Ex Parte Crow Dog

In: Historical Events

Submitted By inf4mou5
Words 4675
Pages 19
Ex parte Crow Dog
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ex parte Crow Dog
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Supreme Court of the United States
Argued November 26, 1883
Decided December 17, 1883
Full case name Ex parte Kan-gi-shun-ca (otherwise known as Crow Dog)
Citations 109 U.S. 556 (more)
3 S. Ct. 396; 27 L. Ed. 1030
Prior history U.S. v. Kan-gi-shun-ca, 14 N.W. 437, 3 Dakota 106 (Dakota Terr. 1882)
Holding
Held that a federal court did not have jurisdiction to try an Indian who killed another Indian on the reservation when the offense had been tried by the tribal court, writ of habeas corpus granted.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Morrison Waite
Associate Justices
Samuel F. Miller · Stephen J. Field
Joseph P. Bradley · John M. Harlan
William B. Woods · T. Stanley Matthews
Horace Gray · Samuel Blatchford
Case opinions
Majority J. Matthews
Laws applied
Revised Stat. §2146 (1878)
Ex parte Crow Dog, 109 U.S. 556 (1883), is a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States that followed the death of one member of a Native American tribe at the hands of another on reservation land. Crow Dog was a member of the Brulé band of the Lakota Sioux. On August 5, 1881 he shot and killed Spotted Tail, a Lakota chief; there are different accounts of the background to the killing. The tribal council dealt with the incident according to Sioux tradition, and Crow Dog paid restitution to the dead man's family. However, the U.S. authorities then prosecuted Crow Dog for murder in a federal court. He was found guilty and sentenced to hang. The Supreme Court held that unless authorized by Congress, federal courts had no jurisdiction to try cases where the offense had already been tried by the tribal council.[1] Crow Dog was therefore released. The case led to the Major Crimes Act in 1885, which placed some major crimes (initially 7, now 15) under…...

Similar Documents

Jim Crow

...Introduction to Africana Studies | The Life Span of Jim Crow, Start to Finish | Sherman T. Gant | S.Gant 12/3/2009 | It’s hard to define a beginning to slavery in the United States. It is said to have begun in the mid 1600’s. The American Civil War began in 1961 when 11 states seceded from the United States. The North or the Union fought against the constitutionality of the secession and the expansion of slavery. Slavery came to an end when the North won the civil war, along with the passing of the 13 amendment. Although slavery was abolished in 1865, it did not give African Americans equal opportunity for education, employment, or basic human rights. Whites in the South during the late 1870s and early 1880s, established Jim Crow laws. Merriam-Webster’s dictionary defines Jim Crow as the ethnic discrimination especially against blacks by legal enforcement or traditional sanctions. This act, along with racist terrorism and mistreatment downgraded African Americans to a humiliating second class status for decades; until the U.S. Supreme Court started to dismantle Jim Crow laws in the 1950s. This paper will examine the force and the legacy of Jim Crow laws, from the start and finish, and the ongoing effect in today’s world. What was Jim Crow? Following the civil war, Congress passed three amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The thirteenth ended slavery December 18th 1865, the fourteenth banned discrimination July 28, 1868 and the fifteenth gave......

Words: 2194 - Pages: 9

Dogs

...The results of the study scaled the dogs on five dimensions of behavior temperament: playfulness, curiosity/fearfulness, chase-proneness, sociability, and aggressiveness (De Palma et al., 2005). Dogs living in rescue shelters were assessed as demonstrating a low degree of playfulness, showing distraction by the environment when being enticed to play. The sheltered dogs also scored low on curiosity but, high on fearful behavior. The cortisol levels for the sheltered dogs were significantly higher than the cortisol levels of canines living in households, indicative of stress and anxiety associated with shelter lifestyle. Shelter dogs showed a low proportion of chase-proneness supported by demonstrations of low physical activity and excitability. Shelter dogs were assessed as exhibiting low levels of sociability toward conspecies but, a high sociability when concerning humans (De Palma et al., 2005). This trend was also demonstrated when observing levels of aggressiveness; the dogs seemed more antagonistic toward conspecies than humans. It should be noted that shelter dogs displayed rare bouts of hostile behavior and results were supported by little data. It is interesting to find a set of shared characteristics existing in canines living in rescue shelters. Such findings lead one to speculate if the shelter environment may be partly responsible for inducing behavior characteristics? After all, dogs living in shelters are subjected to a variety of stressors including......

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

The Counting of the Crows

...Lorem Ipsum passage, used since the 1500s "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum." Section 1.10.32 of "de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum", written by Cicero in 45 BC "Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae dicta sunt explicabo. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. Neque porro quisquam est, qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur? Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?" 1914 translation by H. Rackham "But I must explain to you......

