Financial Markets

In: Business and Management

Submitted By liyaagelo
Words 2366
Pages 10
________________________________ Student Name ________________________________ Student ID ________________________________ Signature ________________________________
Seat No

EXAM COVER SHEET NOTE: DO NOT REMOVE this exam paper from the exam venue
EXAM DETAILS Course Code: Course Description:

BAFI1002 Financial Markets

Total number of pages (incl. this cover sheet) 12
ALLOWABLE MATERIALS AND INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. Write your full name and student number on each exam booklet together with the number of exam books used. 2. Students must not write, mark in any way any exam materials, read any other text other than the exam paper or do any calculations during reading time. 3. All mobile phones must be switched off and placed under your desk. You are in breach of exam conditions if it is on your person (ie. pocket). 4. This is a CLOSED BOOK Exam. 5. Commence each question on a new page. Carry out the instructions on the front cover of the exam script book and the front of this exam paper. 6. Non text storing calculators are allowed. 7. Bi-lingual dictionaries are not allowed. 8. Write your full name and student number on each examination booklet and on the multiple choice answer sheet. Students must not write during reading time 9. The exam comprises two sections. Section A comprises 8 discussion questions from which you must answer any four. Section B comprises 20 compulsory multiple choice questions. 10. Section A carries 40 marks (4 X 10 = 40 marks) Section B carries 20 marks (20 x 1 = 20 marks) The total exam carries 60 marks and contributes sixty percent of the total assessment of the course. 11. The entire examination question paper and multiple choice answer sheet is to be included with your examination answer booklets and MUST NOT BE REMOVED FROM THE EXAMINATION ROOM. 12. Calculators: Only calculators without the capacity to store text can be…...

Similar Documents

Financial Markets

...MANAGEMENT PGDM-1 2012-2013 INDIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM TOPIC- FINANCIAL MARKET SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: Miss Ankita Rajdev Nisha Kumari Garima Jain Kohila Chouhan Laxmi Nandwani Sanchita Vishwakarma Neha Satwani ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Guidance, help and encouragement are the essential requirement for successful completion of assignment. We own our gratitude to all those who have helped us in the preparation of this assignment. We express our deepest gratitude to our assignment guide Ms. ANKITA RAJDEV, Asst. professor for her valuable guidance and help in completion of this assignment. We feel obliged to all the respondents, friend and other who have shared their valuable time and opinion, for making significant contribution directly or indirectly in the assignment. INDEX | Topic | Page no. | 1 | INTRODUCTION TO FINANCIAL MARKET | 4-5 | 2 | MONEY MARKET | 5-6 | 3 | CAPITAL MARKET | 6-8 | 4 | PRIMARY CAPITAL MARKET | 8 | 5 | SECONDARY CAPITAL MARKET | 8-9 | Financial Markets Introduction Financial markets are a mechanism enabling participants to deal in financial claims. The markets also provide a facility in which their demands and requirements interact to set a price for such claims. The participants in the financial markets are the borrowers......

Words: 1560 - Pages: 7

Financial Markets

...Question In 1992 interest rates in Zimbabwe rose to an all time high. To what extent and in what ways are company financial policies and investment plans likely to be affected by the high interest rates Answer According to Thomas E Stitzel interest rates are the prices of credit,the cost of money,the earning rate on financial assets.It can also be defined as a fee paid on borrowed capital. Generally speaking, a higher real interest rate reduces the broad money supply. The "real interest rate" is the nominal interest rate minus the inflation rate. Zimbabwe continues to have negative real interest rates. These rates discourage investment and production but aid undesirable levels of speculation and in turn aid and abet inflation.For example in 1992 because of high interest rates companies like the GMB could not be able to supply maize in such a way that we had donors from USA donating yellow maize(Kenya). Gearing is fundamental analysis ratio of a company's level of long-term debt compared to its equity capital. Gearing is expressed is percentage form. If you have taken out a loan to fund your investments, such as a margin loan to invest in managed funds or a mortgage to buy direct property, increases in interest rates will increase your loan repayments Interest rates have an effect on consumer and business confidence. A rise in interest rates reduces the net return to investment thereby discouraging investment; it makes firms and consumers less willing to take out......

