How Do Societies Deal with Growing Numbers?/ Carl

In: Social Issues

Submitted By chinguyen95
Words 599
Pages 3
Population and environmental impact
How do societies deal with growing numbers? 1. Demography: the study of population size and composition 2. Fertility: number of births in a population 3. Mortality: number of deaths in a population 4. Migration: movement of people from one area to another 5. Immigration: number of people who enter a nation-state 6. Emigration: number of people who leave a nation-state 7. Predict population numbers using RNI ( crude birth rate- crude death rate) and doubling time ( number of years it takes for a population to double) 8. Theories: a. Malthusian Theory: population will one day exceed amount of food available b. Demographic Transition Theory: societies that move from agrarian to industrial go through four stages of development, eventually controlling their fertility c. Predict food shortage, global warming, and overpopulation 9. Population control programs: nations promote births with tax breaks and other incentives to increase population ( pro-natalist), or promote birth control to keep population down ( antinatalist) 10. Crude Birth rate: number of births for every 1000 people each year 11. Age-specific birth rate: the number of births for every 1000 women in a specific age group. 12. Total fertility rate: average number of births expected from any women in a population to bear in her lifetime. 13. Zero population growth: is a TFR of two, meaning that each woman has two children to replace the mother and father. 14. Mortality rate: the number of deaths that occur in a population 15. Crude death rate: the number of deaths for every 1000 people each year 16. Age-specific death rate: the number of deaths for every 1000 persons of a given age group 17. Infant mortality rate: the number of children for every 1000 born alive who die before they…...

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