Gandhi and Non-Violence

In: People

Submitted By yuta1225
Words 1556
Pages 7
Gandhi and non-violence
After the sound of the gun, a great man was killed. The whole India held the funeral ceremony for him. People will always remember this great leader. His name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Gandhi was the leader of the national liberation movement and the Indian National Congress Party. He is the father of modern India. His “non-violence”(ahimsa) and philosophy affected the international movement of nationalists around the world. Elements of Gandhi's philosophy were rooted in the Indian religions of Jainism and Buddhism. The Acaranga Sutra, a Jainist text, describes the fundamental need for non-violence: “All beings are fond of life; they like pleasure and hate pain, shun destruction and like to live, they long to live. To all, life is dear” Gandhi strongly believed that if violence was used to deal with the issue between India and the Britain, the result would be more violence. Gandhi’s emotional speech concluded his principle that all violence was evil and could not be justified.
When I was in elementary school, I have heard about a story about Gandhi. In the age of 15, Gandhi stole a small piece of gold from his brother’s bracelet. After that, Gandhi felt extremely guilty. Therefore, he wrote a repentance letter to his father. Gandhi thought his father would punish him heavily. However, his father forgave him. Actually, Gandhi’s father was very proud that Gandhi could admit his mistake bravely. Gandhi was deeply moved. This is the first lesson of Gandhi's life about “non-violence”. He believed that the power of trust and love are much better than scolding and beating. He later wrote in his autobiography: "The tears of love wash my soul and wipe the stain of sin. A person will feel this kind of love, only if the person experiences this love himself ..."We can also see how much Gandhi supported “non-violence” in The essential Gandhi: “I…...

Similar Documents


...Jake Brillhart – Response Paper #1 Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar, which was a Princely British Indian State at the time. He was born on October 2nd, 1869 to a father that was a senior government official. Gandhi grew up studying law in London and eventually became a lawyer. He would then become famous for fighting for Muslim and Hindu Indian’s civil rights in South Africa. Gandhi is remembered as one of the most famous spiritual/religious leaders of all time. However, depending on the historians you talk to, their opinions of Gandhi will all be a slight bit different. During his lifetime, Mahatma Gandhi became famous throughout the world by enforcing civil disobedience, the ideas of nonviolence, and initiating protest campaigns for India’s independence; however many people didn’t know he was also very racist against African-Americans. Personally, I have always thought of Mahatma Gandhi as one of the most influential and religious men of all time. However, Professor Mann showed me that every good person has their own flaws as well. Professor Mann told us a shocking story about when Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, was on his death bed and was sickly ill. His father had been one of Gandhi’s main influences throughout his life so one would think that Gandhi would be right by his father’s side during his last moments. However, Gandhi was actually in another room losing his virginity. This story just......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5


...Introduction Mahatma Gandhi has been a distinctive leader throughout his lifetime. His leadership characteristics have been recognized, analyzed and praised all around the world. He has become a prime example of a successful leader. In this research paper, I will pick certain theories to analyze Gandhi’s leadership. Then I will choose a “leader” from my circle of family, my mother, and examine her leadership using the same criteria. The purpose of the comparison is to recognize key leadership attributes and behaviors and establish an understanding of the importance of certain fundamentals of leadership. As I was beginning to research information on the topics of leadership and the basic ideas of it, I realized that I agreed with a lot of theories and opinions. However, I decided to take some key ideas and formulate my own definition of leadership that fits my perceptions of life, my cultural beliefs, my background and my personality. In my view, in order to be a leader one must have an open mind. One must have the ability to view situations from different perspectives. One must be able to think logical and free of clichés and acknowledge all advantages and disadvantages for all parties involved. In order to practice those characteristics one must get to know the players of the situation, one must get to know their mindset and their reasoning for action. What inspired me most about Gandhi, and which is also considered his most distinguishable and memorable trait, is that he...

Words: 3127 - Pages: 13

The Power of Non-Violence

...The Power of Non-Violence The movies “Gandhi” and “A Force More Powerful” showed how Gandhi focused on non-violence and fought for the Independence of India. The movie “Gandhi” is a dramatization of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s life, which covers how he was thrown off a South African train for being in a whites only compartment, India’s Independence, India-Pakistan’s partition and concludes with his assassination and funeral in 1948. It has more story and characters than the movie “A Force More Powerful,” which is a documentary film. The documentary focuses on Gandhi’s leadership of the Indian Independence movement and the Salt March. In this movie, they showed real clips of videos of that time. In the order to advance the cause of a free India, Gandhi began the Salt March in 1930, which protested the salt taxes imposed by Britain. In the Salt March from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gandhi traveled 250 miles to make salt from the ocean water, in order to avoid paying the salt tax. Millions of Indians joined him to show their support. Like African-Americans in the United States, the Indian people longed for freedom, as well as for the full spectrum of rights denied them by the British government. The Salt March resulted in the mass civil disobedience and non- violent struggle against British rule. As Gandhi and his followers reached the coast, he picked up a handful of salt, breaking the law. A month later, Gandhi was arrested. This started a series of protests and boycotts,......

