Explainthedistinctionbetweensī思(Thinking)Andxué學(Studying, Learning) Thatisdrawninanalects2.15and15.31.Towhatextent(Ifatall)Doestheanalects’ Focus on Learning Mean That We Should Just Follow Tradition, and Not Think Inde- Pendently?

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By debtsoi
Words 561
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As for similarity, according to the Analects, thinking and studying attach both great importance. Thinking means we reflecting base on what we have learnt, especially from the ancient great figures. And studying means we absorb new knowledge and virtue. In Analects 2.15, the master tells two negative results in lacking either one of them when learning. This obviously shows they are both indispensable and interlocking. They play different role on learning.

As long as people combine them and utilize them in moderate way, sī and xué can act as Complementarity. In Analects 15.31, the master did something extreme, which is to keep thinking without sleeping and eating, This certainly does not help facilitate learning. No matter from Analects 2.15, which puts sī and xué in theory or from Analects 15.31, which shows a practical application, both reflect we should weigh heavily in studying.

Concerning difference, studying is an external way while thinking is an internal way. As the master says people would not born with knowledge (Analects 7.21). Studying is, without doubt, the prerequisite for learning. In Analects 7.1 the text shows the master stresses on tradition, the antiquity, respecting for the knowledge from ancient sages a lot. Thus having thorough studying is an overriding concern. As for thinking, it acts as catalytic, as well as facilitator for studying. We can liken the learning to a system, then studying is the input and thinking is the process. Having both of them, we can have better outcome such as good ability and new insights which positively feedback our own knowledge. Besides, thinking helps solidify the knowledge and it plays significant role in developing self innovative ideas.

To a small extent Analects’ focus on learning mean that we should just follow tradition and not think independently. Oppositely, the master encourages that people…...

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