Diabetes Type 1

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EVIDENCED BASED PRACTICE RESEARCH- TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS IN

CHILDREN

EBP RESEARCH- TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS IN CHILDREN

EVIDENCED BASED PRACTICE RESEARCH- TYPE 1 DIABETES IN CHILDREN

According to Health Encyclopedia, “The most common type of diabetes in children is

type 1 diabetes… [It] is one of the most common chronic diseases in children… [It] accounts for

5 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in the U.S” (Pat, 2015). Type 1 diabetes mellitus

(T1DM) is also known as juvenile, brittle, sugar and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The

focus of this paper will be on understanding how T1DM is diagnosed and identifying a research

or evidence-based article that focuses comprehensively on a specific intervention or new

diagnostic tool for the treatment of diabetes in children.

Forms of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

There are two forms of this disease. They are idiopathic type 1 and immune-mediated

diabetes. Idiopathic type 1 diabetes is diabetes with no identifiable cause; i.e. unknown cause

while Immune- mediated diabetes; the most common form of type 1 diabetes results from the

body’s immune system attacking and destroying pancreatic cells thereby prohibiting its cells

from producing little to no insulin. Research suggest that environment, virus, family history or

genetic may play a role in increasing the risk and likelihood of having T1DM and or the body

attacking its own cells (autoimmunity). Further, Insulin is the hormone that allows for the uptake

of glucose into the cells, however in type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients, little to no insulin is

produced.

Signs & Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes in Children

Type 1 DM often arises in children around age 5 to 7 years old however it can also occur

near or during puberty or from infancy up till age 40 (Norman, 2015). Type…...

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