Hot Tub

In: Science

Submitted By addisi
Words 362
Pages 2
(Introductionwhat happened - from the case study:Roma and Clint went into hot tub with some wine. After the night, they were found dead.Before going into the hot tub, Clint took his Lasix medication. The temperature of the hot tubwas higher than it should be. BAL of the couple was 0.20. Roma weighted 120lb; Clintweighted 160lb. Time of death estimated at 2AM in the morning. There was a therapeutic(fair amount) level of Lasix in Clint’s blood, but none in Roma’s blood .TemperatureHot tub temperature can be no more than 104-106 degree Fahrenheit (40-41 degreeCelsius(more than 104-106 (40-41) can lead to heat stroke, heart attack nausea, stroke, braindamage, other illness and death, even in healthy adults. They might drown ..AlcoholAlcohol while in hot tub is very dangerous -The heat from the spa accelerates the effects of the alcohol and can lead tounconsciousness. -alcohol dehydrates the body, as does sweating in a hot tub--cause light-headedness,dizziness, nausea, heart palpation, confusion, weakness and even coma and death. -Drinking alcohol can cause dizziness, which can be aggravated by the high temperature ofa hot tub. dizziness may cause you to fall..and drown -the depressant effect of alcohol intake in combination with the high temperature of a hottub can cause you to fall asleep or pass out.---drowning -the heat of a hot tub expands your blood vessels (lowers blood pressure) and increasesyour body temperature (cause you to sweat--dehydration), as does drinking alcohol.combining them can result in unconsciousness or even a stroke or a heart attack•hinders production of ADH (antidiurectic hormone) from the hypothalamusoADH regulate the osmotic pressure of the body fluids by causing an increasein water reabsorbtionoHOWEVER: the decrease in ADH makes the nephron impermeable to water→ no regulation of water means no osmotic pressure → person becomesincreasingly…...

Similar Documents

The Hot Tube Mystery

...the terms and concepts (that we discussed in class) listed under “Essay” in your answers to any questions where it is relevant (especially Part III). “The Hot Tub Mystery” by Herbert House Page 1 Part I—The Discovery Cast of Characters • Sam Garrison—Detective • Roma and Clint Underhill—The hot couple • Kavita Dickson and Larry Gonzales—EMT paramedics • Renee Volenbach—Physiologist in the Biology Department at Noletown University Friday, 7PM Roma and Clint Underhill had both had a long day. They were the owners of a successful real estate company in Desert Palm. Each had several clients, and the strain of the current real estate market was getting to them. It had been an unusually cool day for January, with temperatures hovering around 60 degrees. On coming home they decided to relax in their hot tub with some wine. While Roma changed from her work clothes, Clint said that he would join her in the hot tub after he took his Lasix. Saturday, 8AM “911… Please state your emergency.” “Oh, Oh, I… I… ” “Ma’am, please calm down and tell me the address.” “I think…, yes, OK, it’s… it’s 2560 Oak Creek Drive.” “What is the problem, please?” “I’m the maid for Mr. and Mrs. Underhill and… and I didn’t find them in the house when I came in this morning, so I looked around outside. I just found them in their hot tub out back. They are under the water. Please come, please come now!” “Yes, ma’am, I’m alerting the EMTs and an ambulance will be on the way. Please go out......

Words: 1254 - Pages: 6

The Hot Tub Mystery

...A banheira de hidromassagem mistério: A história de uma grande banheira de hidromassagem Herbert House Departamento de Biologia A ELON University, CAROLINA DO NORTE, Elon Parte I - A descoberta Elenco de personagens • Sam Garrison Detetive • Roma e Clint Underhill casal Kavita Dickson e Larry Gonzales-emt paramédicos • Renee Volenbach-fisiologista do Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Noletown. Sexta-feira, 19 horas Roma e Clint Underhill, ambos tiveram um longo dia. Eles são os proprietários de uma bem-sucedida empresa imobiliária em Desert Palm. Cada uma tinha vários clientes, e o esforço do atual mercado imobiliário foi chegou a eles. Este tinha sido um dia frio incomum para o mês de Janeiro, com temperaturas oscilando ao redor 60° graus. Ao chegar em casa, decidiram relaxar na banheira de hidromassagem com alguns vinhos. Enquanto Roma mudou sua roupa de trabalho, Clint disse que iria acompanhá-la na banheira de água quente, depois ele tomou o seu Lasix . Sábado, Oito da manhã … Por favor, indique a sua emergência. "Oh , Oh, EU ... EU ... Acalme-se e me diga o endereço." "Eu acho que…, sim, OK, … Oak Creek Drive." "Qual é o problema, por favor?" "Eu sou a empregada dos Sr. e a Sra. Underhil le… e eu não estou encontrando-os em casa quando cheguei esta manhã, assim, olhei ao redor e na parte de fora. Eu acabei de encontrar na sua banheira de hidromassagem para fora da parte traseira. Eles estão debaixo da água. "Sim, estou alertando os...

