Indian Caste System and Varna

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Rom101
Words 2550
Pages 11
INDIAN CASTE AND VARNA SYSTEM

India is a diverse nation and one of the most prominent historical features of this country is its caste system. Under this caste system, people are divided and differentiated on the basis of region, class, place of birth, language, religion, tribe and gender. This caste system is seen as a tool to intricately stratified social hierarchy which plays a key role in distinguishing the culture of our nation from any other in this entire world. It has a history which is multi-dimensional and multifarious and is considered as the sole basis of a methodical ranking system on the basis of your occupation and inequality among the people, which is the root cause of the problem of inequality of the society. According to this caste system, the social standing of a person should be decided on the basis of the caste in which he is born in. To study the history of caste system in India, we must first study the history of Hinduism.
The definition of ‘caste’ should be considered before studying about the Caste system of India. Caste can be defined as “a collection of families or groups of families bearing a common name; claiming a common descent from a mythical ancestor, human or divine; professing to follow the same hereditary calling; and regard by those who are capable to give an opinion as forming a single homogeneous community”. It can also be defined as an hierarchal division of different parts of the society on the basis of their occupation and place of birth. The main basis of division in the caste system is occupation of the person. The caste system is divided into four different hierarchal castes called varnas and is divided on the basis of the occupation, wealth, power and societal status. The term caste dates back to 1200 BCE which is used to differentiate the group of people who have different social status. Caste, also known as ‘Jati’…...

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