In: Business and Management

Submitted By RatnaNanot
Words 4004
Pages 17
No Pages
Question 1: Greek Logic and Metaphysis in Critical Thinking 1.1 Background of Socrates 1.2 Contribution of Socrates 1.3 Background of Plato 1.4 Contribution of Plato
Question 2: Islamic Contribution in Critical Thinking
2.1 Background of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
2.2 Contribution of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
2.3 Background of Al-Kindi
2.4 Contribution of Al-Kindi

First of all, I would like to express my deepest appreciation to those who helped and provided me the possibility to complete my assignment. First and foremost, a special thanks to my Critical Thinking’s lecturer, Mr. Krishnan for the valuable guidance and advices regarding my coursework. I would like to thank him for his willingness to teach me the parts that I don’t understand and showing me some good examples that are related to my coursework.
Secondly, I would like to thank my parents for giving me support in terms of words of encouragement and financial assistance to complete my assignment. Without their encouragement, I won’t be able to finish my assignment in time.
Furthermore, I would like to thank the authority of Legenda Education Group for providing me with a good environment and facilities to complete this project. Also, I would like to thank librarian which help me to find books that related to the topic of my project.
Last but not least, special thanks to my friends, for helping me to complete my assignment. They gave their time to exchange our ideas and knowledge to complete this assignment.

Greek Logics and Metaphysis in Critical Thinking

Background of Socrates
According to the ancient record, Socrates, the celebrated Greek philosopher and moralist, was born at Athens in the year 469 B.C. His father, Sophroniskus, was a sculptor and he…...

Similar Documents

Crtical Thinking Mgt 350

...MGT 350 Critical Thinking Critical thinking is a very important in life, but probably more is it important than in the workplace. Inside the workplace can be hectic, and it can be easy for a person to be overwhelmed. There are assignments to complete, deadlines to be met, coworkers and management that have to be consulted with regarding strategies. With all these things going on inside the workplace, a person can easily lose focus which is why critical thinking is very important when inside the workplace. When a person is can properly critical think they are more likely to be to make calculated decisions, instead of making a rational choice a person thinks the problem through and considers the pro’s and the cons. In the social working field a person has to always have to be in my thinking because I work with the public and that can be a very stressful situation. I am case manager for “The Center for Family Resources,” which is a nonprofit organization that helps families with children under the age of 18 with rent assistance, food assistance, transitional housing, and G.E.D. programs. It is a stressful environment because we’re dealing with families who are desperate for...

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5


...and governments of non-Western civilizations no longer remain the objects of history as targets of Western colonialism but join the West as movers and shapers of history. Theories negating the existence of a threat Hunungton’s theory has often been criticised for its over-generalization. Whilst taking the standpoint of Imperialism, he has been arguably accused of rejecting the inctricate details of culture, language, and diversity within a particular civilization. Long before Sept. 11, professors and foreign policy experts weighed in about Huntington's model for viewing the future of international relations. Consequently, many also found flaws in his analysis. The following are some arguments that have been presented which take a crtical approach to Hunington’s theory. David Skidmore: "...big bets, whether in poker or in academics, often fail. Such is the fate of Huntington's ambitious but seriously flawed effort to chart a new direction in thinking about the future of international relations in the post-Cold War period." Page 9 of 16 Felix Marti: "The basic problem with Huntington's theory, however, is the conviction that all cultures aspire to imperial power." R.F.M. Lubbers: "Huntington has a point when he gives attention to the phenomenon of resistance against Western dominance, against Western "imperialism" as it is understood in the non-Western world." Seizaburo Sato: "Huntington is not only inaccurate ... but his thesis has the potential to be......

Words: 5088 - Pages: 21

How to Become an Effective Hr Officer workforce at that time. These lead to the disadvantages of my proposal because it cost me more time to persuade their participation and the information may not representative enough. On the other hand, the advantages could be the interviews qustions and surveys asked the key points which reflect the fact that the high turnover rates come out due to they are do not have flexible working time and they are always asked to work over time and even on holidays. Interests and needs of main stakeholders (4.1, 4.2) Overall, the business decisions are impacted by the key stakeholders because they can make contributions to the company. Stakeholders are key individuals or groups of people, that are highly impacted by the project, or who are crtical to the success of the project. Stakeholders can be company owners, employees, government, and product suppliers and each of them have different funcions as well. Each company has to meet stakeholder’s needs because the influence of stakeholder orientation on performance will be continud on market variables such as turbulence and growth (Clarkson, 1995, p.23). However, in this proposeal, the key stakeholders are manager, workers, accountants, and main clent companies. The funcions of them varied as follows: The manager often makes plans and decisions for the project and what he cares more is profit generated out. The plan for the product outcome for the next year and furture number of employees are included in manager’s mind, and he......

