Intercultural Problems

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Natijahtaraji
Words 1654
Pages 7
Masalah antara budaya di Toyo Benar
Ketika dia menetap di tempat duduk syarikat penerbangan beliau untuk kaki panjang dan perjalanan pulang ke Massachusetts, scott patjens berusaha keras untuk berehat. Mental letih dari hari empat jam di Tokyo dan yokohama, bagaimanapun, dia tidak dapat berehat.
Untuk mengatakan bahawa patjens hairan dan kecewa adalah untuk memberi kredit untuk berada dalam kawalan jauh lebih besar daripada dia merasa. Beberapa peristiwa yang berlaku empat hari lalu jatuh melalui fikirannya. Dia tidak boleh sama sekali menolak imej, atau perasaan tidak selesa. Ia adalah sifat beliau merasa positif mengenai kerja dan usaha beliau tetapi dia tidak boleh sama sekali menolak perjalanan ini. Sejak mesyuarat diminta beliau hanya tiga jam lalu dengan merton robinson, seorang eksekutif pemasaran barat yang tinggal di Jepun untuk menjadi agak mengganggu dia. Seluruh keadaan adalah tidak meyakinkan dan banyak soalan kekal dijawab, tidak terkecuali daripadanya adalah sama ada atau tidak dia akan dapat pulih daripada permulaan goyah dalam hubungannya dengan kumpulan Jepun.

Patjens merupakan pengurus latihan antarabangsa untuk papan kenyataan, inc., Pengeluar di seluruh dunia dan pengedar cip silikon dan dipasang papan litar bercetak. Pejabatnya adalah sebahagian daripada program latihan korporat yang lebih besar, yang dalaman mesra dipanggil 'u benar'. perbadanan itu mempunyai operasi antarabangsa yang luas, dengan Toyo benar, anak syarikat Jepun, bahagian ketiga paling produktif dalam jualan dan pendapatan. Toyo benar bekerja lebih daripada tiga ratus orang dan pada tahun lepas adalah bertanggungjawab untuk pendapatan korporat melebihi 500 juta. Pada mulanya sebahagian daripada bahagian antarabangsa papan benar (intertrue) kumpulan Jepun telah begitu berjaya dan menjadi begitu besar bahawa syarikat itu telah diputar ia di luar ke dalam anak syarikat.…...

Similar Documents

Intercultural Communication

...Topic : Benefits of learning intercultural communication to university student. Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study Anthropologist Edward T. Hall is the founder of intercultural communication during the 1951-1955 when he was at the Foreign Service Institute of the U.S. Department of States. The scholarly field of intercultural communication was then mainly advanced by university-based scholars of communication in the United States and Japan, and in other countries. The development of intercultural communication in the U.S. and Japan is analyzed here. Intercultural communication is one of the most important communications and also a structure of global communication as the world today is characterized by an ever growing number of contacts resulting in communication between people with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. This communication takes place because of contacts within the areas of business, military cooperation, science, education, mass media, entertainment, tourism but also because of immigration brought about by labour scarcity or political conflicts. Hence, there is communication which needs to be as constructive as possible, without misunderstandings and breakdowns. It is to belief that study on the nature of linguistic and cultural similarities and differences here can play a helpful and constructive role. Intercultural communication in its most fundamental......

Words: 2995 - Pages: 12

Intercultural Communication

...knowledgeable about the culture and the history of the nations and the people they are representing in order to avoid the mistakes of miscommunication, sometimes over-sensitivity in regards to a particular cultural community or social group can lead to unconscious discriminative judgments and overly patriotic heroisms. Intercultural communication is defined, “as the understanding of how people from different countries and cultures behave, communicate and perceive the world around them. This can also include cultural differences such as age, race and gender.” The study of intercultural communication is of great importance in the progression of our society as a planet to become a connected group of people and is researched by several industries of study including but not limited to anthropology, cultural studies, and linguistics, psychology and communications studies. Being able to understand how people from different cultures and religions communicate, interact, and perceive the environment around them allows for the formation of important guidelines and practices which help combat and avoid anxiety and uncertainty in government, business, and personal intercultural relationships for the purpose of efficient negotiations and merges different cultures into more tolerant cohesive existence. It is important that these same principles are utilized when communicating to cultural groups other than our own because people from different cultures encode and decode messages......

