Iwt1 Impressionism vs Post Impressionism

In: English and Literature

Submitted By csrogers84
Words 646
Pages 3
The two historical art periods I chose to discuss are Impressionism and Post Impressionism. Impressionism occurred during the elate 19th century in France from 1874 – 1882. During this historic time period paintings were done in quick movements with lift and vibrant colors. Artists used thick strokes of paint and left brush strokes to vie paintings new dimensions. During this time period nature influenced these artist the most. The traditional government paintings were rejected by Impressionism artist in lieu of paintings that expressed the light and beauty of nature. The Impressionism movement was launched by Eduoard Manet, Edgar Degas, Claude Moent, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Mary Cassatt. Together they formed the group known as the Anonymous Society of Painters. They revolutionized Western conceptions of painting. Although they were collectively known as the Anonymous Society of painters they were independent paints with different approaches to their style of painting. They were all however, criticized for the finish of their work which appeared to be sketch like.

Their subjects were commonplace including landscapes, leisure and recreation in open air or “en plein air” settings, using quick and spontaneous brushstrokes to depict the fluctuation of light. Their subjects were captured by observation rather than idealization and they sought to capture typical moments in life with no moral message, rather than poses or dramatic scenes. They put special emphasis on and paid attention to the effects of light, atmosphere and movement using bold treatments in form of color and space. Japanese wood block prints influenced many of the Impressionists, as did photography. They added interesting perspectives such as from above, tilted or cropped. They also developed a new practice called “optical mixing” where they placed the colors side by side on the canvas allowing…...

Similar Documents

Impressionism

...Impressionism Impressionism started in the 1870’s when a group of painters thought to paint what the eye sees rather than what the mind knows. Landscapes were the most prominent subjects in this era along with middle-class people leisurely enjoying themselves outdoors. Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Mary Cassatt, and Claude Monet are just some of the major impressionist artists of the time. Pierre-Auguste Renoir painted Le Moulin de la Galette in 1876. This painting was created by oil on canvas and portrayed middle-class people enjoying leisure activities outdoors. The men and women depicted are talking and drinking wine while enjoying the outside. The colors used are mainly blues and blacks with lighter colors to portray the lighting coming through the trees. There are many people sitting and conversing while others are out on the floor dancing with delight. There are no key figures as he portrays the painting from a view that captures all of the activities that are happening. It is very easy to tell that this portrait is an impressionist work of art as the colors are side by side with little mixing and the edges are soft. There are no hard lines and the sight of natural light is greatly emphasized. After the Industrial Revolution, an urban middle-class was created who had respect for fashion and the new technology (Frank, 2005). Renoir’s painting portrays this class with their sense of fashion and their love of leisure activities. He was interested in the drama and......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Impressionism Art Paper

...Impressionism Homework 1 October 2, 2012 La Grande Baigneuse Analysis La Grande Baigneuse, or also known as The Valpinçon Bather, is a permanent oil on the canvas painting located on second floor of the Louvre museum. Painted by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres in 1808, La Grande Baigneuse captures the artist’s veneration for the female body with tight, smooth brushwork to capture the realism of the model’s skin. The work is specifically situated in Salle 60- Ingres in between relatively smaller Ingres’ Charles Cordier and Edme Bouchet portraits, which were both completed in 1811. The same model depicted in La Grande Baigneuse can also be found right across the room in Ingres’s Le Bain Turc, also known as The Turkish Bath. The brightness of the room was all controlled by artificial light rather than some natural sunlight from outside, such as the case with the neoclassical room. Furthermore, although the model in the piece is unidentifiable because her back is turned towards the viewer, she clearly just finished taking a bath. In order for the viewer to appreciate the sensuality of Ingres’ female bather, the viewer must understand the palette, view and lighting, 3-D effects, composition, subject and style of this genre painting. The palette utilized for the work exemplifies female sexuality through the cool colors in the room. The cool pristine local color of white on her gives the impression of a soft, supple skin. In addition, adding white to the pure hue on the...

