Church in Ukraine

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Tezgar
Words 1372
Pages 6
Министрество орпзоапничяі науки Україны
Харківський національний університет імені В.Н.Каразина

Реферат «Унiатство в Украiнi: компромiс елiт чи зрада духовенства?»

Виконав студент групи ЕВ-11 Голофаєв О.С. Перевірив Семененко В.І.

Харків - 2014

План

В даній роботі я хочу запропонувати своє бачення одного з контроверсійних питань в українській історії: «Унiатство в Украiнi: компромiс елiт чи зрада духовенства?».

Дискусія про запровадження унії, її значення в історичній науці триває дотепер. історик І.Крип’якевич зауважував, що унію, з одного боку, викликав натиск католицької церкви, а з іншого – криза в українському громадянстві. Д.Дорошенко вважав, що прийняття унії поглиблювало розкол серед українського суспільства й послаблювало його здібність протистояти польському натиску. О.Субтельний зауважує, що внаслідок унії виникла ситуація, коли існувала церковна ієрархія без віруючих і віруючі без своїх ієрархів. На думку Н.Полонської-Василенко, Брестська унія не внесла спокою в Україну й не поєднала церков. Навпаки, крім двох – православної і католицької – з’явилася третя церква – уніатська. З часом унія набула рис національної релігії, стала органічною частиною народної культури західних українців.

У другій половині XVI — першій половині XVII ст. православна церква і українська національна культура стають надзвичайно важливим об’єктом наступу польських урядових кіл. Цей наступ мав на меті: позбавлення народу власної мови, знищення православної релігії та культури, окатоличення України і в кінцевому результаті перетворення її в одну з…...

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