Data Communication

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Bigboy2014
Words 1231
Pages 5
TCP/ IP is the basic communication language for the internet. It can be used in private networks such as the intranet and extranet. Any computer that you send a message to gets a copy of the TCP/IP. TCP/IP is a two layer protocol consisting of transmission control protocol(TCP) and the lower layer Which is Internet protocol which handles addressing so that each packet gets to its destination. TCP will be in control of managing the assembling of a message that Is being sent. IP is responsible for moving packet of data from node to node. IP forwards each packet based on a four byte destination address (the IP number). The Internet authorities assign ranges of numbers to different organizations. The organizations assign groups of their numbers to departments. IP operates on gateway machines that move data from department to organization to region and then around the world. The way that TCP/IP communicate is by using a client/server action in which the client who request and is provided a service. The communication of TCP/IP is really from one point to another meaning that it uses a point to point type of communication. Each user request is considered to be a new request, therefore TCP/IP and its higher-level applications are considered stateless. Being stateless also means that if frees network paths so that everyone can use them continuously. HTTP, Telnet, and SMTP are all associated with TCP/IP as a suite. Protocols related to TCP/IP include the User Datagram Protocol (UDP), which is used instead of TCP for special purposes. Other protocols are used by network host computers for exchanging router information. The internet is a primary reason why TCP/IP is the way It is today. The TCP/IP protocol were first developed as part of the research network ARPA. The fledgling network named ARPANET, was designed to use a number of protocols that had been adapted from…...

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