Words: 1474 - Pages: 6

Intercultural Management

...Mainly, intercultural management concentrates on the behaviour of people from different backgrounds working a whole together (Adler, 1983). As Morden (1995) and Elenkov (1998) noted, multicultural management study targets at coping with the organisation behaviour’s issues, such as leadership style, motivational approaches, strategy, organisational structure. Referring to a work of Jandt and Fred in 2001, there is no culture-free theory of management. “Managing other people is the responsibility of people who, like everyone else, have been enculturated and socialised into a cultural set of values and beliefs that governs their thinking, emotions, and behaviours. Like communications, management is culture bound. Moreover, managerial perceptions regarding the factors that lead to organisational success vary across cultures”. (Jandt & Fred, 2001). A journal article of Ephraim Okoro (2013) indicates that effective cross-cultural management should be emphasised by the competition of high-growth international organisations for global expansion. He noted that “corporations that have embraced appropriate acculturation strategies, employed effective cultural awareness model, and avoided ethnocentric management style in their expansion and growth efforts have been successful”. The today economy which is globally-interdependent strongly indicates that global businesses give opportunities to their managers to go abroad so that they will acquire the necessary skills for......

Words: 2139 - Pages: 9


...have some relevance today. Nevertheless the concepts are old-fashioned and cannot be adopted totally to the current century. The most important aspect to think about is that classifying whole cultures is mainly based on making stereotypes and generalisations. A culture exists of many individuals and therefore should be seen as those. Finally we consider the concepts as appropriate, but also see them in a critical way. A short list of distinction between Hofstede and Trompenaar * Hofstede more related to national cultures and inevitably market selection decisions in marketing and offshoring decisions in sourcing * Trompenaar more related to management of multinational enterprises and more applicable to everyday managerial problems * Trompenaar is also more recent and had the benefit of looking at Hofstede’s work and some of the critique against it…...

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5

Intercultural Communication

... Intercultural Communication in the Global Workplace Fifth Edition Iris Varner Professor Emerita, Illinois State University Linda Beamer Emerita Professor, California State University, Los Angeles INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN THE GLOBAL WORKPLACE, FIFTH EDITON Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2008, 2005, and 2001. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOC/DOC 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 ISBN: 978-0-07-337774-2 MHID: 0-07-337774-0 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President EDP/Central Publishing Services: Kimberly Meriwether David Publisher: Paul Ducham Sponsoring Editor: Laura Hurst Spell Editorial Coordinator: Jane Beck Associate Marketing Manager: Jaime Halteman Project Manager: Erin Melloy Design Coordinator: Margarite Reynolds Cover Image Credit: © Photodisc Production Supervisor: Nicole......

Words: 252395 - Pages: 1010

Intercultural Communication

...entered into a partnership with the goal of finding ways to better prepare American business students for intercultural communication in the global economy. This consortium was formed and funded on the assumption1 that business students, while receiving excellent training in the business component of international business, are woefully under-prepared for face to face communication with members of other cultures, and thus could potentially compromise American ventures abroad. The group, calling itself the Alliance for the Promotion for Cross-cultural Skills for Business Students, was financed by the Fund for the Improvement of Post-secondary Education (FIPSE) and was charged with the creation of programs requiring business student participation in study abroad programs and in innovative intercultural communication curricula setup precisely for this target group. In their effort to create this cross-cultural skills curricula for business students, Alliance members initially faced three tasks: defining the problem in theoretical rather than anecdotal terms; developing a set of pedagogical practices grounded in that theoretical framework, and which could be deployed in the study abroad context; and gathering empirical data in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the practices. The decision to use the study abroad experience as a primary vehicle for teaching intercultural communication was also based on a widely held assumption: "one of the most frequently articulated......

Words: 750 - Pages: 3

Intercultural Communication

...Intercultural Communication August 21, 2013  The example of poor intercultural communication between the United States of America and Mexico is how the communication significantly affected foreign policy and international commerce between the two countries. Mexico is a country of intercultural significance and neighbors the United States of America. The United States of America is traditional and within the country, many cultures exist. The work ethic and language, within intercultural communication in Mexico and the United States of America, are similar. The population of the United States exceeds 313 million people and this statistic results in America as the third largest country in the world. The diverse population of the United States is 64 percent Caucasian, 16 percent Hispanic, 13 percent Black, five percent Asian and Pacific Islander, and one percent Native American. One could state that the United States of America consists of a plethora of cultures. The population of Mexico is 113.7 million people and increasing 1.10 percent annually (Huntington, 2005). Mexico’s population is an estimated 60 percent mixture of with indigenous heritage and Spanish. The multiple indigenous groups are approximately 30 percent, and the European ancestry is approximately nine percent. The largest city in Mexico is Mexico City and New York is the largest city in the United States of America. The two cities are over 17 million, another similarity between the two countries (Rosenberg,......

