Child Poverty

In: Social Issues

Submitted By louisenorwood29
Words 1845
Pages 8
Analyze a Sociological Issue

Abstract

Analyze a Sociological Issue
Over the last nine weeks this course has taught me about different social problems that our society live in, but tries to cover it up by pushing it under a rug. Although I know our society has issues, I just didn’t think of them in this way since starting class and doing the research we’ve done, have taught me so much. Many of society issues are social inequality, poverty, urbanization, discrimination against race, and culture. When learning about these issues, I’ve decided to do my paper on Poverty and Children in the United States. Poverty within the United States has become a major issue that affects our society and at hand families with children are coming face to face with this issue every day of their life. Poverty has become a major issue in our society today due to the result of our economy and the decision that one makes in life. And sad to say when the economy is always on the defense at failing, the children of our society have to pay a high price. There’s many reason and factors that can be related to one’s poverty. Some factors that can take place to which can place a child at poverty could be, single parent, unemployment, homelessness, abuse, or mother having more kids she can take care of. Over time history shows that poverty in the United States has raised a great deal. Many of us can’t even imagine how it feel to live in poverty, even if it’s looking us right in our eyes, we still try not to picture ourselves in that place. Poverty means can range from so much, and not just from not having enough money. Poverty truly mean not having enough of everything you need in order to take care of your household, money, and food is the main source. Not being able to having enough food in your house means that you and your kids will go hungry at least twice a month are more than that.…...

Similar Documents

Poverty

...| Economics vs. Poverty | | | Cindy Moore | 12/2/2012 | | Poverty has several definitions however it basically means “a state of privation or lack of the usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.” There is no universally accepted definition of “socially acceptable money or material possessions” that exists because poverty is a relative concept. In other poorer countries it is said to mean living at the brink of subsistence, while in America many suffer from undernourishment, not many confront starvation. A key concern in the area of poverty is the reality of inequality. Inequality has been and continues to be a problem in all societies. There is no society that distributes income evenly. In spite of all the theoretical and technical problems of measurement, the government has developed a widely cited poverty index that reflects the diverse intake requirements of families depending on their size, sex, age and family location, while also surveying the gender of the head of household. Based on previous surveys, the creators of the poverty index determined that families of three or more persons would spend approximately one-third of their income on food. Based on the poverty index the poverty level for these families would be set at three times the cost of the economy food plan. For smaller families and people who lived alone, the cost of economy food plan were multiplied at higher factors taking in consideration larger......

Words: 1449 - Pages: 6

Major Influences on Child Poverty at Both Local and National Level

...for Work and Pensions (DWP), 2004) there has been a significant decline in child poverty in the UK. According to the ‘Households Below Average Income’ survey 1994/95 – 2011/12 (HBAI), carried out by the Department for Work and Pensions, 2012, around 1.1 million children had been brought out of poverty between the period of 1998 - 2012. However, there are still approximately 3.6 million children living in poverty in the UK (HBAI, 2012) which is costing the UK around £25 billion each year (Child Poverty Action Group, CPAG, 2012). Much research has been carried out on child poverty, but as Magadi (2010) points out, very little is known about the extent and reasons as to why children are in severe poverty. This research will set out to discuss the major influences on child poverty at local and national level as well as addressing what measures are being taken to deal with the issues of severe child poverty within a primary setting. Although income is a major contributing factor to poverty, Perry (2002) suggests that it should take in to account a variety of factors due to its multi-dimensional nature (cited in Magadi, 2010, p.298), such as material deprivation. Material deprivation identifies those who are unable to afford things that many people take for granted such as holidays, hobbies and leisure activities or not being able to afford to replace worn out furniture or electrical goods. Measuring poverty on income alone can only lead to an inaccurate calculation of a......

Words: 1374 - Pages: 6

Poverty

...structural power relations ignite oppression and discrimination. I have chosen to look at this in relation to poverty and race. This essay aims to define discrimination and oppression, and relate this to what is evident when talking about poverty and race and discuss the implications for the young people I work with. The literal meaning of discriminate is to identify a difference. When the term is used in a legal, moral or political sense it is generally used to refer to unfair discrimination, this refers to the process where a difference is identified and used to impose unfair treatment. Oppression is the outcome of unfair treatment. associated with discrimination has oppressive consequences for the people so affected. It is important to note the differences between anti/discriminatory and anti-oppressive practice are primarily semantic, rather than theoretical or ideological. What is paramount is that as care and social workers we all must tackle this issue head on, without fear of opening a can of worms. Poverty is an issue that has been talked about for many years in Scotland. Nethetheless, in despite severity of the situation, and regardless of the impact on our youth, and ultimately the future of our country. Even though legislation put in place to ensure the well being of our children, it can be argued that not enough is being done to tackle the issue. Poverty is an issue which raises much debate but little seems to be happening to minimise it. It is sad......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Poverty

