Genes and Society

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Submitted By cremedenude
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list three (3) points in your own words that support prenatal diagnosis for parents with no intention to abort HD‐positive fetus and three (3) points that are against it.

Support

1) The possibility of a negative diagnosis represents a chance to be spared a long period of uncertainty about a child's health prospects and to spare the child from the same uncertainty in future years. Uncertainty about genetic status can be associated with anxiety and frustration.

2) Parents may use this information to decide whether to have more children in the future

3) Even if it were true that termination of pregnancy was the only appropriate reason to undergo testing, this would not justify withholding testing from parents who doubted that they would consider termination. There is no way of ensuring that those who say they will terminate their pregnancy after a positive test result will do so.
Even if guidelines recommend that prenatal tests should be provided only when termination of pregnancy is planned in the event of a positive test result, there is no guarantee that those who say they will terminate their pregnancy after the positive test result will do so.
If prenatal testing is only provided to those who would terminate their pregnancy in the event of a positive result, couples who do not have the intention to terminate their pregnancy could resort to lying

Against

1) Individuals should be able to make an autonomous decision about whether or not to have predictive testing at a time when they are intellectually and emotionally capable of making this decision.

2) The child's confidentiality is breached in that the genetic result is made known to third parties (the parents) without the tested individual's consent.

3) There is a 1 in 4 chance that the prenatal test will show that the fetus has the mutation for Huntington's disease, and therefore the…...

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