Words: 1276 - Pages: 6

The Hot Tub Mystery

...Adam Smith BY124L Case Study November 19th, 2014 Analysis of “The Hot Tub Mystery” Part I 1. The paramedics found empty wine bottles on the ledge surrounding the hot tub, and the bodies of Roma and Clint Underhill on the bottom of the hot tub. The water of the hot tub seemed way too hot and the Underhill’s had both been dead for a while when the paramedics arrived. 2. The maid should be asked the following questions about the situation: Is the water usually this hot? If so, what temperature? When did you arrive at the home? When did you discover the bodies? Were the Underhill’s taking any medications? 3. Clint Underhill had taken a medicine called Lasix directly before he went into the hot tub. The Underhill’s were drinking wine in the hot tub and the tub seemed very hot to the paramedics. 4. Lasix, also called furosemide, is a water pill, used to reduce the swelling and fluid retention that can be caused by various medical problems such as heart or liver disease, and it is also used to treat high blood pressure. It causes the kidneys to get rid of unneeded water and salt from the body into the urine. Lasix can make the person taking it very dehydrated, so it is important to try staying hydrated. In addition, drinking too much alcohol affects many parts of the body. It can be especially harmful to the liver, the organ that metabolizes (breaks down) alcohol and other harmful substances. Alcohol not broken down by the liver goes to the rest of the body,...

Words: 1418 - Pages: 6

Hot Can

...heats itself! Hot Can is a revolutionary range of tasty beverages that give you a hot drink, anytime… anywhere… Hot Can has a separate heating chamber that when activated, produces a non-toxic, non-flammable reaction that heats up the contents by more than 50°C, all by itself! Hot Can is ideal to keep in your car, bag or backpack, always ready when you need a hot drink. Hot Can is ideal for people on the go, when everything is closed or too far away or where you can’t turn on the heat. When there is no other way to get warm inside, Hot Can can! Benefits of Hot-Can Hot-Can heats up all by itself: NO microwave or heating needed Ready to heat anytime, anywhere Keeps HOT up to 45 minutes Hot-Can is environmentally friendly: 100% Recyclable Non-flammable reaction Non-toxic & biodegradable Hot-Can is ideal for: • Tradies & shift workers • Truckies & drivers • Outdoor workers & crews • People on the go • Walkers & campers • Family outings & road trips • Sporting & entertainment events • On campus or between classes Keep Hot-Can handy in your car, boat, van or bag. Not for now… but for later… just when you need it! Can I place the Hot-Can in the Microwave? NO! The Hot-Can is aluminium and should never be placed in a microwave. The heat engine integral with the Hot-Can is designed to heat up the beverage without any external heat source. ​ Can I pour out half of the beverage and leave half for later? The Hot-Can is not......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Hot Tub Mystery

...Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF at Online Ebook Library HOT TUB MYSTERY CASE STUDY ANSWERS PDF Download: HOT TUB MYSTERY CASE STUDY ANSWERS PDF Are you looking for Ebook HOT TUB MYSTERY CASE STUDY ANSWERS PDF?. Getting Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF is easy and simple. Mostly you need to spend much time to search on search engine and doesnt get Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF documents that you need. We are here to serve you, so you can easily access, read and download its. No need to wasting time to lookup on another place to get Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF. We provide you Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF in PDF format so you can read and download its to your computer which this file are safe and virus free. You can read this document with Adobe Acrobat or other PDF Reader. We have massive collection of documents, Ebook and pdf files including that you are looking Ebook Hot Tub Mystery Case Study Answers PDF. To access this you just need to signed up and complete its through website to open your limited access for documents that you needs. So what do you waiting for? Follow this link to read online and download HOT TUB MYSTERY CASE STUDY ANSWERS from our online library. Download: HOT TUB MYSTERY CASE STUDY ANSWERS PDF You are also possible to search for a book or subject on the digital platform. You can access ebooks on our online library related to the subject, i.e. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Hot......