Words: 726 - Pages: 3


...Martin Luther King once said that “non-violence is a just and powerful weapon; a sword that heals; it cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it.” Nov violence is more effective than violent confrontations in the fight for justice, fairness and equality. The use of violence to fight for justice in most cases escalate to the point where the fighters remaining agenda is vengeance, victory and self-defense. When violence is the tool for getting justice, any moral arguments of the people fighting for justice are rendered irrelevant. Having used violent means, the opponent is justified to retaliate violently. The irony in all these is that each side of the divide is usually able to argue as to who started the violence (Miller 2005). The use of violence usually leads to the loss of innocent lives, the destruction of property, and in most instances, do not achieve the objective that it set out to achieve. Non-violence methods, such as those castigated by Martin Luther King and Mahatma Gandhi try to avoid this trap by evading any violent confrontations. Far from being termed as cowardice, non-violence requires tremendous self-control, courage and a ready heart to endure pain, suffering and death. Non-violent strategies dwell on the strength that they reduce the moral legitimacy of those who persist in their use of violence against non-violence. This loss of legitimacy is a double sword in that it leads to efforts in coalition building that eventually leads to the......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5


...Mohandas Gandhi est un avocat courageux qui a fait beaucoup pour son people. Il est né le 2 octobre, en 1869. 1. Les droits politiques et libertés civiques des peuples indiens n’étaient pas respectés. Les indiens étaient traités comme des citoyens inférieurs. Les indiens n’avaient pas des représentants dans le gouvernement. Ils ne pouvaient pas participer dans les décisions politiques. Gandhi s’oppose au gouvernement britannique et sa politique coloniale avec la politique de la résistance pacifique, non-violente. LIGNE DE TEMPS En 1891, Il a essayé de commencer un cabinet de droit mais il n’a pas réussi. Alors il a pris un emploi en Inde et il était envoyé en Afrique du Sud. Gandhi était extrêmement consternée par la discrimination qu’il a expérimentée comme un immigrant indien. Au tribunal, la juge a exigé qu’il retire son turban et Gandhi a refusé. En conséquence, il a été battu par un homme blanc. Ça c’est quand Gandhi a eu assez et il a réalisé que les personnes d’un couleur de peau différent étaient traité comme des inférieurs. En 1906, il a initié son mouvement Satyagraha contre le gouvernement Natal, qui était le gouvernement qui a essayé à établir une loi pour asservir les indiens qui habitent en Afrique de Sud. Le 11 septembre était la date de la réunion où les indiens discutaient comment ils pouvaient contester la loi. En 1914, Gandhi a conclu un accord avec le gouvernement Natal pour réduire la discrimination anti-indien. L’Inde était toujours sous......

Words: 412 - Pages: 2


...Mohandas Gandhi | A Natural Leader | | Few men have ever had as much of an effect on our world as Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), though he used the message of peace and love, rather than war and destruction. One time a prominent lawyer in South Africa, Gandhi gave up practicing law and returned to India in order to help ease the suffering of the repressed people of his homeland. Gandhi's love for people and his religious fervor made him a revolutionary in many of his ideas and actions. He desired to see India freed from British rule in a bloodless revolution. Knowing that violence only begets violence, he began the practicing of passive resistance, or as he called it, Satyagraha which means holding onto truth. Though many were beaten, arrested and killed, no one fought back. Over the course of his life he led three major crusades, rallied support for nonviolent strikes, urged Indians to boycott anything British, and championed women's rights. Gandhi exemplified many characteristics of a great leader. His love for the people of India was boundless; he wanted nothing more than to serve and help them. He showed that passiveness is not synonymous with weakness, and became a leader in the truest sense of the word. Perhaps Gandhi's greatest contribution to the world continued long after his assassination in 1948. Few realize that had it not been for his influence, we may have never witnessed in this country Martin Luther King Junior's I have a dream speech, the......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5