Words: 2364 - Pages: 10

Proposed System exactly what is expected of them (Kendall & Kendall, 2014, p. 85-87). 3. Describe the relationship between a project schedule, a.k.a. a work breakdown structure, and a PERT chart. In order to company projects on time, within budget, and with the features that are promised, a project needs to be broken down into smaller tasks. These tasks together make up a work breakdown structure (WBS). There are different types of work breakdown structures, they can be product oriented or process oriented. A process-oriented work breakdown structure is typical in systems analysis design. Another technique, call Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT), displays activates as arrows on a network. PERT helps an analyst determine the crtical path and slack time, which is the information required for effective project control. References Kendall, K. E., & Kendall, J. E. (2014). Systems analysis and design. Payback Period Definition | Investopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2014, from

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Crtical Thinking

...Essay #2: Critical Response of an Image 15% of final grade 3-4 pages, double-spaced Far from being a passive mirror of society, advertising is an effective and pervasive medium of influence and persuasion, and its influence is cumulative, often subtle, and primarily unconscious [….] It is both creator and perpetuator of the dominant attitudes, values, and ideology of the culture, the social norms and myths by which most people govern their behavior. At the very least, advertising helps to create a climate in which certain attitudes and values flourish and others are not reflected at all. (Kilbourne 120-21) As Jean Kilbourne notes in her article “’In Your Face . . . All Over the Place’: Advertising Is Our Environment,” advertising serves as a form of mediation that not only presents us with products and information, but also influences our behavior, our beliefs, and our choices. For this assignment, you will work to understand the messages advertisements send by analyzing an advertisement of your choice, keeping in mind the ploys that advertisers use to manipulate and exploit consumers. The important question here, as Kilbourne says, is not ‘Does this ad sell the product?,’ but rather ‘What else does this ad sell?’. For this assignment, you will select one advertisement from a newspaper, magazine, or website that contains graphics and written text and analyze it according to the criteria that follow. Your reading of the assigned essays for this unit, our class......

Words: 719 - Pages: 3

Crtical Thinking

...University of Phoenix Material Critical Thinking Worksheet Chose one of the following scenarios: • You are a member of a group working on a class project. The group members are enthusiastic about the project and arrange a meeting time to begin planning. You forget to mark your calendar and miss the meeting. The group posts a summary of the meeting with assignments and deadlines for the project. You apologize to the group and agree to complete the topic research for the project. You realize you have a paper due in another course on the same day that your research is due, and you concentrate most of your time on your individual assignment. The paper takes longer than you thought, and you are unable to conduct research for the group project by the deadline. You feel bad about this and do not respond to inquiries from group members. You post a message to the group explaining you are having computer problems. The group expresses their empathy and proceeds without you, completing and submitting the project with your name included. • A position opens in your department at work. You recommend to a coworker and friend in another department that she should apply. You previously consulted with this person on small projects, and she appears knowledgeable and responsible. In fact, you became friends through these work contacts. Your friend appreciates your recommendation and arranges a meeting to ask you more details about the work done by your department. The meeting is......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Crtical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Application Critical thinking happens in all aspects of life. We have thought about the importance of thinking and how it may impact our lives and future. When people actively apply critical thinking skills, they develop better ideas and make fewer mistakes. As a supervisor of the Endoscopy Dept, I have twenty employees who work under me. I will explain an issue that came up and how I went about solving the problem. Some areas that will be discussed are how did I frame the problem, how did I make a decision, and evaluating the decision. ‘Critical Thinking’ is thinking that is purposeful and directed. We must teach our employees to become more conscious of how we think and how others think (Ambrose, 2010). Framing the Problem The problem that came up was in the Endoscopy Department I have a person who comes in at 745 and he is responsible for getting patients from on the floor and brings them down to the department in a timely fashion. He also is in charge of keeping the floors clean in the procedure room daily, as well as the Outpatient check in area. Several nursing staff came to me and stated that whenever they ask him to go up and get a patient he gets an attitude. Now, we all understand that it should be a team effort in everything we do at work to get things accomplished. The nursing staff also reported to me that he would do certain things at certain times to not have to transport patients. For example, if he has a patient that is having a...