... TERM PAPER ABOUT POVERTY I. INTRODUCTION :   One of the major problems that continue to plaque the Philippines is poverty. Despite the said efforts of both government and business firms many Filipinos remain in need. It is not a simple problem because nowadays we are facing mass poverty. For all the magnificent testimonies to man’s superior skill and intellect in producing today’s level of cultural development, he still has to find the solution to mass poverty. Whether the government would admit it or not, it is very clear even with our bare eyes that we our suffering a lot from poverty. But what is poverty anyway? Let first define poverty so we can have a clear understanding with what are we going to discuss. From a Webster dictionary, poverty means ‘lack of money or material possessions’. While from the book of Villegas entitled ‘Guide to Economics for Filipinos’ he stated that poverty or being poor means ‘experiencing a low quality of life deprived of both the material and non material requirements that allow an individual to live like a human being’. According to ‘Addison Wesley Economics’ by Richard M. Hodgetts’ said most of people regard poverty as ‘a condition in which people are unable to buy the minimal amount of food, clothing and shelter that is required for existence’. Over all there are a lot of ways to define poverty, it depends on how the person thinks or how does the person relate it to his life personal experiences. Obviously there are a lot more......

Words: 4722 - Pages: 19

Poverty

...Poverty Student’s names Professor’s name Course Title Poverty Poverty is a state of not accessing basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. Poverty is primarily caused by hunger, illness, and thirst and affects the entire society by generating many problems and making people to live substandard lives. It is normally classified in absolute and relative poverty. Absolute poverty refers to a state of not being able to obtain basic needs such as food, shelter and clothing that are very important in sustaining life. Relative poverty, on the other hand, is a state of not being able to obtain resources in relation to a certain mean resource and normally applies to people who are not able to meet societal social needs. According to Townsend (1979), a family is considered to be in relative poverty if it is not able to afford the required diet, get involved in societal activities, and use basic health and educational facilities. Problems connected to poverty bring political, economic, and social disorder in the society. There are two theories that apply to poverty; conflict theory and structural theory. Conflict theory explains that poverty leads to class conflict in a society (Giddens & Simon, 2006). This comes as a result of the oppression of the poor by the rich. It says that conflict must remain in order to create a positive change in the society and that the wide gap between the rich and the poor is very significant. Structural......

Words: 1064 - Pages: 5

Child Poverty

...what economic conditions are children living across the United States? Child poverty and its misfortunes By: Racheal H. Caldwell A Paper Presented in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements of CST5006 – Survey of Research Methodology Racheal H. Caldwell May 2013 Address: 22-04 Collier Ave Apt 5H Far Rockaway NY 11691 Phone: 347-985-6673 Email: racheal_caldwell@yahoo.com Instructor: Kathy Blaydes Abstract The United States economy is going through a phenomenon described as “globalization” of an economy or global competition. A very large part of global competition involves the development of a strong labor force, and this development starts with the nurturing of children (Ozawa, Soo, & Kim 2004). A great challenge lives in the United States and by international standards; the United States has the highest proportion of children in low income families than any other industrialized country (Smeeding, Torrey, & Rain 2002). It is believed that the reasoning for children’s income status being relatively low is due to adults and the elderly. In the proposed research, we will: examine the published research on child poverty that impacts social and behavioral studies and define the scope and nature of problem and discuss strategies for solving this problem. Qualitative and quantitative research approaches will be used to examine diverse perspectives and factors associated with child poverty. In addition, we will summarize key findings of research and......

Words: 3075 - Pages: 13

Child Poverty in the Uk

...When you hear the word poverty, the images which we come across may involve people in distant lands. We have seen people who suffer greatly from poverty from the effects of wars, natural disasters, famines and bleak economic situations. it is unimaginable that here in the UK, one of the worst poverty rates since World War 2(bbc poor kids 2012). We often feel impelled to do something to help, or contribute to a cause or campaign aimed at the response to a specific need or crisis, while it is important for us to become aware of a global problem or crisis. Poverty is defined as two meanings;Absolute poverty; when a persons income is so low that they cannot afford the basic essentials for living.Relative poverty where there income is well below the national average of living usually around £15,000 pounds a year(gcse sociology ). Child poverty has become a significant issue in the UK. Its definition itself has become quite controversial. This essay will use the definition set by the government. Labour has defined child poverty as any child living in a household with below 60% of average income after housing. (www.society.guardian.co.uk) It has grown substantially in the 1980s and 1990s. The recent increase in child poverty is particularly a British phenomenon. According to figures, the level of child poverty in the UK is very high . Child poverty affects 3.5 million children in the UK. Inner city areas of London, Manchester, Leicester, and Glasgow are among the worst hit areas...