Words: 1641 - Pages: 7

Iwt1 - Humanities

...IWT1 - Humanities Michael White WGU January 12, 2013 Impressionism and Post Impressionism are very unique periods within the art movement and heavily influenced 21st century art. Impressionist Artists were viewed as “radicals” or breakaway artist for their rejection of the traditional cultural climate of the times. Prior to the impressionist, during the post 1848 Revolution period of Napoleon III period, the “Realist” movement had been the dominant political and socially accepted artistic flavor. Realist subjects encompassed normal working class people and real life themes as seen through the eyes of the observer. Impressionist moved away from the rigid structure of Realism (Realist Academicism) and the enforced bounds regarding choice of subject matter. Impressionist began canvassing outdoors and chose objects such as flowers, birds, animals, and people in natural light settings (Denvir, 1990). Impressionists took advantage of premixed paints, which allowed artists to work more spontaneously, both outdoors and indoors. The use of vibrant colors and light made impressionist paintings appealing works of art. Prior to Impressionism, artist topics and pictures were mostly history based and stayed within the context of what was socially acceptable during the Napoleon III time period. Additionally, the art of the period was monitored and controlled by the Académie des Beaux-Arts, whom held an annual art show called the “Salon de Paris”. This show featured artists work...

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

How Did the Impressionism Art Period Influence the Post Impressionism Period

... How did the Impressionism art period influence the Post Impressionism period Robert Perfili Western Governors University How did the Impressionism art period influence the Post Impressionism period. The approach to impressionism art evolved in France during the late 19th century. It was considered the most famous French painting movement ever. Prior to the Impressionist art period France was in turmoil due to the instability of government. It saw different forms of government rise and overtake others between the end of King Louis XVI in 1789 and the overthrow in 1851 of Napoleons vast empire which came to an end in 1870. At this time, France fell to Prussia and was governed by the Third Republic (Hammerstingl, 1998, 1999). Besides government turmoil, religions were faced with scientific advancements that questioned the origins of ancient scripture. The industrial expansion was beginning to take shape. Society as a whole was beginning to change. People during this century were very prejudiced against changes and fresh ideas. Especially those in influential positions like religious leaders and government officials. As a result, the Impressionist movement suffered because of this narrow minded thinking. This period was coming into view when society was on the verge of big changes. New inventions, the Industrial Revolution and the desire to separate from Romanticism were all factors inspiring the Impressionist movement. Even with all this exciting......

Words: 1398 - Pages: 6

Impressionism vs Post-Impressionism Art

...Impressionism and Post-Impressionism Art In researching periods of art, the rebellious changes in the late 19th century sparked my interest. Artists in the late 19th century sought to transform the idea of portraying realistic subjects and developed a less formal style that they viewed as more true to how we actually see. I found the Impressionism and Post-Impressionism movements, each with their own distinct styles and characteristics were the gateway to the modern art of today. In this essay I will describe and compare art in the two periods, including social conditions of the time and how these movements influenced the future art world. Impressionism represents a style as well as a name of a group of artists who rebelled against the art academies in Europe. These art academies and government-sanctioned art exhibits, known as salons, controlled how artists made their work known and the value of that art. Artists, such as Monet, Renoir and Degas, used radical techniques in their compositions and were rejected by the salons. These artists challenged the conservative academic standards of form and detail. They came together in 1874 to hold their own independent art exhibition. The name of the style came from critic, Louis Leroy, after publishing his review of the exhibition in which Monet’s painting Impression: Sunrise was displayed. Leroy criticized Monet’s work for appearing unfinished and only giving the impression of art (Samu, n.d.). The Impressionism artists......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Impressionism vs. Postimpressionism