Words: 755 - Pages: 4


...These are often referred to as “spin-offs” of the Apollo program. The first of which not only saves thousands of people’s lives worldwide each year, it also improves the quality of life for those inflicted with kidney disease. It is estimated that between four and five million people across the globe are currently receiving dialysis as a form of treatment for their late stage kidney failure (Big D and Me). For those who are able to obtain their treatment at home the technology developed by NASA for the Apollo program is priceless. NASA created a chemical process that removes toxic waste from used dialysis fluid. The result is a special kidney dialysis machine that saves electricity and removes the need for a continuous water supply (Crtical Care Dialysis System). This innovation gives the home user more mobility and freedom while getting treatment. Another lifesaving innovation to come from the Apollo program arose in direct response to the tragic deaths of the three astronauts in the Apollo 1 fire. After the catastrophic event NASA went to work with Celanese Corp., a private company (Chow). Their mission was to take a material that has a high melting point known as PBI textile and develop a space suit and vehicle to protect astronauts. The result is a suit that can withstand extremely frigid temperatures up to minus 455 degrees Fahrenheit and protect all the way to the exceptionally hot temperature of 2,300 degrees Fahrenheit. This same technology used to make......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Marketing Strategy

...cycles discontinuities inadequate to are predictable deal with rapid changes The Process Periodic Periodic Periodic Real time Time From 1900s From 1950s From 1960s From Period associated mid 1970s with system After analyzing the previous table and focusing in the part that concerns us, Strategic Market Management, from an “emphasis” point of view in the Management, the marketing is subordinated to “strategic surprises” ( uncertainity exists) , and here it is necessary to associate the word surprise to unexpected effect. Here the manager associates to the word surprise the word “fast development", finding that the “speed in the changes” is also a crtical factor. The assumptions of those that it leaves the Strategic Market Management are those that the cycles of planning can be inadequate due to the speed of the changes in the environment. It is here when models of “static planning” do not work adequately , but “ways of thinking and reactions” based on tendencies do. It is as “riding with the storm” ( Michaluk, G. 2002). The processes in this case must be developed in real-time, where such variables as " Time to market" it can be a key, let's see the example. Several web pages which sale the products as trips or books (, ) understand that the customer should be able to order through 3 clicks, that is to say that the client does not have to do......

Words: 11185 - Pages: 45

Managing and Leading People

...themselves with other employees in the ratio of efforts. Skinners (19953) states that behaviour leading to positive outcome will be repeated and behaviou leading to negative outcomes will not be repeated. (Employee Motivation Project Report, kamdica , 2009) Study conducted by Douglas G Compbell (2011) on the issue of whether the gender, race or ethnicity has an effect on the job satisfaction or degree of satisfaction with any element of the job and argued that the above motivation theories ( Maslow,1943,Herzberg ,1959, Adams,1965 and Vrom 1994) imply that gender, race or ethnicity can not be considered as the predictors of job satisfaction. He also mentioned that other theorists and researchers of race theories and feministic crtical theory support that experiences of females and people of colour develop a unique prospective needs and culture due to race, sex and power. So one can say that gender, race or ethnicity to some degree can be considered as predictors of the job satisfaction. Some researchers (Hagen, Azim 2005,Lewis 1 994) have attributed the behavioural differences between the individual of the gender or the physiological differences. So there are some conflicting views based on the findings of the researchers that diversity issues has effects on the degree of job satisfaction in the organisation. (International journal of Applied Management and Technology,20011, vol 10, issue 1 ,P 2) Still there are some legal requirements and an......

Words: 2578 - Pages: 11


...‘Aid effectiveness after Accra: How to reform the Paris agenda’. ODI Briefing Paper 39. London: ODI. 9. Booth, D. (2007) ‘Aid absorption, aid quality and institutions: Recasting the debate’. Unpublished draft.London: ODI. 10. Burnside, I., Preski, S. and Hertz, J. E. (1998), Research Instrumentation and Elderly Subjects. Journalof Nursing Scholarship, 30: 185–190 11. Campbell, C. (2001) ‘Juggling Inputs, Outputs, and Outcomes in the Search for Policy Competence:Recent Experience in Australia’, Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration 14 (2), April. 12. Carcello J. The Accountancy review Vol. 75 (2000:457-467) 13. Chistopher C Journal of Finance Vol 5 (2003:345) 14. Crtical perspectives in management Control: W,F Chua, T Lowe and Puxty Macmillan(Basing stoke, 1989) 343pp Job BoardAboutPressBlogPeoplePapersTermsPrivacyCopyright We're Hiring! Help Center Find new research papers in:PhysicsChemistryBiologyHealth SciencesEcologyEarth SciencesCognitive ScienceMathematicsComputer Science Academia © 2016...