Words: 2163 - Pages: 9

Poverty

...Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Paper no. 1044-94 Long-Term Poverty and Child Development in the United States: Results from the NLSY Sanders Korenman Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs and Center for Population Analysis and Policy University of Minnesota Jane E. Miller Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research Rutgers University John E. Sjaastad Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs University of Minnesota September 1994 This research was funded by a grant from the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin. An earlier version of part of this paper appeared as part of Office of Population Research Working Paper No. 93-5, Princeton University, June 1993, which contains supplemental analyses and is available from the authors. We thank participants in seminars at the University of Maryland, the University of Michigan, Princeton University, the National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the 1993 meetings of the Population Association of America for their comments. Abstract The authors describe developmental deficits in early childhood associated with long-term poverty in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). They compare estimates of the effects of long-term poverty (based on a thirteen-year average of income) to estimates of the effects of poverty based on a single year of income (at the time of developmental assessment). They find substantial developmental deficits......

Words: 4410 - Pages: 18

Child Poverty

...Child Poverty Isang Konseptong Papel na Pangangailangan sa Kursong Filipino 2 Ipinasa nina: Jeysa B. Buenaflor ENCH1A Ipinasa kay: Bb. Carrin Joy Fermo University of St. La Salle-Bacolod Marso 2014 Child Poverty Ang mga bata ay may limitasyon sa kaalaman at pisikal na kakayahan upang ipagtanggol ang kanilang mga sarili mula sa iba’t ibang tipo ng paglabag sa kanilang batayang karapatan. Dahil dito, masasabi natin na ang mga batang Pilipino ay isa sa pinaka-bulnerableng sektor sa isang lipunang laganap ang kahirapan at kawalan ng hustisya. Dahil dito, ang pagsusulong ng kapakanan at pagkalinga sa mga bata ay isang panlipunang responsibilidad. Batay sa pag-aaral ng Akap Bata Party-List Research and Education Committee, 4 sa bawat sampung Pilipino ay nasa edad na 0 – 17. Malaking bahagi sa bilang na ito ay ang mga bata (42%). Umaabot ng 70% ng populasyong Pilipino ay nakararanas ng kahirapan. Ayon sa quarterly labor surveys (BLES) nasa 4.2 million ang bilang ng mga child workers habang ang National Statistics Office (NSO) naman ay nagsasabing nasa 5.5 million ang mga child workers edad 5 – 17. Tatlong milyon sa mga batang ito ay nasa mapanganib na trabaho. Sa taong 2010, nasa 250,000 (UNICEF) hanggang 2.2 milyon (Chilren’s Rehabilitation Center, CRC) ang bilang ng mga batang kalye. Sila ay nabubuhay sa delikadong sitwasyon, malnourished, salat sa pangangalaga at biktima ng iba’t ibang pang-aabuso. Mataas ang antas ng enrollment ngunit mababa ang......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Poverty

...“What is child poverty, its key causes and impacts?” “Poverty is all about not being able to have the means to meet basic needs, such as food, clothing and shelter. Poverty in other words, is the lack of financial resources which means; poor people lack both income and wealth to have an adequate typical living standard in society. Poverty varies considerably depending on the situation as to why people are unable to work. There are various factors related with child poverty. Therefore, the causes can vary according to their factors. Some people have health problems such as, having a disability or have caring responsibilities. Some people also go through discrimination, which make them have difficulty in finding a job. Other difficulties uneducated people are more likely to go through is not being able to find a good job in society, whereas on the other hand, those highly qualified people with good qualifications are unable to get a job due to lack of job in the labour market or job that are too far from where they live; and those people find it too costly to travel. People with low paid incomes and those not able to work full time have poor living standards as they have to pay for childcare and have other personal circumstances. Having one person working in a household is also difficult and results in low pay, thus, resulting in a poor standard of living and people struggling to meet their needs on a day-to-day basis. Those people who are unable to work or earn low income......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Poverty

...Poverty: Who are the poor in the United States? When most people think of the United States they think, the land of the free and the place were dreams come true. Living in the US, there is no limit for advancement and opportunity. No man, woman or child should ever go hungry or want for anything. Here in the US we have more cars on the road and more skyscrapers in large cities than anywhere. In small towns, there are wheat fields and cornfields for miles and miles. As an American living in the US, when we think of poverty we think of countries like India where women wash their clothes in ditches alongside main roads in Mumbai. In countries like Africa Ethiopian men, women and children may go days without a meal, sometime weeks. Examining third world countries and their poverty level, does it cross our minds that poverty really exist here in the United States? Poverty levels in the US do not compare to the poverty level in third world countries. Poverty in a third world country is measured in the terms of absolute poverty, where a person lives in conditions he/she does not have the means to meet the basic needs in life. Their living conditions could be life threaten. Here in the US, poverty level is measured in the terms of relative poverty. According to the article reviewed by Thomas J. Corbett entitled “Poverty” (2008), “Relative poverty is the condition of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country, or compared to worldwide averages....