...Impressionism vs. Postimpressionism By: C.M. Impressionism and Postimpressionism are two significant historical art periods. Although Postimpressionism originated from Impressionism they had many differences and very little similarities. This ranges from where the artists completed their work to even how the artists would like for their work to be preserved. Impressionism came to light in the 1870’s to 1880’s in Paris, France. These artists went against the rules of art at the time, they did not focus on using strait lines and details, which were the norm of the time, and instead they painted more landscapes and outdoor portraits using natural lighting. An example of this work is Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s, On the Terrace. They focused more on the way the light hit the subject and tried to show it as you actually see it. The artists tended to work outdoors, use short brush strokes and vibrant colors in their paintings. Postimpressionism started in the late 1880’s through the 1890’s by artists that were rejecting Impressionism. Impressionists were still painting objects as you see them where postimpressionist filled their works with feelings and emotions. These artists used many swirling motions like in the painting by Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night. They tended to work in studios and take more time completing their work than impressionist did. Postimpressionist filled their works with feelings and emotions. Impressionism and Postimpressionism were similar in the facts......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2

Impressionism

...Impressionism changed art it influenced a subsequent generation of artists it spawned a multitude of art movements Modern Art was firmly modern from the Impressionists on Impressionism was about a light Impressionists studied light to the -nth degree. They looked long and hard at how light is reflected or absorbed, and how this interplay registers colors in our brains. They observed and sketched endlessly. They then tried to recreate light itself with paints and brushes. Color theory was a key component of Impressionism new science, formulated by the French Chemist Chevreul. His theory divide colors in 2 groups, primary colors (blue, yellow, red) and secondary colors (made by mixing two primary colors. (The Impressionists grasped his findings and put it into practice. According to this principle, a secondary color is strengthened when appended next to the non component primary color. Let me be clear, purple is strengthened next to yellow, as green next to red and orange next to blue. The Impressionists put that theory in practice: they gave up the old idea that the shadow of an object was made up from the color of the object with some brown or black added. Instead, they thought that the shadow of any colour could be mixed from pure hues and broken up with its opposite color. Impressionism was about technique Here, too, Impressionism was bold and daring. These artists broke from smooth convention and let anyone who cared to look see full evidence their......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Realism and Impressionism Movements

...Realism and Impressionism Movements Gloria Slezak ART 101- Art Appreciation Instructor Todd Leisek May 23, 2014 This essay will be about Realism and Impressionism movements. Both Realism and Impressionism movement was in the 19th century. The differences between these movements are that the Realism movement was in the mid-19th century and Impressionism was in the late 19th century. I will discuss two pieces of artwork that was done in these movements. One will be The Stone Breakers by Gustave Courbet and the other one is called Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette by Auguste Renoir. In this essay I will do my best to explain a little about how the characteristics and factors are reflected in these pieces of art. The Stone Breakers was a painting done by a French painter named Gustave Courbet. Gustave was well-known for his work of arts of still lives, self-portraits, females, common men workers, landscapes and many other common places. This painting was done in 1849 and is about hundred sixty-five years old. Addressed as the pioneer of the Realist movement Gustave set a unique artistic movement which caused a lot of disagreement among other artists. This movement demonstrated and signified the everyday life. Realism was exceptional and contentious in the sense that it broke away from the norm which was for centuries illustrating popular, religious figures, however Gustave ideologies were for artists to represent only what they can see or have lived. His painting was a......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Musical Impressionism

