Human Resource Management in Spain

In: Business and Management

Submitted By baw3886
Words 1358
Pages 6
SPANISH HISTORY WITH RELATION TO HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES
The story of Spain's economy did not take off until 1975 where they eventually turned into a democracy when General Franco and his regime died. The Spaniards once again looked to their king to take them into the unknown territory of democracy and brought them closer to the European Union.
Through out the 20th century just 1/3 of the population either had a job or was looking for one. In 1965 it touched record levels where unemployment was hovering at about 38.5%. However this number decreased in the 80s to about 33%-34%.
Compared to other European countries in the 1970s Spain had the lowest participation by women, which was at 18% of all women in Spain. This is to be compared to Italy, which was at about 26% and in northern Europe, which was about 30% to 40 %. However with benefits, incentives, government policies, and legislation this value was raised to about 30% to 40% of the population of women working in the labour force.
In the late 1980s Spain's economy was growing. This was mainly due to the rise in the employment, improved equipments, rise in industrial production and mainly government policies. However the figures might be false to a certain extent because it was believed that the underground economy had also contributed to the booming economy (http://www.workmall.com).

SPANISH LABOUR MARKET
The Spanish labour market is affected by tradition and culture, so there are two principal reasons that could represent the labor market in Spain. Firstly, there is a very high rate of unemployment besides the economic growth. Secondly, an individual tends to be unemployed for long time. Looking at the period from 1987 to 1991, there is 57.4%, unemployment in Spain. So in twentieth century, it was around 52.7% probably because the labor market was rigid.
After the government allowed the extensive use…...

Similar Documents

Human Resource Management

...Global Human Resource Management Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the drivers behind globalization in the early 21st century. Discuss the role that culture plays in determining the effective use of human resource management practices in a global organization. Identify critical HRM issues faced by multinational and global organizations when they conduct business in the international marketplace. Internet/Web Resources General Sites www.expatexchange.com www.ilo.org www.odei.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ index.html www.mexicomaquila.com www.gmacglobalrelocation.com www.shrm.org globalgateway.monster.com Company Sites www.globaldynamics.com www.nortel.com www.bp.com www.dell.com www.ballygaming.com www.nestle.com www.unilever.com www.fiat.com www.volvo.com Career Challenge Chapter 4 Global Human Resource Management 97 Boswell Technologies is a computer software development firm located in Akron, Ohio. Michael Carl, vice president for human resources at Boswell Technologies, has just returned from San Benedetto, Italy. It seems that Boswell is soon going to become Boswell International. The company has just acquired a successful software firm located in San Benedetto. The purpose of the acquisition was to quickly allow Boswell to become a premier supplier of new and innovative computer software in Europe. On his first day back in Ohio, Michael has been called into the office of Boswell’s president, David Randolf, to......

Words: 18056 - Pages: 73

Human Resource Management

...Unit 6.1 Human Resource Management Level 6 15 Credits Sample Assignment To succeed in this unit, you are required to complete two assignments. You must ensure that you cover all the assessment criteria for this unit over the two assignments as indicated. . Assignment One You have been invited to contribute an article to the journal ‘Personnel Today’. The journal is commissioning a series of articles introducing principles of Human Resource Management (HRM) to senior managers from other functional management areas. The first article is entitled ‘Ensure the success of your business through effective human resource strategies’ Your article must be suitable for senior managers and written in a style appropriate for a professional journal. You should refer to relevant theory. You may use diagrams and illustrations if you wish. The article must cover: • A definition of strategic human resource management and a comparison of at least two models of strategic HRM • Reasons for the importance of HRM in organisations • Explanation and analysis of an HRM framework • Explanation of the HRM process and how strategies are developed • An assessment of the roles in strategic HRM This assignment covers assessment criteria 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3. A bibliography must be attached. Assignment Two Case Study Read the information about British Airways. Carry out further research by reading the latest BA annual report and articles related...

Words: 752 - Pages: 4

Strategic Human Resources Management

...Strategic Human Resource Management Model A human resource department helps organizations and their employees attain their goals. But it faces many challenges along the way. This chapter explores some of these challenges and outlines a strategic human resource management model upon which the rest of this book builds. The Strategic Human Resource Management Model Environmental Analysis Organizational Mission and Goals Analysis Analysis of Organizational Strengths and Culture Analysis of Organizational Strategies Choice and Implementation of Human Resource Strategies Planning Human Resources Attracting Human Resources Human Resource Tactical Plans Placing, Developing, and Evaluating Human Resources Maintaining High Performance Motivating and Rewarding Human Resources Human Resource Systems and Procedures Review and Evaluation of Human Resource Strategies CHAPTER ONE Strategic Importance of Human Resource Management The successful 21st-century organization will not take the loyalty of talented people for granted. It will constantly try to recruit and keep them. … The mutual commitment of an employer and an employee will be one of the most important factors for a 21st-century organization. Subhir Chowdhury1 One CHAPTER OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: • List challenges facing Canadian organizations in the context of managing their workforce. • Discuss the objectives of human resource management. •......