Words: 1236 - Pages: 5

Poverty

...however when the topic of generational poverty and socioeconomic backgrounds are approached it seems to fall to choice more often than not.  If we can agree that a child can be born into affluence, why then is it so difficult to believe a child can inherit poverty as well?(Beegle, D. 2007)  Generational Poverty is a complex issue requiring a holistic approach.  Upcoming generations must actively work against the cycle of poverty. There are so many stigmas attached to devastating issues that it is difficult to identify the causes. It would seem that the major focus is the effects of poverty, not the causes. This is the case with generational poverty which is saddening; if the why is not identified, how then can a course of action be set into motion? Too often it is said, “Poverty is a choice, it’s their fault” and this could not be further from the truth. One of the most difficult issues around generational poverty is the way it is viewed by society and the other is the way political parties pass the buck back and forth. These views keep the issue stuck in the problematic zone, where no one is accountable and nothing can be done. (Search for Clarity and Truth. Pitts, S., Conservative. Kalamaya, R., Liberal.). So once the buck stops, if it stops at all, only then can the causes can be addressed. Where exactly does poverty stem from and what are the barriers that prevent people from escaping this inheritance? In his article “Poverty, Family Stress and Parenting”, Dr.......

Words: 1435 - Pages: 6

Child Poverty

...Child Poverty When thinking of poverty we always think of third world countries such as countries like Haiti and Kenya, but many do not know that we actually have many children in Toronto who are suffering in poverty. Studies have shown that 29 percent of children, almost 149,000, live in low-income families. But for the last 2 years the numbers increased. In fact, among the major cities in Canada, Toronto is tied with St. John, N.B. having the highest poverty rate. There are many risk factors that a child might be living in poverty. Statistics show that children are in risk of poverty if no one in their family works, but a large number of children are living in families where at least one person has a job. Other reasons why they might live in poverty are if they are living in large families. Large families can often struggle by paying the cost of many things and to easily go into debt. Even if a child’s parent gets paid higher than minimum wage they may not be able to pay their living expenses because of so many family members. Other things parents need to pay for might include school uniform and equipment for their children. Also, having a disabled family member whether being an adult or child can lead to poverty. If a child is disabled, the parents will need to accompany the child as much as possible which can lead to them losing their job. If an adult is disabled, it is very hard for them to look for a job so it will be very hard to support the family. There are...

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Poverty

...Poverty generally means scarcity or the state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount. Mostly, poverty is caused by social and economic problems which result in changes in social behavior and financial problems. Some countries suffering from poverty from the past have still not recovered as it is one of the greatest factor preventing the development of these countries. Nowadays, these countries are facing recession which is causing problems for both the governments and societies. Several causes and effects of poverty on society will be discussed in this essay. Firstly, one of the most common and main causes of poverty is due to social problems. Because of high levels of illiteracy, people are not aware of their rights; as a result, they might commit a wrong action. Therefore, they tend to lose their respect and social status to those who are educated. These people do not just suffer from poverty because they are poor, but also because they are deprived of their rights. Furthermore, they are not provided with necessities such as clean drinking water, education, health, employment and housing (Easterly, 2009). Moving on, there is an indirect relation between poverty and globalization. In addition, the rising inequality of wealth has been associated with globalization as the profits received from the trade are not always shared with the poor. In the developing and advancing world, the poor are overpowered by the powerful, which keeps them dependent; hence, this...

Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

Poverty

...“We think sometimes that poverty is only being hungry, naked and homeless. The poverty of being unwanted, unloved and uncared for is the greatest poverty. We must start in our own homes to remedy this kind of poverty.” Mother Teresa The factors of why Liam, Carole and the family are living in poverty, could be derived from a number of reasons surrounding their personal circumstances and backgrounds. Reasons people could be in poverty could be overcrowding in the home, lack of opportunities in their area, don’t have the money for seasonal clothing, crime rates in the area and many more. Some of the points that have been made in the scenario have made me form an opinion of why this family could be in poverty. To find out why they could possibly living in poverty, I would start back in 1960’s when Carole’s mother moved onto a large East London council estate. Looking at how people lived in London in the 60’s could explain the upbringing and the life Carole had before meeting her partner and having their children. In the East End of London, during the 1960’s, high rise flats were first built to replace the slums. Unfortunately re-housing the slum tenants into high rise accommodation, broke up the communities causing social exclusion. This type of poverty would be called structural poverty. This is where poverty is out of the individuals control, and is generally down to the structure of the country, the Government. Other examples of structural poverty would be lack of......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5