How to ‘Mark-to-Market’ When There Is No Market

In: Business and Management

Submitted By dodocyorin
Words 6287
Pages 26
Original Article

How to ‘mark-to-market’ when there is no market
Received (in revised form): 12th December 2010

Samuel Francis is an attorney and certified public accountant experienced in corporate, litigation, audit and tax matters focusing his practice on financial services and investment management. He holds a BS in accounting from the City University of New York, Brooklyn College and a JD from Fordham University School of Law. He is the author of the 2009 award-winning article ‘Meet Two-Face: The Dualistic Rule 10b-5 and the Quandary of Offsetting Losses by Gains’. Fordham Law Review 77(6): 3045–3094. Correspondence: Samuel Francis, 321 Roselle Avenue, Cedarhurst, NY 11516, USA E-mail:

ABSTRACT At the center of the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 was the collapse of American International Group, brought on by extensive unhedged positions in derivatives, such as credit default swaps, and possibly exacerbated by mark-to-market accounting rules. Even though these rules generally produce the most realistic valuations of derivatives, a heated debate broke out over their application in a dislocated market. The foremost concern was that forcing financial institutions to mark down assets to their current market prices actually causes further declines. Regulators largely dismissed such concerns, but acknowledged that the existing standards could use additional clarification and modification. Many scholarly studies have since concurred that the rules should not be replaced, but suggest that additional measures should be taken to avoid their potential procyclical effects. Journal of Derivatives & Hedge Funds (2011) 17, 122–132. doi:10.1057/jdhf.2011.6; published online 9 June 2011 Keywords: mark-to-market; fair value accounting; credit default swaps; derivatives; AIG

And it came to pass at the end of two full years,…...

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