Words: 32978 - Pages: 132

Global Human Resource Management

...Global Human Resource Management By Michelle L. Johnstun Survey of Global Business MGT 430 Dr. Ed Goold D.B.A. M.B.A. February 12, 2013 Abstract Human Resource Management is related to the strategy of an organization in assisting a firm to reach its primary goal of “reducing the costs of value creation and adding value by better serving customers” (Hill, 2013). In order to be successful as a global HRM cultural differences and customs must be acknowledged and understood. Labor laws, compensation practices, equal employment legislation, and the enforcement of a firm’s established code of conduct are examples of the complexity in the role of a global HRM. Knowing how to staff, develop, compensate, and evaluate key management positions for global posts are critical to ensuring the success of an expatriate manager and the costs associated with doing business in another country. This paper will go into greater detail the strategic role of a global HRM in an International business setting; discuss the four major tasks associated with a global HRM which include: staffing policies, management training and development, performance appraisal, and compensation policies. Lastly, this paper will discuss the international labor relations; the relationship between management of labor relations and the firm’s overall strategy. CONTENTS Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………..2 The Strategic Role of an International Human Resouce Manager......

Words: 5594 - Pages: 23

Concepts of Human Resource Management

...CONCEPT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT – MBA MENTOR Human resource management means management of people at work. HRM is the process which binds people with organizations and helps both people and organization to achieve each others goal. Various policies, processes and practices are designed to help both employees and organization’s to achieve their goal. Human resource management is branch of management that deals with people at work, it is concerned with the human dimensions of management of the organization. As organization consists of people, therefore acquiring them, developing their skills, providing them motivation in order to attain higher goal and ensuring that the level of commitment is maintained are the important activities. Human resource constitutes of all the management decisions responsible for relationship between organization and employees. HRM is the field of management which plans, organizes, controls the functions of procurement, development, maintenance and utilization of the work force so that. 1. Organization goals can be accomplished. 2. Objectives of human resources can be accomplished 3. Objectives of society can be accomplished. According to Flippo, Human Resource Management is: "The planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and reproduction of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and societal objectives are accomplished" Human......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Human Resource Management

...HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Group 6 – Case Study Presentation | Chapter 6 – Recruiting Human Resource TO QUOTA OR NOT TO QUOTA INTRODUCTION Quotas are simply defined as fixed number or amount of people or things in particular. However, Scott (2014)[9] defines quota in HRM as affirmative action guidelines which require covered employers to meet certain goals and timetables for hiring and/or promoting women and minorities. In human resource management quotas are associated with changing demographic composition and diversity of workforce across one or more distributive categories such as gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, disability and education backgrounds. As per our case-study, (Stone 2013, pp. 243-244) [1] highlights that despite women had been in workforce for decades, there is gender bias in recruiting board executives. Organisations have utilised multiple strategies to overcome this phenomenon of which quota has been an integral part. Implementation of quota has affected organisations bilaterally entangling ethical dilemmas which led to generalised perception of the aforesaid topic. Galbraith (2012) [7] states that a balanced boardroom has both positive and negative effects. However, extensive research has shown general acceptance of quotas in the international framework. Erika Watson (2012) [10] published in a research article stating Norway as the first country in world to enforce quota law of 40% women on their board. Similar approaches were......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Human Resource Management

...business with only limited facilities and representation in foreign countries. Others, particularly Fortune 500 corporations, have extensive facilities, and personnel in various countries of the world. Managing these resources effectively, and integrating their activities to achieve global advantage, is a challenge to the leadership of these companies. We are quickly moving toward a global economy. While estimates vary widely, approximately 70 to 85 percent of the U.S. economy today is affected by international competition. Recent popular books have suggested that many U.S. companies need to reassess their approach to doing business overseas, particularly in the area of managing human resources. To a large degree, the challenge of managing across borders boils down to the philosophies and systems we use for managing people. In this chapter we will observe that much of what is discussed throughout this text can be applied to foreign operations, provided one is sensitive to the requirements of a particular international setting. The first part of this chapter presents a brief introduction to international business firms. In many important respects, the way a company organizes its international operations influences the type of managerial and human resources issues it faces. In additioft1 we briefly describe some of the environmental factors that also affect the work of managers in a global setting. Just as with domestic operations, the dimensions of the environment form......