...Eduardo Ortiz-Montelongo English 1A: Essay #1 Professor Gomez 28 September 2010 Both Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. were goal-oriented leaders. Gandhi desired self-rule for India. King wanted first class citizenship for African Americans. Instead of separating religion and politics, both men incorporated both in their leadership roles. Both men chose nonviolence as their strategy because they had felt that it was the only practical solution capable of achieving their objectives. The ideas of nonviolent movements were difficult to achieve, but they were not impossible to accomplish which is shown in the work of these two great leaders Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. Two men from two different time periods but yet they have the same views on how to establish a nonviolent movement. Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. were civil right activists who took a form of action to obtain equal rights amongst their society. The way they handled nonviolent situations was by taking a non direct action. Also the sacrifice that they had to go through whether it had been by being passive resistance or simply by injustice laws that had to be broken. Gandhi developed his theory of Satyagraha (“soul force”), which implicates social justice through love as well as suffering the consequences. Having to read two distinct stories at distinct time they both manage to have something in common which is CHANGE. We end with MLK- demanding that the actions for equal rights will......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4


...Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as “Mahatma (Great soul) Gandhi” or “Bapu (Father of the nation)” was the leader of Freedom fight and Indian Nationalism on the British rule in India. Mahatma Gandhi was the primary leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in India. He was the youngest child for his parents Mohandas Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. He spent his childhood and his schooling in the city of Porbandar. Gandhi in his own biography describes his father as lover of his clan, truthful, brave and generous, but short-tempered, incorruptible and his mother being a very religious person. He also describes her as having very strong commonsense and highly intelligent. His father died before Gandhi could finish his schooling, and at thirteen he was married to  Kasturbai, who was of the same age as Mohandas himself . She was illiterate. By nature she was simple, independent, persevering. They had 4 children together. At age 18, Gandhi left India, in order to study to become a barrister (lawyer) in London. His three-year stay in London he was a serious student and living a very simple lifestyle and stayed as a vegetarian. Gandhi successfully passed the bar on June 10, 1891 and sailed back to India. For the next two years, Gandhi attempted to practice law in India. Unfortunately, Gandhi found that he lacked both knowledge of Indian law and self-confidence......

Words: 2147 - Pages: 9


...Rajiv Gandhi, the eldest son of Feroze and Indira Gandhi, was born on August 20, 1944 and the youngest person to become the Prime Minister of India at the age of 40. He was India’s 9th Prime Minister and 3rd among the Gandhi family. He held his position after her mother’s death on October 31, 1984 until he resigned on December 2, 1989 after an election defeat. Though having no relationship to Mahatma Gandhi, his leadership brought substantial influence in India’s external political relationship. And even though his character was questioned in a controversial scandal which was actually served as his political downfall, he remained one of the respected Prime Minister of India. Rajiv Gandhi belonged to one of the famous political family in India. His grandfather, Jawaharlal Nehru, was an Indian leader of independence and subsequently became the first Indian Prime Minister. Rajiv, together with his younger brother Sanjay, was raised in Delhi and Allahabad. He was educated at an exclusive school for boys at the Doon School and at the Welham Boy’s School then later sought education at a university in United Kingdom, University of London, University of Cambridge, and at the Imperial College London, but none of which had he received any degree. He met his wife, Sonia Maino at Cambridge, and though greatly opposed by Maino’s family they got married at India in 1969. He began his career as a professional pilot for an Indian Airline even though her mother was India’s Prime......

Words: 1718 - Pages: 7


...compassion. Mahatma Gandhi is one great example of a hero because he was instrumental in leading India to freedom from British rule, using a unique but very effective philosophy - Nonviolence. According to, Gandhi believed that, "The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others." Gandhi gave up his what could have been a comfortable life as a highly educated lawyer and instead chose a simple life without any material comforts to set an example for his fellow countrymen. He advocated a mass disobedience movement urging people to get involved in a non-violent protest by boycotting British education institutions, products and also urged people not to pay taxes to the British government. Gandhi was a true hero as he displayed bravery when facing grave challenges, sacrificed his life for liberating India from British rule, which portrayed selflessness, and exemplified compassion, even to his enemies, earning him the title "Mahatma," meaning, "the great soul." Gandhi spearhead the fight for India's liberation. Along this journey that spanned decades, he faced numerous challenges and was arrested several times and sent to jail for almost seven years. Against all odds he displayed utmost bravery and never gave up on the cause he believed in. His bravery is best depicted by his famous quote ( when arrested, "You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind." Gandhi was very......

Words: 891 - Pages: 4

Peace Action and Non Violence

...Lance Erickson Dr. Grey Peace Action and Nonviolence 12/13/13 Cumulative Essay Throughout the history of the world, we have come to realize that violence is often ubiquitous. Whether it be of domestic concern or international, most nations have, at least at one point in time, had to deal with these conflicts to prevent further damage. How a nation decides to address these sources of violence determines whether or not the conflict will be settled and put to an end, or merely pushed further, in most cases as a means of retaliation. However, in many instances we see these sources of violence to be pushed further, even though it may be unintended, which thus keeps the cycle of violence in our world in constant flow. In order to prevent this perpetuation and continuation of violence from happening, it is important for nations to implement peace action in their response to conflicts. Even though there have been many instances of peace action and nonviolent resistance that have impacted the world we live in, there have been more cases of violent action which outweigh acts of peace and may hold a greater impact on our world. This is why I believe it is safe to say that there is a constant need, or struggle, for peace action and non-violence to be present within all our nations. When looking at all the nations in our world, we see that certain governing and military forces are more influential than others, usually through wealth. Thus, the actions of these forces are...

