Fascism in Portugal

In: Historical Events

Submitted By alexishadj
Words 608
Pages 3
Fascism is defined as socialism with a capitalist veneer. It is centered around heritage, nationalism, militarism, corporatism, and anti-communism. Between the years of World War I and World War II, the concept of fascism became extremely popular; it was a global phenomenon and was demonstrated in countries worldwide. After facing a series of hardships in the early 1900’s, Portugal jumped on the bandwagon and turned towards fascism as a way to solve their problems.
Between 1910 and 1926 Portugal had gone through eight presidents and forty-three ministries; the power was so unstable that the longest government of the republic lasted just slightly over a year. Around the same time, the country had faced extreme inflation and a massive devaluation in their currency…there needed to be a change. A coup d’état took place May 28, 1926. Led by General Manuel Gomes de Costa, a group of 15,000 men marched into the city of Lisbon with intent to demolish the country’s current republic. This national revolution was one of the main factors behind the initiation of dictatorship in Portugal. Antonio de Oliveira Salazar-a man recognized for his corporatism and nationalism-worked his way up from the country’s finance minister in 1928 to leading the Estado Nova in 1932, a right wing, authoritarian regime, known as the “New State” or “Second Republic” of Portugal. This authoritarian government was made up of a right-wing coalition. Moderates of almost every political current (with similar political views at Salazar) were co-opted into Salazar’s regime in order to gain control and fight off Portugal’s extremists. Salazar’s main goal was to prevent the rise of national socialism. With help from his supporters (majority being conservative Catholics and extreme nationalists) in their fight against the left-wing groups of the Spanish Republic. In 1933 Salazar created a constitution…...

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