Words: 11547 - Pages: 47

Human Resource Management

...Managing Human Resources, 14e, Bohlander/Snell - © 2007 Thomson South-Western © STONE/GETTY IMAGES chapter 15 International Human Resources Management After studying this chapter, you should be able to objective Identify the types of organizational forms used for competing internationally. objective 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Identify the unique training needs for international assignees and their employees. objective Explain the economic, politicallegal, and cultural factors in different countries that HR managers need to consider. objective Identify the characteristics of a good international compensation plan. objective Explain how domestic and international HRM differ. objective Reconcile the difficulties of home- and host-country performance appraisals. objective Discuss the staffing process for individuals working internationally. objective Explain how labor relations differ around the world. PART 6 Expanding Human Resources Management Horizons 639 Managing Human Resources, 14e, Bohlander/Snell - © 2007 Thomson South-Western 640 PART 6 Expanding Human Resources Management Horizons W hen you pick up a newspaper or turn on the TV, you’ll notice that stories are constantly being told about companies competing globally. These stories might include mergers of U.S. and international companies, such as Daimler-Benz and Chrysler a few years ago. Or they might highlight companies expanding into......

Words: 24258 - Pages: 98

Human Resources Management

...Critically discuss how human resource policies are designed in order to assist organization achieve their strategy Introduction Human resource polices are used to identify outstanding employees for enterprises, not only to find good employees, more important is to train the employees. Until every employee can contribute to the corporate development and then they can further assist the company achieve the corporate strategies in the most suitable positions in the company. Meanwhile, the human resource polices are also should conducive to create positive, united and dedicated working environment and improve efficiency in all aspects. Nevertheless, the human resource policies also differ with different corporate cultures in different organizations. Such situation also poses competitive challenge to the human resource policies. There is no fixed pattern for the human resource policies in the organization. In different organizations, different social circumstances human resource policies also in different patterns. The role of human resource policies should be give full play in the corporate development process. Human resource managers need to bring the initiative into play in order to enable enterprises face a high growth stable development trend in the future. Therefore this essay argues that the human resource policies are designed to assist organization achieve corporate strategy. This essay aims to explore and discuss how the human resources policies are designed in order...

Words: 2333 - Pages: 10

International Human Resource Management

...This essay will focus on the various factors required when creating equitable pay and benefits packages for a British expatriate managers and engineers, who will be setting up production facilities in Denmark and Spain. Dowling and Welch (2004) defines an expatriate as ‘an employee who is working and temporarily residing in a foreign country’. This definition is also confirmed according to Harzing (2004) and Hollinshead (2010) they describe an expatriate as “a parent country national (PCN) working in foreign subsidiaries of the MNC for a predefined period, usually of 2-5 years”. (CEO Campbell Soup, quoted in Hollinshead 2010) “Too much emphasis on executives’ technical abilities - too little on cultural skills and family situation”. Baruch (2004) explains expatriates are prone to failure and it is a very risky approach; ‘The use of expatriate employees by organizations in their foreign subsidiaries represents a substantial investment with costs of expatriate failure reaching exorbitant levels ’. When focusing on the theory Trompennaar and Hall both indicate some culture issues that an expatriate may face. There are many reasons as to why an expatriate may not be successful and may return to their home country early this called repatriation, reasons for expats living early could be due to family concerns or the managers or engineers have accepted new position in the company, cultural adjustment challenges, security concerns and also career concerns. There are also number......

Words: 2422 - Pages: 10

Human Resource Management

...Human Resource Management 1. Executive Summary Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) has established great in recent years in the fields of Human Resource Management (HRM). SHRM is the new concept for both the strategic management field and the human resource management field. The SHRM concept is based mainly on the HRM Practices, which are the main force driving organizational performance. SHRM is concerned with approaches to HRM practices as a critical strategic dimension affecting organization performance; which is the objective of this assignment. Strategic human resource management enhances organizational effectiveness and also productivity. The implementations of the HRM practices mentioned in this assignment are able to achieve their goals and objectives. This assignment on SHRM highlights its importance in TECO Electric and Machinery Pte Ltd. And it focuses on what best practices of strategic planning the organization can achieve organizational effectiveness and performance. 2. Introduction 2.1. Human Resource Management (HRM): Torrington, Hall and Taylor (2005, p.14) defines Human Resource Management is a series of activities which: first enables working people and the organization which uses their skills to agree about the objectives and nature of their working relationship and, secondly, ensures that the agreement is fulfilled. Armstrong (2008, p.5) defines HRM as a strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization’s most valued......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Human Resource Management