Words: 2146 - Pages: 9

Is Islam a Religion of Violence or Non-Violence? an Examination of Misconceptions in the Western World?

...Is Islam a religion of violence or non-violence? An examination of misconceptions in the Western World? The world is full of acts of violence and acts of peace and non violence. We as people try to comprehend these acts by establishing whys. The why that we will examine is one of consistent misunderstanding and misrepresentation specifically in the Western world. When a suicide bombing occurs why is it if you asked most individuals in the west what the offending individual’s religion was their almost instant response is they were a Muslim. Does Islam automatically mean every Muslim is willing to attack peoples who do not believe as they do. Does it mean they espouse killing all Jews? Or is the truth that a majority of all Muslims would consider themselves peace loving individuals, that you would more likely see them working alongside Jews and Christians in a nature of acceptance and love for them. But yet when we look at history we see Islam in wars against Arab peoples, in the Crusades, and in the more recent conflicts in the Middle East. So does the Quran allow for wars against others or are they more of the outcome of societal problems and conflicts in the region. We will most likely see that circumstances beyond their control contribute to the rise and the necessity to defend themselves in these various conflicts through out history. Overall it will probably be a surprise to most Westerners the...

Words: 797 - Pages: 4


...Gandhi and the Independence of India 1. The director of the movie is Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough (29 August 1923 – 24 August 2014) who was an English actor, film director, film producer, entrepreneur and politician. He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. As a film director and producer, Attenborough won two Academy Awards for Gandhi in 1983. He also won four BAFTA Awards and four Golden Globe Awards. As an actor, he is perhaps best known for his roles in Brighton Rock, The Great Escape, 10 Rillington Place, Miracle on 34th Street and Jurassic Park. His most recent films as director and producer include Chaplin (1992) starring Robert Downey, Jr., as Charlie Chaplin and Shadowlands (1993), based on the relationship between C. S. Lewis and Joy Gresham (the star of the latter was Anthony Hopkins, who had appeared in four previous films for Attenborough: Young Winston, A Bridge Too Far, Magic and Chaplin). Between 2006-07, he spent time in Belfast, working on his last film as director and producer, Closing the Ring, a love story set in Belfast during the Second World War and starring Shirley MacLaine, Christopher Plummer and Pete Postlethwaite. According to some of the films he produced, we came to the conclusion that he was probably interested in developing films which correspond to a certain time in history and in most of them, war was one of the main themes. Besides......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

What Made Gandhi's Non-Violence Movement Work?

...Essay The history of violence in the world is well documented. However it is also possible to use non-violence to bring about change. This DBQ will look at two countries where a non-violent movement was successful. Historic Context India and South Africa were two important nations on two different continents. But although they looked strong on the outside, each one suffered from a disease that threatened the health of the whole. For India, the disease was colonization. For South Africa, it was racial segregation. Three Conditions In each of these nations three conditions help explain why non-violence worked. The first condition was that both of them had been colonies of England. And like England both countries thought law was very powerful – more powerful even than government officials. The second condition was the presence of violence. Without the possibility of a violent revolution, the government might not have been willing to change. The third condition was the presence of a leader – Mohandas Gandhi in India and Nelson Mandela South Africa. Each of these men was so charismatic he could lead his followers to a non-violent victory. Both of them gave their lives to the cause. Gandhi was shot by an assassin while Mandela spent almost twenty-seven years of his life in prison. These are their stories. Mohandas Gandhi – “An eye-for-an-eye only makes the whole world blind” Mohandas Gandhi was born in 1869, in......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3


...Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela Non-violence is a concept that people participate in social and political change without violence. It is a form of social and political change between passive acceptances and armed struggle. Non-violence way to participate in the social and political change is including nonviolent civil disobedience against, acts of civil disobedience or other powerful influence uncooperative antagonistic form; it is similar with pacifism, but it is not pacifism. Since the mid-20th century, nonviolence and civil disobedience become the main form of social change, and it also is respected political and social philosophy. As the practice of social and political change, non-violent has the essence difference with pacifism, it is contrary to the wishes of the oppressed, and it struggle with any injustice and power political. In my final paper, I will instruction three famous Non-violence movement leader: Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela; and also I will compare the similar and difference between them. Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in Britishruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. A very important turning point in Gandhi’s life is he arrived in South Africa to work as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian traders based in the city of......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7