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Hot Tub

...Notes * Hot tub * Temperature was 115 * 2560 oak creek drive * drinking wine * alcohol level was a .2 * man took Lasix Part one 1. the water was extremely hot and they had been drinking. Also they were underneath the water. 2. What time they had started to drink, how often did they get out, what time did she find them, why was the water so hot, any medications token within period or day. 3. Medication and the temperature 4. The temperature and drinking could have led to dehydration maybe 5. I believe that they were drinking and sitting in the hottub which led to dehydration and they had been in the hottub way to long and something happened with the dehydration. Part two 1. Before because the hot tub should have not been that deep and they should have been able to swim and I believe that the medication had a tremendous problem too. 2. Lowers blood pressure 3. How much alcohol is comsumed as well known as how drunk someone is 4. It seems as if the body becomes warm and makes as if you are having a good time but can evolve into bad decisions. 5. Alcohol is metabolized at the rate of .015 of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) every hour. When alcohol is metabolized in the human body, it is converted to acetaldehyde, a chemical that is structurally similar to formaldehyde. 6. You feel confused, dazed, or otherwise disoriented. You need help to stand up or walk. If you hurt yourself at this point, you......

Words: 414 - Pages: 2

Hot Tub

...around 45 degrees. On coming home they decided to relax in their hot tub with some wine. While Roma changed from her work clothes, Clint said that he would join her in the hot tub after he took his Lasix. Saturday, 8am “911… Please state your emergency.” “Oh, Oh, I… I… ” “Ma’am, please calm down and tell me the address.” “I think…, yes, OK, it’s… it’s 2560 Oak Creek Drive.” “What is the problem, please?” “I’m the maid for Mr. and Mrs. Underhill and… and I didn’t find them in the house when I came in this morning, so I looked around outside. I just found them in their hot tub out back. They are under the water. Please come, please come now!” “Yes, ma’am, I’m alerting the EMTs and an ambulance will be on the way. Please go out front and wait, so the paramedics can find the address quickly.” Saturday, 8:10am Paramedics Kavita Dickson and Larry Gonzales brought the ambulance to a stop at the end of a long driveway next to an impressive two-story mansion. The maid was on the front steps and quickly directed them to the back patio where the hot tub could be seen. Empty bottles of wine were on the ledge surrounding the hot tub. Kavita quickly climbed up the steps and saw the bodies of the Underhills on the bottom of the hot tub. As she got into the water, she exclaimed, “This water seems really hot. Let’s see if we can get them out.” Larry climbed in after her and together they dragged the bodies out of the hot tub and onto the patio. It was obvious that both had been dead for......

Words: 688 - Pages: 3

Hot Tub Mystery

...The physiology of the human body works like a single, intricate machine with one part affecting the whole. In like manner, every single condition that the human body experience has an effect to another system and its function. This idea can be further explained by studying the conditional effect of some of the cardio-pulmonary system with the nervous system, the kidney and the adrenal glands and vice versa. One of the best examples of this idea is the heart rate. It is an obvious fact that the heart rate of the person can be influence by certain emotional factor determined by the nervous system. Feeling of fear is known to drastically increase the heart rate of an individual thus emphasizing the direct correlation between the two. Also, the adrenal glands and their secreted hormones can also influence the heart rate of an individual such as the effects of adrenaline to the heart rate and others. In like manner, the peripheral resistance, venous return, stroke volume, blood viscosity, cardiac output and end systolic and diastolic volumes are also affected by the conditions of the nervous system and the adrenal glands. During moments where there are intense emotions and need for survival arises, the nervous system drastically increase most of the cardio-pulmonary condition such as the ones mentioned to increase oxygen intake and body reaction to cope up with the situation. In like manner, the hormones of the adrenal glands also drastically hasten up the functions of the said...