Words: 1927 - Pages: 8

Financial Market

...Monitoring Financial Market The market where securities are sold and purchase is called financial market. Financial System The system in which the surplus and deficit which meets together for their mutual benefits. e.g. Bank loan. Surplus Unit The units which have excess money. Deficit Unit The units which need money. Financial Intermediaries The bank, person or party, financial institution which act as a middle man between surplus and deficit units are called financial intermediaries. Three types of financial intermediaries (1) Investment Bank (2) Broker (3) Dealer Investment Bank (a) Under Writing or Initial Public Offering (IPO) IPO: The first prize of the security (b) Best Efforts Offering Underwriting In under writing the bank took the security from the company and tries to sell them in the market. The unsold securities should be purchased by bank. Purchased these securities less than “IPO” price. Best Efforts Offering In this service the bank took the securities from the company and tries to sell in the market. The amount of sold securities and unsold securities return back to the company. Broker (Agent) It is a person which act or perform on the behalf of the owner. Dealer It is a person which work independently Types of Financial Market There are five major types 1 Primary Market 2 Secondary Markets 3 Money Market 4 Capital Market 5 Over the Counter Market (1) Primary Market The market where the......

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

Financial Market

...Financial Market Cours 1 Le 16/09/2014 Introduction Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville (29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French political thinker and historian best known for his works Democracy in America (appearing in two volumes: 1835 and 1840) and The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856). In both of these, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. Democracy in America was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States, and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science. Tocqueville was active in French politics, first under the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and then during the Second Republic (1849–1851) which succeeded the February 1848 Revolution. He retired from political life after Louis Napoléon Bonaparte's 2 December 1851 coup, and thereafter began work on The Old Regime and the Revolution. He argued that the importance of the French Revolution was to continue the process of modernizing and centralizing the French state which had begun under King Louis XIV. The failure of the Revolution came from the inexperience of the deputies who were too wedded to abstract Enlightenment ideals. Tocqueville was a classical liberal who advocated parliamentary government, but was skeptical of the extremes of democracy The work of Alexis de Tocqueville permit to understand how the financial market......

Words: 2856 - Pages: 12

Financial Market

...Financial Market Homework 1 For 09/30/2014 Azizi Nabil , Ferrary Alexandra , Seneclauze Pierre , Renaud Gigou Review Question (5) : 5. List and explain the three financial factors that influence the value of a business. The three factors that affect the value of a firm's stock price are cash flow, timing, and risk. The Importance of Cash Flow: In business, cash is what pays the bills. It is also what the firm receives in exchange for its products and services. Cash is therefore of ultimate importance, and the expectation that the firm will generate cash in the future is one of the factors that gives the firm its value.(page 9-10) The Effect of Timing on Cash Flows: Owners and potential investors look at when firms can expect to receive cash and when they can expect to pay out cash. All other factors being equal, the sooner companies expect to receive cash and the later they expect to pay out cash, the more valuable the firm and the higher its stock price will be.(page 9-10) The Influence of Risk: Risk affects value because the less certain owners and investors are about a firm's expected future cash flows, the lower they will value the company. The more certain owners and investors are about a firm's expected future cash flows, the higher they will value the company. In short, companies whose expected future cash flows are doubtful will have lower values than companies whose expected future cash flows are virtually certain.(page 9-10) Problem......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Financial Markets

...FINANCIAL MARKETS AND INSTITUTIONS The core purpose of the following report is to analysis 5 of the top British Banks based on their total assets and by looking at their key balance sheet items, income statement items and financial ratios.. Most of the banks in the UK are MNCs. The top 5 banks in the United Kingdom have 90 percent market share. Here is the list of the top 5 banks in the UK: 1. HSBC 2. Lloyds Banking Group PLC 3. Standard Chartered Bank 4. Barclays 5. Royal Bank of Scotland Group Analysis of the key balance sheet and income items is as follows: Loans is one of the most important balance sheet items, as the ability to pool deposits from many sources that can be lent to many different borrowers creates the flow of funds inherent in the banking system. Gross loan is the total amount of issued credits given to banks during the accounting period. We can see from the graph below that HSBC maintained the most steady gross loan figures between 2008 -2012. This was despite the economic depression of 2008 by which RBS was evidently affected by the most with their gross loan figure being the lowest in 2011 of only £24979 million. One of the reasons for this is that UK taxpayers bailed out RBS in with the government owning over 80% of the business while HSBC avoided government assistance. Net Income is the amount of profit money a business has after determining total gross business income and deducting all expenses, taxes, depreciation, and interest.......