Words: 710 - Pages: 3

The Ex

...The Ex-Husband Who Never Left Stacy Morrison ITT Technical Institute Michael Walker Summary This article I was reading is a pretty interesting topic about an ex-husband that didn’t want to be married anymore to his wife but still wanted to hang around ding married things. The author by the name of Stacy Morrison “The Ex-Husband Who Never Left” is about a loving and caring wife that just couldn’t let go of her husband but, she also had a boyfriend at the same time. This story is sad in a way, but it has a happy twist at the end. One of the main reason people should not try to hold on to a person that no longer wants to be a part of your life in posted in this paper, plus having the respect for the other person is a must have in a relationship these days. Letting go of a person that you have shared a substantial amount of years with is easier said than done. Also if you’re the kind of person that fights for their relationship no matter what, then the end result would be priceless, having two of the men you shared part of yourself with become friends end the end “ Why Can’t We All Just Get Alone” spoken by Rodney King. Project Description The two stage common emitter amplifier circuit commonly is called voltage divider biasing. This type of biasing arrangement uses ten resistors including one swamping resistor as a potential divider network and is commonly used in the design of a bipolar transistor amplifier circuits. This method of biasing the transistors......

Words: 1229 - Pages: 5

Dogs

...Dog Swimming a. importance of swimming Just as swimming for people is recognized for its conditioning and therapeutic value, so has it been recognized for “man’s best friend” -the dog. For dogs that are overweight, need conditioning, or have disabilities that make normal exercise painful or inappropriate, swimming can provide an excellent alternative or supplement to ground-based programs. Also, swimming can provide dogs excellent rehabilitation therapy, aerobic conditioning, exercise, relaxation, interaction with other dogs and great of fun! b. how to swim Dogs, like all animals, have the natural ability to swim but generally have to learn water confidence before a specific swimming program can be developed. There are two swimming pools in our company. A training pool provides the initial swimming introduction and allows the dog to gain their water confidence. The main pool allows the dog to swim in 30 yard laps or to swim freely to retrieve, train or just swim for the fun of it. Swim Center staff performs the initial swimming of the dog, but owners are encouraged to take over once the dog has graduated from the training class. Dogs wear a chest harness for support and are walked down a gentle sloping ramp into the water. For dogs with paralysis or inability to walk, they are gently lifted and placed into the water and supported by the harness, or in some cases a flotation device may be used, while they develop their swimming stroke. Once the dog is......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Jim Crow

...Jim Crow The term Jim Crow was used as a reference to segregation laws hat came about at the end of the reconstruction and came to an end in 1877 and continued until the 1960's. According to diction dictionary.reference.Jim Crow is defined as a practice or policy of segregating or discriminating against blacks, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment. The term Jim Crow was thought to have originated around 1830 from a white minstrel show performer named Thomas Rice put black material on his face and performed a jig singing “Jump Jim Crow.” The character was created from a crippled, elderly black man singing and dancing. People say that Jim Crow owned a slave that gave inspiration for the act. The skit was incorporated into the act and then became a part of the minstrel scene in America. (1), (2), (3) Thomas Rice was one of the first performers to wear blackface makeup in a song and dance routine that turned out to be a success and took him to places like Louisville to Cincinnati to Pittsburgh to Philadelphia and to New York in 1832. Jim Crow was later a stock character in minstrel shows with Jim Dandy and Zip Coon. His blackface characters were Sambos, Coons, and Dandies. White audiences were open to portrayals of blacks as singing, dancing, grinning fools. Around 1838, the term "Jim Crow" was being used to refer to blacks, althought not to be as offensive as nigger, but close to coon or darkie. Minstrel shows clearly helped the spread of Jim Crow as......

Words: 1303 - Pages: 6

Fools Crow

...All is Lost In Fools Crow, by James Welch, Welch shows that everything can be lost through betrayal, the loss of a center, and no trust. This is described in the text of Fools Crow, by the story told by Mad Plume of the Black Patched Moccasins. Mad Plume tells Fools Crow, formally known as White Mans Dog, about their past and their downfall. Betrayal is the start to something that can destroy everything that a tribe once was. Little Dog was once the chief of the Black Patched Moccasins. “Many of us were surprised, but Little Dog told us a good trick, for soon good things to eat would grow. The white chiefs wished us to quit the trail of the blackhorns and to grow the good things to feed upon.” (97). Little Dog tried to live in peace with the Napikwans. So he and his people tried to live like the Napikwans. The thing though is that they were always hungry now because they were not getting the nutrients they once got, so they started hunting the blackhorns again. This angered the Napikwans. So Little Dog had to try other ways to please them. All he wanted was peace among them and his people. He feared the Napikwans so he threatened his people “He told our people not to kill anymore of them. He told the seizer chiefs that he would deal harshly with those Pikunis that offended them. He wanted peace between the Pikunis and the Napikwans, and that would be his downfall.” (97). He did not want his people to offend the Napikwans in anyway to give them a reason to bring harm to......