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Hot Tubs

...The Fully Realized Hot Tub Human -Marilyn Owen Poet and speaker, David Whyte, likes to sprinkle his talks about poetry, creativity, and philosophy with wry references to the “fully realized hot tub humans in California”. (1) I understand the stereotype he gently mocks; those who believe enlightenment will come easily through the pursuit of pseudo-spiritual states of ‘bliss out’. The remark never fails to make me smile and wince, because I am one of those humans. Sort of. Here’s the case for my thesis. You be the judge. My love affair with hot tubs started, appropriately, with sex. Not just any sex, but passionate, sensual, first-of-its-kind cosmic sex in a backyard Jacuzzi. You don’t have to be a brain scientist to imagine the neurological frenzy that ensued of mapping the erotic pleasuring of the body with heated water and air jets. Scientifically speaking, repetition of the experience created a finely tuned sequence of synaptic firings that ensured a conditioned response. In other words, just dipping my toe into hot water began to make me feel happy. And this was good. Then came the first visit to Esalen, where I went to look for myself during my early 30’s. I was transfixed by the nirvana of those mineral baths, perched above the cliffs, full of contentedly naked people. Being considerably “plus-size”, it took a lot of courage to bare all in order to join the Esalenites in their sacred spring. But this act of bravery proffered the most important gift of......

Words: 1786 - Pages: 8

Hot Tub Case Study

...Temperature Why was the hot tub set to such a dangerously high temperature? First, Roma and Clint had a very high BAL of 0.20. At that point their decision making would get very weak and they cannot stand up. So with the poor their poor decision, they could have set the temperature of the hot tub higher. Also, since the weather was colder than usual at 15 degrees Celsius, the water temperature could have been lower due to the cold air. How does water temperature affect core body temperature? If the water is cold the body will try to conserve heat and keep its homeostasis. If the water is hot the body will try to get rid of heat to keep its homeostasis. Hot tub water was hot at 45 degrees Celsius. Blood vessels will dilate near the surface of the skin. Sweat to cool down the body temperature Did the air temperature have an effect on water temperature? The air was about 15 degrees Celsius which is much colder than the hot tub temperature. So the air temperature would cool the water down. How does the body respond to 45 degrees Celsius? The body sweats to cool down and blood vessels dilate. Therefore lose water How does the body respond to 15 degrees Celsius? Blood vessels contract near surface. Muscles contract (shiver) When would heat stroke occur? Heat stroke occurs when the body over heats. Heat stroke occurs when the core body temperature is greater than 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40.5 degrees Celsius), with complications involving the central nervous......

Words: 1613 - Pages: 7

Hot Tub Mystery Solutions

...Case Study: The Hot Tub Mystery This case study describes how Clint & Roma Underhill were discovered dead in their hot tub. The day of their death was described as unusually cool (though it was only ~15ºC… must be nice to live in Desert Palm... ). Empty wine bottles were surrounding the couple, and when the ambulance personnel arrived they observed that the hot tub was very hot - 115ºF. Mr. Underhill had also been taking a drug known as Lasix. The following are the facts submitted by the medical examiner: * BAL (blood alcohol level) of the couple was 0.20 * Roma weighed 120 lbs; Clint weighed 160 lbs * There was a therapeutic amount of Lasix present in Mr. Underhill’s blood, but none in Mrs. Underhill’s. * The couples’ hot tub was unusually hot (should not be over 109ºC) Determining the cause of death: There are many pieces to this puzzle and when attempting to determine the cause of death for the couple, you must consider the following physiological affects: Lasix: * Diuretic used to treat congestive heart failure, edema (swelling of tissues) and hypertension (high blood pressure) * Increases circulation of blood through kidneys lowers blood pressure Blood alcohol level (BAL): * Concentration of alcohol in a person’s blood (mass per unit volume) * BAL ≥ 0.2% represents serious intoxication (over 0.08% is too drunk to drive!) Alcohol effects: * Include diuretic (increasing kidney output lower blood pressure)......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Hot Tub Mistery

...The Hot Tub Mystery: The Story of a Very HOT Tub Herbert House Biology Department Elon University, Elon, NC Part I—The Discovery Cast of Characters • • • • Sam Garrison—Detective Roma and Clint Underhill—The hot couple Kavita Dickson and Larry Gonzales—emt paramedics Renee Volenbach—Physiologist in the Biology Department at Noletown University Friday, 7PM Roma and Clint Underhill had both had a long day. They were the owners of a successful real estate company in Desert Palm. Each had several clients, and the strain of the current real estate market was getting to them. It had been an unusually cool day for January, with temperatures hovering around  degrees. On coming home they decided to relax in their hot tub with some wine. While Roma changed from her work clothes, Clint said that he would join her in the hot tub after he took his Lasix. Saturday, 8AM “… Please state your emergency.” “Oh, Oh, I… I… ” “Ma’am, please calm down and tell me the address.” “I think…, yes, OK, it’s… it’s  Oak Creek Drive.” “What is the problem, please?” “I’m the maid for Mr. and Mrs. Underhill and… and I didn’t find them in the house when I came in this morning, so I looked around outside. I just found them in their hot tub out back. They are under the water. Please come, please come now!” “Yes, ma’am, I’m alerting the emts and an ambulance will be on the way. Please go out front and wait, so the paramedics can find the address quickly.” Saturday,...

