old then. I can still remember that sad and fearful day for my sister, Joanna 4, and me. The picture of that fateful day is still vivid in my mind. I remember Joanna crying and holding tightly onto mom’s hand. I was confused and did not know what was actually happening. I did not know then, that both Joanna and I would not be returning home with mom that day. I might not understand many things then, but one thing I knew - that mom still loved us. Before she left us behind at sunbeams that sad day, mom bought a cake for me. We celebrated my birthday with the other children of sunbeams home. Years later, when I grew older and wiser, I found out that mom had no choice but to leave Joanna and me in the care of Pastor Alvin because she was not able to do so. She became a ‘single mom’ after her separation from my dad who had depression. My mom could not cope with being a ‘single mom’ and she too, fell into depression. I reaped the result of living the disciplined life at Sunbeams. I studied hard at school, obtained good results and managed to get into a college to further my studies. With the help of kind people who sponsored my tertiary studies, I was able to complete this higher education. I am who I am today because Pastor Alvin and the late Pastor Lucy took me in and nurtured me. I would like to take......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

Nrs-433v Week 5 - Evidence-Based Practice Presentation - Healthcare Associated Infections contact us at: NRS-433V Week 5 - Evidence-Based Practice Presentation - Healthcare Associated Infections NRS-433V Week 5 - Evidence-Based Practice Presentation - Healthcare Associated Infections [12 Slides + Speaker Notes] This is a CLC assignment. Choose a nursing problem from your current practice setting, and identify a possible solution to that problem. Conduct a search of the literature related to this problem. Analyze and critically appraise evidence-based literature to support the solution to the identified problem. A minimum of (5) articles must be identified. This may include guidelines from the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Joanna Briggs Institute, or a review from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. Prepare a 10-minute (8-10 slides; no larger than 5 MB) PowerPoint presentation related to the problem, evidence appraisal, and practice implications. Include the following components into the presentation: 1. Present the nursing practice problem with the PICOT question. 2. Discuss your appraisal of the literature that addresses the problem. 3. Present the proposed practice changes from an integration of the findings. While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found......

Words: 3147 - Pages: 13


...for the purchase of the horse from Joanna depends on whether a legal contract existed between the two parties. For a contract to exist legally, the essential elements: intention, offer, acceptance and consideration, must be present. In the event that Patrick is not bound by the agreement, alternative remedies are considered. Essential elements of a contract Since Patrick was “interested in purchasing a valuable horse from Joanna”, there is a fair assumption that he was looking to enter into legal relations with Joanna to undertake a transaction. Both offer and acceptance are presumed to have been present as the agreement to buy the horse was “signed”. This signals an express contract, where the terms of the agreement are clearly stated in written form on the document. Because the document is “signed” there is a general presumption that both parties have read and consented to the agreement and that the agreement is enforceable in a court of law. The consideration of the contract is Patrick’s payment in exchange for Joanna’s horse Decibel delivered to him. In effect, there exists a bilateral contract between Patrick and Joanna that is legally enforceable in a court of law. Misrepresentation Although representations are pre-contract, remedies exist for misrepresentations which lead the parties to enter into contract which otherwise would not have. In Patrick’s case, it is debatable whether the fraudulent misrepresentations by Joanna concerning Decibel’s age and......

Words: 1838 - Pages: 8