Words: 2283 - Pages: 10

Financial Market

...Rate and Exchange Rate on Volatility of Market Index at Dhaka Stock Exchange DEWAN MUKTADIR-AL-MUKIT * ABSTRACT The paper investigates the effects of the exchange rates and interest rates on stock market performance by using monthly time series data for the economy of Bangladesh, over the period of 1997 to 2010. This study uses econometric techniques of measuring the long and short term relationship between variables using the concept of Cointegration and Error Correction Model and analysis of Variance Decomposition. Causal relationships have been investigated using Granger causality test. By employing Cointegration technique it is observed that in the long run, a one percent increase in exchange rate and in interest rate contributes1.04% increase and 1.71 % decrease in market index respectively. The estimated error correction coefficient indicates that 7.8 percent deviation of stock returns are corrected in the short run. Finally, Granger causality analysis suggests the existence of a unidirectional causality from market index to exchange rate and from interest rate to market index. Keywords: Cointegration, Granger Causality. Exchange rate, Interest rate, DGEN index 1. INTRODUCTION A well functioning financial system boosts economic growth through proper and efficient allocation of resources. As a part of financial system, the importance and role of stock market towards achieving economic growth is crucial. The functioning of stock market depends on investors’ buying and......

Words: 5540 - Pages: 23

Financial Markets

...Statement on Monetary Policy – February 2012 Box D: Covered Bond Issuance by Australian Banks Covered bonds are on-balance sheet asset-backed securities issued by financial institutions. Investors in covered bonds have a preferential claim on a pool of assets (called the cover pool) in the event that the issuing institution fails to make the scheduled payments on the covered bond. If the cover pool is insufficient to meet the issuer's obligations to investors, they have an unsecured claim on the issuer for any residual amount.[1] Covered bonds typically have a higher credit rating than that of the issuer because the cover pools are usually comprised of high-quality assets such as prime mortgages, covered bond holders rank above unsecured creditors, and extra collateral is held in the cover pool. There is a well-developed global market for covered bonds, particularly in Europe. In Australia, however, authorised deposit-taking institutions (ADIs) have only recently been permitted to issue these bonds, following the passing of legislation – the Banking Amendment (Covered Bonds) Act 2011 – in October 2011. Under the new legislation, there is a cap on covered bond issuance by ADIs to limit the subordination of depositors to covered bond investors. An ADI must limit the value of its cover pools to a maximum of 8 per cent of its assets in Australia. Given that Australian ADIs have set their cover pools at close to 120 per cent of the value of covered bonds – with some variation......

Words: 5181 - Pages: 21

Financial Markets the Financial Crisis The near-collapse of the financial system in the United States was the most substantial economic crisis in the U.S. since the Great Depression of the 1920s and 1930s. Since the crisis began in late-2007, more than 6 million Americans have lost their jobs, large and important financial institutions have failed, and trillions of dollars in savings and retirement accounts have been lost. It is generally accepted that problems in the United States housing market are at the root of the current United States and global financial crisis. However, even in mid-2009, twelve months after the financial crisis fully erupted in the United States, it is still too early to determine all of the precise causes and consequences of the crisis. Many different entities share the responsibility for creating or enabling the crisis: mortgage lenders, borrowers, regulators, investors, rating agencies, and probably many others. At its broadest level, this crisis was caused by a failure of governance: of political governance by regulators and legislators, of corporate governance by firms and executives, and of personal governance by individuals. After peaking in the United States in 2006, the global housing bubble collapsed. On the national level, home prices in the United States have dropped by almost 40% according to the Case-Schiller Home Price Index from 2006 peak to mid-2009. Securities with risk exposure to housing market plummeted, causing great damage to financial......

Words: 2443 - Pages: 10

Financial Institutions and Financial Markets

...Financial Institutions and Financial Markets FIN/370 Financial Institutions and Financial Markets The state of the economy in the United States is very crucial to businesses and society. The success of the economy is reliant on financial institutions and financial markets. “The market for the creation and exchange of financial assets such as money, stocks, and bonds, plays a central role in organizing and coordinating our economy” (Colander, 2013, p. 643). Financial institutions are essential in providing funding for activities that take place within the financial markets. This paper will describe the roles of financial institutions and financial markets in our economy, as well as compare and discuss the differentiations between markets. The Roles of Financial Institutions Financial institutions play a vital role in the success of our economy and financial markets. They are responsible for financial transactions such as deposits, investments, and loans. Examples of financial institutions are commercial banks, investment banks, credit unions, insurance companies, mutual funds, and brokerages. A few of the well-known U.S. financial institutions are Bank of America, JP Morgan Chase Bank, Wachovia Bank, and Wells Fargo Bank. Financial institutions provide a means of savings for society and businesses. Saving money incurs interest, which allows people and businesses to save additional funds. Financial institutions provide loans so businesses can......