...CHAPTER 1 Changing Nature of Human Resource Management After you have read this chapter, you should be able to: q Identify four major HR challenges currently facing organizations and managers. List and define each of the seven major categories of HR activities. Identify the three different roles of HR management. Discuss the three dimensions associated with HR management as a strategic business contributor. Explain why HR professionals and operating managers must view HR management as an interface. Discuss why ethical issues and professionalism affect HR management as a career field. q q q q q 3 HR TRANSITIONS HR Management Contributes to Organizational Success More effective management of human resources (HR) increasingly is being seen as positively affecting performance in organizations, both large and small. A joint venture between General Electric and a Japanese company, GE Fanuc is a manufacturer of factory automation and control products. Headquartered in Virginia with 1,500 employees, the HR department primarily performed administrative support activities. But when Donald Borwhat, Jr., took over as Senior Vice President of Human Resources, he and his staff began by restructuring and decentralizing the HR entity so that each functional area of the company has an HR manager assigned to it. The HR managers were expected to be key contributors to their areas by becoming knowledgeable about the business issues faced by their business......

Words: 292939 - Pages: 1172

Human Resource Management

...Global Journal of Human Resource Management Vol.3, No.3, pp.58-73, May 2015 Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.eajournals.org) HISTORY, EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE Kipkemboi Jacob Rotich1, Moi University, School of Human Resource Development, Department of Development Studies, P.o Box 3900-30100, Eldoret, Kenya. ABSTRACT: Various attempts have been made towards tracing the historical development of the discipline of Human Resource Management (HRM). However, these initiatives have largely been concentrated on certain specific periods of time and experiences of specific countries and regions such as Australia, the USA, the UK and Asia (Nankervis et.al, 2011; Kelly, 2003; Ogier, 2003). This paper attempts to document the entire history of the discipline of Human Resource Management from a holistic perspective. The evolution and development of HRM will be traced right from the pre-historic times through to the postmodern world. Major characteristics in the evolution and development of HRM will also be examined and documented. KEYWORDS: Human Resource Management (HRM), evolution, history INTRODUCTION Defining Human Resource Management (HRM) According to Armstrong (2006) Human Resource Management (HRM) is defined as a strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization’s most valued assets – the people working there who individually and......

Words: 6796 - Pages: 28

Human Resource Management Management

...Assignment 1: Human Resource Management Overview Manuel Johnican HAS 320 Healthcare Human Resource Management November 1, 2015 HR managers in healthcare have several roles that are rather different and difficult. The main role for Human Resource Managers is constantly evolving based on the life stage of Healthcare facilities and the business. Human Resource managers in health care play a role of an important business partner. They have a significant impact on the facility performances. HR introduces company policies and practices focused on the increase of the performance of employees, maintain the high level of employees’ satisfaction, and designing the unique corporate culture. They are the ones who keep all policies up to date and in its appropriate place. Human Resource Managers lead and manage projects resulting in building the competitive advantage. They are the single point of contact for the management. In healthcare facilities, they share goals with business leaders and take ownership of the strategic HR agenda. Parallel to several other department managers in healthcare, a human resource manager has double uncomplicated functions: One of which is overseeing division occupations and the other one is supervising worker. To perform these task correctly, Human Resource Manager must be well experienced in each of the human resources areas. Areas such as punishments- payment and profits, preparation and progress, employee relations, recruitment, and......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Human Resource Management

...A RESEARCH REPORT ON HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING A Study on Selected Organizations in Bangladesh Executive Summary This study investigates the various Human Resource Planning and Development activities and efforts that the telecom and banking industry of Bangladesh undergoes, to deal with the rapidly changing environment, which organizations face in the current globalize market place. It views differences in the strategic and coherent approach to the management of the under-covered bank and telecoms ’ most valued assets - the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the business. Human resources management comprises several processes. Together, they are supposed to achieve the organization’s goal. These processes can be performed in an HR department, but some tasks can also be outsourced or performed by line-managers or other departments. The various HR activities which we focused on while doing this report have simply started from the range of Recruiting process, Training Process, Performance Appraisal, Transfer Process, Motivation Process, Employees Retention Programs and Respond to diversity. We surveyed two top telecom companies and one local private company altogether to prepare a high-quality research report. Our objective was to find out the strategic aspect of Human Resource Panning various HR issues that a bank and telecom company focuses for thriving in the market. The results of......

Words: 6336 - Pages: 26