...Musical Impressionism Impressionism implies suggestion. With art, impressionism was to suggest rather than sustain a clear objective or draw a perfect picture. Impressionist music is tremendously similar. It focuses on creating a “sense” of the piece by using chromatic harmony and refined shadings of sound rather than keeping on a steady beat and straight rhythm. Impressionistic music could be thought to be filled with “wonder”. Impressionism, in the late Nineteenth century and early Twentieth century, was unheard of and had a confusing aura- as it naturally would be as it was not introduced before. Claude Debussy, the forefather, if you will, of impressionism, created his music through suggestion [rather than statement]. He took Mallarme’s poem Prélude À "L'après-midi d'un faune" and turned it into a song, which later he would (finally) “win acclaim”. Debussy’s Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun expresses impressionism in the finest state with his use of chromatic scales and whole tone scales, and unusual sound patterns. It had an ebb and flow of an ascending and descending scale and but never the same repeating rhythmic sequence. It’s complex rhythms, variations, and subtle textures “con­vey the impression of light and movement, rather than giving an exact representation of shapes”. It focused on feelings rather than a straightforward look at the poem. Ravel’s Le tombeau de Couperin is not surrounded with the same sounds as Debussy, however has the......

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Art Movements: Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

...Art Movements: Impressionism and Post-Impressionism On the morning of April 25, 1874, 10 days subsequent to the Anonymous Society of painters, sculptors and engravers first collective exhibit, Mr. Louis Leroy, an art critic employed by the French newspaper Le Charvari, unwittingly supplied the moniker for one of the most momentous movements in art history. Figure 1: Impression Sunrise by Claude Monet (1872) Entitled The Impressionists, Leroy's opinion on the group's presentation, which was strictly an attempt to denigrate Monet's Impression Sunrise, instantaneously spawned much ridicule from the salons, colleagues and industry patrons, yet the assortment of artists, including Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Degas, Manet, Sisley and Cezanne, ironically were quite fond of the term and implemented it to describe their artistic vision. When Classicism invaded Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries to usher in the Age of Enlightenment its form dominated societal culture until the rise of "The Rejects" as the Impressionists were referred to. Classicism was based upon strict form and a structured focal point. Impressionism rebelled every established convention of all previous art forms. Its focus was based on freedom or a release from prior constraints and depicted what was actually seen versus the most ascetically pleasing vision. While Classicism strictly adhered to lines, contours and muted colors, Impressionism was much more akin to coloring outside the lines, so to speak. The......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Impressionism vs Post-Impressionism

...Impressionism, the Benchmark of Post Impressionism Marvin Johnson WGU November 09, 2014 I Impressionism and Post Impressionism In France, by the conclusion of the nineteenth century many changes were arising. The social and political arenas were in an uprise. This environment made way for diversities among the artistic styles of the day. It encouraged artist to display their abilities and uniqueness in masterpieces of art, music, and theater. Visual arts, such as photography and film-making gained appreciation. As Impressionism broke away from traditional art, it was regarded as controversial originally and endangered the worth of fine art. Impressionism expressed a fresh approach to creativity rather than just replicating the style and techniques of the artists of the day. Not long after the impressionists were finally accepted, the post-impressionists artistic styles arose. These artists learned from their predecessors, but rebelled in a different direction. Their purpose was to restore a sense of order and constructive organization to art of painting. The connection between Impressionism and Post- impressionism is the one art form gleaned from the other, but was persistent in making modifications that expressed their own unique way of projecting the own expressions into their artwork. Through the 1870’s and 1880’s, times were shifting in France. There was a greater awareness in industrialization. Manufactures and factories replaced the......

Words: 1632 - Pages: 7

Iwt1

...Task 1 IWT1 22 December 2014 In 1874, a group known as the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers organized in Paris, that created the first impressionist exhibition (Samu, 2004). This group championed exhibitions throughout the 1880’s, and it created an awareness that was opposed by the conventional art community throughout France. Claude Monet was an impressionist artist, and he created a work of art known as Sunrise. Claude Monet gave the name impressionism to the art form because a critic of his stated his painting was a sketch or an “impression” (Samu, 2004). Most of the paintings during this era were panoramas or outdoor scenes. My Uncle John is an impressionist painter. He enjoyed this period of art, so he decided to model his style after the impressionist era. He was drawn to this because the artists seemed to create their techniques focusing on light and how it impacted images. The method for this type of painting consisted of short irregular broken strokes with vivacious light and colors, which added breadth to the paintings. The phenomenon of transistorizes was realized through impressionism. When an artist ventures out into the wilderness with his equipment and attempts to capture every detail visible to them they are in a heightened state of mind as compared to an artist who sits in their studio painting (Collins, 2012). There were many changes that took place in the political, economic and...

