Cosmo Argument

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Explain the cosmological argument with particular reference to:
The rejection to infinite regress and god as the necessary being (30 Marks)
The Cosmological Argument is a posteriori argument put forward by St. Thomas Aquinas. Gottfried Leibnitz also made a similar argument. In the Cosmological Argument, Aquinas said that he believed that all things in the world were caused to exist by something. The universe exists, so there must be something that caused the universe. He believed the first cause to be God. He said that God is the only thing that was not caused by something else.
The argument seeks to prove the existence of God from looking at the world we live in and the universe as a whole. The whole theory is based on cause and effect (when one event causes another to happen, the cause is why it happens and the effect is what happens.)
Aristotle believed that all movement depends on there being a mover, and there has to be something that originates this. The universe follows this principle so needs a mover – this is the prime mover. The mover caused everything to come into existence, however, needs nothing to cause it and so must be exempt from the laws of nature.
Thomas Aquinas created five ways to prove the existence of God, the first proof is based on motion, It can be noted that some things in the universe are in motion and it follows that whatever is in the state of motion must have been placed in motion by another such act, and things achieve their potential through an external force. In order for something to change it requires actuality and this cannot go on for infinity so there must be a starting point – this is God.
The second way is based on a series of cause and effects in the universe, this proof rejected the theory of infinite causes, saying there has to be something that started everything off. There is a cause for all things, for example…...

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