Evaluation of Classical and Human Relation Theories of Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By arshia94
Words 2227
Pages 9
Arshia Shafiei
Student No: 21273317
Dec 12, 2014
Critically evaluate the classical and human relations approaches of management theory.

One of the most important human activities is managing. Since the development of the first human civilizations managing has been essential to accomplish aims and objectives and ensure the coordination of individuals Olum (2004). Management is defined as the combination of the skills and talents of individuals concerned with getting things done through people by taking into account the resources for profitable activities Pettinger (1994). In the early twentieth century, Henry Fayol defined management as the process of “forecasting, planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling” Fayol (1949). Subsequently, Koontz and O’donell (1988) suggested the definition of management as “an operational process dissected by analyzing the managerial functions such as planning and organizing”. Over the last centuries management has been studied with the view of establishing what constitutes a successful manager Petinger (1994). The search for applicable principles of management initiated in the last years of nineteenth century in Europe and America Cole (2004). Like any other social practice, at the heart of management is theory that managers can deploy to achieve competition advantage and use more incisive interventions McAuley et al (2007). In addition the basic requirement of managers for meeting the challenges like competition, use of sources and maximum output is the knowledge of management theories Mahmoud and Basharat (2012). According to Olum (2004) implementation of management theories into day-to-day practice of managers have given them better chance of managing their organization. Throughout history a number of management theories have been suggested and practiced in organizations. In this paper the nature and the…...

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