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

Intercultural Proficiency

... Flaherty, Newell D. Wright, Robert M. McMillen (2009) Student Intercultural Proficiency From Study Abroad Programs, Journal of Marketing Education Statement of the Problem The problem, which is related to study abroad programs (SAPs), is clearly stated in the article’s introduction. The problem stated is “that a deficiency exists, within marketing education, of empirical evidence on the explicit impact of SAPs on student attitudes and behavior. In particular, empirical evidence is absent which specifies the characteristics of intercultural growth that are an outcome of SAP” (Clarke, Flaherty, Newell, McMillen, 2009, p. 174). Purpose Statement The purpose is directly stated in the article as follows, “this study… attempts to extend the marketing education literature by empirically investigating the specific intercultural proficiencies that may advance while students study abroad” (Clarke III, et. al. 2009 p. 174). The purpose then specifically addresses the benefits for marketing educators from “expanded knowledge on the possible outcomes of a SAP” (p. 174). Background & Importance/Significance (literature review) In this study, the literature review serves three purposes. First, it defines the specific intercultural proficiencies that are likely to advance from the study abroad experience: intercultural proficiency, global mindedness, intercultural communication, openness to diversity, and intercultural sensitivity (Clarke III, et. al. 2009). Second, the review......

Words: 2536 - Pages: 11

Intercultural Communication

...PREFACE Thank to God who has given grace and mercy to the author so we can successfully complete this paper timely, with title "Intercultural Communication". We would like to thank our friends who have been taking part in the making this paper until finish eating, and also to all those who helped in the completion of this paper. We realize that in the preparation of this paper there are still many flaws and is far from perfection. Therefore, critics and suggestion is needed here for the improvement of this paper.. The writer hopes that this paper will be useful not only for the writer but also for the readers. Bandung, September 2015 Author Table Of Contents Preface 1 Chapter 1 3 Introduction 3 1.1 Issue background 3 1.2 Purpose of the paper 4 Chapter 2 5 Theory and Discusion 5 2.1 Notion and Principle of Intercultural Communication 5 2.2 Misinterpretation Intercultural Communication in the Lecture 7 2.3 Obstacle in Intercultural Communication 9 Chapter 3 12 Conclusion 12 Bibliography 13 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Issue background The world today is filled by an ever growing number of contacts resulting in communication between people with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. Not just happen out of the country, Indonesian society has always been known to be very heterogeneous in many aspects, such as the diversity of ethnicity, religion, language, etc. Is common as an Indonesian citizen......

Words: 2535 - Pages: 11

Intercultural Communication

...Problem Statement Since few decades, a rapid advancement is observed in the globalization, which has resulted in an increment of immigrants in the Western countries, especially, the United States. In the result, intercultural communication is one of the major issues that are presently confronted by Americans, as well as, the immigrants in the country. This paper will specifically discuss and analyze some of the causes and effects of this issue. Audience Analysis Nowadays, people from different countries are working together, as well as, individuals from different places come and study together. In this regard, it is very important that students should respect different cultures, norms and values of different societies, which may facilitate them in their studies. On the other hand, managers have to deal with Americans, Canadians, Pakistanis, Chinese, and Africans at the same time, and it is very important that they should have the proper knowledge regarding the world cultures. (Porter, 2005) Subject Area One of the significant requisites of intercultural communication overlaps with factors of effective management, listening and feedback. In specific, it is very imperative that individuals should be good listeners, as it is very essential that they should listen to their colleagues in an intercultural environment, as sometimes, a term in one culture would be diverse in another culture, and this is where intercultural communication plays the crucial role in......

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Intercultural Communication

...1 INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION: ITS IMPORTANCE TO VARIOUS CAREER FIELDS AND PERSPECTIVE BY VARIOUS AUTHORS Priscilla N. Gitimu Doctoral Student Southern Illinois University Carbondale Department of Workforce Education and Development 311G Quigley Hall Southern Illinois University at Carbondale Carbondale, IL 62901-4605 618-453-1982 2 ABSTRACT Intercultural communication refers to messages transmitted between members of two or more different societies Globalization has made intercultural communication inevitable. Communicating with other cultures characterizes today’s business, classroom, and community. Technology especially the internet has increased the probability that whatever is documented online will be read by someone from another culture. Intercultural communication is of importance in any career field thus the art of knowing how to communicate with other cultures should be a work place skill that is emphasized. This is a conceptual paper whose purpose is two fold. First the paper gives a synopsis of the importance of efficient and competent intercultural communication in various career fields; namely, education, business, medicine and in counseling. Secondly, the paper presents studies and perspectives that various authors have on intercultural communication. INTRODUCTION Globalization has made intercultural communication inevitable. Communicating with other cultures characterizes today’s business, classroom, and community.......

