‘Compare and Comment on the Economic and Social Effects of Flooding in Two Contrasting Areas of the World’ (15 Marks)

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The Comparison between social and economics issues of flooding can be seen in the examples of Pakistan and Cumbria, Both these places have seen floods effecting economic and social issues. Flooding is a naturally occurring event that can be influenced or effected by human intervention, it occurs when discharge of a river exceeds the banks full capacity in a river channel. Floods are triggered by an increase in water volume that can be affected by many different factors, giving it great effect on human inhabitance in locations close to rivers situated around a floodplain.

Pakistan has had a generally weak economy with a GDP per capita of about $2,710 and Cumbria with a GDP of $37,356 this shows us that Pakistan is less likely to have to resources to react to a flooding, while Cumbria will have the money to not only react but put in possible precautions to stop or subdue the flooding. With Pakistan having such a low GDP it ‘s right that we should see a large percentage of their population working in agriculture 45.1% and with some states such as Burkina Faso having 90% of its labor force in Agriculture, this compared to Cambria’s percentage of people in agriculture 29% the next largest being 21% (Healthcare and Education) shows that the effect my not be as strong on Cumbria as there will be less people living on flood planes due to little agricultural activity. Although Cumbria with less of a agricultural labor force and Pakistan with its greater agricultural labor force, Cumbria still lies at a big disadvantage and risk to flooding due to its urbanization, which Pakistan has little of. Due to Cambria’s large economic activity many factors are added which can increase flooding such as the large areas of impermeable tarmac and concrete causing reduced lag time (increasing discharge). Other factors can include Gutters and Drains quickly taking water to the rivers,…...

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