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Jim Crow

...Michelle Alexander is a highly celebrated civil rights lawyer, advocate, and legal scholar. In her book, The New Jim Crow: Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Alexander discusses the legal systems that seem to be doing their jobs perfectly well but have in fact just replaced one racial caste system with a new one. In this book, Michelle focuses on racial problems in the past as well as the present and argues that the problems are basically the same, if not worse. Alexander’s research was very thorough and motivating to read. She paints a dreadful picture of the modern Jim Crow and how it functions in the world we live in. She uses images that make you cringe but at the same time persuades you that it certainly all true. In her book, Alexander explains that since the Jim Crow laws that legalized segregation have ended, new forms of a racial caste system have come into play.  Mass incarceration aggressively targets black men in particular. There are now more African American adults under penal control today (prison, probation, parole) than were enslaved in 1850. This has happened during a time when crime rates have dropped, and not in spite of affirmative action or colorblindness but because of them. What drives the mass incarceration of blacks is the War on Drugs launched by Ronald Reagan in 1982 and supported by almost every politician since. No one wants to give the slightest appearance of being "soft on crime."            Alexander identifies many causes of our......

Words: 1320 - Pages: 6

Dogs

...enlgish 921 potty The dog is a loving companion to a man. He is happy to go everywhere with his master. He shows his affection for his master by wagging his tail and licking his hand or face. Dogs were not always like this. Overtime humans have domesticated dogs into making them loving pets. At one point dogs were able to pee wherever they want, eat whatever they want, and do whatever they want. Now we provide our dogs boundaries and train them to become our best friends. Eating and playing comes naturally to dogs just as it does to humans when they are born. Just like human babies one thing that does not come naturally to dogs is being potty trained. Adding a furry litte friend to the family sounds like a lot of fun and many would not think of it as such a difficult task to do since all dogs do is eat and play which obviously does not need to be taught to then but the hard part comes when it is time for them to relieve themselves and they choose do to this task on your living room floors, bedrooms, and bathrooms. For most dog owners who have little to no dog experience potty training can be a very difficult task to do but I am here to make this job a tad bit easier for you and your furry friend. Potty training your dog or puppy requires far more than a few stacks of old newspapers, it calls for vigilance, patience, plenty of commitment and above all, consistency. The first step to potty training is introducing the spot you would like your dog to go potty. Like babies,......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Jim Crow and the New Jim Crow

...After the collapse of Jim Crow, especially seeing the great success experienced by some African Americans, we start to feel the system of racial caste is officially dead and buried. However, that is just an illusion. Behind the rhetoric of institutionalized equity, our criminal justice system is working as the new Jim Crow preventing blacks from participating in our electoral democracy. While Constitutional amendments guaranteed African Americans "equal protection of the laws" and the right to vote, through a web of laws, regulations, and informal rules, all of which are powerfully reinforced by social stigma, they are confined to the margins of mainstream society and denied access to the mainstream economy. During the Reconstruction Era, whites felt threatened and outraged as African Americans were exposed to more social and economic opportunities and started to obtain political power. To turn the table and regain all the black labors they had for free for centuries, southern states drastically increased the penalties for minor offenses. Southern conservatives founded Ku Klux Klan, which fought a terrorist campaign against Reconstruction governments and local leaders, complete with bombings, lynchings, and mob violence. I can never forget those horrible pictures in which some white onlookers were smiling or laughing with the blacks burning or hung on the tree in the background. How sick they had to be to enjoy watching another human being tortured and murdered?......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Jim Crow

...Jim Crow During 1876 through 1965 Jim Crow Laws were created for racial segregation in the United States. The laws allowed public segregation in public facilities such as schools, restaurants, and public transportation to name a few between white and black people. These laws followed the black codes which restricted the civil rights and civil liberties of African American with no pretense of equality. Being born in Georgia had its advantages during the Jim Crow era for me as a young child. Although my father was a construction worker and my mother was a domestic worker I thought my life was set because, I was able to go to work with my mother and play with the white children that she took care of. I was also taught how to read and write. Once I school age; My mom no longer took me to work with her and so I was no longer able to play with my white friends but it didn't matter because I had made new friends that look like me. One day in class I realized that it wasn't any white people at my school I asked my teacher why and she explained that according to the laws of the state I wasn't allowed to attend school with white people. I was shocked with all of the information that she had giving me about these so called laws; That I had made up in my mind from that day forward that it didn’t matter who attended my school, I would do whatever it took for me to achieve in order for me to have a life just as good as any other race. Being determined to be better I was......