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5

Financial Market

...1) Throughout this class we have discussed the conduct of the major players at financial institutions and their role in leading their companies to the brink of failure, and in some cases have been successful (Bear Stearns, Lehman & AIG). With that as a starting point how important is character and ethics? What role(s) do you think boards of directors should play and did they exercise their fiduciary responsibilities to the shareholders and employees? Money is an important character in various financial institutions, but by itself is not necessarily evil. Rather, it is something that is used to trade goods and services. We call it "currency", and it allows us to do business between organizations. Unfortunately, that is the sterile dictionary-type definition but it does not capture all the issues that are involved with finances. In corporate life, just like in many other realms, money causes all sorts of problems. People make incredibly bad decisions because of money, and plenty of people have gone to prison because of their money-related behavior. This is why people always approach money with a certain amount of uneasiness. Here are a few thoughts on why financial management ethics are important. The numbers do not have a soul, so they cannot govern themselves. They must be managed by people. Ethics are important because finances make people do some strange things. The spreadsheet does not have a conscience, and the goal of working with spreadsheets is to make numbers......

Words: 4126 - Pages: 17

Financial Market

...FINANCIAL MARKETS FIN 4040A 1. A financial market is the market for capital, a significant factor of production. The obligations created are in form of financial assets or financial instruments severally called securities. These assets are intangible and offer promises and claims by issuers and holders. A classification of the financial markets will greatly improve our mental constructs. CLASSIFICATION OF FINANCIAL MARKETS | | Type of classification |Specific operational terms | | |1 |Nature of claim |DEBT MARKETS | | | | | | | | | |EQUITY MARKETS | | |2 | |MONEY MARKET | | | | | | | | |Maturity of claim |CAPITAL MARKET | | |3 | ...

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Financial Markets

...What are financial markets? Financial markets are any type of financial transaction that helps businesses grow and investors make money, commonly known as the stock market. There are three elements to the stock market: stocks, bonds, and commodities. “Investing in the stock market is a bet on the future and the future is what concerns the stock market the most. While current events such as natural and human made disasters can cause an immediate reaction in the stock market, what drives long-term trends is the future. The stock market is all about what will economic and political conditions today mean to corporate profits in the future. Current events that shake the market, but have no long term effect on the economy or business climate are often shaken off and market conditions return to the previous conditions”. (Ken Little, Guide). Stocks are shares of ownership of a public corporation that are sold to investors to allow the companies to raise a lot of cash at once. The investors profit when the companies increase their earnings, which keeps the U.S. Economy growing. Mutual funds give you the ability to buy a lot of stocks at once. In one way, this makes them an easier tool to invest in than individual stocks. By reducing stock market volatility, they have also had a calming effect on the U.S. economy. When stock prices go up, bond prices go down. There are many different types of bonds, including Treasury bonds, corporate bonds, and municipal......

Words: 502 - Pages: 3

Financial Markets

...learnt by emerging markets from developed financial markets Name: Course: University: Tutor: Date: Abstract The present regarded industrialized countries are seen to be much enjoying the benefits that the economy is offering. The so called first world countries have continued to experience faster economic growth because of the influence of the stronger and well established both financial and security market. The research paper in it’s entirely, considers the lessons that the emerging financial markets from the developed and the developing can learn from the developed financial institutions. However, the basis of the paper is on U.S, England, Japan and then Germany. Introduction Traditional studies of the above mentioned four countries have continued to place some emphasis on the explanations concerning acceleration of the growth that have continued to occur within their economies. Most of the factors that are considered relate to increased productivity in labor, increased innovation in technologies, expansion in international relationship in trade and revolution n the financial infrastructures. All these occurrences preceded the present development within these countries. Economic historians continue to neglect the importance of the financial institutions, the paper through the studies of (Rousseau and Sylla 1999, p. 2), shows that there are still some lessons that the emerging nations and financial systems can learn from the impacts of both the financial and......

Words: 1669 - Pages: 7

Financial Markets

...EFB201  Financial  Markets   Learning  Guide EFB201 Learning Guide 1     Workload  Expectations     The  unit  has  a  two-­‐hour  lecture  with  a  one-­‐hour  workshop/tutorial  each  week.  QUT   Guidelines  are  that  “Eight  to  10  hours  per  unit  per  week  should  be  spent  outside  the   classroom  reading  and  working  on  assignments  and  tutorial  tasks.”  This  unit  covers  a   large  amount  of  material  commensurate  with  the  workload  expectations  described   above.     The  lectures  are  an  integral  part  of  the  course  materials  and  will  contain  spoken  or   written  material  that  is  additional  to  that  in  the  textbook  and  set  readings.  Conversely,   not  all  the  set  textbook  or  other  readings  will  be  covered  in  the  lectures.  In  addition,  you   will  be  expected  to  do  your  own  research  in  respect  of  particular  topics,  and  this  also   forms  part  of  the  unit  materials.     All  unit  material  is  assessable;  in  other  words,  it  is  not  possible  to ......

Words: 9061 - Pages: 37