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Impressionism

...Impressionism and Post Impressionism The visual features which were found unacceptable or challenging to existing art conventions and social values were of many. During the 19th century, it was regarded improper for women to be alone with men who were not relatives, thus the concept of a nude female model working in an art studio was considered highly immoral. This was a time for revolution in art which related to science, a non-traditional European culture, the growing social concern for the common man and a woman’s conservative self. Young artists found themselves rejected by art academies like the Paris Salon. From this conflict immerged Impressionism. Women were a frequent subject in Impressionist art and they were often depicted as objects of beauty, purity, and delicacy often in gardens, baths and home with children. Conceptual Framework Many new techniques and characteristics are found common in Impressionist art, this including; harsh strong lines, contrasted colours, sketch like paintings, broken colour, subject matters exposed in broad areas of light, Chevreul’s colour theory, depiction of light as colour rather than tone, luminosity of colour, informal composition, rejected traditional techniques and influenced by Japanese prints and photography. Frames Henri de Toulouse- Lautrec‘s ‘At the Moulin Rouge’ has captivated an immediate photo like artwork considering the immediate and rapid capture of the movement and characteristic gestures of people...

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Impressionism vs. Post Impressionism

...Both Impressionism and Post-Impressionism came about in the late 19th century in France. During this time, the French government controlled the salons and academies of paintings in the early 19th century. It was the controlling by the French government that the Impressionist artists rejected for independent exhibitions. The Anonymous Society of Painters, Engravers, Sculptors, etc.; not only organized, but also participated in the first independent art exhibition that was held in 1874 ("Impressionism and Post-Impressionism," 2007-2015). This group included more than twenty famous artists and included Claude Monet and Auguste Renior. These artists didn't like to be restricted to painting in studios and drawing inspiration from past art, history, or mythology; as artists of the past were, they painted scenes from modern life and/or landscapes. Impressionist artists had a great understanding of nature of light and color theory. They were very literal with their paintings, they didn't vary from the scene in front of them. Take Monet's work, 'Impression, Sunrise' for example; he created this painting exactly as he saw it. He used visible brushstrokes to show exactly how the sunrise looked over the water that morning (Voorhies, October 2004). By 1886, however there were younger artists that felt the Impressionists didn't put the concentration on the subject matter like they should, instead focusing more on their technique and the effects of the natural light......

Words: 965 - Pages: 4

Realism Into Impressionism: Relationship, Characteristics and Style of the Movements

...Realism into Impressionism: Relationship, Characteristics and Style of the Movements Western Governors University IWT1 Task 1 Realism into Impressionism: Relationship, Characteristics and Style of the Movements Throughout time, people have expressed themselves through art in many different forms. Whether it is architecture, literature, music or visual arts; the art form is influenced by the artist, their experiences, imagination, surrounding cultures and history. Some art movements are a drastic change from previous movements, whereas others carry on characteristics from other movements or revive a movement from centuries earlier. It was not uncommon for different genres to exist during the same time periods. Romanticism, Realism, Pictorialism, Impressionism, Art Nouveau, and Victorian Photography were all movements that existed in the 19th century and early 20th century. (MindEdge 3.03; 2014) Some of these movements were an escape or a rebellion against the norm of mythological or glorified subject matters. Two movements whose painters are often times considered to be members of both genres are the Realism and Impressionism movements, such as Edouard Manet and Edward Degas. However, what influenced one movement was not necessarily the reasons for the characteristics, style or subject choices of the other. Visual art and artists, during the mid to late 1800’s to the early 1900’s, observed many changes take place in France. The changes experienced with the...

Words: 3091 - Pages: 13