Words: 1276 - Pages: 6

Hot Tub Mystery Answers

...Hot Tub Mystery Answers Part I 1) The paramedics on the scene observed empty bottles of wine around the perimeter of the hot tub. The bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Underhill lie at the bottom of the tub which had a noticeably above average temperature. The couple was determined to have been dead long before the paramedics arrived. It was also mentioned that Mr. Underhill had taken Lasix before entering the hot tub. 2) Based on these observations the investigators should ask the maid why the hot tub was at an unsafe temperature. Other areas of concern include the medication Mr. Underhill was on, what time the maid got home, and how long the Underhill’s had been dead upon arrival. 3) The assumed physiological effects of this scenario include, blood alcohol level, the medication Lasix used to lower Mr. Underhill’s blood pressure, and the hazardous heat of the hot tub. 4) Alcohol causes hypertension, or an increased blood pressure, which in turn increases the risk of heart attack or stroke. It also acts to expand blood vessels and raise the body temperature to unsafe levels rapidly. Common side-effects of consuming alcohol in a hot tub include; loss of consciousness, heart attack, or injury due to fainting. Mr. Underhill’s medication Lasix, is classified as a water pill, which causes the kidneys to remove unneeded water and salt from the body through the process of urination. Lasix also makes those using it more susceptible to dehydration. Anyone on blood pressure......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

Hot Tub Part Iii

...the biology department. Renee patiently explained her answer to each of the following questions posed by the detective. Questions: 1. How does the body regulate blood pressure? * The body has certain mechanisms that help it keep a stable blood pressure or change it when needed. It contains sensors that monitor blood pressure within the walls of arteries that send input signals to the cardiovascular center which sends output signals to the heart and blood vessels to adjust accordingly.   2.   What were the specific effects of the Lasix, hot water, and alcohol on the couple’s blood pressure? * Alcohol and Lasix medication should not be mixed due to the effects of sudden drop in blood pressure that could get to the point of orthostatic hypotension, which is caused by standing after sitting or lying down for a while. Other effects are feeling dizzy, light-headed, temporary loss of consciousness, and tachycardia. The hot water temperature, wine, and Lasix caused the body temperature to increase, blood pressure to drop, blood flow to decrease, and dehydration. 2. What could the body have done to reverse the decreasing blood pressure, if it had been possible? * The body could increase stroke volume and heart rate which would lead to increased cardiac output.  The blood vessels could constrict to increase systemic vascular resistance. Combined these two mechanisms would increase the body’s blood pressure. 3. Determine Mr. Luck’s mean arterial......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Hot Wire

...  Hot Rod Marketing Terry Walsh knew the time was right to move from being a small, “garage-based” company to a much larger enterprise. After spending years as a research chemist, Terry had launched out on his own. His goal was to develop a top-of-the-line fuel injector cleaner for both domestic and foreign automobiles. For 2 years, he worked with various formulas until the right one emerged. The product was named Hot Fire Fuel Injector Cleaner, and the company’s name was Hot Fire. Terry was positive Hot Fire would perform well against any competitive product.  The market for fuel-injector cleaners is diverse. Numerous backyard mechanics sell limited amounts of their concoctions to local merchants and over the internet. Several formulas are even available on eBay. There is no guarantee of quality for these products, some of which may actually harm engine performance. At the other extreme, major companies such as STP, Gumout, and Dupont offer various grades of cleaners, from low-end products selling for around $3 per unit up to high-end versions priced as high as $30. The primary price determinant is the degree to which the product reduces congestion in a fuel injector. The higher-priced entries are more powerful and remove more “gunk.” Terry’s Hot Fire Fuel Injector Cleaner was at the high end. The price would be $17 wholesale, per can. He hoped that dealers would charge no more than $25 as a retail price. Hot Fire sold in single containers as well as in multipacks of 6......

Words: 695 - Pages: 3