Words: 2899 - Pages: 12

Intercultural Communication

...Internationales Management: Intercultural Communication 1 Outline Activity 1.a. …...……………………………. p.3 Activity 1 b. and 1c. ……..……………………p.8 Activity 1 d. …………………………………p.10 Activity 1e.…………………………………. p.11 Reference……………………………………. p.12 2 Activity 1.a. • Establish 3 new folders on your PC: • Definitions of Culture • Culture Models • Articles on Cultural Difference • Create a new folder in your “favorites” called Culture. • Next, search your literature and the Internet (for instance, write in Google “definition of culture”) and collect and file at least 10 different definitions. • Discuss the contents with your tutor and select the one you like best. Definition of Culture There are lots of definitions of culture in scholar or public, in the book it defined:”Culture is the holistic interrelationship of a group’s identity , beliefs , values , activities , rules , customs , communication patterns , and institutions.”(Dodd, 1997, p.36)Furthermore , culture teaches significant rules , rituals , and procedure. Culture reinforces values. Culture teaches relationship with others.1 Culture Models This model demonstrates elements of culture composing a system.The inner core lies at the most significant level.The second and third set of elements are tied to the core , but remain an area for some degree of flexibility and change.(Dodd, 1997, p.38)2 Economic and Work Educational Technology and......

Words: 2399 - Pages: 10

Intercultural Communications

...Intercultural Communications SOC 315 Cultural Diversity March 16, 2005 Abstract This paper describes, explains and rectifies a situation that illustrates an intercultural communication issue within the work environment. A full description of the communication issue will be covered, along with the outcome of the situation. A diagnosis of the communication issue and the cultural norms involved will be discussed. Several recommendations that would have prevented the issue will also be discussed. Intercultural Communications The world today has a growing number of contacts resulting in communication between people with different linguistic and cultural backgrounds. The communication needs to be as constructive as possible, without misunderstandings and breakdowns. Sweden like many other areas is changing into a multicultural society. The health care industry in Sweden has been one of the most ethically and gender segregated work places compared to the rest of the industry. That is beginning to change rapidly, which has created some communication issues. Description of the Communication Issue Context "The chance of hearing Swedish with an accent in hospitals and other health care institutions is fairly high" (Allwood, et. al.). There is such a shortage of health care personnel that they are working abroad because they can work less hours, get higher pay and lower taxes outside of Sweden. Sweden has been recruiting......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Intercultural Marketing

...1. Introduction 1. Problem 1.2 Target Setting 1.3 Construction of Paper 2. Theoretical Principles of Marketing 2.1. Marketing 2.1.3 Ethno – Marketing 2.2 Culture 2.2.1 Culture as a Common Reality 2.2.2 Outstanding Elements Language Values Rituals Religion 3. Product Policy 3.1 Product Design 3.2 Brand 3.3 The 4 A´s for the Local Markets 4. Communication Policy 4.1 Use of Media 5. Conclusion 6. Bibliography Cross-Cultural Marketing 1. Introduction The growing together of Europe, encouraged by an identical Euro-Zone and the associated growing liberalization of international services, trading performance, cash flows and better communication opportunities, produce an increasing complex of international competition. The internationalization opens national markets for new competitors and creates new business opportunities for midsized, small and large businesses. On one hand this is based on the pursuit of expansive utilization of the existing markets in other nations, because of the saturation of the domestic markets. On the other hand companies are motivated to produce in developing countries with a low-cost and efficient production, because the product and technology life cycles of the domestic markets are shortening and the developing......

Words: 2305 - Pages: 10

Intercultural Communation

...Intercultural Professional Communication Protocols Guide By: Kimberly J. Turigliatto Date: 5/16/11 Contents Introduction 3 Description of your Diverse Cultural Group 4 Evaluating Workplace Culture 5 Interaction of your Selected Culture with your Organization 6 Membership and Gender Challenges 7 Intercultural Conflict 8 Verbal and Nonverbal Challenges 9 Building Business Relationships 10 Conclusion 11 Introduction When considering forming a business relationship or when working with people from a Hispanic culture there are many things that one should consider in order to have a successful relationship. Over the last several weeks we have studied many topics to enhance our ability to work with other cultures. In the first topic we chose a culture to learn about that would benefit our organization in learning how to enhance our communication skills in with. My chosen culture was the Hispanic culture as we have many suppliers and co-workers within our facility that we could enhance our working relationships with. In Module two we evaluated our own workplace cultures in and learning if we had a collectivistic or individualistic culture we work within. As we look at module three we begin to focus on just how our chosen culture interacts with our organization. In this area we have learned about the pitfalls that can befall us when we stereo type a group. In......

Words: 6307 - Pages: 26