Words: 3338 - Pages: 14

Crtical Thinking

...In critical thinking it is vital to understand that Critical thinking requires a person to understand and identify factors involved in their information gathering and decision making processes to gain an understanding of how to make good decision in a business world. Also when talking about critical thinking, some people can consider themselves optimistic but, it can affect or alter the critical thinking process in the business world. When being Optimistic in any business that requires critical thinking, an optimistic manger or person will, generally try to find something positive in everything that crosses their path. An optimistic person is also the first to say that everything will work out in due time. An optimistic person also believes they can find the some good in most people and that everyone has some type of good in them. In today’s reality, most people are optimists to some point. An optimistic person tends to think that no matter what happens their problems will work it-self out. Being an optimist person makes it very hard to make clear decisions because; an optimistic person only sees the good and pushes the bad to the side. Optimistic people also tend to think the people they deal with everyday would be telling the truth and, would not try and deceive them in order to get what they want. This in the long run could prove to be very critical simply because; you will have people doing what it takes to get their way and therefore, an optimistic person could easily be...

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Swot Analysis

...Swot Analysis SWOT Analysis | | | | | | | | Strengths/Weaknesses for | | | | | | | | LOW END SEGMENT | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | STEP 2 | | STEP 3 | | STEP 4 | (Ranking: Customer Experience) | Crtical Success Factors | | Weighting | | Your Company | Company A | Company B | Company C | PRICE | | 53% | | 3 | 2 | 2 | 1 | AGE | | 24% | X | 1 | 3 | 4 | 2 | IDEAL POSITION | | 16% | | 2 | 1 | 2 | 2 | RELIABILITY | | 7% | | 1 | 2 | 2 | 1 | | STEP 5 | (Ranking: Competitive Standing) | | Your Company | Company A | Company B | Company C | | 1.59 | 1.06 | 1.06 | 0.53 | = | 0.24 | 0.72 | 0.96 | 0.48 | | 0.32 | 0.16 | 0.32 | 0.32 | | 0.07 | 0.14 | 0.14 | 0.07 | | 2.22 | 2.08 | 2.48 | 1.4 | | | | | | | | | | | Our company, Baldwin, ranks in 3rd in meeting the costumer’s buying criteria. Company C and Company A are ahead of us, while Company B is last. We will address this issue by bettering our prices, age, ideal position and reliability for Low-End segment. Lowering our cost of the products, investing in research and development, upgrading technology and reliability are some of the many ways in remedying our rank in the costumer’s buying criteria. Once we earn rank 1 in the costumer’s buying criteria, we will maintain this position by always being a step ahead of our competitors. Some of the many ways are investing in marketing and offering better prices. We can further improve our......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Operations Management

...During my visit Mr. Adams introduced me to his staff, gave me a tour of their facility, set up and performed operations from the call center to the maintenance and cleaning of their products when returned to the company. I was even treated to lunch because they had a small cafeteria located in the facility. I asked Mr. Adams a series of (33) field questions during my interview and his answers where short and concise. I explained to him that the answers where part of a field exercise geared toward learning operations and supply chain management functions of his company. Organizational Structure and Products Kinetic Concepts Incorporated product line offers everything from Therapeutic Support Surfaces (TSS), (Wound Care, Crtical Care, Bariatric, Patient Moving Equipment) Negative Pressure Therapy (Wound Vacuum) and Bio-Engineered Transplantable Tissue (Lifecell). The objective of these products are to minimize patient hospital stays, reduce incedence of nosecomial pressure wounds, reduce and treat pulmonary complications due to immobility and assist in managing the morbidly obese patient. KCI performs internal audits that focus on compliance to company, ISO and JCAHO standards as well as random sampling of all products and they test for infection control rates in their sheets, cushions and mattresses. They performed these audits and samplings three times daily, once before lunch, another after lunch and finally 30-45 minutes before close of......

Words: 1474 - Pages: 6