Words: 677 - Pages: 3

Fools Crow Essay

...of Fools Crow When writing, authors use different techniques to give the characters specific qualities. One method an author can use is characterization, which is the information the author gives to the reader about the characters such as physical appearance, feelings or dreams the character has, and what others say or how they react to the character. In the novel Fools Crow, James Welch uses characterization to enhance the personality of White Man’s Dog, and the story follows this eighteen year-old boy through his life as a Blackfoot Indian living in western Montana. Welch creates different situations for White Man’s Dog to show how he develops throughout the story. The story opens and White Man’s Dog is described as an unlucky and unsuccessful boy with nothing to show for his eighteen years. He is not only unsuccessful when it comes to hunting, but he has also never touched a woman’s body, creating the opportunity for his friends make fun of him and call him dog-lover (Welch 4). Even though White Man’s Dog is unsuccessful and overshadowed by his younger brother and his friends, an old war leader, Yellow Kidney, sees potential in White Man’s Dog. As the omniscient narrator looks into Yellow Kindey’s thoughts, White Man’s Dog stands out because although he is inexperienced in the manner of war, he already possesses qualities that are scarce among other men his age (Welch 20). After returning from Yellow Kidney’s horse taking party successfully, White Man’s Dog becomes......

Words: 801 - Pages: 4

Crow Case

...se obtenía con grandes lotes de artículos estándares, esto significaba que debido a la necesidad de cubrir la mayor parte posible de la capacidad productiva de una empresa, solía hacerse descuentos para los grandes pedidos. Los márgenes caían desde 1986 debido al incremento del precio de la materia prima (alrededor de un 15%) sin posibilidad de trasladarlo a los clientes, debido a la producción propia de envases por parte de uno de los nichos de clientes más importantes (las cerveceras), y a la concentración de las embotelladoras de refrescos. Los clientes más importantes están muy concentrados y son grandes empresas con altas capacidades de negociación. Se prima la calidad del producto y el servicio. El envase representa aproximadamente el 45% del total de la bebida envasada. El transporte representa un 7,5% del producto (envase), lo que llevaba a que las empresas cambien su estrategia de ubicación histórica de estar cerca del proveedor de materias primas a estar cerca del cliente. Se requiere líneas costosas de producción para hacer entable las operaciones de la empresa. La eficiencia en una fábrica se encontraba cuando había entre 3 ó 4 líneas. Existían amenazas graves a la actual industria de hojalata. Esta se configuraba como las nuevas tendencias del sector y eran. - La creciente amenaza de fabricación propia de los envases por parte de los propios clientes - La introducción del plástico como alternativa en 1989 - L importante......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Jim Crow

...Jim Crow Jim Crow’s laws were enacted between 1876 and 1965. These laws were put in place to mandate racial segregation. This meant that blacks did not have the same rights and privileges to use public areas as whites did. The main idea behind the Jim Crow laws was "separate but equal". It was a legal way to continue the discrimination against the African Americans in the southern states. (The rise and fall of Jim crow2010) You can say that the effect of these laws developed two different societies in the US. The African Americans were deprived from the same conditions and other governmental services the white people received. It turned out that the races were separated in many aspects: education, welfare, health, culture etc. They even deprived them of some civil rights they own being citizens like voting. Until 1964 these laws were governed and you can say helped maintain the gap between the races(Cope 2010). Booker T Washington believed that equality could be achieved through vocational education. Basically what he believed was the blacks would be accepted by the whites if they showed them they could be as literate and socially acceptable as they were. Instead of forcing and protesting for equal rights he urged blacks to focus on education and their farming and work ethics. ("Booker T Washington", 2012) WEB Dubois believed in full political, civil and social rights for African Americans in 1903, Du Bois published The Souls of Black Folk. The Souls of Black Folk is......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

Crow Dog Formal Summary #!

...Word Count: 306 Writing 95 Mary Crow Dog: Civilize them with a Stick Mary Crow Dog, the Author of, Civilize them with a Stick, writes of the trauma young Indian children endured in mission school. Crow Dog tells of how these young children are taken away from their family and homes at a very young age, to be educated by “the white man”, and the abuse they endure. The day would start at Five a.m. for Crow Dog and the other children. It would begin with prayer followed by breakfast, chores then study. If the children were spotted not praying properly or chatting while doing chores, they would get “swats”. Crow Dog tells the “swats” were given by one of the nuns with a board wrapped with tape and not just one or two swats but many. A lot of the children including Crow Dog herself, had tried to run away to escape the abuse, but they were eventually caught and brought back only to endure more physical abuse. The mission had gotten a new priest to teach English. One day the priest has asked a young boy a question. The boy answered to question correctly but had mispronounced the word. The priest kept after his to pronounce it correct. Crow Dog stuck up for the boy and this got her in trouble. The priest made her stay after class, he grabbed her arm, pushed her against the blackboard. She had had enough; she gave in a bloody nose. The priest and Crow Dog had to meet with Sister Bernard and it was at this moment Crow Dog quit school....

Words: 272 - Pages: 2